University of Alberta

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University of Alberta
Motto Quaecumque vera (Latin)
Motto in English Whatsoever things are true
Established 1908
Type Public, Flagship
Endowment C$1.00 billion[1]
Chancellor Ralph B. Young[2]
President Indira Samarasekera
Provost Carl Amrhein
Academic staff 2,764[3]
Admin. staff 2,527[3]
Undergraduates 31,648[4]
Postgraduates 7,664[4]
Location Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
Colours Green and gold[5]
         
Nickname The Golden Bears (men), The Pandas (women)
Mascot GUBA (men), Patches (women)
Website ualberta.ca
University of Alberta coat of arms.png

The University of Alberta (also known as U of A and UAlberta) is a public research university located in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. It was founded in 1908 by Alexander Cameron Rutherford,[6] the first premier of Alberta, and Henry Marshall Tory,[7] its first president. Its enabling legislation is the Post-secondary Learning Act.[8]

The university comprises four campuses in Edmonton, the Augustana Campus in Camrose, and a staff centre in downtown Calgary. The original north campus consists of 150 buildings covering 50 city blocks on the south rim of the North Saskatchewan River valley, directly across from downtown Edmonton. More than 39,000 students from across Canada and 150 other countries participate in nearly 400 programs in 18 faculties.

The University of Alberta is a major economic driver in Alberta. The university’s impact on the Alberta economy is an estimated $12.3 billion annually, or five per cent of the province’s gross domestic product.[9] With more than 15,000 employees, the university is Alberta's fourth-largest employer.[10]

The university has been recognized by the Academic Ranking of World Universities, the QS World University Rankings and the Times Higher Education World University Rankings as one of the top five universities in Canada and one of the top 100 universities worldwide. It has graduated more than 260,000 alumni, including Governor General Roland Michener, Prime Minister Joe Clark, Chief Justice of Canada Beverley McLachlin, Alberta premiers Peter Lougheed and Jim Prentice, Edmonton Mayor Don Iveson and Nobel laureate Richard E. Taylor.

The university is a member of the Alberta Rural Development Network, the Association for the Advancement of Sustainability in Higher Education and the Sustainability Tracking, Assessment & Rating System.

History[edit]

Old Arts Building, University of Alberta campus, designed by Percy Erskine Nobbs & Frank Darling 1909–10.
Henry Marshall Tory Building at the University of Alberta
Rutherford House, on the northeast corner of the University of Alberta campus.
Biological Sciences Building at the University of Alberta
Corbett Hall, University of Alberta campus.

The University of Alberta, a single, public provincial university, was chartered in 1906 in Edmonton, Alberta with the University Act[11] in the first session of the new Legislative Assembly, with Premier Alexander C. Rutherford as its sponsor. The university was modelled on the American state university, with an emphasis on extension work and applied research.[12] The governance was modelled on Ontario's University of Toronto Act of 1906: a bicameral system consisting of a senate (faculty) responsible for academic policy, and a board of governors (citizens) controlling financial policy and having formal authority in all other matters. The president, appointed by the board, was to provide a link between the two bodies and perform institutional leadership.[12]

Heated wrangling took place between the cities of Calgary and Edmonton over the location of the provincial capital and of the university. It was stated that the capital would be north of the North Saskatchewan River and that the university would be in a city south of it.[6] The city of Edmonton became the capital and the then-separate city of Strathcona on the south bank of the river, where Premier Alexander Rutherford lived, was granted the university. When the two cities were amalgamated in 1912, Edmonton became both the political and academic capital.

With Henry Marshall Tory as its first president, the University of Alberta started operation in 1908. Forty-five students attended classes in English, mathematics and modern languages, on the top floor of the Queen Alexandra Elementary School in Strathcona, while the first campus building, Athabasca Hall, was under construction.[13] In a letter to Alexander Cameron Rutherford in early 1906, while he was in the process of setting up McGill University College in Vancouver, Tory wrote, "If you take any steps in the direction of a working University and wish to avoid the mistakes of the past, mistakes which have fearfully handicapped other institutions, you should start on a teaching basis."[14]

