United States embargoes
As of 2012[update], there are several United States embargoes and sanctions in force by the United States against several countries and activities, the most notable of which are against countries the federal government of the United States considers State Sponsors of Terrorism.
Some sanctions imposed by the United States government are:
- No arms-related exports
- Controls over dual-use exports
- Restrictions on economic assistance
- Financial restrictions
- Requiring the United States to oppose loans by the World Bank and other international financial institutions.
- Diplomatic immunity waived to allow families of terrorist victims to file for civil damages in U.S. courts.
- Tax credits for companies and individuals denied for income earned in listed countries.
- Duty-free goods exemption suspended for imports from those countries.
- Authority to prohibit a U.S. citizen from engaging in financial transactions with the government on the list without a license from the U.S. government.
- Prohibition of Defense Department contracts above $100,000 with companies controlled by countries on the list.
Implementing agencies 
- U.S. Customs and Border Protection - United States Department of Homeland Security (border crossings)
- Office of Foreign Assets Control - United States Department of the Treasury
- Bureau of Industry and Security - United States Department of Commerce (EAR)
- Directorate of Defense Trade Controls - United States Department of State (ITAR)
- United States Department of Defense
- United States Department of Justice
- United States Department of Energy (nuclear technology)
Targeted parties 
As of May 2012, the United States has sanctions against:
- Côte d'Ivoire/Ivory Coast, since 1986 (see Côte d'Ivoire–United States relations)
- Cuba, since 1962 (see United States embargo against Cuba)
- Democratic Republic of the Congo, since 1998 (see Democratic Republic of the Congo–United States relations)
- Iran, since 1979 (see Sanctions against Iran)
- Libya, since 2011 (now applied only against parties closely associated with the former Gaddafi regime; see Libya-United States relations)
- Republic of the Congo (see Republic of the Congo-United States relations)
- Somalia, since 1990 (supplies arms to the Transitional Federal Government, but no general trade. See Somalia-United States relations)
- North Korea, since 1950 (see North Korea–United States relations)
- Sudan, since 2002 (see Sudan–United States relations)
- Syria, since 1986 (see Syria–United States relations)
Some countries listed are members of the World Trade Organization, but WTO rules allow trade restrictions for non-economic purposes.
See also 
- State Sponsors of Terrorism - placement on the list puts severe restrictions on trade with that nation
- United States steel tariff 2002
- Permanent Normal Trade Relations
- Arms Export Control Act
- "Chapter 3 - State Sponsors of Terrorism Overview". State.gov. Retrieved 2009-06-09.
- U.S. Treasury - Sanctions Program Summaries Links to overviews, details, and legal authorities for each party are given.
- "Libya: What You Need to Know About Sanctions Relating to Libya". Office of Foreign Assets Control. November 3, 2011. Retrieved June 22, 2012.
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