United States cities by crime rate

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The following table of United States cities by crime rate is based on Federal Bureau of Investigation Uniform Crime Reports statistics.[1]

The population numbers are based on U.S. Census estimates for the year end. The number of murders includes nonnegligent manslaughter. This list is based on the reporting. In most cases the city and the reporting agency are identical. However, in some cases such as Charlotte, Honolulu, and Las Vegas, the reporting agency has more than one municipality.

Murder is the only statistic that all agencies are required to report. Consequently some agencies do not report all the crimes. If components are missing the total is adjusted to 0.

Note about population[edit]

Often, one obtains very different results depending on whether crime rates are measured for the city jurisdiction or the metropolitan area.[2]

Information is voluntarily submitted by each jurisdiction and some jurisdictions do not appear in the table because they either did not submit data or they did not meet deadlines.

The FBI website has this disclaimer on population estimates:

For the 2009 population estimates used in this table, the FBI computed individual rates of growth from one year to the next for every city/town and county using 2000 decennial population counts and 2001 through 2009 population estimates from the U.S. Census Bureau. Each agency’s rates of growth were averaged; that average was then applied and added to its 2008 Census population estimate to derive the agency’s 2009 population estimate.[3]

Crime rates per 100,000 people (2012)[edit]

Crime statistics are listed for U.S. cities with a population of 250,000 or greater. Rates are based on cases per 100,000 people for all of calendar year 2012.

