United States Senate elections, 2012

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United States Senate elections, 2012
United States
2010 ←
November 6, 2012
→ 2014

Class 1 (33 of the 100) seats in the U.S. Senate
51 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  Harry Reid 113th Congress 2013.jpg Mitch McConnell 113th Congress 2013.jpg
Leader Harry Reid Mitch McConnell
Party Democratic Republican
Leader's seat Nevada Kentucky
Seats before 51 47
Seats after 53 45
Seat change Increase 2 Decrease 2
Popular vote 49,998,693 [1] 39,130,984 [1]
Percentage 53.7% 42.1%
Swing Increase 9.7% Decrease 7.3%

  Third party
 
Party Independent
Seats before 2*
Seats after 2*
Seat change Steady

2012 Senate election results map.svg

     Democratic gain      Democratic hold

     Independent gain      Independent hold
     Republican gain      Republican hold
* Before: 2 independents (VT, CT) caucused with the Democrats
After: 2 independents (VT, ME) caucus with the Democrats.


Majority Leader before election

Harry Reid
Democratic

Elected Majority Leader

Harry Reid
Democratic

Elections to the United States Senate were held on November 6, 2012, with 33 of the 100 seats in the Senate being contested in regular elections whose winners will serve six-year terms beginning January 3, 2013 with the 113th Congress. The Democrats had 21 seats up for election, plus two independents who caucused with the Democrats, while the Republicans had only ten seats up for election. The Democrats gained a net of two seats, leaving them with a total of 53 seats. The Republicans lost a net of two seats, ending with a total of 45 seats. The remaining two senators, both independents, caucused with the Democrats, leaving the majority party with a combined total of 55 seats.

The 2012 presidential election, elections to the House of Representatives, elections for governors in 13 states and territories, and many state and local elections were also held on this date.

This was the third consecutive election of class 1 senators where Democrats gained seats, as well as the third consecutive senate election held in a presidential election year where the party belonging to the winning presidential candidate gained seats.

This was the first time since 1964 in which either party had to defend more than two-thirds of the Senate seats up for grabs, but managed to make net gains.[2][3]

Results summary[edit]

Shading indicates party with largest share of that line.

Parties Total
Democratic Republican Independent Libertarian Independence Green Others
Last election (2010) 51 47 2 100
Before this election 51 47 2 100
Not up 30 37 67
Class 2 (20082014) 20 13 33
Class 3 (20102016) 10 24 34
Up 21 10 2 33
Class 1 21 10 2 33
Incumbent retired 6 3 1 10
Held by same party 5 2 7
Replaced by other party Decrease 1 Independent replaced by Increase 1 Democrat
Decrease 1 Republican replaced by Increase 1 Independent
Decrease 1 Democrat replaced by Increase 1 Republican
IncreaseDecrease 3
Result 6 3 1 10
Incumbent ran 15 7 1 23
Won re-election 15 5 1 21
Lost re-election Decrease 1 Republican replaced by Increase 1 Democrat IncreaseDecrease 1
Lost renomination
but held by same party
Steady
Lost renomination
and party lost
Decrease 1 Republican replaced by Increase 1 Democrat IncreaseDecrease 1
Result 17 5 1 23
Total held 20 7 1 28
Net gain/loss Increase 2 Decrease 2 Steady Steady
Total elected 23 8 2 33
Nation-wide vote 49,988,282 39,128,301 961,282 956,745 211,794 195,200 1,349,079 93,561,320[4]
Share 53.43% 41.82% 1.03% 1.02% 0.23% 0.21% 1.44% 100%
Result 53 45 2 100
End of this Congress 51 47 2 100

Change in composition[edit]

Senate composition before the elections[edit]

D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8 D9 D10
D20 D19 D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11
D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27 D28 D29 D30
D40 D39 D38 D37 D36 D35 D34 D33 D32 D31
D41 D42 D43 D44 D45 D46 D47 D48 D49 D50
Majority→ D51
R41 R42 R43 R44 R45 R46 R47 I2 I1
R40 R39 R38 R37 R36 R35 R34 R33 R32 R31
R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27 R28 R29 R30
R20 R19 R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8 R9 R10

Senate composition as a result of the elections[edit]

D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8 D9 D10
D20 D19 D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11
D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27 D28 D29 D30
D40 D39 D38 D37 D36 D35 D34 D33 D32 D31
D41 D42 D43 D44 D45 D46O D47O D48O D49O D50O
Majority→ D51+
R41 R42 R43O R44O R45+ I2+ I1 D53+ D52+
R40 R39 R38 R37 R36 R35 R34 R33 R32 R31
R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27 R28 R29 R30
R20 R19 R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8 R9 R10
Key:
D# =Democratic
R# =Republican
I# =Independent, caucusing with Democrats
= Incumbent re-elected
O = Party hold: New senator elected from same party
+ = Party gain: New senator elected from different party

Race summary[edit]

Source: Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections

Winner's name is in bold.

Percentages may not add to 100% due to rounding & omission of minor candidates.

