United States Senate elections, 2014

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United States Senate elections, 2014
United States
2012 ←
November 4, 2014
→ 2016

33 of the 100 seats in the U.S. Senate and 3 mid-term vacancies
51 seats needed for a majority
  Harry Reid 113th Congress 2013.jpg Mitch McConnell 113th Congress 2013.jpg
Leader Harry Reid Mitch McConnell
Party Democratic Republican
Leader since January 3, 2005 January 3, 2007
Leader's seat Nevada Kentucky
Current seats 53* 45
Seats needed Decrease 6 Increase 6
Seats up 21 15

2014 Senate election map.svg

     Democratic incumbent seeking re-election      Democratic incumbent retiring

     Republican incumbent seeking re-election      Republican incumbent retiring
     No election
Line through state means both Senate seats are up for election.
* Both Independents currently caucus with the Democrats. Neither is up for election.

Incumbent Majority Leader

Harry Reid

Elections for the United States Senate will be held on November 4, 2014, with 33 of the 100 seats in the United States Senate being contested in regular elections whose winners will serve six-year terms from January 3, 2015 to January 3, 2021. Additionally, special elections will be held to fill vacancies that occur during the 113th United States Congress. Currently, there are 36 Senate seats to be decided in November 2014, 21 of those now held by Democrats and 15 by Republicans. Polls and other factors led most forecasters in mid-September to predict the GOP will take control of the Senate by gaining at least five seats. However, most forecasters estimate the probability of the GOP gaining a majority to be very near 50–50.[1][2]

These elections mark 100 years of direct elections of U.S. Senators.

The elections to the U.S. House of Representatives, elections for governors in states and territories, and many state and local elections will also be held on November 4, 2014.


Republicans are seeking to win the six seats necessary to take control of the Senate, while Democrats hope to retain the Senate for the final two years of President Barack Obama's second and last term. After losing ground in the 2012 elections, an internal fight broke out among the Republican leadership in early 2013 over the best strategy and tactics for the 2014 Senate races.[3] By December 2013, eight of the twelve incumbent Republicans running for re-election saw Tea Party challenges.[4] However, Republican incumbents won every primary challenge.[5] The combination of Democratic retirements and numerous seats up for election in swing states gave Republicans hopes of taking control of the Senate, although Democrats saw opportunities for pickups as well.[6] In order to take control of the Senate, Republicans may have to defeat more than two incumbent Democrats, a task the party has not accomplished since 1980.[7]

Poll aggregation website FiveThirtyEight gave the Republican Party a 53.3% chance of taking control of the Senate as of September 16.[8] Another poll agregation website, RealClearPolitics, gives the Republican Party a net gain of 5 seats.[9]


There are 53 Democratic, 45 Republican and 2 independent senators (both of whom caucus with the Democrats). 33 senators are up for election this year as class 2 Senators, and three are up for special elections (all from class 3). Among the seats up for election in 2014, currently, there are 21 held by Democrats and 15 held by Republicans.

There may be some changes if senators die or resign. If senators in other classes die or resign between 2012 and 2014, there may be additional special elections. The dates between which the death or resignation of a senator would lead to a special election during this time period vary from state to state.

Colored shading indicates party with largest share of that row.

Parties Total
Democratic Republican Independent
Last election (2012) 53 45 2 100
Before this election 53 45 2 100
Not up 32 30 2 64
Class 1 (20122018) 23 8 2 33
Class 3 (20102016) 9 22 31
Up 21 15 36
General: Class 2 20 13 33
Special: Class 3 1 2 3
Incumbent retiring 4 3 7
Incumbent running 17 12 29

Change in composition[edit]

Senate composition before the elections[edit]

I1 I2 D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8
D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11 D10 D9
D19 D20 D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27 D28
D38 D37 D36 D35 D34 D33 D32 D31 D30 D29
D39 D40 D41 D42 D43 D44 D45 D46 D47 D48
Majority →
R41 R42 R43 R44 R45 D53 D52 D51 D50 D49
R40 R39 R38 R37 R36 R35 R34 R33 R32 R31
R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27 R28 R29 R30
R20 R19 R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8 R9 R10

Senate composition after the elections (at the beginning of the 114th Congress)[edit]

I1 I2 D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8
D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11 D10 D9
D19 D20 D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27 D28
TBD6 TBD5 TBD4 TBD3 TBD2 TBD1 D32 D31 D30 D29
Majority →
R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27 R28 R29 R30
R20 R19 R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8 R9 R10
D# =Democratic
R# =Republican
I# =Independent, caucusing with Democrats

Race summary[edit]

The following is the list of state-by-state summaries. Unless otherwise indicated, all races are for the class 2 seats whose terms begin January 3, 2015.

