United States presidential election in Arkansas, 2008

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United States presidential election in Arkansas, 2008
Arkansas
2004 ←
November 4, 2008
→ 2012

  John McCain official portrait with alternative background.jpg Obama portrait crop.jpg
Nominee John McCain Barack Obama
Party Republican Democratic
Home state Arizona Illinois
Running mate Sarah Palin Joe Biden
Electoral vote 6 0
Popular vote 638,017 422,310
Percentage 58.72% 38.86%

Arkansas Presidential Election Results 2008.svg

County Results
  Obama—60-70%
  Obama—50-60%
  McCain—<50%
  McCain—50-60%
  McCain—60-70%
  McCain—70-80%

President before election

George W. Bush
Republican

Elected President

Barack Obama
Democratic

The 2008 United States presidential election in Arkansas took place on November 4, 2008 throughout all 50 states and D.C., which was part of the 2008 United States presidential election. Voters chose 6 representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for President and Vice President.

Arkansas was won by Republican John McCain by a 19.9% margin of victory, an even greater margin than George W. Bush did in 2004, despite the national Democratic trend. Prior to the election, all 17 news organizations considered this a state McCain would win, or otherwise considered as a safe red state. The state trended dramatically Republican in 2008, as McCain performed over 4% better than Bush did in 2004, more than any other state. Only five counties swung more Democratic that year, and the vast majority of counties swung heavily Republican (some by as much as a 30% swing toward the Republicans).[1]

Primaries[edit]

Arkansas swung and trended more Republican than any other state in the nation during the election

Campaign[edit]

Predictions[edit]

There were 17 news organizations who made state by state predictions of the election. Here are their last predictions before election day:

  1. D.C. Political Report: Republican[2]
  2. Cook Political Report: Solid Republican[3]
  3. Takeaway: Leaning McCain[4]
  4. Election Projection: Leaning McCain[5]
  5. Electoral-vote.com: Leaning Republican[6]
  6. Washington Post: Leaning McCain[7]
  7. Politico: Solid McCain[8]
  8. Real Clear Politics: Leaning McCain[9]
  9. FiveThirtyEight.com: Solid McCain[7]
  10. CQ Politics: Safe Republican[10]
  11. New York Times: Solid Republican[11]
  12. CNN: Leaning Republican[12]
  13. NPR: Solid McCain[7]
  14. MSNBC: Solid McCain[7]
  15. Fox News: Republican[13]
  16. Associated Press: Republican[14]
  17. Rasmussen Reports: Safe Republican[15]

Polling[edit]

John McCain won every single opinion poll taken in Arkansas prior to the election. Although, McCain polled just in the low 50% range.[16] RealClearPolitics gave the state an average of 52.3% for McCain, compared to 38.8% for Obama. The margin of victory on election day was more than double of the RCP average.[17] The state was not seriously contested by either campaign.

Fundraising[edit]

Obama raised $1,004,783. McCain raised $934,884. Both candidates raised the most in Pulaski County.[18][19]

Advertising and visits[edit]

Obama spent over $110,350. McCain spent only $459.[20] Neither candidate visited the state.[21]

Analysis[edit]

Although former President Bill Clinton, a Democrat, easily carried his home state of Arkansas in 1992 and again in 1996, the state was largely considered a safe state for John McCain. Early polls gave McCain a double-digit lead among possible voters on Election Day.[22] Although the state remains strongly Democratic at the state and local levels, on Election Day, Arkansas showcased its reliability as a Republican stronghold in presidential elections by voting for McCain by a margin of approximately 20%. A possible factor for such the large swing away from the Democrats could have been the fact that Hillary Rodham Clinton, who once served as First Lady of Arkansas while her husband was Governor, did not receive the Democratic presidential nomination in 2008. The polls showed Hillary Clinton defeating McCain in Arkansas. Obama became the first Democrat in history to win the White House without carrying Arkansas.

During the same election, however, freshman Democratic U.S. Senator Mark Pryor faced no Republican opposition, and was reelected in a landslide victory over Rebekah Kennedy of the Green Party. The four members of the state's delegation to the U.S. House of Representatives (three Democrats and one Republican) were also reelected with no major-party opposition. Republicans, however, picked up three seats in the Arkansas House of Representatives and one Democratic state representative became a Green (he later returned to the Democratic Party in 2009).