State
(linked to summary articles, below)
Incumbent Result Candidates
(Winner in bold)
Senator Party Electoral
history
Arizona Jon Kyl Republican 1994
2000
2006
Incumbent retired[5]
Republican hold
Jeff Flake (R) 49.2%[6]
Richard Carmona (D) 46.1%[7]
Marc Victor (L) 4.6%[8]
California Dianne Feinstein Democratic 1992 (special)
1994
2000
2006
Incumbent re-elected Dianne Feinstein (D) 62.5%
Elizabeth Emken (R) 37.5%[9]
Connecticut Joe Lieberman Independent 1988
1994
2000
2006
Incumbent retired[10]
Democratic gain
Chris Murphy (D) 54.8% [11]
Linda McMahon (R) 43.1%[12]
Paul Passarelli (L) 1.7%[13]
Delaware Tom Carper Democratic 2000
2006
Incumbent re-elected Tom Carper (D) 66.4%
Kevin Wade (R) 29.0% [14]
Alex Pires (I) 3.8%[15]
Andrew Groff (G) 0.8%
Florida Bill Nelson Democratic 2000
2006
Incumbent re-elected Bill Nelson (D) 55.2%
Connie Mack IV(R) 42.2% [16]
Chris Borgia 1.0% (I)[17]
Bill Gaylor (I) 1.5% [18][19]
Hawaii Daniel Akaka Democratic 1990 (appointed)
1990 (special)
1994
2000
2006
Incumbent retired[20]
Democratic hold
Mazie Hirono (D) 62.6%
Linda Lingle (R) 37.4%
Indiana Richard Lugar Republican 1976
1982
1988
1994
2000
2006
Incumbent lost renomination[21]
Democratic gain
Joe Donnelly (D) 50.0%
Richard Mourdock (R) 44.2%
Andrew Horning (L) 5.7% [22]
Maine Olympia Snowe Republican 1994
2000
2006
Incumbent retired[23]
Independent gain
Angus King (I) 52.9%
Charles E. Summers, Jr. (R) 30.7%
Cynthia Dill (D) 13.3% [24]
Danny F. Dalton (I) 0.8%
Andrew Ian Dodge (L) 0.8%[25]
Maryland Ben Cardin Democratic 2006 Incumbent re-elected Ben Cardin (D) 56.0%
Dan Bongino (R) 26.3%[26]
Rob Sobhani (I) 16.4% [27]
Dean Ahmad (L) 1.2% [28]
Massachusetts Scott Brown Republican 2010 (special) Incumbent lost
Democratic gain
Elizabeth Warren (D) 53.7%
Scott Brown (R) 46.3%
Michigan Debbie Stabenow Democratic 2000
2006
Incumbent re-elected Debbie Stabenow (D) 58.8%
Pete Hoekstra (R) 38.0% [29]
Scotty Boman (L) 1.8% [30]
Harley Mikkelson (R) 0.6%
Richard Matkin (C) 0.6%
John Litle (Natural Law) 0.2%
Minnesota Amy Klobuchar Democratic 2006 Incumbent re-elected Amy Klobuchar (D) 65.2%
Kurt Bills (R) 30.6%
Stephen Williams (Independence) 2.6%
Tim Davis 1.1% (Grassroots)
Michael Cavlan 0.5% (Open Progressive)
Mississippi Roger Wicker Republican 2007 (appointed)
2008 (special)
Incumbent re-elected Roger Wicker (R) 57.2%
Albert N. Gore, Jr. (D) 40.6% [31]
Thomas Cramer (C)(Constitution Party) 1.2%
Shawn O'Hara (Reform) 1%
Missouri Claire McCaskill Democratic 2006 Incumbent re-elected Claire McCaskill (D) 54.8%
Todd Akin (R) 39.0% [32]
Jonathan Dine (L) 6.1%
Montana Jon Tester Democratic 2006 Incumbent re-elected Jon Tester (D) 48.6%
Denny Rehberg (R) 44.9% [33]
Dan Cox (L) 6.6%
Nebraska Ben Nelson Democratic 2000
2006
Incumbent retired[34]
Republican gain
Deb Fischer (R) 57.8% [35]
Bob Kerrey (D) 42.2% [36]
Nevada Dean Heller Republican 2011 (appointed) Incumbent elected to 1st term after appointment Dean Heller (R) 45.9%
Shelley Berkley (D) 44.7%
David Lory VanderBeek (Independent American) 4.9%
None of These Candidates 4.5%
New Jersey Bob Menendez Democratic 2006 (appointed)
2006
Incumbent re-elected Bob Menendez (D) 58.9%
Joe Kyrillos (R) 39.4% [37]
Ken Kaplan (L) 0.5%
Ken Wolski (G) 0.5%
Gavin Bard (I)[38]
Larry Donahue (I)[39]
New Mexico Jeff Bingaman Democratic 1982
1988
1994
2000
2006
Incumbent retired[40]
Democratic hold
Martin Heinrich (D) 51.0% [41]
Heather Wilson (R) 45.3%
Jon Barrie (IAP) 3.6%
Robert L. Anderson (write-in) 0.1%
New York Kirsten Gillibrand Democratic 2009 (appointed)
2010 (special)
Incumbent re-elected Kirsten Gillibrand (D) 71.6%
Wendy E. Long (R) 27.0% [42]
Colia Clark (G) 0.6%
Chris Edes (L) 0.5%
John Mangelli (Common Sense) 0.34%
Write-Ins 0.03%
North Dakota Kent Conrad Democratic 1986
1992 (special)
1994
2000
2006
Incumbent retired[43]
Democratic hold
Heidi Heitkamp (D) 50.24% [44]
Rick Berg (R) 49.32%
Other candidates 0.44%
Ohio Sherrod Brown Democratic 2006 Incumbent re-elected Sherrod Brown (D) 50.7%
Josh Mandel (R) 44.7% [45]
Scott A. Rupert (I) 4.6%
Pennsylvania Bob Casey, Jr. Democratic 2006 Incumbent re-elected Bob Casey, Jr. (D) 53.7%
Tom Smith (R) 44.6% [46]
Rayburn Douglas Smith (L) 1.7%
Rhode Island Sheldon Whitehouse Democratic 2006 Incumbent re-elected Sheldon Whitehouse (D) 64.8%
Barry Hinckley (R) 35.0%[47]
Write-ins 0.2%
Tennessee Bob Corker Republican 2006 Incumbent re-elected Bob Corker (R) 64.9%
Mark Clayton (D) 30.4%
Martin Pleasant (G) 1.7%
Dr. Shaun Crowell (L) 0.9%
Kermit Steck (C) 0.8%
Texas Kay Bailey Hutchison Republican 1993 (special)
1994
2000
2006
Incumbent retired[48]
Republican hold
Ted Cruz (R) 56.5%[49]
Paul Sadler (D) 40.7%[50]
John Jay Myers (L) 2.1%[51]
David Collins (G) 0.9%
Utah Orrin Hatch Republican 1976
1982
1988
1994
2000
2006
Incumbent re-elected Orrin Hatch (R) 65.3%
Scott Howell (D) 30.0%
Shaun Lynn McCausland 3.2%
Daniel Geery (UT Justice) 0.83%
Vermont Bernie Sanders Independent 2006 Incumbent re-elected Bernie Sanders (I) 71%
John MacGovern (R) 24.9%
Cris Ericson (Marijuana*) 2%[52]
Pete Diamondstone (Liberty Union) 0.9%
Peter Moss (Peace and Prosperity) 0.8%
Laurel LaFramboise (VoteKISS) 0.3%
Virginia Jim Webb Democratic 2006 Incumbent retired[53]
Democratic hold
Tim Kaine (D) 52.9%
George Allen (R) 47.0%[54]
Write-ins 0.17%
Washington Maria Cantwell Democratic 2000
2006
Incumbent re-elected Maria Cantwell (D) 60.5%
Michael Baumgartner (R) 39.5%[55]
West Virginia Joe Manchin Democratic 2010 (special) Incumbent re-elected Joe Manchin (D) 60.6%
John Raese (R) 36.5% [56]
Bob Henry Baber 3.0% (Mountain)
Wisconsin Herb Kohl Democratic 1988
1994
2000
2006
Incumbent retired[57]
Democratic hold
Tammy Baldwin (D) 51.4%
Tommy Thompson (R) 45.9%
Joseph Kexel (L) 2.1%
Nimrod Y U Allen III (IDEA) 0.6%
Write-ins 0.1%
Wyoming John Barrasso Republican 2007 (appointed)
2008 (special)
Incumbent re-elected John Barrasso (R) 75.7%
Tim Chesnut (D) 21.7%
Joel Otto (Country) 2.5%
Write-ins 2%
State
(linked to summary articles, below)
Senator Party Electoral
history
Result Candidates
(Winner in bold)
Incumbent

