United States congressional delegations from Alabama

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These are tables of congressional delegations from Alabama to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives.

Alabama's current delegation

United States Senate[edit]

Class 2 Congress Class 3
William R. King (D-R)   16th
(1819–1821)
  John Williams Walker (D-R)
17th
(1821–1823)
 
  William Kelly (D-R)
William R. King (Jackson D-R)   18th
(1823–1825)
  William Kelly (Jackson D-R)
William R. King (J) 19th
(1825–1827)
  Henry H. Chambers (J)
  Israel Pickens (J)
  John McKinley (J)
20th
(1827–1829)
 
  21st
(1829–1831)
22nd
(1831–1833)
  Gabriel Moore (J)
23rd
(1833–1835)
  24th
(1835–1837)
William R. King (D) 25th
(1837–1839)
  John McKinley (D)
  Clement Comer Clay (D)
26th
(1839–1841)
 
  27th
(1841–1843)
 
  Arthur P. Bagby (D)
  28th
(1843–1845)
 
Dixon Hall Lewis (D)  
  29th
(1845–1847)
  30th
(1847–1849)
 
Benjamin Fitzpatrick (D)     William R. King (D)
  31st
(1849–1851)
 
Jeremiah Clemens (D)  
  32nd
(1851–1853)
 
  Benjamin Fitzpatrick (D)
Vacant[1]   33rd
(1853–1855)
 
Clement Claiborne Clay (D)  
  34th
(1855–1857)
  Vacant [1]
  Benjamin Fitzpatrick (D)
35th
(1857–1859)
 
  36th
(1859–1861)
 
American Civil War

[2]
    American Civil War
  37th
(1861–1863)
 
38th
(1863–1865)
  39th
(1865–1867)
  40th
(1867–1869)
 
Willard Warner (R)     George E. Spencer (R)
  41st
(1869–1871)
 
George Goldthwaite (D)   42nd
(1871–1873)
43rd
(1873–1875)
 
44th
(1875–1877)
John Tyler Morgan (D)   45th
(1877–1879)
46th
(1879–1881)
  George S. Houston (D)
  Luke Pryor (D)
  James L. Pugh (D)
47th
(1881–1883)
 
  48th
(1883–1885)
49th
(1885–1887)
 
50th
(1887–1889)
  51st
(1889–1891)
52nd
(1891–1893)
 
53rd
(1893–1895)
  54th
(1895–1897)
55th
(1897–1899)
  Edmund Pettus (D)
56th
(1899–1901)
  57th
(1901–1903)
58th
(1903–1905)
 
59th
(1905–1907)
  60th
(1907–1909)
 
John H. Bankhead (D)     Joseph F. Johnston (D)
  61st
(1909–1911)
 
62nd
(1911–1913)
  63rd
(1913–1915)
  Vacant[3]
  Francis S. White (D)
64th
(1915–1917)
  Oscar W. Underwood (D)
65th
(1917–1919)
  66th
(1919–1921)
B. B. Comer (D)  
J. Thomas Heflin (D)  
  67th
(1921–1923)
 
68th
(1923–1925)
  69th
(1925–1927)
70th
(1927–1929)
  Hugo L. Black (D)
71st
(1929–1931)
John H. Bankhead II (D)   72nd
(1931–1933)
73rd
(1933–1935)
 
74th
(1935–1937)
  75th
(1937–1939)
 
  Dixie Bibb Graves (D)
  J. Lister Hill (D)
76th
(1939–1941)
 
77th
(1941–1943)
  78th
(1943–1945)
  79th
(1945–1947)
 
George R. Swift (D)  
John J. Sparkman (D)  
  80th
(1947–1949)
  81st
(1949–1951)
82nd
(1951–1953)
 
83rd
(1953–1955)
  84th
(1955–1957)
85th
(1957–1959)
 
86th
(1959–1961)
  87th
(1961–1963)
88th
(1963–1965)
 
89th
(1965–1967)
  90th
(1967–1969)
91st
(1969–1971)
  James B. Allen (D)
92nd
(1971–1973)
  93rd
(1973–1975)
94th
(1975–1977)
 
