United States Senate elections, 1916

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United States Senate elections, 1916
United States
1914 ←
November 7, 1916
→ 1918

35 of the 96 seats in the United States Senate
49 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
 
Party Democratic Republican
Last election 56 seats 40 seats
Seats won 54 42
Seat change Decrease 2 Increase 2

US 1916 senate election map.svg

  Republican holds
  Republican pickups
  Democratic holds
  Democratic pickups


Majority party before election

Democratic

Elected Majority party

Republican

The U.S. Senate election, 1916 was an election that coincided with the re-election of Democratic President Woodrow Wilson. Republicans gained a net pick-up of two seats from the Democrats.

Republicans picked up seven seats:

Democrats picked up five seats:

A notable freshmen was future Secretary of State Frank B. Kellogg (R-MN).

Complete list of races[edit]

Bold state indicates election article link.

Bold candidate indicates winner.

Separate election[edit]

Date State Reason Incumbent Party Result Candidates
September 11, 1916 Maine[1] Incumbent died June 16, 1916 Edwin C. Burleigh Republican Republican hold Bert M. Fernald (Republican), 54.28%
Kenneth C.M. Sills (Democratic), 45.49%
Frederick Shepherd (Prohibition), 0.23%

November elections[edit]

All elections are for the Class 1 seat, unless otherwise indicated.

