United States elections, 2001
|Election day||November 5|
|Congressional special elections|
|Net change||Republican +1|
|Net change||Democratic +2|
|2001 Gubernatorial election results map|
The United States General elections of 2001 were held on November 5 of that year (with some exceptions for local elections and other special elections across the country). The 2001 recession was a dominant issue throughout the year as well as to a lesser extent the September 11 Terrorist attacks and subsequent War on Terror, the later of which would become especially important issue in the next year.
United States Congressional elections
United States House of Representatives special elections
In 2001, seven special elections to fill vacancies in the House of Representatives were held. Special elections were held for Pennsylvania's 9th congressional district (on May 15), California's 32nd congressional district (June 5), Virginia's 4th congressional district (June 19), Massachusetts's 9th congressional district (October 16), Florida's 1st congressional district (October 16), Arkansas's 3rd congressional district (November 20), and South Carolina's 2nd congressional district (December 18). Only one district, Virginia's 4th congressional district, changed hands with state Senator Randy Forbes' (R) victory to the seat previously held by Norman Sisisky (D). Thus Republicans increased their majority in the House by one seat.
During the 2001 gubernatorial elections, the governorships of two states and one territory were up for election.
Going into the elections, Republicans held the Governorships of twenty-nine states and one territory, Democrats held the governorships of nineteen states, four territories, and the Mayorship of the District of Columbia, and two governorships were held by incumbents of neither party. Democrats gained the governorships of Virginia and New Jersey. However, Republicans retained the governorship of the Northern Mariana Islands. Thus the balance of power between Republicans and Democrats was changed from 29–19 to 27–21.
Other state-wide Officer elections
The offices of Lieutenant Governor (in Virginia as a separate election and the Northern Mariana Islands on the same ticket as the gubernatorial nominee) and state Attorney General in the former were up for election. There were no other statewide elective offices in New Jersey open with the office of governor aside.
State Legislative elections
In 2001, seats of the Legislatures of two states and one territories were up for election that year.
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Initiatives and Referendums
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During 2001, several Major American cities held mayoral elections in that year, with the most notable one being in New York City.
- Albany, New York- Incumbent Mayor Gerald Jennings (D) was re-elected.
- Albuquerque- former Mayor Martin Chavez (D) was elected to his previous job to serve a second term.
- Allentown- Former state Senator Roy C. Afflerbach (D) was elected Mayor of Allentown in 2001.
- Amarillo- Trent Sisemore won an open seat election to succeed outgoing Mayor Kel Seliger (R).
- Annapolis- Ellen O. Moyer (D) was elected Mayor of Annapolis, Maryland in 2001.
- Atlanta- Former Chief Administrative Officer and City Manager of Atlanta Shirley Franklin (D) was elected Mayor in an open seat race to succeed term-limited Mayor Bill Campbell (D). Franklin became Atlanta's first female Mayor.
- Atlantic City- Councilman Lorenzo Langford (D) defeated Incumbent Mayor Jim Whelan (D).
- Aurora, Illinois- Incumbent Mayor David Stover was re-elected.
- Billings- Incumbent Mayor Chuck F. Tooley was re-elected.
- Biloxi- Incumbent Mayor A. J. Holloway (R) was re-elected.
- Boston- Incumbent Mayor Thomas Menino (D), breaking a campaign pledge he had made in his first election in 1993 to serve only two terms, was re-elected to a third term. He humorously justified running for a third term stating that he meant he would serve "two terms per century"
- Buffalo- Incumbent Mayor Anthony Masiello (D) was re-elected.
- Burlington, Vermont- Incumbent Progressive Mayor and future Democratic gubernatorial nominee Peter Clavelle was re-elected to a two-year term (all terms from 2003 after were three years long).
- Chattanooga- Former Commissioner of Finance and Administration (and future U.S. Senator)Bob Corker (R) was elected Mayor of Chattanooga in 2001.
- Cleveland- Cuyahoga County Commissioner Jane L. Campbell (D) defeated attorney and former Clinton administration official Raymond Pierce in an open seat race to succeed outgoing Mayor Michael R. White (D). Campbell became Cleveland's first female Mayor.
- Charlotte- Incumbent Mayor Pat McCrory (R) was re-elected to a fourth term.
- Cincinnati- Incumbent Mayor Charlie Luken (D) was re-elected to serve a four-year term (all terms prior to 2001 were two years long) after reforming Cincinnati's form of government from the city manager system to the strong mayor system.
- Corpus Christi- Incumbent Mayor Loyd Neal was re-elected.
- Davenport- Charlie Brooke was elected Mayor of Davenport, Iowa in 2001.
- Dayton, Ohio- State Senate Minority Leader Rhine McLin (D) defeated Incumbent Mayor (and future U.S. Representative) Mike Turner (R).
- Detroit- State Representative and state House Democratic floor leader Kwame Kilpatrick was elected Mayor of Detroit.
- Durham, North Carolina- Former Durham County Board of Commissioners member Bill Bell (D) defeated Incumbent Mayor Nick Tennyson to win election as Mayor of Durham, North Carolina in 2001.
- El Paso, Texas- Attorney Raymond Caballero was elected Mayor of El Paso in 2001.
