United States Senate elections, 1960

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United States Senate elections, 1960
United States
1958 ←
November 8, 1960 → 1962

35 of the 100 seats in the United States Senate
  Majority party Minority party
  Senator Lyndon Johnson.jpg EverettDirksen.jpg
Leader Lyndon Johnson Everett Dirksen
Party Democratic Republican
Leader's seat Texas Illinois
Last election 65 seats 35 seats
Seats won 64 36
Seat change Decrease 1 Increase 1
Popular vote 18,547,250 14,894,867
Percentage 55.1% 44.2%
Swing Increase 0.1% Increase 1.1%

Us 1960 senate election map.svg

  Republican hold
  Republican gain
  Democratic hold
  Democratic gain

Majority Leader before election

Lyndon Johnson
Democratic

Elected Majority Leader

Mike Mansfield
Democratic

The U.S. Senate elections of 1960 coincided with the election of John F. Kennedy as president. The Republicans gained one seat at the expense of the Democrats. The Democrats nonetheless retained a commanding lead in the Senate with 64 seats to 36. As Majority Leader Lyndon Johnson was elected Vice President, Mike Mansfield became the new Majority Leader.

Change in Senate composition[edit]

Senate composition before the elections[edit]

D10 D9 D8 D7 D6 D5 D4 D3 D2 D1
D11 D12 D13 D14 D15 D16 D17 D18 D19 D20
D30 D29 D28 D27 D26 D25 D24 D23 D22 D21
D31 D32 D33 D34 D35 D36 D37 D38 D39 D40
D50 D49 D48 D47 D46 D45 D44 D43 D42 D41
D51 ← Majority
D52 D53 D54 D55 D56 D57 D58 D59 D60
R31 R32 R33 R34 R35 D65 D64 D63 D62 D61
R30 R29 R28 R27 R26 R25 R24 R23 R22 R21
R11 R12 R13 R14 R15 R16 R17 R18 R19 R20
R10 R9 R8 R7 R6 R5 R4 R3 R2 R1

Senate composition as a result of the elections[edit]

D10 D9 D8 D7 D6 D5 D4 D3 D2 D1
D11 D12 D13 D14 D15 D16 D17 D18 D19 D20
D30 D29 D28 D27 D26 D25 D24 D23 D22 D21
D31 D32 D33 D34 D35 D36 D37 D38 D39 D40
D50 D49 D48 D47 D46 D45 D44 D43 D42 D41
D51 ← Majority
D52 D53 D54 D55 D56 D57 D58 D59 D60
R31 R32 R33 R34O R35+ R36+ D64+ D63O D62O D61O
R30 R29 R28 R27 R26 R25 R24 R23 R22 R21
R11 R12 R13 R14 R15 R16 R17 R18 R19 R20
R10 R9 R8 R7 R6 R5 R4 R3 R2 R1

Senate composition at the beginning of the next Congress[edit]

D10 D9 D8 D7 D6 D5 D4 D3 D2 D1
D11 D12 D13 D14 D15 D16 D17 D18 D19 D20
D30 D29 D28 D27 D26 D25 D24 D23 D22 D21
D31 D32 D33 D34 D35 D36 D37 D38 D39 D40
D50 D49 D48 D47 D46 D45 D44 D43 D42 D41
D51 ← Majority
D52 D53 D54 D55 D56 D57 D58 D59 D60
R31 R32 R33 R34 R35 D65 D64 D63 D62 D61
R30 R29 R28 R27 R26 R25 R24 R23 R22 R21
R11 R12 R13 R14 R15 R16 R17 R18 R19 R20
R10 R9 R8 R7 R6 R5 R4 R3 R2 R1
  • D65 (Wyoming seat):
    The Republican Senator-elect died before the next Congress.
    A Democrat was appointed in his place.
Key:
D Democratic
R Republican
 
Incumbent re-elected or appointee elected to finish term
O Party hold: New senator elected from same party
+ Party gain: New senator elected from different party

Retirements[edit]

Democratic seats held by Democrats[edit]

  1. Montana: James E. Murray (D) was replaced by Lee Metcalf (D)
  2. Oregon: Hall S. Lusk (D) was replaced by Maurine B. Neuberger (D)
  3. Rhode Island: Theodore F. Green (D) was replaced by Claiborne Pell (D)

Democrats replaced by Republicans[edit]

  1. Wyoming: Joseph C. O'Mahoney (D) was replaced by Edwin Keith Thomson (R)

Republican seats held by Republicans[edit]

  1. Iowa: Thomas E. Martin (R) was replaced by Jack Miller (R)

Republicans replaced by Democrats[edit]

  1. North Dakota (Class 1): Clarence N. Brunsdale (R) was replaced by Quentin N. Burdick (D)

Losing incumbents[edit]

Democrats lost to Republicans[edit]

  1. Delaware: J. Allen Frear, Jr. (D) lost to J. Caleb Boggs (R)

Other changes[edit]

The Republicans' net gain of one seat was eliminated after the election.

  1. Wyoming: Senator-elect Keith Thomson (R) died December 9, 1960, and was replaced by appointee John J. Hickey (D) at the beginning of the Congress.

Subsequent changes[edit]

The Republicans gained one seat during the next Congress.

  1. Texas: Two-term Incumbent Lyndon Johnson (D) had been re-elected, but he resigned January 3, 1961 at the beginning of the term to become U.S. Vice President.