State Incumbent Party Result Candidate(s)
Arizona Henry F. Ashurst Democratic Re-elected[2] Henry F. Ashurst (Democratic), 55.36%
Joseph Henry Kibbey (Republican), 39.4%
W. S. Bradford (Socialist), 5.24%
Arkansas
Special: Class 3
Vacant Vacant James Paul Clarke (D) died 39 days before election[3]
Democratic hold
William F. Kirby (Democratic), 69.27%
H. L. Remmel (Republican), 30.73%
California John D. Works Republican Retired[4]
Republican hold
Hiram Johnson (Republican), 61.09%
George S. Patton, Sr. (Democratic), 29.54%
Walter Thomas Mills (Socialist), 5.25%
Marshall Atwood (Prohibition), 4.12%
Connecticut George P. McLean Republican Re-elected[5] George P. McLean (Republican), 50.17%
Homer Stille Cummings (Democratic), 46.24%
Martin Plunkett (Socialist), 2.48%
Wilbur Manchester (Prohibition), 0.83%
Otto Ruckser (Socialist Labor), 0.29%
Delaware Henry A. du Pont Republican Lost re-election[6]
Democratic gain
Josiah O. Wolcott (Democratic), 49.67%
Henry A. du Pont (Republican), 44.77%
Hiram A. Burton (Progressive), 4.61%
William C. Ferris (Socialist), 0.96%
Florida Nathan P. Bryan Democratic Lost renomination[7]
Democratic hold
Park Trammell (Democratic), 82.86%
William O'Neal (Republican), 12.45%
R. L. Goodwin (Socialist), 4.69%
Indiana
General
John W. Kern Democratic Lost re-election[8]
Republican gain
Harry Stewart New (Republican), 47.77%
John W. Kern (Democratic), 46.14%
Joseph Zimmerman (Socialist), 3.06%
Elwood Haynes (Prohibition), 2.21%
John N. Dyer (Progressive), 0.61%
Ira Decker (Socialist Labor), 0.22%
Indiana
Special: Class 3
Thomas Taggart Democratic Appointee lost election to finish term[9]
Republican gain
James Eli Watson (Republican), 47.66%
Thomas Taggart (Democratic), 46.29%
Edward Henry (Socialist), 3.08%
William H. Hickman (Prohibition), 2.29%
John F. Clifford (Progressive), 0.68%
Maine Charles Fletcher Johnson Democratic Lost re-election[10]
Republican gain
Frederick Hale (Republican), 52.72%
Charles Fletcher Johnson (Democratic), 46.09%
James F. Carey (Socialist), 1%
Arthur C. Jackson (Prohibition), 0.19%
Maryland Blair Lee I Democratic Lost renomination[11][12]
Republican gain
Joseph I. France (Republican), 49.32%
David John Lewis (Democratic), 47.62%
James Frizzell (Prohibition), 1.44%
Sylvester Young (Socialist), 1.12%
Frank Lang (Labor), 0.5%
Massachusetts Henry Cabot Lodge Republican Re-elected[13] Henry Cabot Lodge (Republican), 51.68%
John F. Fitzgerald (Democratic), 45.31%
William N. McDonald (Socialist), 3.01%
Michigan Charles E. Townsend Republican Re-elected[14] Charles E. Townsend (Republican), 56.34%
Lawrence Price (Democratic), 39.85%
E. O. Foss (Socialist), 2.41%
John Y. Johnston (Prohibition), 1.17%
Herman Richter (Socialist Labor), 0.14%
Minnesota Moses E. Clapp Republican Lost renomination[15][16]
Republican hold
Frank B. Kellogg (Republican), 48.58%
Daniel Lawler (Democratic), 30.84%
Willis Calderwood (Prohibition), 20.58%
Mississippi John Sharp Williams Democratic Re-elected[17] John Sharp Williams (Democratic), Unopposed
Missouri James A. Reed Democratic Re-elected[18] James A. Reed (Democratic), 50.56%
Walter S. Dickey (Republican), 47.44%
Kate Richards O'Hare (Socialist), 1.87%
Joseph Scheidler (Socialist Labor), 0.12%
Montana Henry L. Myers Democratic Re-elected[19] Henry L. Myers (Democratic), 51.06%
Charles Nelson Pray (Republican), 43.40%
Henry La Beau (Socialist), 5.54%
Nebraska Gilbert Hitchcock Democratic Re-elected[20] Gilbert Hitchcock (Democratic), 49.98%
John L. Kennedy (Republican), 45.88%
E. E. Olmstead (Socialist), 2.59%
D. B. Gilbert (Prohibition), 1.55%
Nevada Key Pittman Democratic Re-elected[21] Key Pittman (Democratic), 38.81%
Samuel Platt (Republican), 32.28%
Ashley G. Miller (Socialist), 28.91%
New Jersey James Edgar Martine Democratic Lost re-election[22]
Republican gain
Joseph Sherman Frelinghuysen, Sr. (Republican), 55.99%
James Edgar Martine (Democratic), 38.9%
William C. Doughty (Socialist), 3.06%
Livingston Barbour (Prohibition), 1.64%
Rudolph Katz (Socialist Labor), 0.42%
New Mexico Thomas B. Catron Republican Retired[23]
Democratic gain
Andrieus A. Jones (Democratic), 51.01%
Frank Hubbell (Republican), 45.95%
W. P. Metcalf (Socialist), 3.04%
New York James Aloysius O'Gorman Democratic Retired
Republican gain
William M. Calder (Republican), 54.32%
William F. McCombs (Democratic), 39.22%
Joseph D. Cannon (Socialist), 3.96%
D. Leigh Colvin (Prohibition), 1.25%
Bainbridge Colby (Progressive), 0.99%
August Gillhaus (Socialist Labor), 0.26%
North Dakota Porter J. McCumber Republican Re-elected[24] Porter J. McCumber (Republican), 53.85%
John Burke (Democratic), 38.24%
E. R. Fry (Socialist), 7.91%
Ohio Atlee Pomerene Democratic Re-elected[25] Atlee Pomerene (Democratic), 49.26%
Myron T. Herrick (Republican), 46.15%
Charles Ruthenberg (Socialist), 3.29%
Aaron S. Watkins (Prohibition), 1.04%
Jacob S. Coxey, Sr. (Independent), 0.26%
Pennsylvania George T. Oliver Republican Retired[26]
Republican hold
Philander C. Knox (Republican), 56.31%
Ellis Orvis (Democratic), 37.25%
Charles Ervin (Socialist), 3.76%
Herbert T. Ames (Prohibition), 2.49%
Robert C. Macauley (Single Tax), 0.12%
Rhode Island Henry F. Lippitt Republican Lost re-election[27]
Democratic gain
Peter G. Gerry (Democratic), 52.94%
Henry F. Lippitt (Republican), 44.12%
Frederick Hurst (Socialist), 2.25%
Frank J. Sibley (Prohibition), 0.51%
Peter McDermott (Socialist Labor), 0.19%
Tennessee Luke Lea Democratic Lost renomination[28]
Democratic hold
Kenneth McKellar (Democratic), 54.42%
Ben W. Hooper (Republican), 44.75%
H. H. Mangum (Socialist), 0.83%
Texas Charles Allen Culberson Democratic Re-elected[29] (Democratic), 81.3%
Alex Atcheson (Republican), 13.09%
F. A. Hickey (Socialist), 4.99%
F. H. Combeau (Prohibition), 0.62%
Utah George Sutherland Republican Lost re-election[30]
Democratic gain
William H. King (Democratic), 56.92%
George Sutherland (Republican), 39.93%
Christian Poulson (Socialist), 3.16%
Vermont Carroll S. Page Republican Re-elected[31] Carroll S. Page (Republican), 74.41%
Oscar C. Miller (Democratic), 23.5%
Norman Greenslet (Socialist), 2.1%
Virginia Claude A. Swanson Democratic Re-elected[32] Claude A. Swanson (Democratic), Unopposed
Washington Miles Poindexter Republican Re-elected[33] Miles Poindexter (Republican), 55.39%
George Turner (Democratic), 37.06%
Bruce Rogers (Socialist), 5.95%
Joseph Campbell (Prohibition), 1.21%
Walter J. Thompson (Progressive), 0.4%
West Virginia William E. Chilton Democratic Lost re-election[34]
Republican gain
Howard Sutherland (Republican), 50.14%
William E. Chilton (Democratic), 48.17%
G. A. Gneiser (Socialist), 1.7%
Wisconsin Robert M. La Follette, Sr. Republican Re-elected[35] Robert M. La Follette, Sr. (Republican), 59.23%
William F. Wolfe (Democratic), 31.9%
Richard Elsner (Socialist), 6.85%
Charles L. Hill (Prohibition), 2.02%
Wyoming Clarence D. Clark Republican Lost re-election[36]
Democratic gain
John B. Kendrick (Democratic), 51.47%
Clarence D. Clark (Republican), 45.47%
Paul Paulsen (Socialist), 2.61%
Arthur B. Campbell (Prohibition), 0.45%