(linked to
summaries below)
Incumbent Most recent election results 2014 intent Candidates
Senator Party Electoral
Alabama Jeff Sessions Republican 1996
Jeff Sessions (Republican) 63%
Vivian Davis Figures (Democratic) 37%
Running[10] Jeff Sessions (R)[10]
Alaska Mark Begich Democratic 2008 Mark Begich (Democratic) 48%
Ted Stevens (Republican) 47%
Running[11] Mark Begich (D)
Dan Sullivan (R)[12]
Vic Kohring (Alaskan Independence)[13]
Ted Gianoutsos (I)[14]
Sidney Hill (I)[14]
Thom Walker (L)[13]
Arkansas Mark Pryor Democratic 2002
Mark Pryor (Democratic) 80%
Rebekah Kennedy (Green) 20%
Running[15] Mark Pryor (D)
Tom Cotton (R)[16]
Nathan LaFrance (L)[17][18]
Mark Swaney (Green)[19]
Colorado Mark Udall Democratic 2008 Mark Udall (Democratic) 53%
Bob Schaffer (Republican) 43%
Running[20] Mark Udall (D)
Cory Gardner (R)[21][22][23]
Stephen H. Shogan (I)[24]
Gaylon Kent (L)[25]
Bill Hammons (Unity Party)[26]
Delaware Chris Coons Democratic 2010 (Special) (2010):
Chris Coons (Democratic) 57%
Christine O'Donnell (Republican) 41%
Running[27] Chris Coons (D)[27]
Kevin Wade (R)[28]
Andrew Groff (G)
Georgia Saxby Chambliss Republican 2002
Saxby Chambliss (Republican) 57%
Jim Martin (Democratic) 43%
Retiring[29] David Perdue (R)[30]
Michelle Nunn (D)[31]
Amanda Swafford (L)[32]
(special: Class 3)
Brian Schatz Democratic Appointed
in 2012
Daniel Inouye (Democratic) 75%
Campbell Cavasso (Republican) 22%
Running to finish the term ending January 3, 2017[33] Brian Schatz (D)
Campbell Cavasso (R)[34]
Joy Allison (N)[34]
Michael A. Kokoski (L)[35]
Idaho Jim Risch Republican 2008 Jim Risch (Republican) 58%
Larry LaRocco (Democratic) 34%
Rex Rammell (Independent) 5%
Running[36] Jim Risch (R)
Nels Mitchell (D)[37]
Illinois Richard Durbin Democratic 1996
Dick Durbin (Democratic) 68%
Steve Sauerberg (Republican) 29%
Running[38] Dick Durbin (D)
Jim Oberweis (R)[39]
Sharon Hansen (L)[40]
Iowa Tom Harkin Democratic 1984
Tom Harkin (Democratic) 63%
Christopher Reed (Republican) 37%
Retiring[41] Bruce Braley (D)[42]
Joni Ernst (R)[43]
Doug Butzier (L)[44]
Jay Williams (I)[45]
Jerry Dean Carter (I)[46]
Bob Quast (I)[47]
Kansas Pat Roberts Republican 1996
Pat Roberts (Republican) 60%
Jim Slattery (Democratic) 36%
Running[48] Pat Roberts (R)
Greg Orman (I)
Scott Barnhart (I)[49]
Randall Batson (L)[50]
Kentucky Mitch McConnell Republican 1984
Mitch McConnell (Republican) 53%
Bruce Lunsford (Democratic) 47%
Running[51] Mitch McConnell (R)
Alison Lundergan Grimes (D)[52]
David Patterson (L)[53]
Robert Edward Ransdell (Write-In)[54]
Louisiana Mary Landrieu Democratic 1996
Mary Landrieu (Democratic) 52%
John Kennedy (Republican) 46%
Running[55] Mary Landrieu (D)
Don Reaux (D)[56]
Brannon McMorris (L)[57][58]
Bill Cassidy (R)[59]
Rob Maness (R)[60]
Thomas Clements (R)[61]
Maine Susan Collins Republican 1996
Susan Collins (Republican) 61%
Tom Allen (Democratic) 39%
Running[62] Susan Collins (R)
Shenna Bellows (D)[63]
Erick Bennett (I)[64]
Massachusetts Ed Markey Democratic 2013 (Special) Ed Markey (Democratic) 55%
Gabriel E. Gomez (Republican) 45%
Running[65] Ed Markey (D)
Brian Herr (R)[66]
Bruce Skarin (I)[66]
Michigan Carl Levin Democratic 1978
Carl Levin (Democratic) 63%
Jack Hoogendyk (Republican) 34%
Retiring[67] Gary Peters (D)[68]
Terri Lynn Land (R)[69]
Chris Wahmhoff (I)[70]
Robert James Fulner (L)[71]
Paul Marineau (I)[72]
Jeff Jones (I)[73]
Minnesota Al Franken Democratic-Farmer-Labor 2008 Al Franken (Democratic) 42%
Norm Coleman (Republican) 42%
Dean Barkley (IPM) 15%
Running[74] Al Franken (DFL)
Mike McFadden (R)[75]
Heather Johnson (L)[76]
Tom Books (I)[76]
Steve Carlson (I)[76]
Jack Shepard (I)[76]
Kevin Terrell (I)[76]
Stephen Williams (I)[76]
Mississippi Thad Cochran Republican 1978
Thad Cochran (Republican) 61%
Erik R. Fleming (Democratic) 39%
Running[77] Thad Cochran (R)
Travis Childers (D)[78]
Shawn O'Hara (Reform)[79]
Montana John Walsh Democratic Appointed
in 2014
Max Baucus (Democratic) 73%
Bob Kelleher (Republican) 27%
Withdrew from nomination Amanda Curtis (D)
Steve Daines (R)[80]
Roger Roots (L)[81]
