United States elections, 1932

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The 1932 United States general election was held on November 8, during the Great Depression. The presidential election coincided with U.S. Senate, U.S. House, and gubernatorial elections in several states.[1][2] The election marked the end of the Fourth Party System and the start of the Fifth Party System, and the election is widely considered to be a realigning election.[3]

Democratic Governor of New York Franklin D. Roosevelt was elected to serve as the 32nd President of the United States, defeating Republican incumbent Herbert Hoover in a landslide. Roosevelt's victory was the first by a Democratic candidate since Woodrow Wilson won re-election in 1914.

The Republicans suffered massive defeats in both congressional chambers with many seats switching to Democratic control. Democrats gained ninety-seven seats in the House of Representatives, increasing their majority over the Republicans (and achieving a House supermajority). The Democrats also took control of the Senate, gaining twelve seats from the Republicans.[2] Republicans had controlled the chamber since their electoral success in 1918.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "1932 Presidential Election". The American Presidency Project. Retrieved 29 December 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "Statistics of the Congressional and Presidential Election of November 8, 1932". U.S. House of Reps, Office of the Clerk. Retrieved 29 December 2011. 
  3. ^ Reichley, A. James (2000). The Life of the Parties (Paperback ed.). Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 8–12. 
  4. ^ "Party Division in the Senate, 1789-Present". United States Senate. Retrieved 25 June 2014.