Universidad Juárez del Estado de Durango
The Universidad Juárez del Estado de Durango (Juarez University of the State of Durango, or UJED) is an institution of higher education in the state of Durango, Mexico. It was founded in 1856.
In 1856, José de la Bárcena founded the Colegio Civil del Estado (State Civil College); this institution occupied the university's Central Building on January 25, 1860. The original motto was Virtuti et Merito (Virtue and Merit).
The central building had previously belonged to the Seminario Conciliar (Council Seminary), a Jesuit institution that specialized in training priests and lawyers. The foundation of the Civil College was part of a struggle between church and state that played out in Mexican higher education in the second half of the 19th century. When it started, the Civil College began to lure academics, resources and endowed chairs from the Seminario, which ultimately closed in 1859.
Upon the death of Benito Juárez in 1872, students and teachers petitioned the government to name the institution after him; it thus became known as the Instituto Juárez (Juarez Institute). The school's original colors were red and white.
Evolution into a university
In 1938, with the incorporation of Instituto Juárez into the University of Mexico, the school took on the motto of that institution ("Por mi Raza hablará mi espíritu", or The Spirit shall speak for my race), its colors of blue and gold, and its current seal.
In early 1957, the Instituto Juárez only had schools of law, commercial practice, nursing, music and art, and a preparatory school. On March 21, 1957, Governor Francisco González de la Vega, published a decree by which the school became a university, known as Universidad Juárez del Estado de Durango. This decision was made in an attempt to lure and keep faculty, develop a more educated populace in the state, and increase the amount of professionals in Durango. UJED added schools in medicine, accounting and administration, and veterinary medicine.
Becoming a research university
In 1970, research at UJED became a reality with the creation of the Institute for Scientific Research at the school. This institute had academic autonomy which enabled it to exist at a fundamental level in the university.
Since 1988, UJED has been modernized, in response to both increased demand in higher education in the state and the need for the university to increase its role in improving society.