United States men's national soccer team
The Stars and Stripes
|Head coach||Jürgen Klinsmann|
|Most caps||Cobi Jones (164)|
|Top scorer||Landon Donovan (57)|
|FIFA ranking||14 -1|
|Highest FIFA ranking||4 (April 2006)|
|Lowest FIFA ranking||36 (July 2012)|
|Highest Elo ranking||9 (June 24–27, 2009, July 8–10, 2009, July 23–25, 2009)|
|Lowest Elo ranking||85 (October 17, 1968)|
| Sweden 2–3 United States
(Stockholm, Sweden; August 20, 1916)
| United States 8–0 Barbados
(Carson, California, United States; June 15, 2008)
| Norway 11–0 United States
(Oslo, Norway; August 6, 1948)
|Appearances||10 (First in 1930)|
|Best result||Third Place, 1930|
|CONCACAF Gold Cup|
|Appearances||13 (First in 1985)|
|Best result||Champions, 1991, 2002, 2005, 2007, 2013|
|Appearances||4 (First in 1992)|
|Best result||Runners-up, 2009|
The United States men's national soccer team, often referred to as the USMNT, represents the United States in international association football (soccer) competitions. It is controlled by the United States Soccer Federation and competes in CONCACAF (the Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football). The team is ranked 13th in the world according to the FIFA World Rankings, and 12th in the World Football Elo Ratings. They have appeared in the last six FIFA World Cups and hosted the 1994 edition.
The men's national team competes in the FIFA World Cup and the FIFA Confederations Cup, in addition to the CONCACAF Gold Cup and other competitions by invitation. They achieved a CONCACAF-best when they reached the semi-final at the 1930 World Cup, finishing 3rd. After qualifying for the 1934 World Cup, and withdrawing in 1938, the next World Cup participation came at the 1950 tournament, causing an upset by defeating England 1–0 in their second group match. After 1950, the US didn't qualify for the World Cup again until 1990.
After the 1990 World Cup, the US qualified automatically as hosts of the 1994 World Cup, eventually losing to Brazil in the round of sixteen. From then on, the team has qualified for every World Cup since, up to and including the 2014 World Cup. The national team improved on an international level, reaching the quarter-finals of the 2002 FIFA World Cup, where they lost to Germany 1-0. In 2009 they reached the final of the FIFA Confederations Cup, eliminating top-ranked Spain 2-0 in the semi-finals before losing to Brazil 3–2.
- 1 History
- 2 Team image
- 3 Schedule and recent results
- 4 Coaches
- 5 Players
- 6 Competitive record
- 7 Head coaches
- 8 Honors
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 External links
1880s to 1900s: Early history
In 1884, the United States and Canada played at Newark, New Jersey, making it the first international match held outside of the United Kingdom; the Canadians won the match 1–0. The following year, a fixture at the same venue resulted in the U.S. winning after scoring the only goal of the game. Neither match was officially recognized.
Thirty years later, on August 20, 1916, the United States played its first official international match under the auspices of U.S. Soccer against Sweden in Stockholm, which the U.S. won 3–2, with goals from Dick Spalding, Charles Ellis and Harry Cooper.
The U.S. won both the silver and bronze medals in men's soccer at the 1904 Summer Olympics held in St. Louis, Missouri. The tournament featured only three teams: Galt F.C. from Canada and Christian Brothers College and St. Rose Parish from the United States. Galt defeated both American teams to win the gold. Christian Brothers defeated St. Rose in a third match after two scoreless draws.
1930s: World Cup semifinal
The U.S fielded a team in the 1930 World Cup in Uruguay, the first ever World Cup. The U.S. began group play, by beating Belgium 3–0. The U.S. then earned a 3–0 victory over Paraguay, with FIFA crediting Bert Patenaude with two of the goals. In November 2006, FIFA announced that it had accepted evidence that Patenaude scored all three goals against Paraguay, and was thus the first person to score a hat trick in a World Cup. In the semifinals, the U.S. lost to Argentina 6-1.
Using the overall tournament records, FIFA credited the U.S. with a third place finish ahead of fellow semi-finalist Yugoslavia. The finish remains the U.S. team's best World Cup result, and is the highest finish of any team from outside of South America or Europe.
