United States Women's Open Championship (golf)

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U.S. Women's Open
USWomensOpen2014Logo.svg
Tournament information
Location Pinehurst, North Carolina
in 2014
Established 1946, 68 years ago
Course(s) Pinehurst #2 in 2014
Par 70 in 2014
Length 6,649 yd (6,080 m) in 2014
Organized by USGA   (since 1953)
Tour(s) LPGA Tour
Format Stroke play
Prize fund $4.0 million in 2014
Month played June in 2014
Tournament record score
Aggregate 272 Annika Sörenstam (1996)
272 Juli Inkster (1999)
To par –16 Juli Inkster (1999)
Current champion
United States Michelle Wie
2014 U.S. Women's Open Golf Championship

The United States Women's Open Golf Championship, one of thirteen national championships conducted by the United States Golf Association (USGA), is the oldest of the LPGA Tour's five major championships, which includes the Kraft Nabisco Championship, LPGA Championship, Women's British Open, and The Evian Championship.

Established 68 years ago in 1946, the U.S. Women's Open is the only event to have been recognized as a major by the LPGA since the group's founding in 1950. Originally operated by the Women's Professional Golfers Association (WPGA) for its first three years and the LPGA for the next four, it became a USGA event in 1953.[1] Usually held in early July, the U.S. Women's Open is the third major of the LPGA season and has the highest purse in women's golf, at $4.0 million in 2014.

Unlike the U.S. Open, the U.S. Women's Open is not globally recognized as a major championship. The Ladies European Tour does not sanction any of the three majors held in the United States, and the LPGA of Japan Tour has its own set of majors. The significance of this is limited, as the LPGA Tour is the dominant tour in women's golf.

In 2007, international players outnumbered Americans for the first time.[2] The 2008 tournament was won by 19-year-old South Korean Inbee Park, who became the event's youngest winner ever.

The 2012 championship, won by Na Yeon Choi, was played July 5–8 at Blackwolf Run in Kohler, Wisconsin, which previously hosted the event in 1998, won by Se Ri Pak in a Monday playoff that extended to 20 holes.[3] The Original Championship Course for 2012 played just under 7,000 yards (6,400 m), over 500 yards (460 m) longer than in 1998.[4]

Qualification[edit]

The U.S. Women's Open is open to any professional or amateur female golfer. Amateurs must have an up-to-date USGA Handicap Index not exceeding 2.4,[5] lowered in 2014 from 4.4 in 2013.[6] Players may obtain a place by being exempt or by competing successfully in qualifying.

In 2002, a two-stage method of qualification was introduced: 18 holes for local qualifying and 36 holes for sectional qualifying. In 2010, the qualification process reverted to a single sectional stage of 36 holes played on a single day.

The criteria for exemption from qualifying has changed through the years. In 2010, there were eleven exemption categories, including winners of the U.S. Women's Open for the last ten years, winners of the other three majors for the last five years, the top 50 from the previous year's LPGA Tour money list, the top five from the previous year's Japan LPGA Tour, Korea LPGA Tour, and Ladies European Tour money lists, and official winners of LPGA co-sponsored events for the 52-week period prior to the U.S. Women's Open.[7]

There is no upper or lower age limit. The youngest-ever qualifiers were 11-year-old Lucy Li in 2014,[8] and 12-year-old Lexi Thompson in 2007.[9]

Winners[edit]

The number following some winners' names indicates the cumulative number of U.S. Women's Open wins for that player.