95th
(1977–1979)
 
  Maryon Pittman Allen (D)
  Donald W. Stewart (D)
Howell T. Heflin (D)   96th
(1979–1981)
 
  Jeremiah Denton (R)
97th
(1981–1983)
 
98th
(1983–1985)
  99th
(1985–1987)
100th
(1987–1989)
  Richard Shelby (D)
101st
(1989–1991)
  102nd
(1991–1993)
103rd
(1993–1995)
 
104th
(1995–1997)
Richard Shelby (R)
Jeff Sessions (R)   105th
(1997–1999)
106th
(1999–2001)
 
107th
(2001–2003)
  108th
(2003–2005)
109th
(2005–2007)
 
110th
(2007–2009)
  111th
(2009–2011)
112th
(2011–2013)
 
113th
(2013–2015)
114th
(2015–2017)
Class 2 Congress Class 3

House of Representatives[edit]

1818 – 1819: 1 non-voting delegate[edit]

Starting on January 29, 1818, Alabama Territory sent a non-voting delegate to the House.

Congress Delegate
15th
(1817–1819)
John Crowell (D-R)

1819 – 1823: 1 seat[edit]

After statehood, Alabama had one seat in the House.

Congress At-large district
16th
(1819–1821)
John Crowell (D-R)
17th
(1821–1823)
Gabriel Moore (D-R)

1823 – 1833: 3 seats[edit]

Following the 1820 census, Alabama had three seats.

Congress District
1st 2nd 3rd
18th
(1823–1825)
Gabriel Moore (J-DR) John McKee (J-DR) George W. Owen (J-DR)
19th
(1825–1827)
Gabriel Moore (J) John McKee (J) George W. Owen (J)
20th
(1827–1829)
21st
(1829–1831)
Clement Comer Clay (J) Robert Emmett Bledsoe Baylor (J) Dixon Hall Lewis (J)
22nd
(1831–1833)
Samuel Wright Mardis (J)

1833 – 1843: 5 seats[edit]

Following the 1830 census, Alabama had five seats. During the 27th Congress, those seats were all elected state-wide at-large on a general ticket.

Congress District
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th
23rd
(1833–1835)
Clement Comer Clay (J) John McKinley (J) Samuel Wright Mardis (J) Dixon Hall Lewis (N) John Murphy (J)
24th
(1835–1837)
Reuben Chapman (J) Joshua L. Martin (J) Joab Lawler (J) Francis Strother Lyon (AJ)
25th
(1837–1839)
  Reuben Chapman (D) Joshua L. Martin (D) Joab Lawler (W) Dixon Hall Lewis (D) Francis Strother Lyon (W)
  George Whitfield Crabb (W)
26th
(1839–1841)
David Hubbard (D) James Dellet (W)
27th
(1841–1843)
5 seats elected at-large on a general ticket
1st seat 2nd seat 3rd seat 4th seat 5th seat
Reuben Chapman (D) George S. Houston (D) William Winter Payne (D) Dixon Hall Lewis (D) Benjamin Glover Shields (D)

1843 – 1863: 7 seats[edit]

Following the 1840 census, Alabama resumed the use of districts, now increased to seven.

Congress District
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th
28th
(1843–1845)
  James Dellet (W) James Edwin Belser (D) Dixon Hall Lewis (D) William Winter Payne (D) George S. Houston (D) Reuben Chapman (D) Felix Grundy McConnell (D)
  William Lowndes Yancey (D)
29th
(1845–1847)
  Edmund Strother Dargan (D) Henry Washington Hilliard (W)
  James La Fayette Cottrell (D) Franklin Welsh Bowdon (D)
30th
(1847–1849)
John Gayle (W) Sampson Willis Harris (D) Samuel Williams Inge (D) Williamson Robert Winfield Cobb (D)
31st
(1849–1851)
William Jeffreys Alston (W) David Hubbard (D)
32nd
(1851–1853)
John Bragg (D) James Abercrombie (W) William Russell Smith (K-N) George S. Houston (D) Alexander White (W)
33rd
(1853–1855)
Philip Phillips (D) James Ferguson Dowdell (D)
34th
(1855–1857)
Percy Walker (K-N) Eli Sims Shorter (D) James Ferguson Dowdell (D) Sampson Willis Harris (D)
35th
(1857–1859)
James Adams Stallworth (D) Sydenham Moore (D) Jabez Lamar Monroe Curry (D)
36th
(1859–1861)
  James L. Pugh (D) David Clopton (D)
  Vacant during American Civil War
37th
(1861–1863)