There was no official soccer tournament in the 1932 Olympic Games. In an informal tournament, the United States finished first, followed by Mexico and Canada. The Olympic soccer tournament was reinstated in the 1936 Olympic Games.
1950 FIFA World Cup
The 1950 World Cup was the United States's first World Cup appearance since 1934. The USA lost its first match 3–1 against Spain, but then won 1–0 against England at Independência Stadium, in the city of Belo Horizonte. Striker Joe Gaetjens was the goal scorer. The result is considered one of the greatest upsets in the history of sports. Months before the famous World Cup loss to the USA, England had beaten an all-star "rest of Europe" side 6–1 in an exhibition match. Sports Illustrated and Soccer Digest have called World Cup upset by the Americans in 1950 the "Miracle on Grass," a reference to the Miracle on Ice. In USA's third game of the 1950 tournament, a defeat to Chile by a 5–2 margin saw the U.S. eliminated from the tournament. It would be four decades before the United States made another appearance at the World Cup Finals.
After the creation and rise of the North American Soccer League in the 1960s and 1970s, it seemed as though the U.S. national team would soon become a force in world soccer. Such hopes were not realized, however, and the United States played only two international matches from 1981 to 1983.
To provide a more stable national team program and renew interest in the NASL, U.S. Soccer entered the national team into the NASL for the 1983 season as Team America. This team lacked the continuity and regularity of training that conventional clubs enjoy, and many players were unwilling to play for the national team instead of their own clubs. Team America finished the season at the bottom of the league. U.S Soccer cancelled this experiment and withdrew the national team from the NASL. By the end of 1984, the NASL had folded, and there was no senior outdoor soccer league operating in the United States.
U.S. Soccer targeted the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles and the 1986 World Cup as means of rebuilding the national team and its fan base. The International Olympic Committee declared that teams from outside Europe and South America could field full senior teams, including professionals, that had never played in a World Cup. U.S. Soccer rearranged its Olympic roster, cutting many collegiate players and replacing them with professionals, but the U.S. finished 1–1–1 and failed to make the second round.
The United States bid to host the 1986 World Cup after Colombia withdrew from hosting due to economic concerns, but Mexico was chosen to host the tournament. In the last game of CONCACAF qualifying for the 1986 World Cup, the U.S. needed only a draw against Costa Rica to reach the final qualification group against Honduras and Canada. U.S. Soccer scheduled the game to be played in Torrance, California, an area with many Costa Rican expatriates, and marketed the game almost exclusively to the Costa Rican community. Costa Rica won the match 1-0, and kept the United States from reaching its fourth World Cup finals.
In 1988, U.S. Soccer attempted to re-implement its national-team-as-club concept, offering contracts to national team players to build an international team with something of a club ethos, while loaning them out to their club teams, saving U.S. Soccer the expense of their salaries. This brought many key veterans back to the team, and the success of the NASL during the 1970s had created an influx of talent from burgeoning grass-roots level clubs and youth programs. Thus U.S. Soccer sought to establish a more stable foundation for participation in the 1990 World Cup than had existed for previous tournaments.
In 1989, FIFA named the United States as the host of the 1994 World Cup, but it did so under significant international criticism because of the perceived weakness of the national team and the lack of a professional outdoor league. This criticism diminished somewhat when a 1–0 win against Trinidad and Tobago, the U.S.'s first away win in nearly two years, in the last match of the 1989 CONCACAF Championship, earned the United States its first World Cup appearance in 40 years.
For the 1990 World Cup in Italy, two of the team's more experienced players, Rick Davis and Hugo Perez, were recovering from serious injuries and unavailable for selection, and manager Bob Gansler selected many inexperienced players and recent college graduates. The U.S. lost all three games to Czechoslovakia, Italy, and Austria.
Having qualified automatically as the host of the 1994 World Cup, the U.S. opened its tournament schedule with a 1–1 draw against Switzerland in the Pontiac Silverdome in the suburbs of Detroit, the first World Cup game played indoors. In its second game, the U.S. faced Colombia, then ranked fourth in the world, at the Rose Bowl. Aided by an own goal from Andrés Escobar, the United States won 2–1. Escobar was later murdered in his home country, possibly in retaliation for this mistake. Despite a 1–0 loss to Romania in its final group game, the U.S. made it to the knockout round for the first time since 1930. In the group of 16, the U.S. lost 1–0 to the eventual champion Brazil.