Sam Rankin (I)[82]
Nebraska Mike Johanns Republican 2008 Mike Johanns (Republican) 58%
Scott Kleeb (Democratic) 40%
Retiring[83] Ben Sasse (R)[84]
David Domina (D)[85]
David Holcomb (I)[86]
James Jenkins (I)[87]
Todd Watson (I)[88]
New Hampshire Jeanne Shaheen Democratic 2008 Jeanne Shaheen (Democratic) 52%
John E. Sununu (Republican) 45%
Running[89] Jeanne Shaheen (D)
Scott Brown (R)[90]
Gardner Goldsmith (L)[91]
New Jersey Cory Booker Democratic 2013 (special) Cory Booker (Democratic) 55%
Steve Lonegan (Republican) 44%
Running[92] Cory Booker (D)
Jeff Bell (R)[92]
Joe Baratelli (L)[93]
Eugene M. LaVergne (Democratic-Republican)[94]
Antonio Sabas (I)[95]
Jeff Boss (I)[96]
Hank Schroeder (Economic Growth Party)[96]
New Mexico Tom Udall Democratic 2008 Tom Udall (Democratic) 61%
Steve Pearce (Republican) 39%
Running[97] Tom Udall (D)
Allen Weh (R) [98]
North Carolina Kay Hagan Democratic 2008 Kay Hagan (Democratic) 53%
Elizabeth Dole (Republican) 44%
Running[99] Kay Hagan (D)
Thom Tillis (R)[100]
Sean Haugh (L)[101]
David Waddell (Write-In)[102]
Oklahoma Jim Inhofe Republican 1994
Jim Inhofe (Republican) 57%
Andrew Rice (Democratic) 39%
Running[74] Jim Inhofe (R)
Matt Silverstein (D)[103]
Joan Farr (I)[104]
Ray Woods (I)[105]
Aaron DeLozier (I)[105]
(special: Class 3)
Tom Coburn Republican 2004
Tom Coburn (Republican) 71%
Jim Rogers (Democratic) 27%
Retiring and resigning at the end of the 113th Congress James Lankford (R)[106]
Connie Johnson (D)[105]
Mark T. Beard (I)[105]
Oregon Jeff Merkley Democratic 2008 Jeff Merkley (Democratic) 49%
Gordon H. Smith (Republican) 46%
Dave Brownlow (Constitution) 5%
Running[107] Jeff Merkley (D)
Monica Wehby (R)[108]
Mike Montchalin (L)[109]
James E. Leuenberger (C)[110]
Christina Jean Lugo (PG)[111]
Rhode Island Jack Reed Democratic 1996
Jack Reed (Democratic) 73%
Robert Tingle (Republican) 27%
Running[112] Jack Reed (D)
Mark Zaccaria (R)[113]
South Carolina Lindsey Graham Republican 2002
Lindsey Graham (Republican) 58%
Bob Conley (Democratic) 42%
Running[10] Lindsey Graham (R)[10]
Brad Hutto (D)[114]
Victor Kocher (L)[114]
South Carolina
(special: Class 3)
Tim Scott Republican Appointed
in 2013
Jim DeMint (Republican) 62%
Alvin Greene (Democratic) 28%
Tom Clements (Green) 9%
Running to finish the term ending January 3, 2017[115] Tim Scott (R)
Joyce Dickerson (D)[116]
South Dakota Tim Johnson Democratic 1996
Tim Johnson (Democratic) 63%
Joel Dykstra (Republican) 37%
Retiring[117] Rick Weiland (D)[118]
Mike Rounds (R)[119]
Larry Pressler (I) [120]
Gordon Howie (I)[121]
Tennessee Lamar Alexander Republican 2002
Lamar Alexander (Republican) 65%
Bob Tuke (Democratic) 32%
Running[122] Lamar Alexander (R)
Gordon Ball (D)[123]
Tom Emerson Jr. (Tea)[124]
Danny Page (I)[124]
Edmund L. Gauthier (I)[124]
Joshua James (I)[124]
Dea Jones (I)[124]
Harrison Kelly (I)[124]
Bartholomew J. Phillips (I)[124]
C. Salekin (I)[124]
Eric Schechter (I)[124]
Rick Tyler (I)[124]
Joe B. Wilmoth (I)[124]
Texas John Cornyn Republican 2002
John Cornyn (Republican) 55%
Rick Noriega (Democratic) 43%
Running[10] John Cornyn (R)[10]
David Alameel (D)[125]
Emily Marie Sanchez (Green)[126]
Rebecca Paddock (L)[127]
David Smith (I)[128]
Avery Ayers (I)[129]
Virginia Mark Warner Democratic 2008 Mark Warner (Democratic) 65%
Jim Gilmore (Republican) 34%
Running [130] Mark Warner (D)
Ed Gillespie (R)[131]
Robert Sarvis (L)[132][133]
West Virginia Jay Rockefeller Democratic 1984
Jay Rockefeller (Democratic) 64%
Jay Wolfe (Republican) 36%
Retiring[134] Shelley Moore Capito (R)[135]
Natalie Tennant (D)[136]
John S. Buckley (L)
Phil Hudok (Constitution)
Bob Henry Baber (Mountain)[137]
Wyoming Mike Enzi Republican 1996
Mike Enzi (Republican) 76%
Chris Rothfuss (Democratic) 24%
Running[138] Mike Enzi (R)
Charlie Hardy (D) [139]
Joe Porambo (L)
Curt Gottshall (I)[140]
(linked to
summaries below)
Senator Party Electoral
Most recent election results 2014 intent Candidates
     Safe Democratic seat      Competitive Democratic-held seat
     Safe Republican seat      Competitive Republican-held seat

