Armata Universal Combat Platform

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Armata
Type Tracked Heavy Armored Vehicle
Place of origin  Russian Federation
Service history
Used by Armed Forces of the Russian Federation (Future)
Production history
Designer Ural Design Bureau of Transport Machine-Building, Uralvagonzavod
Unit cost unknown
Produced supposedly 2020
Specifications
Crew 3

Armor classified
Main
armament
Depends on versions (125mm smoothbore 2A82 tank cannon on the tank version)
Secondary
armament
Depends on versions
Engine A-85-3A diesel engine
1200 - 1500 h.p.
Transmission 8-speed automatic gearbox
Speed Unknown

The "Armata" Universal Combat Platform is a Russian advanced next generation heavy military tracked vehicle platform. The "Armata" platform is intended to be the basis for a main battle tank, a heavy infantry fighting vehicle, a combat engineering vehicle, an armoured recovery vehicle, a heavy armoured personnel carrier, a tank support combat vehicle and several types of self-propelled artillery under the same codename based on the same chassis. It will also serve as the basis for artillery, air defense, and NBC defense systems.[1]

Origin of designation[edit]

The name designation of this tank (or more correctly "prospective family of heavy unified battlefield platforms" - "перспективный ряд тяжёлых унифицированных платформ поля боя") "Armata" is the plural of the Hellenic (Greek) word "arma"(άρμα), which means weapon and was an old Russian word for early guns. Inevitably, this was wrongly transcribed as "Armada" by journalists.[2][3][4]

Development[edit]

Prototypes of heavy armored vehicles based on the Armata combat platform are planned to be presented at the defense exhibition Russian Arms Expo in Nizhny Tagil in September 2013.[5] Testing of the Armata will begin in November 2013.[6]

The prototype is scheduled to enter field trials in 2013, about ten months ahead of schedule. First Deputy Defense Minister Alexander Sukhorukov said. The new tank is under development at Uralvagonzavod in Nizhny Tagil. The first deliveries of the tank to the Russian Armed Forces are scheduled for 2015 and mass production is due to begin in 2016.[7] A total of 2,300 MBTs are expected to be supplied by 2020,[8] modernizing 70 percent of the Russian tank fleet.[9]

Design[edit]

Russian Lieutenant-General Yuri Kovalenko states that the "Armata" combat platform will utilize many features of the T-95 tank, of which only a few prototypes have been built. In the main battle tank variant, the ammunition compartment will be separate from the crew, increasing operational safety while the engine will be more powerful and the armor, main gun and autoloader will be improved.

According to preliminary reports, the new tank designated T-14 will be less radical and ambitious than the failed ‘Object 195’ or T-95, it will weigh less, therefore, become more agile and will be more affordable, compared to its more ambitious predecessors. Additionally, the Kurganets-25 tracked armored vehicle provides high degree of commonality with the new Armata tank. The Kurganets-25 will evolve into various models, gradually replacing BMP and BMD and MT-LB and other types of tracked armored platforms.[8] The Kurganets-25 will have modular armor that can be upgraded for specific threats, be armed with a 2A42 30 mm autocannon, and have four Kornet-EM anti-tank guided missile launchers.[9]

The tank will have an unmanned, remotely controlled turret. It will be digitally controlled by a crewmember located in a separate compartment. It is believed that this would eventually lead to the development of a fully robotic tank.[10]

Vehicles of the Armata platform will be equipped with the radar and other technologies found on the Sukhoi T-50 fifth-generation jet fighter. They include a Ka band radar (26.5-40 GHz) based on AESA radar. The devices should be ready by 2015.[11]

Several proposed versions[edit]

Source: Следующий – Т-14

  • T-14: tank version with 125mm smoothbore cannon 2A82
  • BMPT T-15: heavy IFV version
  • BM-2 (TOS-2): short range rocket artillery, similar to flamethrower system TOS-1 Buratino
  • 2S35 Koalitsiya-SV: self-propelled artillery
  • BREM-T T-16: recovery vehicle

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]