Sources:

Final predictions before the election[edit]

The table below gives an overview of some final predictions of several well-known institutes and people. What can be seen is that while there were very few mistakes (predictions in the wrong direction; essentially only Montana and North Dakota, by both Sabato's Crystal Ball and FiveThirtyEight), FiveThirtyEight had only two races in the Lean categories and no tossups, whereas all other sources had at least eleven races in the middle three categories, and in particular many Tossup races.

Source Safe Democratic Likely Democratic Leans Democratic Tossup Leans Republican Likely Republican Safe Republican
Consensus among
all predictions
California
Delaware
Maryland
Minnesota
New York
Rhode Island
Vermont*
Mississippi
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Wyoming
Roll Call
(updates)
New Jersey
Washington
West Virginia
Hawaii
Maine
Michigan
New Mexico
Connecticut*
Florida
Massachusetts
Missouri
Ohio
Pennsylvania
Arizona
Indiana
Montana
North Dakota
Nevada
Virginia
Wisconsin
Nebraska
Sabato's Crystal Ball
as of November 5, 2012
(updates)
Washington
West Virginia
Florida
Hawaii
Maine
Michigan
New Jersey
New Mexico
Connecticut*
Indiana
Massachusetts
Missouri
Ohio
Pennsylvania
Virginia
Wisconsin
Arizona
Montana
North Dakota
Nevada
Nebraska
Cook Political
Report

as of November 1, 2012
(updates)
Washington Michigan
Missouri
New Jersey
West Virginia
Florida
Hawaii
New Mexico
Ohio
Pennsylvania
Arizona
Connecticut*
Indiana
Maine
Massachusetts
Montana
North Dakota
Nevada
Virginia
Wisconsin
Nebraska
Rothenberg Political
Report

