Unity Party of Nigeria

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Unity Party of Nigeria
Founded 1978 (1978)
Headquarters Ibadan
Ideology Social democracy, Democratic socialism, Awoism
Politics of Nigeria
Political parties
Elections

The Unity Party of Nigeria was a Nigerian political party that was dominant in western Nigeria during the second republic. The party revolved around the political leadership of Obafemi Awolowo, a sometimes polemical politician but effective administrator. However, the party's main difference with its competitors was not the leader but the ideals of a social democracy it was founded on. The UPN as well as the PRP presented the most coherent plan of action during the electioneering campaign of 1979. The party jettisoned building a coalition of comfort in a polarized political environment but based partnerships on the cooperation of like minded advocates of democratic socialism.

History[edit]

The desired goal of the military government of Olusegun Obasanjo to build national political parties led to a gradual weakening of ethnic politics in the second republic. The UPN,however,inherited its ideology from the old Action Group and saw itself as a party for everyone.It was the only party to promote free education and called itself a welfarist party.

Views[edit]

  • The party supported a 30-40% revenue allocation for the Federal Government, 40-50% for the states and 10% for the local governments in debates centering on the intractable revenue allocation mechanism in Nigeria.
  • Free education for all
  • Free medical treatment
  • Full employment
  • Integrated rural development
  • A progressive program for development of roads and schools,and
  • Constitutional amendments for state creation, which implied longer time needed from initiation to approval.

References[edit]

  • Larry Diamond, Cleavage, Conflict, and Anxiety in the Second Nigerian Republic, The Journal of Modern African Studies > Vol. 20, No. 4 Dec., 1982
  • C. S. Whitaker, Jr, Second Beginnings: The New Political Framework, Issue: A Journal of Opinion > Vol. 11, No. 1/2 (Spring, 1981)
  • Rotimi T. Suberu, The Struggle for New States in Nigeria, 1976-1990, African Affairs > Vol. 90, No. 361 (Oct., 1991), pp. 499-522
Chief Obafemi Awolowo