Year Champion Country Venue Location Score To par Purse
($)[10]
Winner's
share ($)
2014 Michelle Wie  United States Pinehurst Resort, Course No. 2 Pinehurst, NC 278 −2 4,000,000 720,000
2013 Inbee Park (2)  South Korea Sebonack Golf Club Southampton, NY 280 –8 3,250,000 585,000
2012 Na Yeon Choi  South Korea Blackwolf Run, composite course Kohler, WI 281 –7 3,250,000 585,000
2011 So Yeon Ryu  South Korea Broadmoor Golf Club, East Course Colorado Springs, CO 281 –3 PO 3,250,000 585,000
2010 Paula Creamer  United States Oakmont Country Club Oakmont, PA 281 –3 3,250,000 585,000
2009 Eun-Hee Ji  South Korea Saucon Valley Country Club Bethlehem, PA 284 E 3,250,000 585,000
2008 Inbee Park  South Korea Interlachen Country Club Edina, MN 283 –9 3,250,000 585,000
2007 Cristie Kerr  United States Pine Needles Lodge and Golf Club Southern Pines, NC 279 –5 3,100,000 560,000
2006 Annika Sörenstam (3)  Sweden Newport Country Club Newport, RI 284 E PO 3,100,000 560,000
2005 Birdie Kim  South Korea Cherry Hills Country Club Cherry Hiils Village, CO 287 +3 3,100,000 560,000
2004 Meg Mallon (2)  United States The Orchards Golf Club South Hadley, MA 274 –10 3,100,000 560,000
2003 Hilary Lunke  United States Pumpkin Ridge Golf Club, Witch Hollow Course North Plains, OR 283 –1 PO 3,100,000 560,000
2002 Juli Inkster (2)  United States Prairie Dunes Golf Club Hutchinson, KS 276 –4 3,000,000 535,000
2001 Karrie Webb (2)  Australia Pine Needles Lodge and Golf Club Southern Pines, NC 273 –7 2,900,000 520,000
2000 Karrie Webb  Australia The Merit Club Gurnee, IL 282 –6 2,750,000 500,000
1999 Juli Inkster  United States Old Waverly Golf Club West Point, MS 272 –16 1,750,000 315,000
1998 Se Ri Pak  South Korea Blackwolf Run, composite course Kohler, WI 290 +6 PO 1,500,000 267,500
1997 Alison Nicholas  England Pumpkin Ridge Golf Club, Witch Hollow Course North Plains, OR 274 –10 1,300,000 232,500
1996 Annika Sörenstam (2)  Sweden Pine Needles Lodge and Golf Club Southern Pines, NC 272 –8 1,200,000 212,500
1995 Annika Sörenstam  Sweden Broadmoor Golf Club, East Course Colorado Springs, CO 278 –2 1,000,000 175,000
1994 Patty Sheehan (2)  United States Indianwood Golf and Country Club, Old Course Lake Orion, MI 277 –7 850,000 155,000
1993 Lauri Merten  United States Crooked Stick Golf Club Carmel, IN 280 –4 800,000 144,000
1992 Patty Sheehan  United States Oakmont Country Club Oakmont, PA 280 E PO 700,000 130,000
1991 Meg Mallon  United States Colonial Country Club Fort Worth, TX 283 –1 600,000 110,000
1990 Betsy King (2)  United States Atlanta Athletic Club, Riverside Course Duluth, GA[N 1] 284 –4 500,000 85,000
1989 Betsy King  United States Indianwood Golf and Country Club, Old Course Lake Orion, MI 278 –2 450,000 80,000
1988 Liselotte Neumann  Sweden Baltimore Country Club, Five Farms, East Course Baltimore, MD 277 –7 400,000 70,000
1987 Laura Davies  England Plainfield Country Club Edison, NJ 285 –3 PO 325,000 55,000
1986 Jane Geddes  United States NCR Country Club Kettering, OH 287 –1 PO 300,000 50,000
1985 Kathy Baker  United States Baltusrol Golf Club, Upper Course Springfield, NJ 280 –8 250,000 41,975
1984 Hollis Stacy (3)  United States Salem Country Club Peabody, MA 290 +2 225,000 36,000
1983 Jan Stephenson  Australia Cedar Ridge Country Club Tulsa, OK 290 +6 200,000 32,780
1982 Janet Alex  United States Del Paso Country Club Sacramento, CA 283 –5 175,000 27,315