1863 – 1873: 6 seats[edit]

Following the 1860 census, Alabama was apportioned six seats.

Congress District
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th
38th
(1863–1865)
Vacant during American Civil War
39th
(1865–1867)
40th
(1867–1869)
 
  Francis William Kellogg (R) Charles Waldron Buckley (R) Benjamin White Norris (R) Charles Wilson Pierce (R) John Benton Callis (R) Thomas Haughey (R)
41st
(1869–1871)
Alfred Eliab Buck (R) Robert Stell Heflin (R) Charles Hays (R) Peter Myndert Dox (D) William Crawford Sherrod (D)
42nd
(1871–1873)
Benjamin Sterling Turner (R) William Anderson Handley (D) Joseph Humphrey Sloss (D)

1873 – 1893: 8 seats[edit]

Following the 1870 census, Alabama was apportioned eight seats. From 1873 to 1877, the two new seats were elected at large, state-wide. After 1877, however, the entire delegation was redistricted.

Congress District At-large
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 1st seat 2nd seat
43rd
(1873–1875)
Frederick George Bromberg
(Liberal R)
James T. Rapier (R) Charles Pelham (R) Charles Hays (R) John Henry Caldwell (D) Joseph Humphrey Sloss (D) Charles Christopher Sheats (R) Alexander White (R)
44th
(1875–1877)
Jeremiah Haralson (R) Jeremiah Norman Williams (D) Taul Bradford (D) Goldsmith W. Hewitt (D) William H. Forney (D) Burwell Boykin Lewis (D)
45th
(1877–1879)
  James T. Jones (D) Hilary A. Herbert (D) Jeremiah Norman Williams (D) Charles M. Shelley (D) Robert Fulwood Ligon (D) 7th district 8th district
  William H. Forney (D) William Willis Garth (D)
46th
(1879–1881)
  Thomas H. Herndon (D) William James Samford (D) Thomas Williams (D) Burwell Boykin Lewis (D) William M. Lowe (GB)
  Newton Nash Clements (D)
47th
(1881–1883)
  William C. Oates (D) Goldsmith W. Hewitt (D) Joseph Wheeler (D)
  Vacant[4] William M. Lowe[5] (GB)
  Charles M. Shelley (D) Joseph Wheeler (D)
48th
(1883–1885)
  Luke Pryor (D)
  James T. Jones (D) George Henry Craig (R)
49th
(1885–1887)
Alexander C. Davidson (D) Thomas William Sadler (D) John Mason Martin (D) Joseph Wheeler (D)
50th
(1887–1889)
James E. Cobb (D) John H. Bankhead (D)
51st
(1889–1891)
  Richard Henry Clarke (D) Louis Washington Turpin (D)
  John Van McDuffie (R)
52nd
(1891–1893)
Louis Washington Turpin (D)

1893 – 1913: 9 seats[edit]

Following the 1890 census, Alabama was apportioned nine seats.

Congress District
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th
53rd
(1893–1895)
  Richard Henry Clarke (D) Jesse F. Stallings (D) William C. Oates (D) Gaston A. Robbins (D) James E. Cobb (D) John H. Bankhead (D) William Henry Denson (D) Joseph Wheeler (D) Louis Washington Turpin (D)
  George Paul Harrison, Jr. (D)
54th
(1895–1897)
  Milford W. Howard (Pop) Oscar W. Underwood (D)
  William F. Aldrich (R) Albert Taylor Goodwyn (Pop) Truman Heminway Aldrich (R)
55th
(1897–1899)
  George W. Taylor (D) Henry D. Clayton (D) Thomas S. Plowman (D) Willis Brewer (D) Oscar W. Underwood (D)
  William F. Aldrich (R)
56th
(1899–1901)
  Gaston A. Robbins (D) John L. Burnett (D)
  William F. Aldrich (R) William N. Richardson
57th
(1901–1903)
Ariosto A. Wiley (D) Sydney J. Bowie (D) Charles Winston Thompson (D)
58th
(1903–1905)
 