as of November 2, 2012
(updates)
Michigan
New Jersey
Washington
West Virginia
Florida
Hawaii
Maine
Missouri
Pennsylvania
Connecticut*
New Mexico
Ohio
Arizona
Indiana
Massachusetts
Montana
North Dakota
Nevada
Virginia
Wisconsin
Nebraska
RealClearPolitics
as of November 5, 2012
(updates)
Hawaii
Maine
Michigan
New Jersey
New Mexico
Washington
West Virginia
Connecticut*
Florida
Missouri
Ohio
Pennsylvania
Indiana
Massachusetts
Montana
Nevada
North Dakota
Virginia
Wisconsin
Arizona
Nebraska
FiveThirtyEight
as of November 6, 2012
(updates)
Connecticut*
Florida
Hawaii
Massachusetts
Maine
Michigan
New Jersey
New Mexico
Ohio
Pennsylvania
Washington
West Virginia
Missouri
Virginia
Wisconsin
Indiana Montana Arizona
Nevada
North Dakota
Nebraska

* The Democrats include Independent Democrat Joe Lieberman, who ran and won as an independent in 2006 after losing the Connecticut Democratic primary, and Independent Bernie Sanders of Vermont, both of whom caucus with the Democratic Party.

In Maine, independent Angus King did not declare until after the election which party he would caucus with. Roll Call described the race as Likely Independent. Sabato's Crystal Ball marked it as Leans Independent/Democratic. The Cook Political Report notes King's frontrunner status but without knowing his party, treated the race as a Tossup. RealClearPolitics found that King would be likely to caucus with the Democrats, coloring the map for an independent but putting the race in the Likely Democratic column. FiveThirtyEight stated it was more likely that King caucuses with the Democrats, while officially classifying the race as Likely Independent.

Complete list of races[edit]

Senate seats up for election
  Democrat running
  Democrat retiring
  Independent running
  Independent retiring
  Republican running
  Republican retiring
  No Senate election

Thirty-three seats were up for election:

  • Six Democrats retired.
    • Five were replaced by a Democrat.
    • One was replaced by a Republican.
  • Fifteen Democrats ran for re-election.
    • All were re-elected.
  • One Independent who caucused with the Democrats retired.
    • He was replaced by a Democrat.
  • One Independent who caucused with the Democrats ran for re-election.
    • He was re-elected.
  • Three incumbent Republicans retired.
    • Two were replaced by Republicans.
    • One was replaced by an Independent who caucuses with the Democrats.
  • Seven Republicans ran for re-election
    • Five were re-elected.
    • One lost to a Democrat.
    • One lost renomination and was replaced by a Democrat.

Arizona[edit]

Three-term incumbent and Senate Minority Whip Republican Jon Kyl, who was re-elected in 2006 with 53% of the vote, announced he would not seek a fourth term in 2012.[5][58] Republican Representative Jeff Flake[59] won the August 28 primary with 69.1% of the vote, against three contenders, including real estate investor Wil Cardon [60] who polled 21.2%. On the Democratic side, former U.S. Surgeon General Richard Carmona[61] won the primary election, which was held August 28, 2012. The candidates faced Libertarian Marc Victor and independents Ian Gilyeat and Michael F. Meyer on Nov. 6.

Flake won the election with 49.7% of the vote against Carmona's 46.2% and Victor's 4.6%.

California[edit]

Three and one-third term incumbent Democrat Dianne Feinstein was re-elected in 2006 with 59% of the vote, and was re-elected.[62] Feinstein finished first in the state's new blanket primary,[63] in which the top two candidates advance to the general election regardless of party.

Elizabeth Emken came in second and faced Feinstein in the November election. The California Republican Party endorsed Elizabeth Emken.[64]

Feinstein won with 61.6% of the vote.

Connecticut[edit]

Four term incumbent Joe Lieberman, an independent who caucused with the Democratic Party, decided not to seek re-election in 2012.[65] Lieberman sat as a Democrat until 2006, when he was defeated by Ned Lamont in the Democratic primary; he then ran as an independent in the general election and he won. He then caucused with the Democrats as an "Independent Democrat."

Former Connecticut Secretary of the State Susan Bysiewicz[11] and Congressman Chris Murphy competed for the Democratic nomination. Linda McMahon,[66] the 2010 Republican Senate nominee, and former Congressmen Chris Shays competed for the GOP nomination.[67] Murphy and McMahon won their respective primaries on August 14.[68] The candidates faced Libertarian Paul Passarelli in the election.

Murphy won with 55.1% of the vote against McMahon's 43.3% and Passarelli's 1.7%

Delaware[edit]

Two-term incumbent Democrat Tom Carper was reelected with 70% of the vote in 2006. Carper sought reelection in 2012.[69] His Republican opponent was businessman Kevin Wade.[70]

Carper won with 66.4% of the vote.

Florida[edit]

Two-term incumbent Democrat Bill Nelson was reelected with 60% of the vote in 2006 against controversial former Secretary of State of Florida Katherine Harris. Connie Mack IV, Representative from Florida's 14th congressional district, was the Republican nominee, having won the primary with 58.7% of the vote. The two Independents also seeking election in this race were Chris Borgia and Bill Gaylor.

Nelson won with 55.2% of the vote.