Latest predictions[edit]

Probability of Republican takeover[edit]

Several websites use poll aggregation and psephology to estimate the probability that the Republican Party will gain enough seats to take control of the Senate.

Source Probability of Republican control Updated
FiveThirtyEight 56.6%[141] 9/22
Princeton Election Consortium (Sam Wang) 30%[142] 9/22
Huffington Post 58%[143] 9/22
The Upshot (New York Times) 54%[144] 9/23
Washington Post 71%[145] 9/23
Daily Kos 57%[146] 9/23

Competitive seats[edit]

State Cook PVI Cook
(Sept 19, 2014)[147]
Daily Kos Elections
(September 21, 2014)[148]
Five Thirty Eight
(September 19, 2014)[149]
[note 1]
New York Times
(September 18, 2014)[150]
[note 1][note 2]
Real Clear Politics
(September 18, 2014)[151]
(September 12, 2014)[152]
(September 18, 2014)[153]
Median prediction
[note 3]
Alaska R+12 Tossup Tossup 56% R 54% D Tossup Tossup (Tilt D) Tossup Tossup TBD
Arkansas R+14 Tossup Tossup 65% R 79% R Tossup Tossup (Tilt R) Lean R Tossup TBD
Colorado D+1 Tossup Tossup 50% R 62% D Tossup Tossup (Tilt D) Lean D Tossup TBD
Georgia R+6 Tossup Likely R 77% R 86% R Tossup Likely R Lean R Lean R TBD
Iowa D+1 Tossup Tossup 52% D 53% R Tossup Tossup Tossup Tossup TBD
Kansas R+12 Lean R Tossup 64% I 55% R Tossup Tossup (Tilt R) Lean R Lean R TBD
Kentucky R+13 Tossup Lean R 85% R 94% R Lean R Lean R Likely R Lean R TBD
Louisiana R+12 Tossup Tossup 72% R 82% R Lean R Tossup Tossup Tossup TBD
Michigan D+4 Tossup Lean D 79% D 83% D Lean D Lean D Likely D Lean D TBD
Montana R+7 Solid R Likely R >99% R >99% R Likely R Safe R Likely R Likely R TBD
New Hampshire D+1 Lean D Likely D 80% D 86% D Tossup Lean D Lean D Lean D TBD
North Carolina R+3 Tossup Tossup 75% D 76% D Tossup Tossup (Tilt D) Lean D Tossup TBD
South Dakota R+10 Likely R Safe R 89% R 99% R Likely R Likely R Likely R Likely R TBD
West Virginia R+13 Likely R Likely R 98% R >99% R Likely R Likely R Likely R Likely R TBD
  1. ^ a b The Five Thirty Eight and New York Times predictions reflect the probability that the party will win the seat. They are not predictions of vote share.
  2. ^ The New York Times probabilities for Kansas are for the Republican, Pat Roberts, versus the Independent candidate, Greg Orman.
  3. ^ The Five Thirty Eight and New York Times predictions are on a cardinal scale; the others are on an incomparable ordinal scale. The median only reflects the ordinal predictions (Cook, Daily Kos Elections, Real Clear Politics, Rothenberg and Sabato).

Other seats[edit]

