United States Senate elections, 1788

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United States Senate elections, 1788
United States
Chosen by state legislatures until 1912
→ 1790

26 of the 26 seats in the United States Senate
14 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
 
Party Pro-Administration Anti-Administration
Last election Steady Steady
Seats won 19 7

Majority Party before election

none

Elected Majority Party

Pro-Administration Party (United States)

The United States Senate election of 1788 were the first elections for the United States Senate, which coincided with the election of President George Washington. As of this election, formal organized political parties had yet to form in the United States, but two political factions were present: The coalition of Senators who supported George Washington's administration were known as the Pro-Administration Party, and the Senators against him as the Anti-Administration Party.

As this election was prior to the Seventeenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, Senators were chosen by State legislatures.

Senate composition[edit]

Beginning of the 1st Congress[edit]

Two seats were vacant because New York elected its senators late.

A
P P P P A A A A A A
P
P P P P P P P P V
V

End of the 1st Congress[edit]

Four seats were filled late because North Carolina and Rhode Island ratified the Constitution late.

A A A
P P P P P A A A A A
P
P P P P P P P P P
P P P
Key:
A = Anti-Administration
P = Pro-Administration
V = Vacant

Complete list of races[edit]

1788 elections[edit]

State Result Candidates
Connecticut
(Class 1)
Pro-Administration win Oliver Ellsworth (Pro-Administration)
Connecticut
(Class 3)
Pro-Administration win William S. Johnson (Pro-Administration)
Delaware
(Class 2)
Anti-Administration win Richard Bassett (Anti-Administration)
Delaware
(Class 1)
Pro-Administration win George Read (Pro-Administration)
New Hampshire
(Class 3)
Pro-Administration win John Langdon (Pro-Administration)
New Hampshire
(Class 2)
Anti-Administration win Paine Wingate (Anti-Administration)
New Jersey
(Class 1)
Pro-Administration win Jonathan Elmer (Pro-Administration)
New Jersey
(Class 2)
Pro-Administration win William Paterson (Pro-Administration)
Pennsylvania
(Class 1)
Anti-Administration win William Maclay (Anti-Administration)
Pennsylvania
(Class 3)
Pro-Administration win Robert Morris (Pro-Administration)
Virginia
(Class 1)
Anti-Administration win William Grayson (Anti-Administration)
Virginia
(Class 2)
Anti-Administration win Richard Henry Lee (Anti-Administration)

1789 elections[edit]

State Result Candidates
Georgia
(Class 2)
Anti-Administration win William Few (Anti-Administration)
Georgia
(Class 3)
Anti-Administration win James Gunn (Anti-Administration)
Maryland
(Class 1)
Pro-Administration win Charles Carroll (Pro-Administration)
Maryland
(Class 3)
Pro-Administration win John Henry (Pro-Administration)
Massachusetts
(Class 1)
Pro-Administration win Tristram Dalton (Pro-Administration)
Massachusetts
(Class 2)
Pro-Administration win Caleb Strong (Pro-Administration)
South Carolina
(Class 2)
Pro-Administration win Pierce Butler (Pro-Administration)
South Carolina
(Class 3)
Pro-Administration win Ralph Izard (Pro-Administration)
New York
(Class 3)
Elected on July 25, 1789
Pro-Administration win
Rufus King (Pro-Administration)
New York
(Class 1)
Elected on July 27, 1789
Pro-Administration win
Philip Schuyler (Pro-Administration)
North Carolina
(Class 2)
North Carolina ratified the Constitution November 21, 1789
Elected November 27, 1789
Pro-Administration win
Benjamin Hawkins (Pro-Administration)
North Carolina
(Class 3)
North Carolina ratified the Constitution November 21, 1789
Elected November 27, 1789
Pro-Administration win
John Walker (Pro-Administration)

See also[edit]

References[edit]