Universiti Sains Malaysia

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Universiti Sains Malaysia
Newuniversitysainsmalaysia.jpg
The Crest of Universiti Sains Malaysia
Motto Kami Memimpin
Motto in English We Lead
Established 1969
Type Public
Chancellor His Highness the Raja of Perlis, Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin ibni Almarhum Tuanku Syed Putra Jamalullail
Vice-Chancellor Prof Datuk Dr Omar Osman[1]
Location Penang, Malaysia
Campus Main Campus (Minden, Penang), Health Campus (Kubang Kerian, Kelantan), Engineering Campus (Nibong Tebal, Penang)
Affiliations ASAIHL, ACU, FUIW[2]
Website http://www.usm.my/

Universiti Sains Malaysia (University of Science, Malaysia; acronym: USM) is a public university in Malaysia. There are three campuses: one on the island of Penang (Main Campus), one in Kelantan (Health Campus), and one in Nibong Tebal (Engineering Campus). There is offshore collaboration with KLE University, India offering the Doctor of Medicine (USM) undergraduate degree. USM plans to open a Global Campus (Kuala Lumpur Campus) located at Kuala Lumpur Education City (KLCE).[3][4] With around 28,300 postgraduate and undergraduate students in 2009,[5] USM is one of the biggest universities in terms of enrollment in Malaysia. The number of lecturers is about 1,479, which leads to a student-lecturer ratio of around 19:1.

History[edit]

The establishment of USM began with an agreement through a resolution which was approved by the Penang State Legislative Assembly in 1962, which called for the establishment of a university college in the state. The acquisition of a piece of land in Sungai Ara was then followed by the ceremonial laying of the foundation stone by the then Prime Minister of Malaysia, Y.T.M Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al-Haj on 7 August 1967.

USM was established in 1969 as the second university in Malaysia. It was first known as Universiti Pulau Pinang. The university operated on borrowed premises at the Malayan Teachers' Training College at Gelugor. In 1971, it moved to its present 239-hectare site at Minden (formerly Minden Barracks of the British Far East Command) in Gelugor, 10 kilometres from the city of Georgetown.

There are two other USM campuses: one at Kubang Kerian in Kelantan, known as the Health campus, and the other at Seri Ampangan in Penang, known as the Engineering campus. The former houses the School of Medical Sciences, the School of Health Sciences and the School of Dental Sciences, while the latter houses the six engineering schools.

Universiti Sains Malaysia teaches in the fields of Pure Sciences, Applied Sciences, Pharmaceutical Sciences, Building Science and Technology, Social Sciences, Humanities and Education as well as conducts research.

USM offers courses at undergraduate and postgraduate levels to more than 28,000 students. USM has won the Asian Innovation Award in which USM emerged as the only winner from this country.[6]

Organisation[edit]

The management of the university is carried out through the executive power of the Board of Directors, made up of members chosen from the university, representatives from government departments and those appointed by the Ministry of Higher Education. There are three Deputy Vice-Chancellors led by the Vice Chancellor. The current Vice-Chancellor Prof Datuk Dr Omar Osman was appointed in October 2011.[7]

Ombudsman[edit]

In August 2011 USM created a new role of Ombudsman to deal with staff issues and protect whistleblowers.[8] The ombudsman Khairul Anuar Che Azmi is also the head of USM's legal department.

Chief Integrity Officer[edit]

In July 2012, following a presentation by the Chief of Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission, the VC of USM promises to create a new role of Chief Integrity Officer to cultivate academic integrity among students, lecturers and staff.[9]

Academic programmes[edit]

Twenty four academic schools, 14 centres and 7 units have been established. Of the schools, 12 are applied science and technology-based schools: Civil Engineering, Aerospace Engineering; Chemical Engineering; Electrical and Electronic Engineering; Materials and Mineral Resources Engineering; Mechanical Engineering; Housing, Building and Planning; Industrial Technology; Medical Sciences; Dental Sciences; Health Sciences; and Pharmaceutical Sciences. The three liberal arts schools are Educational Studies, Humanities, and Social Sciences. The pure science schools are Biological Sciences, Chemical Sciences, Mathematical Sciences, Computer Sciences, and Physics, all of which offer courses that are similar to those available in other universities. There is offshore collaboration with KLE University, India offering the Doctor of Medicine(USM) undergraduate degree. This offshore five-year M.D. programme is conducted at the Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College (Belgaum), KLE University, Belgaum, India. In India, USM also has a collaboration with the James Lind Institute for conducting Translational Medicine programs.[10][11]

In December 1989, the School of Management was set up, having evolved from the Management program within the School of Social Sciences. As part of its continuing expansion, the university established the School of Computer Sciences and the School of Communication as of March 1995.