  J. Thomas Heflin (D)
59th
(1905–1907)
60th
(1907–1909)
  William B. Craig (D) Richmond P. Hobson (D)
  Oliver C. Wiley (D)
61st
(1909–1911)
S. Hubert Dent, Jr. (D)
62nd
(1911–1913)
Fred L. Blackmon (D)

1913 – 1933: 10 seats[edit]

Following the 1910 census, Alabama was apportioned ten seats. At first, the extra seat was elected at-large. Starting with the 1916 elections, the seats were redistricted and a tenth district was added.

Congress District At-large
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th
63rd
(1913–1915)
  George W. Taylor (D) S. Hubert Dent, Jr. (D) Henry D. Clayton (D) Fred L. Blackmon (D) J. Thomas Heflin (D) Richmond P. Hobson (D) John L. Burnett (D) William N. Richardson (D) Oscar W. Underwood (D) John Abercrombie (D)
  William Oscar Mulkey (D) Christopher Columbus Harris (D)
64th
(1915–1917)
Oscar Lee Gray (D) Henry B. Steagall (D) William B. Oliver (D) Edward B. Almon (D) George Huddleston (D)
65th
(1917–1919)
  10th district
  William B. Bankhead (D)
66th
(1919–1921)
  John McDuffie (D)
  William B. Bowling (D) Lilius Bratton Rainey (D)
67th
(1921–1923)
John R. Tyson (D) Lamar Jeffers (D)
68th
(1923–1925)
  Miles C. Allgood (D)
  J. Lister Hill (D)
69th
(1925–1927)
70th
(1927–1929)
 
  LaFayette L. Patterson (D)
71st
(1929–1931)
72nd
(1931–1933)

1933 – 1963: 9 seats[edit]

Following the 1930 census, Alabama was apportioned nine seats.

Congress District
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th
73rd
(1933–1935)
John McDuffie (D) J. Lister Hill (D) Henry B. Steagall (D) Lamar Jeffers (D) Miles C. Allgood (D) William B. Oliver (D) William B. Bankhead (D) Archibald Hill Carmichael (D) George Huddleston (D)
74th
(1935–1937)
Frank W. Boykin (D) Sam Hobbs (D) Joe Starnes (D)
75th
(1937–1939)
  Pete Jarman (D) John J. Sparkman (D) Luther Patrick (D)
  George M. Grant (D)
76th
(1939–1941)
 
  Zadoc L. Weatherford (D)
77th
(1941–1943)
  Walter W. Bankhead (D)
  Carter Manasco (D)
78th
(1943–1945)
George W. Andrews (D) John P. Newsome (D)
79th
(1945–1947)
Albert Rains (D) Luther Patrick (D)
80th
(1947–1949)
Robert E. Jones, Jr. (D) Laurie C. Battle (D)
81st
(1949–1951)
Edward deGraffenried (D) Carl Elliott (D)
82nd
(1951–1953)
Kenneth A. Roberts (D)
83rd
(1953–1955)
Armistead I. Selden, Jr. (D)
84th
(1955–1957)
George Huddleston, Jr. (D)
85th
(1957–1959)
86th
(1959–1961)
87th
(1961–1963)

1963 – 1973: 8 seats[edit]

Following the 1960 census, Alabama was apportioned eight seats.

