Universal American Flea Ship

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Universal American Flea Ship
Americanfleaship.JPG
Universal American Flea Ship
Role Homebuilt aircraft
National origin United States of America
Manufacturer Universal Aircraft[1]
Designer Henri Mignet, Lillian Holden.
Introduction 1939
Developed from Mignet Pou-du-Ciel

The American Flea Ship (Flea Triplane) is a homebuilt triplane design of the early 1930s.[2] It is one of the first examples of a female designed and built aircraft. One example is displayed at the Wings of a Dream Museum.[3]

Development[edit]

The American Flea Ship is a homebuilt triplane variant of the French-designed Mignet Flea licenced by American Mignet Aircraft, and later Universal Aircraft company of Ft Worth, Texas. It is also known as the Flea Triplane. The aircraft was given away by Universal as a marketing effort when a Universal motor was purchased to power it. Later, the fuselage sold for $695. The kit version of the aircraft was designed by Lillian Holden.[4] Ace Aircraft Manufacturing Company maintains the rights to the American Flea Ship and Heath Parasol.[5]

Design[edit]

The Triplane aircraft does not have ailerons, and uses variable incidence wings for roll control.[6]

Variants[edit]

The aircraft has been referenced under many names including;

  • American Flea Ship
  • Mignet HM-20
  • HM-20 Flying Flea
  • Flea Triplane
  • TC-1 Flea (1954)[7]

Specifications American Flea Ship[edit]

Data from Aerofiles

General characteristics

  • Capacity: 1
  • Wingspan: 20 ft (6.1 m)
  • Empty weight: 460 lb (209 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Universal , 40 hp (30 kW) Later models used a 65hp Continental

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 87 kn; 161 km/h (100 mph)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Popular Mechanics. August 1940.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. ^ "American Flea Ship". Retrieved 7 Jan 2011. 
  3. ^ "A Brazilian dream becomes reality". 
  4. ^ "American Flea". Retrieved 7 Jan 2011. 
  5. ^ Frederick Thomas Jane. Janes All the Worlds Aircraft. 
  6. ^ The Aeroplane, Volume 92. 
  7. ^ Evan Hadingham. The fighting triplanes. 

References[edit]