United States elections, 1840

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The 1840 United States general election elected the members of the 27th United States Congress, taking place during the Second Party System. The Whigs become the fourth party in history to win control of the Presidency and both houses of Congress; the Whigs would never again accomplish this feat. The election also marked the first time since the 1834 elections that the Democratic Party did not control the Presidency and both chambers of Congress.

In the Presidential election, Whig General William Henry Harrison defeated Democratic President Martin Van Buren.[1] Harrison's victory made him the first President unaffiliated with the Democratic-Republican Party or the Democratic Party to win election since John Adams in 1796. Martin Van Buren's defeat made him the third President to fail to win re-election, following John Adams and John Quincy Adams.

In the House, Whigs won major gains, taking the majority.[2]

In the Senate, Whigs picked up several seats, taking the majority.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "1840 Presidential Election". The American Presidency Project. Retrieved 25 June 2014. 
  2. ^ "Party Divisions of the House of Representatives". United States House of Representatives. Retrieved 25 June 2014. 
  3. ^ "Party Division in the Senate, 1789-Present". United States Senate. Retrieved 25 June 2014.