1981 Pat Bradley  United States La Grange Country Club La Grange, IL 279 –9 150,000 22,000
1980 Amy Alcott  United States Richland Country Club Nashville, TN 280 –4 140,000 20,047
1979 Jerilyn Britz  United States Brooklawn Country Club Fairfield, CT 284 E 125,000 19,000
1978 Hollis Stacy (2)  United States Country Club of Indianapolis Indianapolis, IN 289 +5 100,000 15,000
1977 Hollis Stacy  United States Hazeltine National Golf Club Chaska, MN 292 +4 75,000 11,040
1976 JoAnne Carner (2)  United States Rolling Green Golf Club Springfield, PA 292 +8 PO 60,000 9,054
1975 Sandra Palmer  United States Atlantic City Country Club Northfield, NJ 295 +7 55,000 8,044
1974 Sandra Haynie  United States La Grange Country Club La Grange, IL 295 +7 40,000 6,073
1973 Susie Berning (3)  United States Country Club of Rochester Rochester, NY 290 +2 40,000 6,000
1972 Susie Berning (2)  United States Winged Foot Golf Club, East Course Mamaroneck, NY 299 +11 40,000 6,000
1971 JoAnne Carner  United States Kahkwa Club Erie, PA 288 E 31,000 5,000
1970 Donna Caponi (2)  United States Muskogee Country Club Muskogee, OK 287 –1 30,000 5,000
1969 Donna Caponi  United States Scenic Hills Country Club Pensacola, FL 294 +6 31,040 5,000
1968 Susie Berning  United States Moselem Springs Golf Club Fleetwood, PA 289 +5 25,000 5,000
1967 Catherine Lacoste (a)  France The Homestead Hot Springs, VA 294 +6 25,000 0
1966 Sandra Spuzich  United States Hazeltine National Golf Club Chaska, MN 297 +9 20,000 4,000
1965 Carol Mann  United States Atlantic City Country Club Northfield, NJ 290 +2 17,780 3,800
1964 Mickey Wright (4)  United States San Diego Country Club Chula Vista, CA 290 –3 PO 9,900 2,090
1963 Mary Mills  United States Kenwood Country Club Cincinnati, OH 289 –3 9,000 1,900
1962 Murle Lindstrom  United States Dunes Golf and Beach Club Myrtle Beach, SC 301 +13 8,000 1,800
1961 Mickey Wright (3)  United States Baltusrol Golf Club, Lower Course Springfield, NJ 293 +5 8,000 1,800
1960 Betsy Rawls (4)  United States Worcester Country Club Worcester, MA 292 +4 7,200 1,710
1959 Mickey Wright (2)  United States Churchill Valley Country Club Pittsburgh, PA 287 –1 7,200 1,800
1958 Mickey Wright  United States Forest Lake Country Club Bloomfield, MI 290 –2 7,200 1,800
1957 Betsy Rawls (3)  United States Winged Foot Golf Club, East Course Mamaroneck, NY 299 +7 7,200 1,800
1956 Kathy Cornelius  United States Northland Country Club Duluth, MN 302 +11 PO 6,000 1,500
1955 Fay Crocker  Uruguay Wichita Country Club Wichita, KS 299 +11 7,500 2,000
1954 Babe Zaharias (3)  United States Salem Country Club Peabody, MA 291 +3 7,500 2,000
1953 Betsy Rawls (2)  United States Country Club of Rochester Rochester, NY 302 +10 PO 7,500 2,000
1952 Louise Suggs (2)  United States Bala Golf Club Philadelphia, PA 284 +8 7,500 1,750
1951 Betsy Rawls  United States Druid Hills Golf Club Atlanta, GA 293 +5 7,500 1,500
1950 Babe Zaharias (2)  United States Rolling Hills Country Club Wichita, KS 291 –9 5,000 1,250
1949 Louise Suggs  United States Prince Georges Golf and Country Club Landover, MD 291 –9 7,500 1,500
1948 Babe Zaharias  United States Atlantic City Country Club Northfield, NJ 300 E 7,500 1,200
1947 Betty Jameson  United States Starmount Forest Country Club Greensboro, NC 295 –9 7,500 1,200
1946 Patty Berg  United States Spokane Country Club Spokane, WA 5&4 19,700 5,600