Under Tory's guidance, the university's early years were marked by recruitment of professors and construction of the first campus buildings.[15] Percy Erskine Nobbs & Frank Darling designed the master plan for the University of Alberta in 1909–10. Nobbs designed the Arts Building (1914–15), laboratories and Power House (1914). With Cecil S. Burgess, Nobbs designed the Provincial College of Medicine (1920–21).[16] Architect Herbert Alton Magoon designed several buildings on campus, including St. Stephen's Methodist College (1910) and the residence for professor Rupert C. Lodge (1913).[17]

The University of Alberta awarded its first degrees in 1912,[13] the same year it established the Department of Extension. The Faculty of Medicine was established the following year,[18] and the Faculty of Agriculture began in 1915. But along with these early milestones came the First World War and the global influenza pandemic of 1918, whose toll on the university resulted in a two-month suspension of classes in the fall of 1918.[13] Despite these setbacks, the university continued to grow. By 1920, it had six faculties (Arts and Sciences, Applied Science, Agriculture, Medicine, Dentistry, and Law) and two schools (Pharmacy and Accountancy). It awarded a range of degrees: Bachelor of Arts (BA), Bachelor of Science (BSc), Bachelor of Science in Agriculture (BSA), Bachelor of Laws (LLB), Bachelor of Pharmacy (PhmB), Bachelor of Divinity (BD), Master of Arts (MA), Master of Science (MSc), and Doctor of Laws (LLD). There were 851 male students and 251 female students, and 171 academic staff, including 14 women.[19]

The Breton Soil Plots were established at U of A's faculty of agriculture from 1929–present to provide agricultural research on fertilization, usage, crop rotations and farming practices on Gray-Luvisolic soils (Gray-Wooded), which cover many regions in western Canada.[20]

The War Memorial Committee commissioned a War Memorial Pipe Organ to be erected by the Casavant Frères in U of A Convocation Hall in 1925 in memory of 80 University of Alberta comrades who gave up their lives during the Great War.[21]

In the early part of the 20th century, professional education expanded beyond the traditional fields of theology, law and medicine. Graduate training based on the German-inspired American model of specialized course work and the completion of a research thesis was introduced.[12] In 1929, the university established a College of Education. This period of growth was to be short-lived, though, as the Great Depression and the Second World War curtailed enrolment and expansion until 1945.[15] The University also gained new public powers. In 1928, the university's senate was granted the power to oversee and appoint half of the Alberta Eugenics Board, charged with recommending individuals for sterilization.[22]

Spurred by postwar growth in the student population and the discovery of oil in Leduc in 1947, the University of Alberta underwent expansion through the 1950s that continued through the 1960s as the baby-boom generation swelled the enrolment ranks.[15] These two decades also saw expansion of campus buildings, including new buildings for the faculties of physical education and education, and the Cameron Library.[15] The University of Alberta Press, concentrating on western Canadian history, general science and ecology, was founded in 1969.[23]

The policy of university education initiated in the 1960s responded to population pressure and the belief that higher education was a key to social justice and economic productivity for individuals and for society. In addition, the single-university policy in the West was changed as existing colleges of the provincial universities gained autonomy as universities. On September 19, 1960, the university opened a new 130-hectare campus in Calgary.[24] By 1966, the University of Calgary had been established as an autonomous institution.[13]

From the mid-1970s to the late 1980s, the university enjoyed sustained growth, and growing inclusiveness. In 1970, the Collège Saint-Jean began offering French-language instruction in arts, science and education. In 1984, the School of Native Studies was established. Buildings that had been started in the 1960s, such as Biological Sciences and the Central Academic Building, were completed in the early 1970s. Extensive renovations restored the venerable Arts Building, as well as the Athabasca and Pembina halls.[15] New buildings completed in the early 1980s included the Business Building and the first phase of the Walter C. Mackenzie Health Sciences Centre. Another new building, the distinctive Universiade Pavilion (nicknamed the "Butterdome"), was completed as part of the university's preparations to host the World University Games in 1983, the first time the event was held in North America.[15]

