University Technical College
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A University Technical College (UTC) is a type of secondary school in England that is led by a sponsor university. The university supports the curriculum development of the UTC, provides professional development opportunities for teachers, and guides suitably qualified students to foundation and full degrees. The sponsor university appoints the majority of the UTC's governors and key members of staff.
As of September 2014, there are 30 operational UTCs with more due to open in the future.
UTCs are a type of Free School, and they were introduced as part of the Academies Programme. They are funded by the taxpayer, non-selective, free to attend and not controlled by a local authority. While this is also true of most academies and free schools, UTCs are collectively distinctive in a number of ways. UTCs all have a university as a lead sponsor. Further education colleges, charitable organisations and the private sector may co-sponsor a UTC, however they must also be led by a university. Like studio schools, University Technical Colleges are specifically designed to enroll students aged 14–19, whereas free schools and academies can choose the age range of their pupils. Existing schools cannot convert to become a UTC - all UTCs have to be newly founded schools with no direct transfer intake of pupils.
However, the most distinctive element of UTCs is that they have to offer technically oriented courses of study, combining National Curriculum requirements with technical and vocational elements. UTCs must specialise in subjects that require technical and modern equipment, but they also all teach business skills and the use of ICT. UTCs are also supposed to offer clear routes into higher education or further learning in work.
The University Technical College programme as a whole is sponsored by the Baker Dearing Trust, an educational trust set up by Lord Baker. Baker Dearing's promotion of UTCs is supported by the City and Guilds of London Institute, Edge Foundation, the Gatsby Charitable Foundation and Pearson PLC. There are currently 17 UTCs operating, and more have been approved by the Department for Education and are due to open over the next two years. Many large companies have pledged to co-sponsor UTCs including Arup, British Airways, Ford Motor Company, Jaguar Land Rover and Sony
The establishment of University Technical Colleges has been criticised by some teaching unions, who claim they will cause further fragmentation of local provision of education for 16- to 19-year-olds. Others have argued that because they offer similar programmes of study, UTCs will divert funds away from further education colleges.
The age intake range of UTCs have also been criticised, with unions arguing that 14 is too early an age for most children to receive such a specialised education. It has also been suggested that the technical and vocational aspects of UTCs will create a two-tier education system, with UTCs being less well regarded than more academically orientated schools.
List of University Technical Colleges
Opened in 2010
Opened in 2011
Opened in 2012
- Aston University Engineering Academy
- Central Bedfordshire University Technical College
- Hackney University Technical College
Opened in 2013
- Bristol Technology and Engineering Academy
- Buckinghamshire University Technical College
- Visions Learning Trust, Burnley
- Daventry University Technical College
- Elstree University Technical College
- Liverpool Life Sciences UTC
- UTC Plymouth
- UTC Reading
- Royal Greenwich UTC
- UTC Sheffield
- Silverstone University Technical College
- University Technical College Wigan
Opened in 2014
- Elutec (Rainham)
- The GM, Oldham
- Heathrow Aviation Engineering UTC
- The Leigh UTC
- Energy Coast UTC (West Cumbria)
- Lincoln UTC
- Sir Charles Kao UTC (Harlow)
- Tottenham University Technical College
- University Technical College Norfolk (Norwich)
- UTC Cambridge
- UTC Swindon
- The Watford UTC
- WMG Academy for Young Engineers (Warwick)
Opening in 2015
- Bolton University Technical College
- Burton and South Derbyshire UTC
- Derby Manufacturing University Technical College
- The Global Academy UTC
- Greater Peterborough UTC
- Health Futures UTC
- Humber UTC, Scunthorpe
- London Design and Engineering UTC
- Medway University Technical College, Gillingham
- South Devon UTC
- South Wiltshire UTC, Salisbury
- University Technical College Oxfordshire, Didcot
- UTC Oxfordshire
- UTC Warrington
- UTC@Harbourside, Newhaven
- UTC@MediaCityUK, Salford
- West Midlands Construction UTC
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- "Frequently Asked Questions". Utcolleges.org. 1 June 2011. Retrieved 6 August 2012.
- "Education Terms: Free Schools". DfE Website. Department for Education. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
- "What are University Technical Colleges". Utcolleges.org. Retrieved 2012-08-06.
- UTCs. Retrieved 2013-01-18.
- "University Technical Colleges". Utcolleges.org. Retrieved 2012-08-06.
- Burns, Judith (2012-05-29). "BBC News - Jaguar Land Rover and British Airways back new colleges". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-08-06.
- New UTC opens its doors in Lincoln, University of Lincoln. Retrieved 2014-09-12.