  • Parentheses around an incumbent indicates a retiring incumbent.
  • Italics indicates an incumbent who most recently took office via appointment or special election
State Cook PVI Incumbent Last race Cook
(September 19, 2014)[147]
Daily Kos Elections
(September 18, 2014)[148]
Five Thirty Eight
(September 19, 2014)[149]
New York Times
(September 18, 2014)[150]
Real Clear Politics
(September 17, 2014)[151]
(September 12, 2014)[152]
(September 18, 2014)[153]
Alabama R+14 Jeff Sessions (R) 63% R Safe R Safe R 100% R >99% R Safe R Safe R Safe R TBD
Delaware D+8 Chris Coons (D) 57% D Safe D Safe D 97% D >99% D Safe D Safe D Safe D TBD
(special: Class 3)
D+20 Brian Schatz (D) 75% D Safe D Safe D >99% D >99% D Likely D Safe D Safe D TBD
Idaho R+18 Jim Risch (R) 58% R Safe R Safe R >99% R >99% R Safe R Safe R Safe R TBD
Illinois D+8 Dick Durbin (D) 68% D Safe D Safe D 96% D >99% D Likely D Safe D Safe D TBD
Maine D+6 Susan Collins (R) 61% R Safe R Safe R 99% R >99% R Safe R Safe R Safe R TBD
Massachusetts D+10 Ed Markey (D) 55% D Safe D Safe D >99% D >99% D Safe D Safe D Safe D TBD
Minnesota D+2 Al Franken (D) 42% D Likely D Likely D 89% D >99% D Likely D Likely D Likely D TBD
Mississippi R+9 Thad Cochran (R) 61% R Likely R Safe R 98% R >99% R Likely R Safe R Safe R TBD
Nebraska R+12 (Mike Johanns) (R) 58% R Safe R Safe R >99% R >99% R Safe R Safe R Safe R TBD
New Jersey D+6 Cory Booker (D) 55% D Safe D Safe D 95% D >99% D Likely D Safe D Safe D TBD
New Mexico D+4 Tom Udall (D) 61% D Safe D Safe D 99% D >99% D Safe D Safe D Safe D TBD
Oklahoma R+19 Jim Inhofe (R) 57% R Safe R Safe R >99% R >99% R Safe R Safe R Safe R TBD
(special: Class 3)
R+19 (Tom Coburn) (R) 71% R Safe R Safe R >99% R >99% R Safe R Safe R Safe R TBD
Oregon D+5 Jeff Merkley (D) 49% D Likely D Likely D 95% D >99% D Likely D Likely D Likely D TBD
Rhode Island D+11 Jack Reed (D) 73% D Safe D Safe D 99% D >99% D Safe D Safe D Safe D TBD
South Carolina R+8 Lindsey Graham (R) 58% R Safe R Safe R 96% R >99% R Safe R Safe R Safe R TBD
South Carolina
(special: Class 3)
R+8 Tim Scott (R) 62% R Safe R Safe R 99% R >99% R Safe R Safe R Safe R TBD
Tennessee R+12 Lamar Alexander (R) 65% R Safe R Safe R 98% R >99% R Safe R Safe R Safe R TBD
Texas R+10 John Cornyn (R) 55% R Safe R Safe R >99% R >99% R Safe R Safe R Safe R TBD
Virginia Even Mark Warner (D) 65% D Likely D Likely D 97% D >99% D Likely D Likely D Likely D TBD
Wyoming R+22 Mike Enzi (R) 76% R Safe R Safe R >99% R >99% R Safe R Safe R Safe R TBD

Complete list of races[edit]


Three-term incumbent Republican Jeff Sessions was re-elected with 63% of the vote in 2008.[156] He will be 67 years old in 2014. Sessions is seeking re-election. No Democrat filed to run against him.[157]


One-term incumbent Democrat Mark Begich was elected with 48% of the vote in 2008, defeating six-term Senator Ted Stevens by 3,953 votes (a margin of 1.25 percent).[156] Begich will be 52 years old in 2014 and is seeking re-election to a second term.[11] Stevens, who would have been almost 91 years old at the time of the election, had already filed for a rematch back in 2009,[11] but was killed in a plane crash the following year.

Republican Lieutenant Governor Mead Treadwell,[158] 2010 nominee Joe Miller,[159] State Natural Resources Commissioner Daniel S. Sullivan,[160] and Air Force veteran John Jaramillo are running on the GOP side. In the August 19 primary, Sullivan won the Republican nomination with 40% and faces Begich in the general election.[161]


Two-term incumbent Democrat Mark Pryor was re-elected with 80% of the vote without Republican opposition in 2008.[162] He will be 51 years old in 2014. Pryor is running for a third term.[15]

Freshman Representative Tom Cotton of Arkansas's 4th congressional district is the Republican nominee.[163]


One-term incumbent Democrat Mark Udall was elected with 53% of the vote in 2008. He will be 64 years old in 2014. Udall is running for re-election.[164]

Congressman Cory Gardner of Colorado's 4th congressional district is the Republican nominee; his late entry into the race caused numerous Republicans to withdraw their candidacies.[165]

Gaylon Kent, 48 of Steamboat Springs, is the Libertarian Party's candidate. Kent was nominated in March, 2014, at the Libertarian Party state convention in Golden.

Unity Party of America founder and National Chairman Bill Hammons is the Unity Party nominee.


Democrat Chris Coons won in the 2010 special election caused by Joe Biden's election as Vice President, winning by a 57% to 41% margin. Coons will be 51 years old in 2014. Coons is seeking re-election. His Republican opponent is engineer Kevin Wade.[166]


Two-term incumbent Republican Saxby Chambliss was re-elected with 57% of the vote in 2008 in a runoff election with former state Representative Jim Martin after he failed to receive a simple majority in the general election. Chambliss is not seeking a third term.[29]

Political activist Derrick Grayson,[167] Representatives Jack Kingston of Georgia's 1st congressional district,[168] Paul Broun of Georgia's 10th congressional district,[169] and Phil Gingrey of Georgia's 11th congressional district[170] have all declared their candidacy for the Republican nomination, as well as former Secretary of State Karen Handel[171] and wealthy businessman David Perdue, cousin of former Governor Sonny Perdue.[172] In the May 20 primary, no candidate received a majority of votes, so the top two candidates faced each other in a runoff; Perdue won against Kingston in the runoff primary election on July 22 with 50.9% of the vote.[173]

Michelle Nunn, CEO of Points of Light and the daughter of former U.S. Senator Sam Nunn, won the Democratic nomination.[174][175] Other declared Democratic candidates included former State Senator Steen Miles, psychiatrist Branko Radulovacki, and former US Army Ranger Todd Robinson.

