United States elections, 1930

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The 1930 United States midterm elections were held on November 4, 1930. Taking place shortly after the start of the Great Depression, incumbent President Herbert Hoover and the Republican Party suffered substantial loses. The election was the last of the Fourth Party System, and marked the first time since 1918 that Democrats controlled either chamber of Congress.[1][2]

The Republicans lost fifty-two seats to the Democratic Party in the House of Representatives. While the Republicans maintained a one-seat majority after the polls closed, they lost a number of special elections (since some Republican members died) before the start of the new congress. This allowed the Democrats to take control of that chamber with a one-seat majority.[1]

The Republicans also lost eight seats to the Democrats in the U.S. Senate, but were able to maintain a one-seat majority in that chamber.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Party Divisions of the House of Representatives". United States House of Representatives. Retrieved 25 June 2014. 
  2. ^ "Party Division in the Senate, 1789-Present". United States Senate. Retrieved 25 June 2014. 
  3. ^ "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 1930". U.S. House of Reps, Office of the Clerk. Retrieved 29 December 2011.