Results[edit]

United States presidential election in Arkansas, 2008[23]
Party Candidate Running mate Votes Percentage Electoral votes
Republican John McCain Sarah Palin 638,017 58.72% 6
Democratic Barack Obama Joe Biden 422,310 38.86% 0
Independent Ralph Nader Matt Gonzalez 12,882 1.19% 0
Libertarian Bob Barr Wayne Allyn Root 4,776 0.44% 0
Constitution Chuck Baldwin Darrell Castle 4,023 0.37% 0
Green Cynthia McKinney Rosa Clemente 3,470 0.32% 0
Socialism and Liberation Gloria La Riva Eugene Puryear 1,139 0.10% 0
Totals 1,086,617 100.00% 6
Voter turnout 64.52%

Results breakdown[edit]

By county[edit]

By congressional district[edit]

McCain swept every congressional district in Arkansas, three of which were held by Democrats.

District McCain Obama Representative
1st 58.69% 38.41% Marion Berry
2nd 53.98% 44.07% Vic Snyder
3rd 64.16% 33.45% John Boozman
4th 58.14% 39.33% Michael Avery Ross

Electors[edit]

Technically the voters of Arkansas cast their ballots for electors: representatives to the Electoral College. Arkansas is allocated 6 electors because it has 4 congressional districts and 2 senators. All candidates who appear on the ballot or qualify to receive write-in votes must submit a list of 6 electors, who pledge to vote for their candidate and his or her running mate. Whoever wins the majority of votes in the state is awarded all 6 electoral votes. Their chosen electors then vote for President and Vice President. Although electors are pledged to their candidate and running mate, they are not obligated to vote for them.[24] An elector who votes for someone other than his or her candidate is known as a faithless elector.

The electors of each state and the District of Columbia met on December 15, 2008 to cast their votes for President and Vice President. The Electoral College itself never meets as one body. Instead the electors from each state and the District of Columbia met in their respective capitols.

The following were the members of the Electoral College from the state. All 6 were pledged to John McCain and Sarah Palin:[25]

  1. Jim Burnett
  2. Reta Hamilton
  3. Rose Bryant Jones
  4. Phyllis Kincannon
  5. Steve Lux
  6. Kermit Parks

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Arkansas Swing 2008". Useelctionsatlas.org. Retrieved 2013-10-27. 
  2. ^ "D.C.'s Political Report: The complete source for campaign summaries". Dcpoliticalreport.com. Retrieved 2012-07-26. 
  3. ^ "Presidential | The Cook Political Report". Cookpolitical.com. Retrieved 2012-07-26. 
  4. ^ Vote 2008 - The Takeaway - Track the Electoral College vote predictions
  5. ^ "Election Projection". Electionprojection.com. Retrieved 2013-10-27. 
  6. ^ "President, Senate, House Updated Daily". Electoral-vote.com. Retrieved 2012-07-26. 
  7. ^ a b c d Based on Takeaway
  8. ^ "POLITICO's 2008 Swing State Map". Politico.Com. Retrieved 2012-07-26. 
  9. ^ "Electoral Map". RealClearPolitics. Retrieved 2012-07-26. 
  10. ^ CQ Politics | CQ Presidential Election Maps, 2008[dead link]
  11. ^ "Electoral College Map". The New York Times. Retrieved May 26, 2010. 
  12. ^ "October – 2008 – CNN Political Ticker - CNN.com Blogs". CNN. Retrieved May 26, 2010. 
  13. ^ "Winning the Electoral College". Fox News. April 27, 2010. 
  14. ^ "roadto270". Hosted.ap.org. Retrieved 2012-07-26. 
  15. ^ "Election 2008: Electoral College Update - Rasmussen Reports™". Rasmussenreports.com. 2008-11-03. Retrieved 2012-07-26. 
  16. ^ "Election 2008 Polls - Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2012-07-26. 
  17. ^ "Alabama: McCain vs. Obama". RealClearPolitics. Retrieved May 31, 2009. 
  18. ^ "Map: Campaign money race - Election Center 2008 from CNN.com". CNN. Retrieved May 26, 2010. 
  19. ^ [1][dead link]
  20. ^ "Map: Campaign Ad Spending - Election Center 2008 from CNN.com". CNN. Retrieved May 26, 2010. 
  21. ^ "Map: Campaign Candidate Visits - Election Center 2008 from CNN.com". CNN. Retrieved May 26, 2010. 
  22. ^ "RealClearPolitics - Election 2008 - Arkansas". Retrieved 2008-12-17. 
  23. ^ "Official General Election Results". Arkansas Secretary of State. Retrieved 2008-12-12. 
  24. ^ "Electoral College". California Secretary of State. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  25. ^ "U. S. Electoral College 2008 Election - Certificates". Archives.gov. Retrieved 2012-07-26. 

See also[edit]