On March 8, 2014 Amanda Swafford, former Flowery Branch, Georgia Citycouncil woman received the Libertarian Party of Georgia nomination.

Hawaii (special)[edit]

Daniel Inouye, the second longest serving United States Senator in U.S. history, died on December 17, 2012, after respiratory complications.[176] Hawaii law allows Neil Abercrombie, the Governor of Hawaii, to appoint an interim Senator "who serves until the next regularly-scheduled general election, chosen from a list of three prospective appointees that the prior incumbent's political party submits."[177] Abercrombie picked his Lieutenant Governor, Brian Schatz, to fill the Senate seat.[178] Inouye was re-elected in 2010 with 72 percent of the vote.[179] Schatz was challenged in the Democratic primary by Congresswoman Colleen Hanabusa of Hawaii's 1st congressional district, who Inouye had hoped would be his successor.[180] Schatz defeated Hanabusa in the primary with 48.5% to 47.8%.[181]

Campbell Cavasso, former State Representative and nominee for the U.S. Senate in 2004 and 2010, is the Republican nominee.[182]


One-term incumbent Republican Jim Risch was elected with 58% of the vote in 2008. He will be 71 years old in 2014. Risch is seeking a second term.[36]

Boise attorney Nels Mitchell is running for the Democratic nomination.[183]


Three-term incumbent and Senate Majority Whip Democrat Dick Durbin was re-elected with 68% of the vote in 2008. He will be 70 years old in 2014. Durbin is running for a fourth term.[184]

State Senator Jim Oberweis is the Republican nominee.[185] He defeated primary challenger Doug Truax with 56% of the vote.


Five-term incumbent Democrat Tom Harkin was re-elected with 63% of the vote in 2008. Harkin announced on January 26, 2013 that he would not seek a sixth term.[186] Congressman Bruce Braley is the Democratic nominee.[187][188]

State Senator Joni Ernst is the Republican nominee.[189]


Three-term incumbent Republican Pat Roberts was re-elected with 60% of the vote in 2008. He will be 78 years old in 2014. Roberts is seeking a fourth term.[48] He faced a primary challenge from radiologist Milton Wolf, a conservative Tea Party supporter and distant cousin of President Barack Obama.[190] Roberts defeated Wolf in the Republican primary by 48% to 41%, far less than expected.[191] Shawnee County District Attorney Chad Taylor is the Democratic nominee.[192] Randall Batson from Wichita will be on the general election ballot as a Libertarian.[193] Greg Orman has qualified for the ballot as an Independent.[194]

On September 3, Taylor announced that he was dropping out of the election, leading to speculation that Democrats would support Orman's candidacy.[195] On September 18, the Kansas Supreme Court ruled that Taylor's name had to be removed from the ballot.[196]


Five-term incumbent and Senate Minority Leader Republican Mitch McConnell was re-elected with 53% of the vote in 2008. He will be 72 years old in 2014. McConnell is seeking re-election to a sixth term.[51] McConnell defeated businessman Matt Bevin in the Republican primary on May 20.[197]

Kentucky Secretary of State Alison Lundergan Grimes, with support from much of Kentucky's Democratic leadership, won the Democratic primary.[197][198] Actress Ashley Judd considered running for the Democratic nomination, but ultimately decided against it.[199][200]

Ed Marksberry is pursuing an independent bid after dropping out of the Democratic field in September 2013.[201][202]


Three-term incumbent Democrat Mary Landrieu was re-elected with 52% of the vote in 2008. She will be 59 years old in 2014. Landrieu is running for a fourth term.[55][203]

Representative Bill Cassidy of Louisiana's 6th congressional district and retired Air Force Colonel Rob Maness are running for the Republican nomination.[204][205]

Electrical Engineer Brannon McMorris has entered the race as a Libertarian candidate.[57]


Three-term incumbent Republican Susan Collins is seeking a fourth term.[206][207] Shenna Bellows, former Executive Director of the American Civil Liberties Union of Maine, is running for the Democratic nomination.[208]


Five-term incumbent and 2004 Democratic presidential nominee John Kerry was re-elected with 66% of the vote in 2008. Kerry resigned in early 2013 to become U.S. Secretary of State.[209] Governor Deval Patrick appointed Democrat Mo Cowan to the seat.[210] Democratic Congressman Ed Markey beat Republican Gabriel E. Gomez, a private equity adviser and former Navy SEAL, in the June 25, 2013 special election by a 55% to 45% margin.[211] Markey will serve the remainder of Kerry's term, and is running for re-election in 2014.[65] Markey will be 68 years old in November 2014.

Hopkinton City Selectman Brian Herr is seeking the Republican nomination.