The centres and ancillary services include the Centre for Languages and Translation, the National Poison Centre, the Doping Control Centre, the Centre for Archaeological Research Malaysia, the Centre for Educational Technology and Multimedia, the Computer Centre, the Centre for Knowledge, Communication and Technology and the Islamic Centre. There are research centres, namely the Centre for Policy Research, the Centre for Drug Research and the Centre for Marine and Coastal Studies. The distance education program offered through the School of Distance Education was adopted by the university in 1971.

The main gate of the main campus

USM is one of six universities in Malaysia that have been identified as research-intensive universities, with the other being University of Malaya and Universiti Putra Malaysia.

Campuses[edit]

The Main campus has the name of a German city (Minden) because the campus was built on the territory of a the former British Minden Barracks, which themselves where named after the Battle of Minden.

Besides the main campus in Minden, USM has one at Kubang Kerian in Kelantan known as Health Campus and another at Seri Ampangan, Nibong Tebal in mainland Penang known as Engineering Campus.

Started as a USM hospital in 1982, the Health campus has expanded after the School of Medical Science was moved from the main campus to the present site which is 73 hectares. The School of Medical Science was moved from the main campus in June 1984. There are two other schools in the health campus — the School of Dental Science and the School of Allied Health Sciences.

The Engineering Campus was located at Tronoh, Perak, and named Perak Branch Campus (KCP). After operating in the state for 15 years (1986–2001), the Engineering Campus moved to the present site in Nibong Tebal, Penang.

Schools[edit]

USM is the one of the Malaysian public universities to use term school (in Malay; Pusat Pengajian) instead of the term faculty that is used in other Malaysian public universities.

Technology-based schools[edit]

All located at the Engineering Campus except the School of Housing, Building and Planning (main campus) and The School of Industrial Technology (main campus).

Liberal arts schools[edit]

All located at main campus, island of Penang.

Pure science schools[edit]

All located at main campus, island of Penang.

Health science schools[edit]

All located at Health Campus, Kelantan except The School of Pharmacy (located in main campus) and Advanced Medical and Dental Institute (located in Bertam outside Penang Island AMDI).

Research[edit]

Dewan Tuanku Syed Putra: The main auditorium of USM on the main campus on Penang Island

The Science Fund funding is the main source of R&D for USM. However, to promote research, the university allocates money from its operating funds annually as incentive and for short-term research purposes. External funds, mainly in the form of research grants, awards and consultancies won by individual academic staff members, also feature prominently. There are external sources of funding as well, but these are largely ad hoc and do not, as a rule, result in the development of major research facilities. Some external research links have been established through individual and through institutional networking arrangements.

Research areas[edit]

Research areas at USM include brain and neuroscience, environmental science, aquaculture, biomedical and pharmaceutical studies, natural language processing and computer aided translation, information technology, food technology, polymer science and technology, biotechnology, distance education, geographical information system, structure analysis, materials science, engineering, surface chemistry, and robotic vision. Penang has research facilities for collaborative search, particularly in coastal pollution, mangrove ecosystem and marine aquaculture.

Education[edit]

Graduate studies[edit]

The international office of USM

USM offers three modes of study for the graduate programmes, i.e., by research, by a combination of coursework and research (mixed mode), or by coursework. In 2009, there were 9,011[12] students in the master’s and doctoral level programmes with 24.9% of them nationals from more than 40 countries. The majority of the foreign students are from other parts of Southeast Asia as well as the Middle East.

