2007 United States federal budget
||This article needs attention from an expert in Economics or United States. (September 2007)|
|Submitted by||George W. Bush|
|Submitted to||109th Congress|
|Total revenue||$2.57 trillion|
|Total expenditures||$2.73 trillion|
|Website||http://www.cbo.gov/doc.cfm?index=10014 Congressional Budget Office|
The budget of the United States government for fiscal year 2007 was produced through a budget process involving both the legislative and executive branches of the federal government. While the Congress has the constitutional "power of the purse," the President and his appointees play a major role in budget deliberations. Since 1976, the federal fiscal year has started on October 1 of each year.
Receipts for fiscal year 2007 were $2.4 trillion. FY2007 on-budget receipts were $1.7 trillion. FY2007 off-budget receipts were $608 billion. Off-budget receipts include Social Security and Medicare payroll taxes, as well as the net profit or loss of the U.S. Postal Service.
- $1.1 trillion - Individual income tax (43.9%)
- $869.6 billion - Social Security and other payroll taxes (34.7%)
- $370.2 billion - Corporate income tax (14.8%)
- $65.1 billion - Excise taxes (2.6%)
- $26.0 billion - Customs duties (1%)
- $26.0 billion - Estate and gift taxes (1%)
- $47.2 billion - Other (1.9%)
Source: preliminary FY2007 year-end estimate from the U.S. Treasury Dept.
The President's actual budget for 2007 totals $2.8 trillion. Percentages in parentheses indicate percentage change compared to 2006. This budget request is broken down by the following expenditures:
- $586.1 billion (+7.0%) - Social Security
- $548.8 billion (+9.0%) - Defense
- $394.5 billion (+12.4%) - Medicare
- $294.0 billion (+2.0%) - Unemployment and welfare
- $276.4 billion (+2.9%) - Medicaid and other health related
- $243.7 billion (+13.4%) - Interest on debt
- $89.9 billion (+1.3%) - Education and training
- $76.9 billion (+8.1%) - Transportation
- $72.6 billion (+5.8%) - Veterans' benefits
- $43.5 billion (+9.2%) - Administration of justice
- $33.1 billion (+5.7%) - Natural resources and environment
- $32.5 billion (+15.4%) - Foreign affairs
- $27.0 billion (+3.7%) - Agriculture
- $26.8 billion (+28.7%) - Community and regional development
- $25.0 billion (+4.0%) - Science and technology
- $20.5 billion (+0.8%) - Energy
- $20.1 billion (+11.4%) - General government
Much of the costs of the Iraq war and the Afghanistan war until FY2008 have been funded through supplemental appropriations or emergency supplemental appropriations, which are treated differently than regular appropriations bills. Senior congressional leaders have contended that those war costs, as much as possible, should go through the regular budget process, which provides for greater transparency. Determining the costs of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan is complex. CBO has estimated that "war-related defense activities" in 2007 were "roughly $115 billion." (CBO, The Budget and Economic Outlook: An Update, August 2007, Box 1-1, available at <http://www.cbo.gov/ftpdoc.cfm?index=8565&type=0>) See Below for total defense spending.
2009 total military budget
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (July 2007)|
The total requested military budget of the United States for 2007 was $699 billion.
U.S. Military Budget - DoD Base Spending: The U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) has the single largest budget of any government agency in the discretionary budget. This department is responsible for the four branches - the Army, Air Force, Navy and Marine Corps. This includes the cost of base administration, pay for military members, and the costs of repairing and procuring equipment.
- FY 2006, Defense Department base budget expenditures were $411 billion, nearly half of net discretionary spending.
- FY 2007, it increased to $430 billion, still about half.
- FY 2008, it is projected to grow to $481 billion, or 52%.
U.S. Military Budget - War on Terror Base Spending : The War on Terror (WoT) incurs additional costs by other departments. When added to the DoD base spending, the amount comes to:
- $474 billion in FY 2006, which is 56% of net discretionary spending,
- $505 billion in FY 2007, and
- $554 billion in FY 2008, nearly 60% of discretionary spending.
- FY 2006 Supplemental Funding : The Defense Department base budget also does not include “one time only” costs attributable to the War on Terror, which are submitted as Supplemental Funding.
- In FY 2006, an additional $153 billion in Supplemental Funding was added to the base budget - the War on Terror received $120 billion, while $33 billion went primarily for Hurricane Katrina. As a result, 60% of last year's discretionary spending went to DoD/WoT.
- FY 2007 Supplemental Funding : For FY 2007, $70 billion has already been approved, while the President’s FY 2008 Budget requests an additional $102 billion. If approved by Congress, total FY 2007 spending for DoD/WoT would be $673 billion, or 64% of the net discretionary budget.
- FY 2008 Budget Proposal : For FY 2008, the President has requested the following:
- The Defense Department Base Budget - $481 billion.
- WoT(non-DoD) Base Budget - $73 billion.
- Supplemental Funding for WoT - $145 billion.
- Total requested Dod/WoT spending is $699 billion, or 65% of total net Discretionary spending.
- $345B tax gap: Random Tax Audits Return to the IRS, 9 Oct 2007, Morning Edition.
- The President's Budget of the United States Government, FY 1996 -- present
- Department of Defense Budget - OMB FY 2008 President's Budget Charts and Tables