State City Population Violent Crime Murder and Non-Negligent Manslaughter Rape Robbery Aggravated Assault Property Crime Burglary Larceny-Theft Motor Vehicle Theft
New Mexico Albuquerque 553,684 749.7 7.4 50.2 197.2 494.9 69 1,205.9 3,666.0 495.4
California Anaheim 344,526 371.2 4.4 23.8 127.7 215.4 2,922.9 465.9 2,039.0 418.0
Alaska Anchorage 291,143 828.7 5.0 101.3 163.1 559.3 3,524.4 387.1 2,859.5 277.8
Texas Arlington 379,295 503.3 4.5 35.6 140.3 323.0 3,983.4 934.1 2,798.9 250.5
Georgia Atlanta 437,041 1,379.0 19.0 25.9 520.8 813.4 6,533.5 1,416.8 3,938.3 1,178.4
Colorado Aurora 336,952 425.3 8.6 53.1 143.3 220.2 2,985.3 531.5 2,187.3 266.5
Texas Austin 832,901 408.8 3.7 25.1 117.4 262.6 5,219.3 869.7 4,071.7 277.9
California Bakersfield 355,696 542.3 9.6 16.0 196.0 320.8 4,991.3 1,404.0 2,682.1 905.3
Maryland Baltimore 625,474 1,405.2 34.9 50.4 576.4 743.6 4,660.3 1,242.3 2,781.4 636.6
Massachusetts Boston 630,648 835.0 9.0 39.5 302.9 483.6 2,909.5 527.2 2,124.8 257.5
New York Buffalo 262,434 1,288.7 18.3 52.6 528.9 688.9 5,126.6 1,515.0 3,189.8 421.8
North Carolina Charlotte-Mecklenburg 808,504 647.9 6.4 27.6 222.4 391.5 4,030.5 959.9 2,806.2 264.4
Illinois Chicago 2,708,382 N/A 18.5 N/A 497.6 453.1 4,152.5 839.9 2,684.9 627.7
Ohio Cincinnati 296,204 974.7 15.5 63.5 582.4 313.3 6,135.3 1,851.1 3,912.8 371.4
Ohio Cleveland 393,781 1,383.8 21.3 92.2 825.8 444.4 6,173.2 2,473.5 2,744.7 955.1
Colorado Colorado Springs 432,287 455.3 4.2 82.8 121.0 247.3 4,140.5 842.3 2,881.4 416.9
Texas Corpus Christi 312,565 658.1 5.1 58.9 120.0 474.1 4,498.6 784.5 3,572.4 141.7
Texas Dallas 1,241,549 675.0 12.4 39.1 329.7 293.7 4,373.6 1,296.0 2,508.8 568.8
Colorado Denver 628,545 615.9 6.2 59.8 185.3 364.5 3,713.8 816.0 2,313.9 583.9
Michigan Detroit 707,096 2,122.9 54.6 62.9 684.9 1,321.0 5,792.1 1,907.5 2,258.3 1,626.4
Texas El Paso 675,536 423.2 3.4 27.2 69.7 322.9 2,429.3 270.3 1,987.3 171.7
Indiana Fort Wayne 256,625 362.8 8.6 36.2 174.2 143.8 3,707.7 789.1 2,756.2 162.5
Texas Fort Worth 770,101 587.5 5.7 50.8 166.2 364.8 4,222.0 1,096.2 2,811.1 314.8
California Fresno 506,011 543.1 10.1 10.7 200.6 321.7 5,086.3 1,166.4 3,069.9 850.0
North Carolina Greensboro 276,134 563.1 7.6 25.4 201.4 328.8 4,368.9 1,211.4 2,952.6 205.0
Nevada Henderson 263,469 168.9 1.5 23.2 65.3 78.9 2,009.7 534.4 1,285.2 190.2
Texas Houston 2,177,273 992.5 10.0 30.5 431.0 521.0 4,945.5 1,223.1 3,122.2 600.3
Indiana Indianapolis 838,650 1,185.5 11.6 52.0 410.4 711.5 5,592.1 1,761.6 3,282.1 548.4
Florida Jacksonville 840,660 617.3 11.1 40.6 163.1 402.5 4,124.6 907.9 3,021.8 195.0
New Jersey Jersey City 251,554 734.2 4.4 17.9 349.8 362.1 2,178.1 566.9 1,308.3 302.9
Missouri Kansas City 464,073 1,263.2 22.6 53.0 354.9 832.6 5,525.4 1,500.6 3,251.2 773.6
Nevada Las Vegas 1,479,393 784.0 5.1 40.3 258.5 480.1 3,138.2 961.2 1,725.2 451.9
Kentucky Lexington 302,332 352.6 4.0 33.7 200.4 114.4 4,431.9 944.0 3,188.9 299.0
Nebraska Lincoln 264,175 397.5 1.1 68.9 74.6 252.9 3,850.1 611.7 3,120.7 117.7
California Long Beach 469,893 575.7 6.8 24.5 263.7 280.7 3,007.3 808.5 1,639.1 559.7
California Los Angeles 3,855,122 481.1 7.8 24.3 233.0 216.1 2,269.1 425.1 1,452.8 391.3
Kentucky Louisville Metro 666,200 598.8 9.3 27.5 209.2 352.7 4,293.9 1,051.9 2,913.7 328.3
Tennessee Memphis 657,436 1,750.3 20.2 63.9 514.4 1,151.7 6,312.9 1,912.7 3,948.5 451.6
Arizona Mesa 451,391 399.7 3.1 38.1 103.9 254.5 3,132.5 593.9 2,342.1 196.5
Florida Miami 414,327 1,172.0 16.7 15.7 505.9 633.8 5,375.2 1,027.0 3,693.9 654.3
Wisconsin Milwaukee 599,395 1,294.5 15.2 38.4 505.0 735.9 5,043.1 1,164.0 3,077.8 801.3
Minnesota Minneapolis 390,240 992.2 10.0 103.3 440.5 438.4 4,960.8 1,225.4 3,269.8 465.6
Alabama Mobile 251,516 522.4 12.7 17.9 182.9 308.9 4,812.0 1,111.7 3,480.9 219.5
Tennessee Nashville 620,886 1,216.0 10.0 50.1 277.7 878.3 4,195.9 923.8 3,041.6 230.5
Louisiana New Orleans 362,874 815.2 53.2 37.5 293.5 431.0 3,772.4 943.3 2,218.7 610.4
New York New York 8,289,415 639.3 5.1 14.0 243.7 376.5 1,722.2 224.8 1,398.6 98.8
New Jersey Newark 278,906 1,154.5 34.4 19.7 708.5 391.9 3,656.8 768.7 1,467.5 1,420.6
California Oakland 399,487 1,993.3 31.8 67.8 1,085.9 807.8 6,594.0 1,544.0 3,303.7 1,746.2
Oklahoma Oklahoma City 595,607 919.1 14.3 65.3 203.0 636.5 5,941.8 1,654.4 3,553.0 734.4
Nebraska Omaha 417,970 594.5 9.8 44.7 195.0 345.0 4,588.4 792.2 3,139.0 657.2
Pennsylvania Philadelphia 1,538,957 1,160.1 21.5 57.2 518.8 562.6 3,703.6 780.0 2,507.7 415.9
Arizona Phoenix 1,485,509 636.7 8.3 37.4 236.7 354.3 4,091.3 1,205.8 2,401.7 483.8
Pennsylvania Pittsburgh 312,112 752.0 13.1 15.1 363.3 360.4 3,425.4 812.8 2,438.2 174.3
Texas Plano 273,816 130.7 0.4 20.1 40.2 70.1 2,356.7 399.9 1,841.7 115.0
Oregon Portland 598,037 517.2 3.3 38.6 158.9 316.4 5,092.3 747.6 3,745.3 599.5
North Carolina Raleigh 420,594 423.2 4.0 26.9 158.1 234.2 3,276.1 721.8 2,332.9 221.4
California Riverside 313,532 443.0 5.1 24.2 164.9 248.8 3,450.4 716.7 2,262.9 470.8
California Sacramento 476,557 738.6 7.1 26.2 254.1 451.2 4,189.8 938.8 2,548.9 702.1
Texas San Antonio 1,380,123 503.1 6.4 39.8 135.1 321.8 5,989.9 1,135.3 4,393.3 461.3
California San Diego 1,338,477 413.1 3.5 22.7 113.3 273.5 2,368.4 440.9 1,433.6 493.8
California San Francisco 820,363 704.2 8.4 13.2 424.7 257.9 4,741.6 648.1 3,442.6 650.8
California San Jose 976,459 363.3 4.6 28.7 123.7 206.3 2,914.9 533.2 1,484.8 897.0
California Santa Ana 332,482 401.2 3.3 16.5 162.7 218.7 2,222.4 310.4 1,437.4 474.6
Washington Seattle 626,865 597.6 3.7 19.0 226.7 348.2 5,093.8 1,040.6 3,485.9 567.3
Missouri St. Louis 318,667 1,776.5 35.5 62.4 557.9 1,120.6 6,902.2 1,564.6 4,242.7 1,094.9
Minnesota St. Paul 290,700 722.7 4.5 57.8 226.4 434.1 4,091.2 1,083.6 2,386.7 620.9
California Stockton 299,105 1,548.0 23.7 30.1 520.2 973.9 5,101.2 1,476.4 2,788.0 836.8
Florida Tampa 350,758 616.4 6.6 12.3 163.4 434.2 2,835.9 705.9 1,956.9 173.1
Ohio Toledo 286,020 1,171.9 13.6 60.1 393.7 704.5 N/A 2,352.6 N/A 466.4
Arizona Tucson 531,535 724.5 8.1 44.0 237.0 435.3 N/A 944.6 N/A 470.1
Oklahoma Tulsa 398,904 990.0 10.5 79.2 266.2 634.0 5,216.0 1,563.0 3,048.9 604.2
Virginia Virginia Beach 447,588 169.4 4.7 13.0 72.8 78.9 2,617.8 351.4 2,158.7 107.7
District of Columbia Washington 632,323 1,177.9 13.9 37.3 589.1 537.5 4,628.0 556.5 3,510.2 561.3
Kansas Wichita 386,409 742.5 6.0 59.0 128.1 549.4 5,452.8 1,014.2 3,967.6 471.0

