United States Senate elections, 1942

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United States Senate elections, 1942
United States
1940 ←
November 3, 1942 → 1944

34 of the 96 seats in the United States Senate
49 seats were needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party Third party
  AlbenBarkley.jpg WallaceWhiteJr.jpg
Leader Alben Barkley Wallace White
Party Democratic Republican Progressive
Leader's seat Kentucky Maine
Last election 66 seats 28 seats 1 seat
Seats won 58 37 1
Seat change Decrease 8 Increase 9 Steady
Popular vote 6,329,426 6,661,196
Percentage 46.7% 49.2%
Swing Decrease 0.8% Increase 1.4%

US 1942 senate election map.svg

  Republican holds
  Republican pickups
  Democratic holds
  Democratic pickups

Majority Leader before election

Alben Barkley
Democratic

Elected Majority Leader

Alben Barkley
Democratic

The United States Senate elections of 1942 were held November 3, 1942, midway through Franklin Roosevelt's third term as President.

Change in Senate composition[edit]

Senate composition before the elections[edit]

D8 D7 D6 D5 D4 D3 D2 D1
D9 D10 D11 D12 D13 D14 D15 D16 D17 D18
D28 D27 D26 D25 D24 D23 D22 D21 D20 D19
D29 D30 D31 D32 D33 D34 D35 D36 D37 D38
D48 D47 D46 D45 D44 D43 D42 D41 D40 D39
D49 ← Majority
D50 D51 D52 D53 D54 D55 D56 D57 D58
R28 I1 D66 D65 D64 D63 D62 D61 D60 D59
R27 R26 R25 R24 R23 R22 R21 R20 R19 R18
R8 R9 R10 R11 R12 R13 R14 R15 R16 R17
R7 R6 R5 R4 R3 R2 R1 P1

Senate composition as a result of the elections[edit]

D8 D7 D6 D5 D4 D3 D2 D1
D9 D10 D11 D12 D13 D14 D15 D16 D17 D18
D28 D27 D26 D25 D24 D23 D22 D21 D20 D19
D29 D30 D31 D32 D33 D34 D35 D36 D37 D38
D48 D47 D46 D45 D44 D43 D42 D41 D40 D39
D49 ← Majority
D50 D51 D52 D53 D54 D55 D56O D57O D58O
R28+ R29+ R30+ R31+ R32+ R33+ R34+ R35+ R36+ V1
R27O R26 R25 R24 R23 R22 R21 R20 R19 R18
R8 R9 R10 R11 R12 R13 R14 R15 R16 R17
R7 R6 R5 R4 R3 R2 R1 P1
Key:
D Democratic
P Progressive
R Republican
I Independent
V Vacant
Incumbent re-elected
O Party hold: New senator elected from same party
+ Party gain: New senator elected from different party

Summary[edit]

Although this election took place during World War II, the opposition Republican party made major gains, taking eight seats from the Democrats and one from an independent. Various commentators have ascribed this[who?] to anger with the administration over Pearl Harbor, general irritation with the conditions of wartime, or the defeat of weak Democratic incumbents from the 1936 election. The Democrats nonetheless retained a significant majority.

Gains and losses[edit]

Republicans captured open seats in Delaware, South Dakota, and West Virginia, and defeated six incumbents:

Senate contests in 1942[edit]