In the 1998 World Cup in France, the team lost all three group matches, 2–0 to Germany, 2–1 to Iran, and 1–0 to Yugoslavia, and so finished in last place in its group and 32nd in the field of 32. Head coach Steve Sampson received much of the blame for the performance as a result of abruptly cutting team captain John Harkes, whom Sampson had ironically named "Captain for Life" shortly before, as well as several other players who were instrumental to the qualifying effort, from the squad. It emerged in February 2010 that Sampson removed Harkes from the team due to Harkes allegedly having an affair with teammate Eric Wynalda's wife.
In the 2002 World Cup the U.S. reached the quarterfinals, its best finish in a World Cup since 1930. The team reached the knockout stage after a 1–1–1 record in the group stage. It started with a 3–2 upset win over Portugal, followed by a 1–1 tie with co-host and eventual semi-finalist, South Korea. It then lost its third and final match 1–3 to Poland but still qualified for the second round when South Korea defeated Portugal. This set the stage for a Second round face-off with continental rivals Mexico, the first time they met in a World Cup. The U.S. won the game 2–0. Brian McBride opened the scoring, and Landon Donovan scored the second goal. That victory advanced the team to the quarterfinals, where they met Germany. The team lost 1–0; after being denied a penalty when Torsten Frings handled the ball to prevent a Gregg Berhalter goal.
In the 2006 World Cup, after finishing top of the CONCACAF qualification tournament, the U.S. was drawn into Group E along with the Czech Republic, Italy, and Ghana. The United States opened its tournament with a 3–0 loss to the Czech Republic. The team then drew 1–1 against Italy, who went on to win the World Cup. The United States was then knocked out of the tournament when beaten 2–1 by Ghana in its final group match, with Clint Dempsey scoring the U.S.'s only goal in the tournament.
2010 World Cup Cycle
In the 2007 Gold Cup, the U.S. won its group. With a 2–1 win over Panama in the quarterfinals, the U.S. defeated Canada 2-1 in the semifinals. In the final, the United States beat Mexico 2–1, which qualified them for the 2009 Confederations Cup. The team's disappointing Copa América 2007 campaign, fielding a second-tier team, ended after three defeats in the group stage.
The highlight of summer 2009 was the 2009 Confederations Cup. In the semifinals, the U.S. defeated Spain 2–0. At the time, Spain was atop the FIFA World Rankings and was on a run of 15 straight wins and 35 games undefeated. With the win, the United States advanced to its first-ever final in a men's FIFA tournament; however, the team lost 3–2 to Brazil. The United States then hosted the 2009 Gold Cup. The United States defeated Panama 2–1 in the quarterfinals, and defeated Honduras 2-0 in the semifinals. In the final, the United States was beaten by Mexico 5–0. This defeat broke the U.S. team's 58-match home unbeaten streak against CONCACAF opponents, and was the first home loss to Mexico since 1999.
The U.S. qualified for the Fourth round, or Hexagonal, of the 2010 World Cup qualification. The U.S. began the Fourth round by beating Mexico 2–0, a loss that extended Mexico's losing streak against America on U.S. soil to 11 matches. Next, the United States earned a 2–2 draw away to El Salvador. Jozy Altidore became the youngest U.S. player to score a hat-trick, in a 3–0 victory over Trinidad and Tobago. Next, the U.S. were defeated by Costa Rica 3–1. The United States defeated Honduras 2–1. Near the end of the summer of 2009, the United States lost 2–1 to Mexico at Estadio Azteca. The United States then defeated El Salvador 2–1. Then the U.S. beat Trinidad and Tobago 1–0. On October 10, 2009, the United States secured qualification to the 2010 World Cup with a 3–2 win over Honduras. Four days later, the U.S. secured first place in the Fourth round with a 2–2 draw against Costa Rica.
2010 FIFA World Cup
After drawing against England (1–1) and Slovenia (2–2), the US defeated Algeria through a Landon Donovan stoppage time goal, the first time the USA had won its group since 1930. In the round of 16, the US was eliminated by Ghana, 2–1. On FIFA's ranking of World Cup teams the USA finished in 12th place.