The 1990s were a time of financial constraint as the Alberta government made significant budgetary cutbacks.[13] But they were also a time in which the university benefited from philanthropic support. The $11-million Timms Centre for the Arts, which began construction in 1993, was made possible by a large donation from its namesake, Albert Timms.[15] In 1998, Gladys Young's $3.5-million donation to the university undergraduate scholarship fund in memory of Roland Young, who graduated from the U of A in 1928, was the largest private donation for undergraduate scholarships in the university's history.[24][25]

The early 2000s brought substantial funding increases. High energy prices drove Alberta's energy boom resulting in multi-billion dollar government surpluses[26] and the subsequent creation of a $4.5 billion provincial post-secondary educational endowment.[27] In 2005, the university hired Indira Samarasekera as its 12th president, embarking on an ambitious plan to establish itself as one of the world's top public research universities.[15] These plans were hampered by the 2008 economic downturn, and by late March 2008, the university's endowment had shrunk by more than $100 million, almost 14 per cent of its value.[28] The university predicted a $59-million budget shortfall in 2009[29] before provincial cuts brought that figure to $79 million.[30] To close the budgetary gap, the university increased non-instructional fees by $290 per year[31] laid off teaching and support staff, and even eliminated phones in some departments (such as English and Film Studies).[32]

The 2013 Alberta Budget cut provincial post-secondary grants by $147 million, including a 7.2 per cent cut to the university's base operating grant. The university is covering its resulting shortfall by reducing total spending in 2013 by $28 million, then cutting an additional $56 million to balance its budget by the spring of 2015.[33][34]

Academics[edit]

The Humanities Centre
Arts Building

The U of A has about 39,300 students, including nearly 7,700 graduate students and 7,800 international students representing 151 countries.[4] The university has 3,620 academic staff along with about 15,380 support and trust staff.[3] University professors have won more 3M Teaching Fellowships (Canada's top award for undergraduate teaching excellence) than any other Canadian university, 41 awards since 1986.[35] The university offers post-secondary education in about 200 undergraduate and 170 graduate programs. Tuition and fees for both fall and winter semesters are slightly more than $5,000 for a typical undergraduate arts student, although they vary widely by program.[4] The University of Alberta switched from a 9-point grading scale to the more common 4-point grading scale in September 2003. Sixty-eight Rhodes Scholars have come from the University of Alberta.[4]

Faculties and colleges[edit]

The Mechanical Engineering Building
The Natural Resources Engineering Facility
The Earth Sciences building
The chapel of St. Joseph's College

The university has eighteen faculties:

  • Faculty of Agricultural, Life and Environmental Sciences focuses on natural, biological, and human resources.[36] The faculty is home to the Devonian Botanic Garden in Devon, Alberta. The garden runs a series of winter hardiness trials on trees, shrubs, herbs, annuals and bulbs. The garden collection consists of Primula, Meconopsis, Allium Rosa (shrub), alpines, and herbs and plants traditionally used by Aboriginal Peoples. There is a microfungus collection and a herbarium that contains more than 4,800 livery genotypic filamentous fungi.[37]
  • Alberta School of Business offers MBA, BCom, PhD, ExecEd, Exec MBA, and Master of Financial Management degrees.
  • Faculty of Arts is home to a spectrum of arts programs and departments, from Anthropology and Community Service Learning to History and Women's Studies.
  • Augustana Campus is located in a satellite campus in Camrose, Alberta. It comprises the departments of Fine Arts, Humanities, Physical Education, Science, and Social Sciences.
  • Campus Saint-Jean is a francophone faculty with programs in Sciences, Fine Arts and Languages, Social Sciences, and Education.
  • Faculty of Education offers undergraduate and graduate degrees in elementary and secondary education, or a combined program.
  • Faculty of Engineering offers undergraduate degrees in five engineering departments. Students can choose to specialize in the following disciplines: Chemical Engineering, Civil Engineering, Computer Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Engineering Physics, Materials Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Mining Engineering and Petroleum Engineering.
  • Faculty of Extension offers more than 300 courses in over 30 programs focusing on lifelong Continuing Education and Professional Development. Among the faculty's contributions to Alberta's educational and cultural life are the creation of the CKUA public radio station in 1927 and the Banff School of Fine Arts in 1933.
  • Faculty of Graduate Studies and Research maintains more than 170 programs in graduate studies.
  • Faculty of Law is the oldest law school in Western Canada.[38] It is home to interdisciplinary institutes of constitutional studies, health law, science policy and law reform in Alberta.[39]
  • Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry has 20 departments, seven divisions, eight research groups, and 31 centres and institutes. The faculty is internationally known for research in diabetes, obesity, virology, cardiology, cancer and spinal injury rehabilitation.[40]
  • Faculty of Native Studies is Canada's only stand-alone faculty of native studies. The faculty began offering a master's program in the 2012-13 academic year.[41]
  • Faculty of Nursing is one of Canada's largest nursing faculties, and was the first in Canada to offer a fully funded PhD program.[42]
  • Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences is one of Canada's largest and finest pharmacy faculties. Its students excel nationally, achieving the highest combined score on the Pharmacy Examining Board of Canada exam in 2009, 2010 and 2012.[43]
  • Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation focuses on the studies of human movement through sport science, kinesiology, physical education, physical activity and health, and tourism studies.[44] The Faculty of Physical Education offers four undergraduate programs: Bachelor of Arts in Recreation, Sport and Tourism; Bachelor of Physical Education; Bachelor of Physical Education/Bachelor of Education (five-year combined degree offered in conjunction with the Faculty of Education); and Bachelor of Science in Kinesiology.[45]
  • Faculty of Rehabilitation Medicine is North America's only stand-alone faculty dedicated to rehabilitation science, physical therapy, occupational therapy and speech-language pathology. The faculty is a research leader in musculoskeletal health, spinal cord injuries, seniors' health, and use of communication technologies to support local community care.[46]
  • School of Public Health was established in March 2006 as Canada's first stand-alone faculty with a sole focus on public health.[47] In October 2012, it became the only school in Canada and only the second outside the United States to be accredited by the U.S. Council on Education for Public Health.[48]
  • Faculty of Science is made up of seven departments (Biological Sciences, Chemistry, Computing Science, Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, Mathematical and Statistical Sciences, Physics, and Psychology.) The faculty includes 6 Steacie Award winners, 16 winners of Rutherford Awards for Excellence in Undergraduate Teaching, 26 Canada Research Chairs, 5 iCORE Chairs, 3 NSERC Chairs, 2 Alberta Ingenuity Centres of Excellence, and 10 members of the Royal Society of Canada. It has more than 70 bachelor of science (BSc) programs in 39 subject areas.[49]

The university also has two affiliated colleges:

  • St. Joseph's College offers undergraduate courses in applied ethics, philosophy, religious education and theology, for credit in degree programs with arts options. The college also offers specific courses for education students intending to teach within Alberta's Catholic school system.[50]
  • St. Stephen's College offers graduate degree, diploma and certificate programs in theological studies, with courses designed to allow distance learning.[51]

Libraries[edit]

The Rutherford Humanities and Social Sciences Library
Winspear Business Reference Library

The University of Alberta library system received a tremendous boost with the opening of the Rutherford Library in May 1951, and now has one of the largest research libraries systems in North America.[52] As of 2012, according to the Association of Research Libraries, the library system is rated 11th in North America and is the second-largest, by number of volumes held, among all Canadian universities, after the University of Toronto Library.[53] With over 10.6 million items combined with online access to more than one million electronic books and more than 1,500 electronic databases, the library system ranks first in Canada in terms of the number of volumes per student.[54]

The library system comprises the following specialty libraries:[55]

  • Augustana Faculty Library
  • Bibliothèque Saint-Jean
  • Book and Record Depository (BARD)
  • Cameron Library (Science & Technology)
    • Data Library
  • Herbert T. Coutts Library (Education & Physical Education)
  • John A. Weir Memorial Law Library
  • John W. Scott Health Sciences Library
  • Rutherford Library (Humanities & Social Sciences)
    • Bruce Peel Special Collections Library
  • St. Joseph's College Library
  • Winspear Business Reference Library

The university is home to an American Library Association-accredited School of Library and Information Studies, which offers a Master of Library and Information Studies (MLIS) program.[56] The school is housed in Rutherford South, the original four-storey brick, marble and oak main campus library, which opened in 1951.