Hawaii[edit]

Four-term incumbent Democrat Daniel Akaka was re-elected in 2006, but did not seek re-election in 2012.[71] The primary elections were held on August 11, 2012.

Former Governor Linda Lingle won the Republican nomination.[72] In the Democratic primary, Congresswoman Mazie Hirono defeated former Congressman Ed Case, who challenged Akaka for the Democratic nomination in 2006.[73] Lingle and Hirono previously faced each other in Hawaii's 2002 gubernatorial election, with Lingle winning with 52% of the vote.

Hirono was elected with 62.6% of the vote.

Indiana[edit]

Republican Richard Lugar, who in 2006 won his sixth term without a Democratic opponent, was defeated in the 2012 primary election by Richard Mourdock, who criticized Lugar for his willingness to vote with Democrats on key issues.[74] According to Indiana law, Lugar could not be a candidate in the election (R) (e.g. under a third party or as independent) after losing the primary.[75] Mourdock won the primary 61% to 39%.[76] Congressman Joe Donnelly, the Democratic nominee, won the election against him with 50% of the vote, leaving Mourdock with 44.3% and Libertarian Andrew Horning with 5.7%.

Maine[edit]

Three-term incumbent Republican Olympia Snowe was re-elected in 2006 with 73 percent of the vote, the largest margin of any incumbent senator in 2006 in a contested election.

On February 28, 2012, Snowe suddenly announced her retirement, saying she did not want to spend another six years in the Senate's hyper-partisan environment.[77] Popular former Governor Angus King, an independent, announced his candidacy and was considered the front-runner for the general election. King did not reveal which, if any, party he would caucus with.[78] Scott D'Amboise, considered a conservative, announced in February 2010 that he would run against Snowe in the Republican primary.[79] Libertarian candidate Andrew Ian Dodge also announced a challenge to Snowe.[80] After Snowe's announcement, other Republicans got into the race, including Secretary of State Charles Summers, state Treasurer Bruce Poliquin, and former state Senator Richard A. Bennett.

Former Maine Secretary of State Matthew Dunlap, a Democrat, announced in early November 2011 that he was running in the Democratic primary. Also in November, State Representative Jon Hinck announced he would run in the Democratic primary. Democratic State Senator Cynthia Dill announced her candidacy in January.

The primary election was held on June 12. Cynthia Dill won the Democratic nomination with 44% of the vote and Charlie Summers took the Republican nomination with 32% of the vote. The two faced Independent former governor Angus King, Andrew Ian Dodge on the Libertarian line, and two other independents: Ex-DEA Agent & USAF Veteran, Danny Dalton and Yarmouth Town Council Chair, Steve Woods.

After winning the general election, King stated he would caucus with the Democrats.[81]

Maryland[edit]

First-term incumbent Democrat Ben Cardin was elected in 2006 with 54% of the vote against former Maryland Lt. Gov. Michael S. Steele. Cardin ran against Independent candidate S. Rob Sobhani,[82] Republican former U.S. Secret Service agent Daniel Bongino,[83][84] and Libertarian Dr. Dean Ahmad, a Palestinian refugee.

Cardin won re-election with 56% of the vote, with 26% for Bongino, 16% for Sobhani, and 1% for Ahmad.[85]

Massachusetts[edit]

Eight-term Democrat Ted Kennedy was re-elected in 2006, but died in August 2009. Paul G. Kirk was appointed as the interim senator by Governor Deval Patrick, and served until Republican state legislator Scott Brown was elected in a January 2010 special election. He was the first Republican senator to be elected in Massachusetts since 1972. Brown ran for election to a full term.[86] Harvard Law School professor Elizabeth Warren, the Democratic nominee,[87] won the seat with 53.8% of the vote.[88]

Michigan[edit]

Two-term incumbent Democrat Debbie Stabenow was re-elected in 2006 with 57% of the vote to 41% for Oakland County Sheriff and former State Senate Majority Leader Michael Bouchard after narrowly defeating Republican incumbent Spencer Abraham in 2000.

Stabenow won re-election with 59% of the vote to 38% of the vote for Republican ex-Congressman Peter Hoekstra and 2% for Libertarian Scotty Boman.[89]

Minnesota[edit]

One-term incumbent Democrat Amy Klobuchar was elected in 2006 with 58% of the vote. Senator Klobuchar's approval ratings, last reported at 59%,[90] have steadily risen since her election in November 2006. Her quick response to the I-35 bridge collapse in her home city of Minneapolis and her travels around the state solidified her popularity with the citizens of Minnesota.

The Republican nominee was state Representative Kurt Bills, an economics teacher with libertarian-leaning views and a supporter of outgoing Congressman Ron Paul.[91]

Senator Klobuchar won re-election with 65.2% of the vote to Bills' 30.5%.[92]

Mississippi[edit]

One-term incumbent Republican Roger Wicker was appointed after former Senate Majority Leader Trent Lott announced on November 26, 2007 that he was going to resign by the end of 2007.[93] Wicker defeated former Governor Ronnie Musgrove in the 2008 special election.

On March 13, Wicker won the primary election with 89% of the vote, and will face Albert N. Gore Jr. of Starkville, who won the Democratic primary election with 57% of the vote, as well as Libertarian candidate Dr. Shaun Crowell, Constitution Party candidate Thomas Cramer, and Reform Party candidate Shawn O'Hara.