2014 World Cup Cycle
The US team got the cycle underway with a 2–0 defeat to Brazil in the New Meadowlands Stadium. In preparation for the 2011 CONCACAF Gold Cup, the U.S. played three friendlies; a 1–1 draw to Argentina, a 1–0 loss to Paraguay, and a 4–0 loss to Spain.
The United States hosted the 2011 Gold Cup. The U.S. advanced past the group stage with a pair of victories over Guadeloupe and Canada, despite losing to Panama 2–1. This was the first defeat for the U.S. in a Gold Cup group stage match, and its first ever loss to Panama. In the quarterfinals, the United States defeated Jamaica 2–0. In the semifinals the U.S. avenged their group stage defeat with a 1–0 victory over Panama, and advanced to its fourth consecutive Gold Cup final, where the team faced Mexico in a rematch of the 2009 Gold Cup final. The United States was beaten by Mexico 4–2, extending Mexico's winning streak against the U.S. to three matches. It was also the second consecutive loss to Mexico on American soil.
Following the loss, Bob Bradley was relieved of his duties as coach. On July 29, 2011, Jürgen Klinsmann was named as the national team's head coach.
After their first six matches resulted in only a win and a draw against four losses, the U.S. embarked on a five-game winning streak. On February 29, 2012 the team won 1-0 in Italy, the first ever win for the USA over Italy. In 2012, the team began its World Cup qualification, and topped their third round qualification group with four wins, one draw and one defeat.
On June 2, 2013, the U.S. played a friendly against 2nd-ranked Germany in its Centennial celebration match at a sold out RFK Stadium in Washington D.C. The US won 4-3. This was the USMNT's first win over a top 2 ranked team since the 2009 FIFA Confederations Cup.
On June 6, 2013 the US beat Jamaica 2-1. On June 11, the U.S. beat Panama 2-0 at CenturyLink Field in Seattle in front of almost 41,000 fans, the seventh largest crowd for a World Cup Qualifier on U.S. soil. The game also drew the second largest TV audience on ESPN for a U.S. World Cup Qualifier. On June 18, the U.S. followed with a 1-0 victory over Honduras at Rio Tinto Stadium. In July 2013, the US hosted and played in the 2013 CONCACAF Gold Cup where they went undefeated in the group stage and won with a 1-0 victory over Panama in the final, a victory which represented a record 11th straight win. A 4-3 victory over Bosnia in an international friendly match in Sarajevo represented the 12th straight win for the USMNT, the longest winning streak for any team in the world at that time. In the win, Jozy Altidore scored a hat trick (the second of his career) and in doing so became the first US player to score a goal in five consecutive games. The match was also the USMNT's first-ever come-from-behind win in Europe.
On September 6, 2013, the 12 game winning streak came to an end when the U.S. lost to Costa Rica 3–1 at San Jose, Costa Rica. By defeating Mexico four days later, followed shortly thereafter by a 2-2 draw between Panama and Honduras, the U.S. clinched a spot in the 2014 World Cup. Next the US beat Jamaica on the score 2-0 two late goals by Zusi and Altidore. The U.S. then defeated Panama 3-2 with two goals in stoppage time from Graham Zusi and Aron Jóhannsson.
For the 2014 World Cup, the U.S. was drawn into Group G, along with Ghana, Germany, and Portugal.
ESPN has English rights to all friendlies and all home World Cup qualifiers from 2010 to 2014. Matches will be televised on ESPN or ESPN2. beIN Sport USA has English rights to all away World Cup qualifiers from 2010 to 2014. Univision has Spanish rights to USA's national team matches from 2010 to 2014. Matches will be televised on Univision, UniMás, or Galavision
Since their first unofficial game against Canada, the uniforms have frequently featured white tops with blue shorts. In 1950, the US adopted a Peru style, featuring a diagonal stripe across the shirt. The stripe has been on third kits for 2003, 2004, and 2006, as well as the 2010 home, away and third kits. Adidas was the uniform provider for the United States from 1985 until 1994. Since 1995, Nike has been the uniform supplier.