Six-term incumbent Senator and Chairman of the Armed Services Committee Democrat Carl Levin, the longest serving Senator in Michigan's history, was re-elected with 63% of the vote in 2008. Levin announced on March 7, 2013 that he would not seek re-election.[67]

Three term Democratic Representative Gary Peters of MI-14 is running for Levin's seat, and has received the endorsements of Levin and Senator Debbie Stabenow.[212]

Republican former Secretary of State Terri Lynn Land was unopposed for the Republican nomination.[213]


One-term incumbent Democrat Al Franken unseated one-term Republican Norm Coleman by 312 votes in a contested three-way race with 42% of the vote in 2008.[214] Franken is seeking re-election in 2014.[215] State Representative Jim Abeler,[216] St. Louis County Commissioner Chris Dahlberg,[217] co-CEO of Lazard Middle Market Mike McFadden,[75] bison farmer and former hair salon owner Monti Moreno,[218] state Senator Julianne Ortman,[219] and U.S. Navy reservist Phillip Parrish[220] are running for the Republican nomination. Most of the field dropped out of the race after McFadden won his party's endorsement at the Republican convention, and on August 12, McFadden won the Republican primary and will be his party's nominee in the general election.[221]

Hannah Nicollet of the Independence Party of Minnesota is also running.[222]


Six-term incumbent Republican Thad Cochran, re-elected with 62% of the vote in 2008, is running for re-election.[77] He will be 76 years old in 2014. Cochran had been the last incumbent Senator to declare his plans, leading to widespread speculation that he would retire.[223][224] Tea Party candidate Chris McDaniel, a conservative Mississippi state Senator, announced a primary challenge,[225] and former Congressman Travis Childers ran for the Democratic nomination.[78] Childers won the Democratic nomination but, on the Republican side, neither McDaniel nor Cochran was able to get 50% of the vote, so a runoff election was held June 24.[226] Cochran won the runoff election by 51% to 49%,[227] but McDaniel mounted a legal challenge based on state law that prohibits voting in more than one primary.


Six-term incumbent Democrat Max Baucus, the longest serving Senator in Montana's history, was re-elected with 73% of the vote in 2008. Baucus announced on April 23, 2013 that he will retire in 2014, rather than seek re-election to a seventh term.[228]

Baucus was appointed as the United States Ambassador to China, causing his resignation from the Senate in February 2014.[229] Following Baucus's confirmation, Governor Steve Bullock appointed Lieutenant Governor John Walsh to fill the vacant senate seat.[230] Former Lieutenant Governor John Bohlinger ran but was defeated in the June 3 Democratic primary by Walsh.

On August 7, amidst controversy over alleged plagiarism in a 2007 research paper, Walsh pulled out of the race.[231] The Montana Democratic Party chose its nominee at a special nominating convention in Helena on August 16. First-term State Representative Amanda Curtis won the nomination, thereby becoming the new Democratic nominee.[232]

Congressman Steve Daines easily won the Republican nomination.[233] He defeated state Representative Champ Edmunds of Missoula and David Leaser of Kalispell in the primary.[234]


One-term incumbent Republican Mike Johanns was elected with 58% of the vote in 2008. He is not seeking second term.[235] Term limited Republican Governor Dave Heineman considered running for the Republican nomination, but ultimately decided not to.[236] On June 3, 2013, former state Treasurer Shane Osborn announced his candidacy.[237] Attorney Bart McLeay, banker Sid Dinsdale, and Midland University President Ben Sasse have also declared their candidacies for the Senate.[238][239]

In the May 13 primary, Sasse ultimately won the Republican nomination. Trial lawyer David Domina is the Democratic nominee.[240]

New Hampshire[edit]

One-term incumbent Democrat Jeanne Shaheen was elected with 52% of the vote in 2008. She will be 67 years old in 2014. Shaheen is running for re-election.[89]

Scott Brown, who represented neighboring Massachusetts in the Senate from 2010 to 2012, is the Republican nominee, winning the nomination in the September 9 primary.[241]

New Jersey[edit]

Incumbent Democrat Frank Lautenberg was re-elected with 56% of the vote in 2008. After announcing he wouldn't seek re-election, Lautenberg died June 3, 2013.[242][243] Newark Mayor Cory Booker defeated Republican nominee Steve Lonegan by 55%-to-45% in a 2013 special election to replace interim appointee Jeffrey Chiesa.[244] Booker is running for re-election in 2014. 1978 and 1982 Republican candidate and political operative Jeffrey Bell is the Republican nominee to face Booker in the November general election.[245]

New Mexico[edit]

One-term incumbent Democrat Tom Udall was elected with 61% of the vote in 2008. He will be 66 years old in 2014. Former Doña Ana County Republican Party Chairman David Clements and former New Mexico Republican Party Chairman Allen Weh are seeking the Republican nomination.[246] Weh won the June 3 primary and will face Udall in the general election.