Research[edit]

The National Institute for Nanotechnology

Housing over 400 distinct research laboratories, the University of Alberta is one of the leading research universities in Canada.[57] The university is a member of the U15 universities and the Worldwide Universities Network, an organization of 19 universities on six continents. The university receives nearly $500 million each year for research from external sources.[58]

The University of Alberta is also the national scientific and administrative headquarters for:

Researchers at the University of Alberta have made significant discoveries in a number of fields.[59]

Scientific and medical research[edit]

In 1917, physics professor Robert Boyle developed sonar.[59]

Biochemistry professor James Collip played a key role in discovering insulin by refining the pancreatic extract obtained by Frederick Banting, Charles Best and John Macleod so it could be used in humans.[59]

Chemistry professor Raymond Lemieux was the first to synthesize sucrose. The breakthrough laid the groundwork for new antibiotics and blood reagents, anti-rejection drugs for organ transplants, and better treatments for leukemia and hemophilia.[59]

In 1956, surgeon John Callaghan performed the first successful open-heart surgery.[59]

Canada's first organ transplant research group was established at the University of Alberta on April 2, 1970, by the Medical Research Council.[24]

In 1995, engineer Robert Burrell used nanotechnology to develop a form of silver that could be made into a bandage for burns and other wounds. The dressings are now used worldwide.[59]

Medical researchers James Shapiro, Jonathan Lakey and Edmond Ryan developed the Edmonton Protocol, a revolutionary treatment for Type 1 diabetes that enables people with the disease to break their insulin dependence.[60] The first patient was treated in 1999. As of 2006, the project is developed through the Clinical Islet Transplant Program.

In 2008, medical researcher David Bundle and his colleagues Glen Armstrong and Pavel Kitov made a breakthrough in treating E. coli infection by creating a drug that prevents the E. coli bacterium from making contact with kidney cells.[59]

Michael Houghton, Canada Excellence Research Chair and Li Ka Shing Chair in Virology, showed that a vaccine created from one strain of the hepatitis C virus can be effective against all known strains of the virus. Houghton was also the researcher who originally identified the hepatitis C virus. The discovery paves the way for developing a vaccine to prevent future hepatitis C infections.[59]

Nanotechnology research[edit]

In June 2006, a $120-million building for the National Institute for Nanotechnology (NINT) was opened on campus. The NINT complex is one of the world’s most technologically advanced research facilities, housing the quietest and cleanest laboratory space in Canada.[61] NINT occupies five floors of the new building, with the top two floors being reserved by the university for nanotechnology-related research. Some staff members have been jointly recruited by the NRC and the University of Alberta.

Arctic research[edit]

The University of Alberta is home to the Canadian Circumpolar Institute, which supports research into social and environmental issues including climate change, cultural identity and natural resource development.[59]

In 2011, researchers at the University of Alberta linked the reproductive ecology of polar bears in Canada's Hudson Bay with decreasing litter sizes and loss of sea ice.[59]

Agriculture[edit]

Cattle researcher Roy Berg revolutionized the world's beef industry with his innovations in crossbreeding, which led to a 30 to 40 per cent increase in production and contributed to Alberta's world leadership in beef production.[59]

Energy, oilsands and environment[edit]

In the 1920s, engineering professor Karl Clark developed a hot-water extraction process to separate bitumen from oilsands. Geology professor Charlie Stelck's idea to search for oil and gas deposits near ancient coral reefs led to the discovery of oil in Leduc, Alberta, in 1947 and in the Pembina Oil Field in 1953. Today, more than 1,000 researchers at the University of Alberta are working together on oilsands issues and their environmental effects, including carbon capture and storage, tailings-pond reclamation and water preservation.[59]

University of Alberta’s SLOWPOKE-2 non-power reactor operating licence was renewed and will be valid from July 1, 2013 until June 30, 2023. The SLOWPOKE reactor is used for research and education[62]

Other[edit]

Reputation[edit]

University rankings
University of Alberta
ARWU World[65] 101-150
ARWU Engineering & CS[66] 76-100
ARWU Life Sciences[67] 76-100
ARWU Clinical Medicine[68] 76-100
ARWU Social Sciences[69] 50
QS World[70] 84
THE-WUR World[71] 124
THE-WUR Health Sciences[72] 68
Canadian rankings
ARWU National[73] 5-6
Maclean's Medical/Doctoral[74] 5
THE-WUR National[71] 6