- Erie, Pennsylvania- Richard E. Filippi (D) was elected Mayor of Erie in 2001.
- Fort Worth- Incumbent Mayor Kenneth Barr was re-elected.
- Greensboro, North Carolina- Incumbent Mayor Keith Holliday won re-election in the runoff against Roch Smith Jr..
- Harrisburg- Incumbent Mayor Stephen R. Reed (D) was re-elected.
- Hartford- President of the Southside Institutions Neighborhood Alliance Eddie Perez (D) was elected Mayor of Hartford in 2001. He thus became Hartford's first Hispanic mayor.
- Helena, Montana- Jim Smith was elected Mayor of Helena in 2001.
- Houston- Incumbent Mayor Lee P. Brown (D) defeated Councilman Orlando Sanchez to win re-election to a third term.
- Jackson, Mississippi- Incumbent Mayor Harvey Johnson, Jr. was re-elected.
- Jersey City- Former Public Safety Director of Hudson County Glenn D. Cunningham (D) won an open seat election to succeed outgoing Mayor Bret Schundler (R). Cunningham became Jersey City's first Black mayor.
- Kansas City, Kansas- Incumbent Mayor Carol Marinovich was re-elected.
- Lansing- Incumbent Mayor David Hollister was re-elected.
- Los Angeles- City Attorney James Hahn (D) defeated former State Assembly Speaker Antonio Villaraigosa (D) in the runoff to succeed term-limited Mayor Richard Riordan (R). Villaraigosa would defeat Hahn four years later.
- Manchester, New Hampshire- Incumbent Mayor Robert A. Baines (D) was re-elected.
- Miami- Incumbent Mayor Joe Carollo (D) lost his bid for renomination to former Mayor Maurice Ferre who in turn was defeated by attorney Manny Diaz.
- Minneapolis- former journalist and editor R. T. Rybak (D) defeated Incumbent Mayor Sharon Sayles Belton (D).
- Mobile- Incumbent Mayor Mike Dow (I) was re-elected.
- Monroe- Chairman of the Monroe City Council Jamie Mayo was elected Mayor of Monroe, Louisiana in 2001. Mayo is the second African-American to be elected Mayor of Monroe.
- New Haven- Incumbent Mayor John DeStefano, Jr. was re-elected.
- New York City- In tight race to succeed term-limited Mayor Rudy Giuliani (R) that was complicated due to the 9/11 Terrorist attacks, Democrat turned Republican Billionaire Michael Bloomberg defeated then-Public Advocate Mark J. Green (D), thus giving the Republican party its third consecutive victory for the Mayorship of New York City despite that city's strong Democratic tendency.
- Omaha- Former Omaha Planning Board member Mike Fahey (D) was elected Mayor of Omaha.
- Pasadena- John Manlove (R) was elected Mayor of Pasadena in 2001.
- Pittsburgh- Incumbent MayorThomas J. Murphy, Jr. (D) was re-elected
- Raleigh- Incumbent Mayor Paul Coble (R) was defeated by former Councilman Charles Meeker (D).
- Rochester, New York- Incumbent Mayor William A. Johnson, Jr. was re-elected.
- San Antonio- Councilman Edward D. Garza was elected Mayor of San Antonio.
- Seattle- King County Councilman Greg Nickels (D) defeated Incumbent Mayor Paul Schell.
- Scranton- Christopher Doherty (D) was elected mayor of Scranton, Pennsylvania
- Springfield, Massachusetts- Incumbent Mayor Michael Albano was re-elected.
- Springfield, Missouri- Former Mayor Thomas J. Carlson was elected Mayor of Springfield in 2001.
- St. Louis, Missouri- President of the St. Louis Board of Aldermen Francis G. Slay (D) defeated incumbent Mayor Clarence Harmon (D).
- St. Paul, Minnesota- State Senator Randy Kelly (D) defeated Coucilman Jay Benanav (D) to succeed outgoing Mayor (and future U.S. Senator) Norm Coleman (R).
- St. Petersburg, Florida- President of the St. Petersburg Chamber of Commerce Rick Baker was elected Mayor in 2001.
- Syracuse- Matthew Driscoll (D), who had been acting Mayor of Syracuse following Roy Bernardi's (R) appointment by President Bush as United States Deputy Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, won election to a full term.
- Tacoma- Former Councilman Bill Baarsma (D) was elected Mayor of Tacoma in 2001.
- Toledo, Ohio- State House Minority Leader Jack Ford (D) was elected Mayor of Toledo in an open seat race to succeed term-limited Mayor Carty Finkbeiner.
- Topeka- Former Mayor Butch Felker was re-elected to serve another term.
- Vancouver- Incumbent Mayor Royce Pollard (D) was re-elected.
- Winston-Salem- Incumbent Mayor Jack Cavanagh, Jr. (R) was defeated by former Deputy Assistant City Manager Allen Joines (D).
- Worcester, Massachusetts- Councilman (and future Lt. Governor) Tim Murray (D) was elected Mayor of Worcester in 2001.
Other County and Municipal elections
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- "Holliday re-elected mayor of Greensboro". http://triad.bizjournals.com/triad/. November 7, 2001. Retrieved 2010-01-06.