In the November election, Wicker won re-election with 57% of the vote, with Democrat Albert Gore (no relation to Al Gore) winning 41% of the vote and 2% of the vote going to minor party candidates.

Missouri[edit]

Democrat Claire McCaskill was elected in 2006 with 49.6% of the vote, defeating then-incumbent Jim Talent. McCaskill was re-elected with no prominent Democrat challenging her.[94] The primary election was held August 14.

Representative Todd Akin won the Republican nomination. Libertarian nominee Jonathan Dine will contest the election.

Republican primary contenders included Congressman Todd Akin, former state Treasurer Sarah Steelman,[95][96] and businessman John Brunner.[97] Jim Talent declined to run again, and Attorney Ed Martin and former Missouri GOP Chair Ann Wagner were instead eyeing Missouri's 2nd Congressional District.[98][99][100]

McCaskill won re-election with 55% of the vote to Akin's 39% and Dine's 6%.[101]

Montana[edit]

One-term incumbent Democrat Jon Tester was elected in 2006 by a 49.2% to 48.3% margin, narrowly defeating incumbent Conrad Burns. Tester sought re-election,[102] facing Republican Congressman Denny Rehberg and Libertarian Dan Cox.

Rehberg[103] won the June 5 Republican primary by 76.2% beating Dennis Teske, after former Republican Montana Governor and past RNC chairman Marc Racicot [104] dropped out.

Tester won with 48.6% of the vote against Rehberg's 44.6% and Cox's 6.6%.

Nebraska[edit]

Two-term incumbent and former Governor Democrat Ben Nelson will not run for re-election in 2012.[34] Former Governor of Nebraska Bob Kerrey, who held the Senate seat from 1989 to 2001, won the Democratic nomination.[105]

State Senator Deb Fischer defeated State Treasurer Don Stenberg and Nebraska Attorney General Jon Bruning for the Republican nomination.[106][107] Independent Scott Rupert will also be on the ballot.

Nevada[edit]

Republican John Ensign won his second term in the Senate in 2006 with 55% of the vote, defeating Democrat Jack Carter. In 2009, Ensign admitted to an affair with a campaign staffer.[108] He initially announced that he was running for re-election,[109] but in March 2011 announced that he would resign effective May 2011, and would not seek reelection.[110] Governor Brian Sandoval appointed Republican Congressman Dean Heller to succeed him.

Heller ran for a full term in 2012.[111] Democratic Congresswoman Shelley Berkley ran against Heller. Heller won re-election.

New Jersey[edit]

One-term incumbent Democrat Bob Menendez became the first Hispanic Senator to represent New Jersey in January 2006 when Former Senator Jon Corzine appointed him to the office after having resigned to become Governor, following his election to said office in November 2005. Menendez comfortably defeated Republican state Senator Tom Kean, Jr., son of popular former Governor and 9/11 Commission Chairman Tom Kean and was elected to a full term in November 2006.

The Republican Party nominee was state Senator Joseph M. Kyrillos of Monmouth County.[112] Independent candidates include small business owner David Dranikoff, whose platform focuses mainly on the national debt and financial reform, alternative journalist Gavin Bard, a labor activist and anarcho-syndicalist who declared he will run as an independent based on major campaign tenets of opposing any regulation placed on the internet, abolishing CEOs, and convincing Sega to make the final game in the Shenmue series,[38] as well as Daryl Mikell Brooks, and Gwen Diakos. Rounding out the busy ballot were Libertarian Kenneth R. Kaplan, Socialist Greg Pason, Ken Wolski of the Green Party.

New Mexico[edit]

Five-term incumbent Democrat Jeff Bingaman was re-elected in 2006 with 70.6% of the vote. Bingaman decided to retire.[113] Republicans running included businessman former U.S. Representative Heather Wilson,[114] and businessman Greg Sowards. Wilson won the Republican primary with 70% of the vote. The Independent American Party nominated Jon Barrie to run for the seat.

For the Democrats, Congressman Martin Heinrich defeated state Auditor Hector Balderas in the primary by a 59% to 41% margin.

The primaries were held on June 5.

Heinrich won the open seat in the November election with 51.0% of the vote to Wilson's 45.3%.[115]

New York[edit]

Two-term Democrat Hillary Rodham Clinton was re-elected in 2006 with 67% of the vote. After narrowly losing the 2008 Democratic Presidential nomination to Barack Obama, she resigned on January 21, 2009 when the Senate confirmed her as Secretary of State. On January 23, Governor David Paterson appointed Congresswoman Kirsten Gillibrand to the seat. Gillibrand won a special election in 2010 with 61.2% of the vote, and was re-elected.[116] Conservative attorney Wendy E. Long prevailed by a sizeable margin in the Republican primary.[117] Long was also designated as the nominee for the Conservative Party of New York State, and appeared on its ballot line as well as the Republican Party line in the general election.[118] Dr. Scott Noren of Ithaca NY ran as an Independent/Unaffiliated candidate against Senator Gillibrand and has a major student loan reform and anti-fracking platform, but didn't make the ballot. John Mangelli, a first time runner for office ran as an independent candidate under the common sense party made the ballot.[119] Chris Edes was the Libertarian Party candidate running on the issues of fiscal solvency, civil liberties and constitutional government.[120] In 2012, Gillibrand won another term, with 72% of the vote.

