United States elections, 1789

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The 1789 United States general election elected the members of the 1st United States Congress. Formal political parties did not exist, as the leading politicians of the day largely distrusted the idea of "factions." However, Congress would become broadly divided by the economic policies of Treasury Secretary Alexander Hamilton, with the Pro-Administration faction supporting those policies. Opposing them was the Anti-Administration faction, which saw a smaller role for the federal government.[1]

In the first election since the ratification of the Constitution, George Washington won the Presidency without any major opposition.[2] The Pro-Administration faction won majorities in both houses of Congress.[3][4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Reichley, A. James (2000). The Life of the Parties (Paperback ed.). Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 29–30. 
  2. ^ "1792 Presidential Election". The American Presidency Project. Retrieved 25 June 2014. 
  3. ^ "Party Divisions of the House of Representatives". United States House of Representatives. Retrieved 25 June 2014. 
  4. ^ "Party Division in the Senate, 1789-Present". United States Senate. Retrieved 25 June 2014.