The American Outlaws was started in Lincoln, Nebraska as a local supporters' group. The group's membership attempted to address a lack of consistency from game to game in supporter organization and social events on match days. To achieve this goal the American Outlaws became a nationwide, non-profit, supporters' group.
Sam's Army members wear red to matches, sing or chant throughout the match, and often bring huge American flags and other banners to the game. The American Outlaws can be further distinguished by the fact that they wear American flag bandanas over their faces. The two groups are usually put together in a "supporters' section" at US home games.
The teams of Mexico and the United States are widely considered as the two major powers of CONCACAF. Matches between the two nations often attract much media attention, public interest and comment in both countries. Although the first match was played in 1934, their rivalry was not considered major until the 1980s, when the teams began to frequently compete in CONCACAF cups. On August 15, 2012, the United States defeated Mexico at Estadio Azteca. It was the first victory for the United States against Mexico on Mexican soil in 75 years.
Schedule and recent results
United States 2013 Record
The following is a list of matches completed so far this calendar year, as well as any future matches that have been officially scheduled this year.
- IF = International Friendly
- WCQ = World Cup Qualification
- 4R = Fourth round
- GC = Gold Cup
- GS = Group Stage
- QF = Quarter-finals
- SF = Semi-finals
- F = Final
United States 2014 Record
|Friendly||February 1, 2014||South Korea||StubHub Center||Carson, California, USA|
|World Cup||June 16, 2014||Ghana||Arena das Dunas||Natal, Brazil|
|World Cup||June 22, 2014||Portugal||Arena da Amazônia||Manaus, Brazil|
|World Cup||June 26, 2014||Germany||Itaipava Arena Pernambuco||Recife, Brazil|
|Head coach||Jürgen Klinsmann||Previously head coach of the German national team and Bayern Munich.|
|Assistant coach||Martín Vásquez||Previously director of soccer operations of Real Salt Lake - AZ Academy.|
|Assistant coach||Andreas Herzog||Former head coach of the Austria national under-21 football team.|
|Goalkeeping coach||Chris Woods||Former England goalkeeper, and current Manchester United goalkeeping coach.|
Caps and goal are updated as of November 19, 2013.
The following players were named in a squad in the last twelve months.
- Active players are shown in Bold.
The United States has competed at the FIFA World Cup, the FIFA Confederations Cup, as well as NAFC and CONCACAF regional tournaments. The U.S. has also played in the Copa América by invitation, as well as several minor tournaments. The U.S. men's team played in the Summer Olympics when that tournament was considered a full international tournament, but since 1988, the men's Olympic event has been age-restricted, and participation has been by the United States men's national under-23 soccer team.
The best result for the United States in a World Cup came in 1930 when they reached the semifinals. The best results in the modern era include the 2002 World Cup, when the U.S. reached the quarterfinals, and the 2010 World Cup, when the U.S. won its group.
In the Confederations Cup, the United States has finished in third place in both 1992 and 1999, and were runner-up in the [2009 Confederations Cup. During the 2009 Confederations Cup the United States appeared in their first ever intercontinental tournament final. In the semifinals, the United States upset top ranked Spain, 2–0, to advance to the final. In the final, the United States lost 3-2 to Brazil. In the Olympics, the United States finished fourth in 2000, they also finished 9th in 2008 with a 1-1-1 record.
FIFA World Cup
CONCACAF Gold Cup
CONCACAF Championship 1963-1989, CONCACAF Gold Cup since 1991
FIFA Confederations Cup
FIFA World Ranking history
In August 1993, FIFA began monthly rankings of every national team in the world. After staying near the 20's for the first few years of rankings, the U.S. began a steady climb upwards. After the success of the 2002 FIFA World Cup, their ranking continued to climb, culminating in their all-time highest ranking of 4th in April 2006. However, after they finished last in their group and failed to reach the knockout stage at the 2006 FIFA World Cup, their ranking slipped heavily. In the following three months, their ranking fell 25 places, from 4th to 29th. Currently, they are ranked 13th in the world. Below, their past ranks are in bold. Inside the parenthesis are the total number of points awarded through FIFA World Rankings' point system, which is used to rank the teams. FIFA has twice changed their point system, once in January 1999 and again in June 2006, indicated by background colors.