Congress State-wide at-large on a general ticket
1st seat 2nd seat 3rd seat 4th seat 5th seat 6th seat 7th seat 8th seat
88th
(1963–1965)
George Huddleston, Jr. (D) George M. Grant (D) George W. Andrews (D) Kenneth A. Roberts (D) Armistead I. Selden, Jr. (D) Albert Rains (D) Carl Elliott (D) Robert E. Jones, Jr. (D)
Congress District
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th
89th
(1965–1967)
Jack Edwards (R) William Louis Dickinson (R) George W. Andrews (D) Arthur Glenn Andrews (R) Armistead I. Selden, Jr. (D) John Hall Buchanan, Jr. (R) James D. Martin (R) Robert E. Jones, Jr. (D)
90th
(1967–1969)
William Flynt Nichols (D) Tom Bevill (D)
91st
(1969–1971)
Walter Flowers (D)
92nd
(1971–1973)
 
  Elizabeth B. Andrews (D)

1973 – Present: 7 seats[edit]

Since the 1970 census, Alabama has been apportioned seven seats.

Congress District
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th
93rd
(1973–1975)
Jack Edwards (R) William Louis Dickinson (R) William Flynt Nichols (D) Tom Bevill (D) Robert E. Jones, Jr. (D) John Hall Buchanan, Jr. (R) Walter Flowers (D)
94th
(1975–1977)
95th
(1977–1979)
Ronnie Flippo (D)
96th
(1979–1981)
Richard Shelby (D)
97th
(1981–1983)
Albert L. Smith, Jr. (R)
98th
(1983–1985)
Ben Erdreich
(D)
99th
(1985–1987)
Sonny Callahan (R)
100th
(1987–1989)
Claude Harris, Jr. (D)
101st
(1989–1991)
Glen Browder (D)
102nd
(1991–1993)
Bud Cramer (D)
103rd
(1993–1995)
Terry Everett (R) Spencer Bachus (R) Earl F. Hilliard (D)
104th
(1995–1997)
105th
(1997–1999)
Bob Riley (R) Robert B. Aderholt (R)
106th
(1999–2001)
107th
(2001–2003)
108th
(2003–2005)
Jo Bonner (R) Mike D. Rogers (R) Artur Davis (D)
109th
(2005–2007)
110th
(2007–2009)
111th
(2009–2011)
  Bobby Bright (D) Parker Griffith (D)[6]
  Parker Griffith (R)
112th
(2011–2013)
Martha Roby (R) Mo Brooks (R) Terri Sewell (D)
113th
(2013–2015)
 
  Bradley Byrne (R)
Congress 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th
District

Key[edit]

Key to party COLORS and ABBREVIATIONS for Members of the U.S. Congress
American (Know-Nothing) (K-N)
Adams (A),
Anti-Jacksonian (Anti-J),
National Republican (NR)
Anti-Administration (Anti-Admin)
Anti-Masonic (Anti-M)
Conservative (Con)
Democratic (D)
Dixiecrat (Dix),
States' rights (SR)
Democratic-Republican (D-R)
Farmer-Labor (FL)
Federalist (F)
Free Soil (FS)
Free Silver (FSv)
Fusion (FU)
Greenback (GB)
Jacksonian (J)
Non-Partisan League (NPL)
Nullifier (N)
Opposition (O)
Populist (Pop)
Pro-Administration (Pro-Admin)
Progressive (Prog)
Prohibition (Proh)
Readjuster (Rea)
Republican (R)
Socialist (Soc)
Unionist (U)
Whig (W)


Independent,
or None,
or Unaffiliated


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Seat was vacant due to failure of legislature to elect a senator by the beginning of the congress.
  2. ^ George S. Houston presented credentials as a senator-elect on February 9, 1866 but was not permitted to take his seat, Alabama having not been re-admitted to the Union.
  3. ^ The seat was vacant from August 8, 1913 to May 11, 1914. Henry D. Clayton was appointed to the U.S. Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Joseph F. Johnston in 1913, but his appointment was challenged and withdrawn. Franklin Potts Glass, Sr. was also appointed to the seat, but the U.S. Senate voted not to seat him.
  4. ^ Seat was contested by James Q. Smith and declared vacant; the original representative won back his own seat.
  5. ^ Successfully contested the election of the representative that was replaced.
  6. ^ Parker Griffith was elected as a Democrat, but switched his party affiliation to Republican on December 22, 2009