North Carolina[edit]

One-term incumbent Democrat Kay Hagan was elected with 53% of the vote against incumbent Republican Elizabeth Dole in 2008. She will be 61 years old in 2014 and intends to seek re-election.[247] On May 6, 2014 incumbent Senator Kay Hagan won the Democratic nomination.[248] State House Speaker Thom Tillis won the Republican nomination.[249] Sean Haugh won the Libertarian nomination.[248]


Three-term incumbent Republican Jim Inhofe was re-elected with 57% of the vote in 2008. He will be 79 years old in 2014. Inhofe is seeking re-election. Matt Silverstein, an insurance agency owner, is running for the Democratic nomination.[250]

Oklahoma (special)[edit]

Two-term incumbent Republican Tom Coburn was re-elected with 71% of the vote in 2010, and was not scheduled to be up for election again until 2016. However, Coburn announced that he is resigning at the end of the 113th Congress. A special election to fill his seat will take place in November 2014, concurrent with the other Senate elections.[251] Congressman James Lankford is running for the seat.[252][253] State Senator Constance N. Johnson is running for the Democratic nomination.[254]


One-term incumbent Democrat Jeff Merkley was narrowly elected with 49% of the vote in 2008. He will be 58 years old in 2014. Merkley is running for a second term. State representative Jason Conger, attorney Tim Crawley, IT consultant Mark Callahan, neurosurgeon Monica Wehby, and former Linn County Republican Chair Jo Rae Perkins all ran for the Republican nomination,[255] with Wehby ultimately winning the nomination in the May 20 primary.[256]

Rhode Island[edit]

Three-term incumbent Democrat Jack Reed was re-elected with 73% of the vote in 2008. He will be 64 years old in 2014. Reed is running for re-election.[257] Conservative activist Raymond McKay is running for the Republican nomination.[258]

South Carolina[edit]

Two-term incumbent Republican Lindsey Graham was re-elected with 58% of the vote in 2008. He will be 59 years old in 2014. Graham is seeking re-election. State Senator Lee Bright has announced that he is seriously thinking of running against Graham in the Republican primary.[259] State Senator Brad Hutto won the Democratic nomination.[260]

South Carolina (special)[edit]

Jim DeMint resigned from the Senate in January 2013, to become president of The Heritage Foundation, a conservative think-tank.[261] Governor Nikki Haley appointed Congressman Tim Scott as DeMint's replacement.[262] Scott is running for the Republican nomination to serve the remainder of the term. Richland County Council member Joyce Dickerson won the Democratic nomination.[263]

South Dakota[edit]

Three-term incumbent Democrat Tim Johnson was re-elected with 63% of the vote in 2008. Johnson announced on March 26, 2013 that he would not run for reelection.[264] For Republicans, former two-term Governor Mike Rounds announced his candidacy for the GOP nomination on November 29, 2012.[265] Rounds was challenged in the Republican primary by state senator Larry Rhoden, state representative Stace Nelson, and physician Annette Bosworth.[266]

Former Congressional aide Rick Weiland is running for the Democratic nomination.[267] Former Republican Senator Larry Pressler and Republican State Senator Gordon Howie are running as an independents.[268][269]


Two-term incumbent Republican Lamar Alexander was re-elected with 65% of the vote in 2008. He will be 74 years old in 2014. Alexander is seeking re-election to a third term.[122]

On August 7, 2014, Alexander won the Republican nomination over six challengers, most notably State Rep. Joe Carr, who represented most of the Tea Party vote.[270]

On November 4, 2014, Alexander will face Democrat nominee Gordon Ball, as well as Libertarian Party nominee Joshua James[271] of Murfreesboro, Constitution Party nominee Joe Wilmoth[271] of Cookeville, and independent Danny Page[271] of Greenbrier.


Two-term incumbent Republican John Cornyn, the Senate Minority Whip, was re-elected with 55% of the vote in 2008. Cornyn is seeking re-election, and won the 2014 Republican primary with 59% of the vote.

Dentist David Alameel and Kesha Rogers, a volunteer for The Lyndon LaRouche Policy Institute, are the two candidates who made the runoff.[272]

Alameel won the May 27 runoff and will face current U.S. Senator John Cornyn in the 2014 election.[273]


One-term incumbent Democrat Mark Warner was elected with 65% of the vote in 2008. He will be 59 years old in 2014. Ed Gillespie, former RNC Chairman and presidential adviser, is running for the Republican nomination. Robert Sarvis, the Libertarian candidate for Governor in 2013, is also running.[274]

West Virginia[edit]

Five-term incumbent Democrat Jay Rockefeller was re-elected with 64% of the vote in 2008. He announced on January 11, 2013 that he would not seek reelection to a sixth term.[134]

On November 26, 2012, Republican Congresswoman Shelley Moore Capito announced her plans to run for the seat, in hopes of becoming the first Republican Senator elected from West Virginia since 1956.[275] Larry Butcher and Matthew Doddrill are also running for the Republican nomination.

Secretary of State Natalie Tennant, David Wamsley, and Dennis Melton are running for the Democratic nomination.[276]

In the May 13 primary, Capito won the Republican nomination while Tennant won the Democratic nomination. Thus, with both of the major parties' candidates being women, the November general election will see the first female Senator elected from West Virginia in the state's history.


Three-term incumbent Republican Mike Enzi was re-elected with 76% of the vote in 2008. He will be 70 years old in 2014. Enzi is seeking re-election. Liz Cheney entered the race for the Republican nomination, but ultimately dropped her bid in January 2014.[277] On August 19, Mike Enzi won the Republican primary election with 82% of the vote, and Democrat Charlie Hardy won his party's primary election with 48% of the vote.[278]

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