Undergraduate studies[edit]

Almost all undergraduate degree programmes at the university require a minimum full-time residence of three years. Degrees in engineering, health sciences, pharmacy, medicine and dentistry require minimum periods of study between four and five years. Most undergraduate courses are taught in Bahasa Malaysia but the newer batch of undergraduate students are taught in English, especially in science courses. International students have to demonstrate a level of proficiency in the national language as part of the entrance criteria.

Other study programmes[edit]

USM has programmes for foreign students, and they can undertake one or two semesters. These students are considered full-time and enjoy the benefits of USM's academic and physical facilities.

The School of Distance Education was established in 1971 to provide opportunities for local working adults to obtain a tertiary qualification. These students are able to undertake undergraduate courses while they are in full-time employment. At present four undergraduate degree programmes are available through distance learning: Bachelor of Science, Bachelor of Social Science, Bachelor of Arts, and Bachelor of Management.

Departments[edit]

Library of Universiti Sains Malaysia[13]

Activities[edit]

The football field on USM main campus

USM has facilities for student accommodation, sporting and recreation. The university offers housing for approximately 75% of its students. They are known as student villages or hostels (desasiswa), and they are on campus. Cafeterias can be found all around the university area.

USM provides sporting facilities such as archery range, cricket, football field, badminton courts, tennis courts, hockey ground, rugby field, softball, squash courts, and basketball courts. Its ground was used for the 2008 U/19 Cricket World Cup.

Other activities include cultural activities, leadership programs, community service programs and excellence programs with the cooperation of the Student Advisory and Development Unit, the Sports Unit, the Arts and Cultural Development Unit, Hostel Management. Activities are realized through societies, clubs, sports and cultural activities, motivation workshops and debate competitions.

There are annual activities such as forums, workshops and programs in conjunction with the National Day celebrations such as the Ambang Merdeka Night and the Merdeka Campus Walk, and religious activities such as Qur'an Recitation and Ramadhan Appreciation Month in the holy month of Ramadhan.

Ranking[edit]

The university was ranked 111th in the World University Rankings 2004[14] published by the Times Higher Education Supplement. However, it dropped out of the list of top 200 universities in the world in 2005.

USM's then vice-chancellor Prof Tan Sri Dato' Dzulkifli Abdul Razak said that the addition of new criteria such as the employer survey could have contributed to the sharp drop in the university's integrity: "Our poor standing could also be attributed to the fact that we are a relatively young university compared to UM which is 100 years old. They have built up a stable reputation in that time." Prof. Dzulkifli also cited the poor staff-student ratio in Malaysian universities: "Over the past years we have doubled our intake. USM now has 35,000 students including 28,000 undergraduates but the number of lecturers, about 1,400 has not increased in tandem."[citation needed]

On 3 Sept 2008, Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM) was declared the Apex (Accelerated Programme for Excellence) University by the Ministry of Higher Education of Malaysia. In 2010, USM achieved the position of 123 under the category of Life Sciences and Biomedicine (Times Higher Education QS World University Rankings).

For the 2010 QS Asian University rankings, USM was at 69th[15] place. For particular subjects, the rankings were as below:

Year Subject Rank[16]
2010 Arts & Humanities 58
Engineering & Technology 63
Social Sciences & Management 37
Natural Sciences 39
Life Sciences & Medicine 20

2011[edit]

The inaugural 2011 QS World University Rankings - Engineering & Technology ranked USM as the 19th[17] best varsity for Chemical Engineering in Asia, and also classified in the 51-100 bracket globally.

2012[edit]

USM ranked 326 in the QS World University rankings, despite being awarded the APEX status, USM has not improved much over the years.

2013[edit]

Malaysian public universities continue to fall in the QS World University rankings, with USM now ranked 355. QS research head Ben Sowter said Malaysian universities’ rankings plunged due to deficiencies in research.[18]

Webometrics ranked USM 1st in Malaysia but has a world ranking of 341. [19]

Movies and television[edit]

Movies filmed on or near USM's campus include:

Television shows have used USM's campus, including:

  • Layang-layang terputus talinya
  • Spektra

References[edit]

External links[edit]


Coordinates: 5°21′25″N 100°18′05″E / 5.35694°N 100.30139°E / 5.35694; 100.30139