The University of Alberta consistently ranks among the top five universities in Canada and among the top public research universities worldwide. In 2014 QS World University Rankings[75] ranked the university 84th overall in the world and fifth in Canada. The Webometrics Ranking of World Universities rated the university 77th in the world in July 2013.[76] The 2012-2013 University Ranking by Academic Performance rated the university 61st in the world and fourth in Canada.[77] In 2013, the university was ranked 97th in the world and fourth in Canada by the Center for World University Rankings.[78]

In 2014, the University of Alberta was named one of "Canada's Greenest Employers" by Mediacorp Canada Inc. for the sixth straight year.[79] The university was also named one of Alberta's Top Employers for the fourth consecutive year in 2012.[80]

The Globe and Mail's University Report reflects the opinions of more than 35,000 undergraduates who responded to some 100 questions about their respective universities.[81] The University of Alberta received scores of B+ and above in the following categories:

  • quality of teaching and learning
  • student-faculty interaction
  • campus atmosphere
  • ease of course registration
  • reputation with employers
  • information technology

The University has also been the subject of several recent scandals. In 2011, the school's dean of medicine resigned after plagiarizing much of his graduation address.[82] In 2012, the University's Psychiatry department chair was placed on leave before officially beginning his duties after allegations emerged of an inappropriate sexual relationship with a patient.[83]

Campuses[edit]

The university has five distributed campus facilities including, in addition to the North Campus, two auxiliary satellites: Campus Saint-Jean in southeast Edmonton, and Augustana Campus in Camrose, 90 kilometres southeast of Edmonton. An extensively renovated and refurbished historic Hudson's Bay department store in downtown Edmonton, renamed Enterprise Square, serves as a campus for adult students belonging to the Faculty of Extension. The university also owns a set of large parcels of mostly undeveloped land (currently used as an experimental farm and the site of several agricultural and sports facilities) slightly south of the main campus, called South Campus (previously the University Farm), in which an entire new university complex of similar magnitude to the North Campus will gradually be constructed.

Detailed Google Maps views and 360-degree interactive panoramas of the campus can be seen on the University of Alberta website.

North Campus[edit]

The University of Alberta overlooks the North Saskatchewan River valley and downtown Edmonton.

The North Campus is the original location of the University of Alberta. Located on the southern banks of the North Saskatchewan River, it has 150 buildings on 92 hectares (230 acres) of land.[84]

Architect Barton Myers completed the long-range campus plan in 1969 and continued as a planner for the University until 1978.

The distinctive cupola of the Dentistry/Pharmacy Centre on North Campus was featured in a commemorative stamp issued by Canada Post in 2008, the year of the university's centenary.[85]

South Campus[edit]

Located two kilometres south of the North Campus, the South Campus is much larger in terms of land area. The two campuses are linked by the convenient high-speed Light Rail Transit. The transit station is near Foote Field and the Saville Community Sports Centre, forming a natural gateway to the new campus architectural model. Since South Campus LRT opened in April 2009, the U of A became the only university in Canada with four LRT/subway stations on its campuses (Along with University, Health Sciences/Jubilee, and Bay/Enterprise Square stations).

Much of the university's agricultural research in food safety and crop use for food and industrial products happens at the Edmonton Research Station Experimental Farms on South Campus. This campus is also home to the Saville Community Sports Centre, a 32,500-square-metre, multi-use recreation facility that hosts 14 varsity teams and several community sports clubs. In 2013, the Saville Centre became the new training centre for the Canadian senior women's basketball team.[86]

Preliminary long-range development thinking for South Campus implies it may become an expanding academic and research extension of the North Campus, with rapid development over the next few decades.[87] New architectural guidelines, differing from those of the North Campus might encourage a somewhat more consistent, high quality, aesthetic architectural style. With a large expanse of land available, significant green space will be incorporated to provide a park-like context overall.[87]

Campus Saint-Jean[edit]

The Campus Saint-Jean is a francophone campus located five kilometres east of the main campus, in Bonnie Doon. It is the only French-language university campus west of Manitoba. Due to increasing enrolment, the Campus Saint-Jean is currently undergoing expansion, acquiring new laboratory and classroom spaces. Students at Campus Saint-Jean currently may pursue Bachelor's degrees in the sciences or arts, or complete their first year of Engineering, after which they often transfer to the University of Alberta's main campus. Bilingual Nursing and Business programs are also available.