Complete list of races[edit]

State Incumbent Senator Incumbent party Result Candidates
Alabama John Sparkman Democratic Re-elected John Sparkman (Democratic) 70.2%
Julian Elgin (Republican) 29.8%
Alaska Bob Bartlett Democratic Re-elected Bob Bartlett (Democratic) 63.4%
Lee L. McKinley (Republican) 36.6%
Arkansas John L. McClellan Democratic Re-elected John L. McClellan (Democratic) Unopposed
Colorado Gordon Allott Republican Re-elected Gordon Allott (Republican) 53.5%
Robert L. Knous (Democratic) 46.0%
Delaware J. Allen Frear, Jr. Democratic Lost re-election
Republican gain
J. Caleb Boggs (Republican) 50.7%
J. Allen Frear, Jr. (Democratic) 49.3%
Georgia Richard Russell, Jr. Democratic Re-elected Richard Russell, Jr. (Democratic) Unopposed
Idaho Henry C. Dworshak Republican Re-elected Henry C. Dworshak (Republican) 52.3%
R. F. Bob McLaughlin (Democratic) 47.7%
Illinois Paul Douglas Democratic Re-elected Paul Douglas (Democratic) 54.6%
Samuel W. Witwer (Republican) 45.2%
Iowa Thomas E. Martin Republican Retired
Republican hold
Jack Miller (Republican) 51.9%
Herschel C. Loveless (Democratic) 48.1%
Kansas Andrew F. Schoeppel Republican Re-elected Andrew F. Schoeppel (Republican) 54.6%
Frank Theis (Democratic) 43.8%
Kentucky John S. Cooper Republican Re-elected John S. Cooper (Republican) 59.2%
Keen Johnson (Democratic) 40.8%
Louisiana Allen J. Ellender Democratic Re-elected Allen J. Ellender (Democratic) 79.8%
George W. Reese, Jr. (Republican) 20.2%
Maine Margaret Chase Smith Republican Re-elected Margaret Chase Smith (Republican) 61.7%
Lucia M. Cormier (Democratic) 38.4%
Massachusetts Leverett Saltonstall Republican Re-elected Leverett Saltonstall (Republican) 56.2%
Thomas J. O'Connor, Jr. (Democratic) 43.5%
Michigan Patrick V. McNamara Democratic Re-elected Patrick V. McNamara (Democratic) 51.7%
Alvin M. Bentley (Republican) 48.0%
Minnesota Hubert Humphrey Democratic Re-elected Hubert Humphrey (Democratic) 57.5%
P. Kenneth Peterson (Republican) 42.2%
Mississippi James O. Eastland Democratic Re-elected James O. Eastland (Democratic) 91.8%
Joe A. Moore (Republican) 8.2%
Missouri
Special: Class 1
Edward V. Long Democratic Appointee elected to finish term ending January 3, 1965 Edward V. Long (Democratic) 53.2%
Lon Hocker (Republican) 46.8%
Montana James E. Murray Democratic Retired
Democratic hold
Lee Metcalf (Democratic) 50.7%
Orvin B. Fjare (Republican) 49.3%
Nebraska Carl T. Curtis Republican Re-elected Carl T. Curtis (Republican) 58.9%
Robert B. Conrad (Democratic) 41.1%
New Hampshire Styles Bridges Republican Re-elected Styles Bridges (Republican) 60.4%
Herbert W. Hill (Democratic) 39.7%
New Jersey Clifford P. Case Republican Re-elected Clifford P. Case (Republican) 55.7%
Thorn Lord (Democratic) 43.2%
New Mexico Clinton P. Anderson Democratic Re-elected Clinton P. Anderson (Democratic) 63.4%
William Colwes (Republican) 36.6%
North Carolina B. Everett Jordan Democratic Re-elected B. Everett Jordan (Democratic) 61.4%
Kyle Hayes (Republican) 38.6%
North Dakota
Special: Class 1
Clarence N. Brunsdale Republican Appointee retired
Winner elected to finish term ending January 3, 1965
Democratic gain
Quentin N. Burdick (Democratic) 49.7%
John E. Davis (Republican) 49.2%
Oklahoma Robert S. Kerr Democratic Re-elected Robert S. Kerr (Democratic) 54.8%
B. Hayden Crawford (Republican) 44.6%
Oregon Hall S. Lusk Democratic Retired
Democratic hold
Maurine B. Neuberger (Democratic) 54.6%
Elmo Smith (Republican) 45.4%
Rhode Island Theodore F. Green Democratic Retired
Democratic hold
Claiborne Pell (Democratic) 68.9%
Raoul Archambault (Republican) 31.1%
South Carolina Strom Thurmond Democratic Re-elected Strom Thurmond (Democratic) Unopposed
South Dakota Karl E. Mundt Republican Re-elected Karl E. Mundt (Republican) 52.4%
George S. McGovern (Democratic) 47.6%
Tennessee Estes Kefauver Democratic Re-elected Estes Kefauver (Democratic) 71.8%
A. Bradley Frazier (Republican) 28.3%
Texas Lyndon B. Johnson Democratic Re-elected - Lyndon B. Johnson (Democratic) 58.0%
John G. Tower (Republican) 41.1%
Bard A. Logan (Constitution) 0.9%
Virginia A. Willis Robertson Democratic Re-elected A. Willis Robertson (Democratic) 81.3%
Stuart D. Baker (Independent) 14.2%
West Virginia Jennings Randolph Democratic Re-elected Jennings Randolph (Democratic) 55.3%
Cecil H. Underwood (Republican) 44.7%
Wyoming Joseph C. O'Mahoney Democratic Retired
Republican gain
Edwin Keith Thomson (Republican) 56.4%
Raymond B. Whitaker (Democratic) 43.6%

See also[edit]