PO - Won in playoff
(a) = Amateur
† = Won 5 and 4 over Betty Jameson in 36-hole match play final

  1. ^ The club is located in a portion of the Duluth postal area that became part of the newly incorporated city of Johns Creek in 2006. Although the club is still served by the Duluth post office, it now lists its mailing address as Johns Creek.

Multiple champions[edit]

This table lists the golfers who have won more than one U.S. Women's Open.

Deceased golfer †
Grand Slam winners ‡
Golfer Country Total Years
Betsy Rawls  United States 4 1951, 1953, 1957, 1960
Mickey Wright  United States 4 1958, 1959, 1961, 1964
Babe Zaharias  United States 3 1948, 1950, 1954
Susie Berning  United States 3 1968, 1972, 1973
Hollis Stacy  United States 3 1977, 1978, 1984
Annika Sörenstam  Sweden 3 1995, 1996, 2006
Louise Suggs  United States 2 1949, 1952
Donna Caponi  United States 2 1969, 1970
JoAnne Carner  United States 2 1971, 1976
Betsy King  United States 2 1989, 1990
Patty Sheehan  United States 2 1992, 1994
Karrie Webb  Australia 2 2000, 2001
Juli Inkster  United States 2 1999, 2002
Meg Mallon  United States 2 1991, 2004
Inbee Park  South Korea 2 2008, 2013

The defending champion has retained the title on seven occasions, most recently in 2001:

  • 2001 - Karrie Webb
  • 1996 - Annika Sörenstam
  • 1990 - Betsy King
  • 1978 - Hollis Stacy
  • 1973 - Susie Berning
  • 1970 - Donna Caponi
  • 1959 - Mickey Wright

Through 2014, three consecutive championships has not been achieved.

Champions by nationality[edit]

This table lists the total number of titles won by golfers of each nationality.

Nationality Wins
 United States 51
 South Korea 7
 Sweden 4
 Australia 3
 England 2
 France 1
 Uruguay 1

Future sites[edit]

  Year   Course Location Dates
2015 Lancaster Country Club Lancaster, Pennsylvania July 9–12
2016 CordeValle Golf Club San Martin, California July 7–10
2017 Trump National Golf Club Bedminster, New Jersey July 13–16
2018 Shoal Creek Golf and Country Club Birmingham, Alabama May 31 – June 3

Source:[4][11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "U.S. Women's Open: History". USGA. 2013. Retrieved June 23, 2013. 
  2. ^ "U.S. Women's Open Notebook". PGA Tour. Associated Press. June 26, 2007. Retrieved March 6, 2013. 
  3. ^ Clarke, Liz (July 7, 1998). "Pak wins Open on 92nd hole". Spokesman-Review. p. C1. Retrieved March 6, 2013. 
  4. ^ a b "2012 U.S. Women's Open: Fact Sheet". USGA. Retrieved March 6, 2013. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Women's Open sectional qualifying complete". USGA. June 4, 2014. Retrieved June 19, 2014. 
  6. ^ "2013 Women's Open Fact Sheet". USGA. 2013. Retrieved June 19, 2014. 
  7. ^ "2010 U.S. Open Qualifying". 
  8. ^ "Lucy Li, 11, qualifies for U.S. Open". ESPN. Retrieved May 20, 2014. 
  9. ^ Dixon, Peter (June 30, 2007). "Thompson proves that youngsters can have fun". The Times (London). Retrieved April 24, 2008. 
  10. ^ "1946-2010 - US Women's Open - history - purses & winners' shares". LPGA. Retrieved July 31, 2011. 
  11. ^ "U.S. Womens Open to be played at Shoal Creek in Alabama in 2018". PGA of America. Associated Press. Retrieved May 30, 2014. 

External links[edit]