North Dakota[edit]

Four-term incumbent Democrat Kent Conrad was re-elected in 2006 with 69% of the vote. Conrad decided to not run for re-election in 2012.[121] U.S. Representative Rick Berg[122] announced his candidacy as a Republican. State Public Service Commissioner Brian Kalk initially announced his candidacy as well, but since dropped it to run for the at large congressional seat held by Berg.[123] On November 8, 2011, former state Attorney General Heidi Heitkamp announced that she would be running for the Democratic nomination.[44] On Election Day, Heitkamp defeated Berg in an upset win of a margin of approximately 50.5% to 49.5%, This was the closest senate race of 2012. Heitkamp won by a razor thin margin of about 3000 votes.

Ohio[edit]

One-term incumbent Democrat Sherrod Brown was elected in 2006 with 56% of the vote, defeating then-incumbent Mike DeWine, whose popularity suffered due to scandals involving former Republican Governor Bob Taft and ex-Congressman Bob Ney. Brown was challenged by Ohio State Treasurer Josh Mandel in the general election, Brown was re-elected with 50.3 percent of the vote to Mandels 45.1%.

Josh Mandel[124] won the March 6 Republican primary with 63% of the vote.[125]

Brown won re-election, 50.7%-44.7% [126]

Pennsylvania[edit]

One-term incumbent Democrat Bob Casey, Jr., the son of popular former Governor Bob Casey, was elected in 2006 with 58.7% of the vote, defeating then-incumbent Rick Santorum. He was the first Democrat elected to a full term in the U.S. Senate from Pennsylvania since 1962. Casey will seek re-election.[127] He will face Republican candidate, Tom Smith, a businessman and former town supervisor, and Libertarian candidate, Rayburn Douglas Smith. Casey won re-election with 53.5% of the vote to Tom Smith's 44.8% and Rayburn Smith's 1.7%.

Rhode Island[edit]

One-term incumbent Democrat Sheldon Whitehouse was elected in 2006 with 53.5% of the vote, defeating then-incumbent Lincoln Chafee by 7 percentage points. Whitehouse will seek reelection.

Businessman Barry Hinckley announced that he would run against Whitehouse in the general election.[128] Whitehouse defeated Hinckley and won re election to a second term with 65.0% of the vote to Hinckleys 35.0%.

Tennessee[edit]

One-term incumbent Republican Bob Corker was elected in 2006 with 50.7% of the vote. He narrowly defeated then-Congressman Harold Ford, Jr.. Corker set up "the Bob Corker for Senate 2012 committee" on November 8, 2006, or one day after winning a six-year term.[129] In November 2011, country music singer Hank Williams, Jr. expressed an interest in challenging Corker for the GOP nomination,[130] but did not enter the primary. The primary election was held August 2, with Corker receiving 85% over four opponents (Zach Poskevich, Fred Anderson, Mark Twain Clemens, and Brenda Lenard).

Corker's opponents were Mark E. Clayton, who won 30% in a seven-way Democratic primary, Libertarian candidate, Dr. Shaun Crowell, Kermit Steck (Constitution Party), Martin Pleasant (Green Party), and independents David Gatchell, James Higdon, Michael Joseph Long, Troy Stephen Scoggin, and Jacob Maurer.

Corker was re elected to a second term with 64.9% of the vote to his opponents 30.4%.

Texas[edit]

Three-term incumbent Republican Kay Bailey Hutchison was re-elected in 2006 with 62% of the vote despite a poor overall climate for Republicans, who lost control of both chambers of Congress that year. She announced in 2007 that she would not seek re-election, and she ran unsuccessfully for the Republican nomination for Texas Governor in 2009.[131][132] For the Republicans, former Texas Solicitor General Ted Cruz won in a runoff election against Texas Lt. Governor David Dewhurst 57% to 43%.[3]. Former SMU Mustangs running back and ESPN analyst Craig James, and former Dallas mayor Tom Leppert were also candidates.[133][134][135] In the May 29 primary, Dewhurst won 45% to Cruz's 34%.[136]

Cruz won the 2012 Republican nomination for the United States Senate seat being vacated by Kay Bailey Hutchison.[4] He defeated Lieutenant Governor David Dewhurst in the Republican primary runoff, 57-43 percent, on July 31, 2012.[5]

Former Texas Representative Paul Sadler beat Grady Yarbrough in the Democratic runoff election [4]. Also running as Democrats were Sean Hubbard, Addie Dainell Allen and Daniel Boone.

Dallas businessman John Jay Myers won the Libertarian primary with 78.9% of the vote, to become that party's candidate for Senate.

David Collins ran as the Green Party Candidate

Ted Cruz won the general election with 56.6% of the vote to Sadlers' 40.5% and Myers' 2.1%.