Senate Party Division, 65th Congress (1917–1919)[edit]

Majority Party: Democratic (54 seats)

Minority Party: Republican (42 seats)

Other Parties: 0

Total Seats: 96

Note: These numbers represent composition as result of 1916 Senatorial Elections. Actual composition often changes during term, due to deaths, resignations or party shifting.

Change in Senate composition[edit]

Before the elections
D D D D D D D D
D D D D D D D D D D
D D D D D D D D D D
D D D D D D D D D D
D D D D D D D D D D
D
D D D D D R R R R
R R R R R R R R R R
R R R R R R R R R R
R R R R R R R R R R
R R R R R R R R
In the next Congress
D D D D D D D D
D D D D D D D D D D
D D D D D D D D D D
D D D D D D D D D D
D D D D D D D D D D
D
D D D R R R R R R
R R R R R R R R R R
R R R R R R R R R R
R R R R R R R R R R
R R R R R R R R
Key:
D =Democratic
R =Republican
Majority
divider

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=267712
  2. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=3289
  3. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=36570
  4. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=24100
  5. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=267949
  6. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=267820
  7. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=36526
  8. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=267950
  9. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=267714
  10. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=267955
  11. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=27432
  12. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=126894
  13. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=267998
  14. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=267998
  15. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=85063
  16. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=564167
  17. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=267957
  18. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=261567
  19. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=268277
  20. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=267951
  21. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=36481
  22. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=268242
  23. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=267952
  24. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=190076
  25. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=38711
  26. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=43794
  27. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=268259
  28. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=43794
  29. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=36609
  30. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=27686
  31. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=268282
  32. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=267995
  33. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=22761
  34. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=267953
  35. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=46908
  36. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=267954

Source: United States Senate Official Website