State Incumbent Party Results Candidates
Alabama John H. Bankhead II Democratic Re-elected John H. Bankhead II (Democratic), unopposed
Arkansas George L. Spencer Democratic Retired
Democratic hold
John L. McClellan (Democratic), unopposed
Colorado Edwin C. Johnson Democratic Re-elected Edwin C. Johnson (Democratic) 50.2%
Ralph L. Carr (Republican) 49.2%
Colorado
Special: Class 3
Eugene D. Millikin Republican Appointee elected to finish term Eugene D. Millikin (Republican) 56.1%
James A. Marsh (Democratic) 42.1%
Delaware James H. Hughes Democratic Lost renomination
Republican gain
Clayton D. Buck (Republican) 54.2%
E. Ennalls Berl (Democratic) 44.9%
Georgia Richard Russell, Jr. Democratic Re-elected Richard Russell, Jr. (Democratic), unopposed
Idaho John Thomas Republican Re-elected John Thomas (Republican) 51.5%
Glen H. Taylor (Democratic) 48.5%
Illinois C. Wayland Brooks Republican Re-elected C. Wayland Brooks (Republican) 53.2%
Raymond S. McKeough (Democratic) 46.4%
Iowa Clyde L. Herring Democratic Lost re-election
Republican gain, but waited to finish gubernatorial term
George A. Wilson (Republican) 58.0%
Clyde L. Herring (Democratic) 41.7%
Kansas Arthur Capper Republican Re-elected Arthur Capper (Republican) 57.1%
George McGill (Democratic) 40.3%
Kentucky Happy Chandler Democratic Re-elected Happy Chandler (Democratic) 55.3%
Richard J. Colbert (Republican) 44.7%
Louisiana Allen J. Ellender Democratic Re-elected Allen J. Ellender (Democratic), unopposed
Maine Wallace H. White, Jr. Republican Re-elected Wallace H. White, Jr. (Republican) 66.7%
Fulton J. Redman (Democratic) 33.3%
Massachusetts Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr. Republican Re-elected Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr. (Republican) 52.4%
Joseph E. Casey (Democratic) 46.6%
Michigan Prentiss M. Brown Democratic Lost re-election
Republican gain
Homer Ferguson (Republican) 49.6%
Prentiss M. Brown (Democratic) 47.2%
Minnesota Arthur E. Nelson Republican Retired
Republican hold
Joseph H. Ball (Republican) 47.0%
Elmer Austin Benson (Farmer-Labor) 28.2%
Martin A. Nelson (Independent) 14.4%
Ed Murphy (Democratic) 10.4%
Mississippi Wall Doxey Democratic Lost renomination
Democratic hold
James O. Eastland (Democratic), unopposed
Montana James E. Murray Democratic Re-elected James E. Murray (Democratic) 49.1%
Wellington D. Rankin (Republican) 48.4%
Nebraska George W. Norris Independent Lost re-election
Republican gain
Kenneth S. Wherry (Republican) 49.0%
George W. Norris (Independent) 28.6%
Foster May (Democratic) 22.0%
Nevada
Special: Class 1
Berkeley L. Bunker Democratic Appointee lost nomination to finish term
Democratic hold
James G. Scrugham (Democratic) 58.7%
Cecil W. Creel (Republican) 41.3%
New Hampshire Styles Bridges Republican Re-elected Styles Bridges (Republican) 54.6%
Francis P. Murphy (Democratic) 45.4%
New Jersey William H. Smathers Democratic Lost re-election
Republican gain
Albert W. Hawkes (Republican) 53.1%
William H. Smathers (Democratic) 45.8%
New Mexico Carl A. Hatch Democratic Re-elected Carl A. Hatch (Democratic) 59.2%
J. Benson Newell (Republican) 40.8%
North Carolina Josiah W. Bailey Democratic Re-elected Josiah W. Bailey (Democratic) 65.9%
Sam J. Morris (Republican) 34.1%
Oklahoma Josh Lee Democratic Lost re-election
Republican gain
Edward H. Moore (Republican) 54.8%
Josh Lee (Democratic) 44.8%
Oregon Charles L. McNary Republican Re-elected Charles L. McNary (Republican) 77.1%
Walter W. Whitbeck (Democratic) 22.9%
Rhode Island Theodore F. Green Democratic Re-elected Theodore F. Green (Democratic) 58.0%
Ira Lloyd Letts (Republican) 42.0%
South Carolina Burnet R. Maybank Democratic Re-elected Burnet R. Maybank (Democratic), unopposed
South Dakota William J. Bulow Democratic Lost renomination
Republican gain
Harlan J. Bushfield (Republican)
Tom Berry (Democratic) 41.3%
Tennessee A. Tom Stewart Democratic Re-elected A. Tom Stewart (Democratic) 70.5%
F. Todd Meacham (Republican) 21.5%
Texas W. Lee O'Daniel Democratic Re-elected W. Lee O'Daniel (Democratic) 94.9%
Virginia Carter Glass Democratic Re-elected Carter Glass (Democratic) 91.1%
Lawrence S. Wilkes (Socialist) 6.5%
West Virginia Joseph Rosier Democratic Retired
Republican gain
Chapman Revercomb (Republican) 55.4%
Matthew M. Neely (Democratic) 44.6%
Wyoming Henry H. Schwartz Democratic Lost re-election
Republican gain
Edward V. Robertson (Republican) 54.6%
Henry H. Schwartz (Democratic) 45.4%

See also[edit]