Utah[edit]

Six-term incumbent and former Senate Judiciary Committee Chairman Republican Orrin Hatch was re-elected in 2006 with 62% of the vote. He ran for re-election. Though Hatch remains popular with Utahns in general, he was viewed by many in the Utah Republican Party as too moderate, and many names were floated as potential challengers.[137] The name most frequently mentioned was that of conservative Congressman Jason Chaffetz, who had criticized Hatch, but Chaffetz announced on August 22, 2011, that he would not run against Hatch.[138] Also frequently mentioned was state Senator Dan Liljenquist.[139] At the Utah Republican Party Caucus held on March 15, 2012, it was determined that state Senator Liljenquist would challenge US Senator Hatch in the June 26, primary.[140][141] Hatch won the primary election with 66% of the vote.

Among Democrats, Scott Howell, former state Senator and 2000 US Senate nominee, defeated Pete Ashdown, CEO of XMission and 2006 nominee for U.S. Senate, in the Utah Democratic Party caucus to secure the nomination to challenge the Utah Republican Party nominee for the US Senate seat currently held by US Senator Orrin Hatch.[142]

Hatch defeated Howell on Election Day November 6, 2012 taking 65.2% of the vote to Howells 30.2%

Vermont[edit]

One-term incumbent Bernie Sanders is an independent Senator (and self-described democratic socialist) who caucuses with the Democrats and won election with 65.4% of the vote in 2006 after Jim Jeffords, also an independent, retired.

John MacGovern[143] and H. Brooke Paige[144] sought the Republican nomination, and MacGovern won the August 28 Republican primary.

Sanders won re election to a second full term with 71.0% of the vote to MacGoverns 24.9%.

Virginia[edit]

One-term incumbent Democrat Jim Webb was elected in 2006 by a margin of 0.6%, narrowly defeating then-incumbent George Allen in the biggest upset of the 2006 elections. Announcing that he did not want to spend his life in politics, Webb said he will not run for re-election.[145] On the Democratic Side, former Governor of Virginia and DNC chairman Tim Kaine was unopposed for the nomination.

The Republican Party of Virginia decided that its nominee would be determined through a primary, as opposed to a state convention which had been used in more recent years. On January 24, 2011, George Allen announced that he would seek the Republican nomination.[146] Jamie Radtke, head of the Virginia Tea Party Patriots, filed papers to run for the Republican nomination.[147] Also considering a run for the Republican nomination were state Del. Robert G. Marshall (R-Manassas) and Corey Stewart, the chairman of the Prince William County Board of Supervisors. Marshall ran for the U.S. Senate in 2008, narrowly losing the Republican nomination at the state convention to former Governor Jim Gilmore by only 69 votes.

Kaine won the race to Succeed Jim Webb in the November 6, 2012 general election, capturing 53.0% of the vote to Allen's 47.0%. Kaine will take office when Webbs current term expires on January 3, 2013.

Washington[edit]

Two-term incumbent Democrat Maria Cantwell was re-elected in 2006 with 57% of the vote over Republican businessman Mike McGavick. In her 2012 reelection, she will be challenged by Republican state Senator Michael Baumgartner, a former U.S. State Department employee who represents a legislative district in the eastern part of the state.[76]

Cantwell won re-election 60.5%-39.5% [148]

West Virginia[edit]

Democratic Senator Robert Byrd, the longest serving U.S. Senator in history, was re-elected to his ninth term in 2006 but died in office on June 28, 2010. In the November 2010 special election to fill this seat, Democratic Governor Joe Manchin was elected, with 53.5% of the vote. Senator Manchin defeated Sheirl Fletcher in the May 15 Democratic primary election, [149] to run for a full term.

John Raese, the Republican nominee, was unchallenged in the primary election.[150]

Bob Henry Baber was the candidate of the "The Mountain Party", the West Virginia affiliate of the Green Party.

Wisconsin[edit]

Four-term incumbent Democrat Herb Kohl, owner of the NBA's Milwaukee Bucks and member of the founding family of the Kohl's department store chain, announced he would not seek reelection in 2012.[57] He was reelected in 2006 with 67% of the vote.

U.S. Representative Tammy Baldwin announced her intention to run for the seat on September 6.[151] Other potential candidates for the Democrats include former Dane County Executive Kathleen Falk, and Madison biotechnology executive Kevin Conroy.[152] Both candidates declined to run and Baldwin became the only Democratic nominee.

On the Republican side, Business Mananger Eric Hovde Former Congressman Mark Neumann, Speaker of the Wisconsin State Assembly Jeff Fitzgerald, and former Governor and former Secretary of Health and Human Services, Tommy Thompson confirmed their candidacies for the seat.[153] The primary was held August 14. Thompson won the Republican nomination with 34% of the vote. Hovde came in second with 31%. Baldwin was unopposed in the Democratic primary and won.

The Libertarian candidate was Joseph Kexel, an IT consultant in Kenosha.

Nimrod Allen III, a former United States Marine, ran as an independent. Baldwin defeated Thompson and Kexel on election night with 51.4%, with the latter candidates getting 45.9% and 2.1%, respectively.[154]

Wyoming[edit]

One-term incumbent Republican Dr. John Barrasso was appointed to the Senate in 2007 after the death of Republican Craig L. Thomas and won a special election in 2008 to complete Thomas's term. He defated Democrat Tim Chesnut, a member of the Albany County Board of Commissioners and rancher Joel Otto who ran on the "Wyoming Country" line.

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