Criticism of ranking crime data[edit]

The FBI web site recommends against using its data for ranking because these rankings lead to simplistic and/or incomplete analyses that often create misleading perceptions adversely affecting cities and counties, along with their residents.[4] The FBI web site also recommends against using its data to judge how effective law enforcement agencies are, since there are many factors that influence crime rates other than law enforcement.[5]

In November 2007, the executive board of the American Society of Criminology (ASC) went further than the FBI itself, and approved a resolution opposing not only the use of the ratings to judge police departments, but also opposing any development of city crime rankings from FBI Uniform Crime Reports (UCRs) at all. The resolution opposed these rankings on the grounds that they "fail to account for the many conditions affecting crime rates" and "divert attention from the individual and community characteristics that elevate crime in all cities", though it did not provide sources or further elaborate on these claims. The resolution states the rankings "represent an irresponsible misuse of the data and do groundless harm to many communities" and "work against a key goal of our society, which is a better understanding of crime-related issues by both scientists and the public".[6]

The U.S. Conference of Mayors passed a similar statement, which also committed the Conference to working with the FBI and the U.S. Department of Justice "to educate reporters, elected officials, and citizens on what the (UCR) data means and doesn't mean."[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Crime in the United States by Metropolitan Statistical Area, 2012". FBI. Retrieved 31 December 2013. 
  2. ^ "Crime Rankings 2011-2012". CQ Press. 
  3. ^ "Table 08, Data Declaration - Crime in the United States 2010". Fbi.gov. Retrieved 2010-03-16. 
  4. ^ "Caution Against Ranking". FBI. Retrieved August 8, 2012. 
  5. ^ "A Word About UCR Data". FBI. Retrieved 12 October 2010. 
  6. ^ a b Criminologists Condemn City crime rankings (November 16, 2008).PRNewswire. Retrieved on January 13, 2008.

External links[edit]