United States presidential visits to Sub-Saharan Africa
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- The first presidential trip was an offshoot of the secretive World War II trip of Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1943. The trip to Africa was a direct result of the technology of aircraft of the day. The shortest path across the Atlantic Ocean was from Brazil to Africa. On his return trip when secrecy was less important, Roosevelt made a formal visit to Liberia.
- Jimmy Carter was the first U.S. President to have made a state visit to Sub-Saharan Africa, making his trip in 1978. He also returned to Liberia 35 years after Roosevelt's first visit.
- Bill Clinton's 1998 tour initiated the modern era of formal visits to Sub-Saharan Africa. Clinton's entourage required 5 passenger airplanes, and scores of heavy lift aircraft missions. The cost of this trip was the subject of a GAO report.
- Barack Obama made a deliberate attempt to change the paradigm in 2009, when he included a stop-over to Sub-Saharan Africa at the end of his trip for a G8 summit in L'Aquila, Italy. Instead of seven trips from earlier presidential administrations, more regular trips to Africa starting with Obama are considered possible in contrast to frequent presidential trips to Europe. In Ghana, Obama visited the dungeons of Cape Coast Castle, where many enslaved Africans died and others were loaded onto slave ships en route to the Americas and the Caribbean.
- Because Obama is the only president with ancestry from Sub-Saharan Africa, his visit to his father's native Kenya was particularly highly anticipated by that country. At the time Kenya was not included in Obama's 2013 tour, the country had reportedly omitted due to Obama's discomfort with the International Criminal Court charges pending against Uhuru Kenyatta.
List of trips
|Barack Obama||26-Jun-2013||28-Jun-2013||Senegal||Dakar||Met with Macky Sall, elected in 2012|
|28-Jun-2013||1-Jul-2013||South Africa||Johannesburg, Pretoria, Soweto, Cape Town||Speech on trade and investment, development, democracy and security partnerships; visit to Robben Island|
|1-Jul-2013||2-Jul-2013||Tanzania||Dar es Salaam||Trade and investment discussions; accompanied by business leaders|
|Barack Obama||10-Jul-2009||11-Jul-2009||Ghana||Accra||Met with President John Atta Mills. Delivered a speech to the Ghanaian Parliament. Toured a former departing point of the trans-Atlantic slave trade, the Cape Coast Castle.|
|George W. Bush||16-Feb-2008||16-Feb-2008||Benin||Porto Novo||Met with President Yayi Boni.|
|16-Feb-2008||19-Feb-2008||Tanzania||Dar es Salaam, Arusha||Met with President Jakaya Kikwete, signed Millenimum Challenge agreement|
|19-Feb-2008||19-Feb-2008||Rwanda||Kigali||Met with President Paul Kagame and dedicated new embassy.|
|19-Feb-2008||21-Feb-2008||Ghana||Accra||Met with President John Kufuor.|
|21-Feb-2008||21-Feb-2008||Liberia||Monrovia||Met with President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf.|
|George W. Bush||8-Jul-2003||8-Jul-2003||Senegal||Dakar, Goree Island||Met with President Abdoulaye Wade.|
|8-Jul-2003||11-Jul-2003||South Africa||Pretoria||Met with President Thabo Mbeki.|
|10-Jul-2003||10-Jul-2003||Botswana||Gaborone||Met with President Festus Mogae. Toured Mokoldi Nature Reserve.|
|11-Jul-2003||11-Jul-2003||Uganda||Kampala||Met with President Yoweri Museveni.|
|11-Jul-2003||12-Jul-2003||Nigeria||Abuja||Met with President Olusegun Obasanjo.|
|Bill Clinton||26-Aug-2000||28-Aug-2000||Nigeria||Abuja, Ushafa||Met with President Obasanjo and addressed the National Assembly.|
|28-Aug-2000||29-Aug-2000||Tanzania||Arusha||Met with former South African President Nelson Mandela to promote a peace agreement for Burundi; also met with President Benjamin Mkapa.|
|Bill Clinton||23-Mar-1998||23-Mar-1998||Ghana||Accra||Met with President Jerry Rawlings; visited a Peace Corps project.|
|23-Mar-1998||25-Mar-1998||Uganda||Kampala, Kisowera, Mukono, Wanyange, Entebbe||Met with President Museveni and with the Presidents of Ethiopia, Rwanda, Tanzania, Kenya, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.|
|25-Mar-1998||25-Mar-1998||Rwanda||Kigali||Met with President Pasteur Bizimungu; delivered a public address.|
|25-Mar-1998||29-Mar-1998||South Africa||Cape Town, Johannesburg||Met with President Nelson Mandela; addressed joint session of Parliament.|
|29-Mar-1998||31-Mar-1998||Botswana||Gaborone, Kasane||Met with President Quett Masire; visited Chobe National Park.|
|31-Mar-1998||2-Apr-1998||Senegal||Dakar, Thies, Goree Island||Met with President Abdou Diouf; visited Senegalese peacekeeping troops; delivered several public addresses.|
|George H. W. Bush||31-Dec-92||2-Jan-93||Somalia||Mogadishu, Baidoa, Baledogle||Visited international relief workers and U.S. military personnel.|
|Jimmy Carter||3-Apr-78||3-Apr-78||Liberia||Monrovia||Met with President William R. Tolbert, Jr..|
|31-Mar-78||3-Apr-78||Nigeria||Lagos||Met with President Obasanjo; first State visit of a U.S. President to sub-Saharan Africa.|
|Franklin D. Roosevelt||26-Jan-43||27-Jan-43||Liberia||Monrovia||Informal visit; met with President Edwin Barclay.|
|25-Jan-43||25-Jan-43||The Gambia||Bathurst||Overnight stop en route from the Casablanca Conference.|
- List of international trips made by the President of the United States
- United States presidential visits to Canada
- United States presidential visits to Mexico
- United States presidential visits to United Kingdom
- "State Department Web Site: Historian's List".
- Raghavan, Sudarsan, "In snub to Washington, Kenyan president visits China, Russia first", Washington Post, August 17, 2013. Retrieved 2013-08-18.
- Epatko, Larisa, "Why Obama Is Visiting Senegal, South Africa and Tanzania But Not Kenya", PBS NewsHour, June 25, 2013. Retrieved 2013-08-18.