Augustana Campus[edit]

The Augustana Campus is located in Camrose, a small city in rural Alberta about 100 km southeast of Edmonton. In 2004, the former Augustana University College in Camrose merged with the University of Alberta, thus creating the new satellite Augustana Campus. Students enrolled at the Augustana Campus currently may pursue four-year Bachelor's degrees in arts, sciences, or music.

Enterprise Square[edit]

Enterprise Square opened for business January 15, 2008 on the north side of the North Saskatchewan river in downtown Edmonton.[88] It is located in the historical building previously occupied by the Hudson's Bay Company. The building underwent major renovations. Currently, Enterprise Square houses the University of Alberta Faculty of Extension, the professional development activities of the Alberta School of Business, the Alberta Business Family Institute, and the Design Gallery. It is also the home of the University of Alberta Alumni Association.

Recent developments and investment in health and science[edit]

$1.6 billion in construction has recently been undertaken at the university related to fields in health and science. These projects greatly expand the University of Alberta's research capacity in the field of health in particular. Over the past five years, the University of Alberta has averaged nearly $500 million in external research funding a year.[89] This funding is expected to increase due to added state-of-the-art research and teaching capacity.

Centennial Centre for Interdisciplinary Science[edit]

One of the recent major projects, completed in the spring of 2011 with its grand opening on September 23, 2011, was the $400-million, state-of-the-art Centennial Centre for Interdisciplinary Science (CCIS),[90] a facility for interdisciplinary research groups, as well as the Department of Physics, the Faculty of Science offices and the Interdepartmental Science Students' Society's office. Three buildings – V-Wing (a large one-floor building composed of 10 lecture halls, of which two will remain), the Avadh Bhatia Physics Building (a six-storey building formerly housing the Department of Physics offices and laboratories), and the old Centre for Subatomic Research[91] – were demolished to make way for CCIS.

Edmonton Clinic Health Academy[edit]

The Edmonton Clinic (formerly the Health Science Ambulatory Learning Centre) is a joint project with Alberta Health Services, and consists of two separate buildings. Construction started in 2008 on the multidisciplinary health science facilities totalling $909 million and 170,000 square metres surrounding the Health Sciences LRT Station. Edmonton Clinic South (now known as Kaye Edmonton Clinic), a nine-storey building, will focus on patient care and house most of the medical and dental clinics, while the Edmonton Clinic Health Academy is a six-storey building that is the home of interdisciplinary health research and education currently held at the university. The Edmonton Clinic Health Academy, owned and operated by the University of Alberta, officially opened in January 2012. The Kaye Edmonton Clinic, owned and operated by Alberta Health Services, opened in December 2012.[92]

Health Research Innovation Facilities[edit]

Katz Group Centre for Pharmacy and Health Research

Two new $300-million buildings adjacent to the Heritage Medical Research Centre building on the main campus, along with existing health-care and health research facilities and the Edmonton Clinic Health Academy, form a health precinct of two city blocks dedicated to health research, education and patient care. The newest facilities form a translational research centre designed to create an environment for innovative "bench-to-bedside" health research by increasing interaction between researchers and clinicians focused on common medical issues. A total of 65,000 square metres (699,700 square feet) gross area constructed on two sites contribute to research by allowing the university to hire over 100 additional biomedical and health researchers. This is projected to result in a doubling of research funding by 2014.[93]

Katz Group Centre for Pharmacy and Health Research

The hub of the complex is the Katz Group Centre for Pharmacy and Health Research (formerly HRIF West), an eight-storey building that provides the main entrance to the complex and becomes the critical link between Medical Sciences Building and Heritage Medical Research Centre. The Katz Group Centre is a teaching and research facility. It is home to the Li Ka Shing Institute of Virology, led by scientific director Lorne Tyrrell, MD, PhD, and includes some of the world's top virologists, including Michael Houghton, PhD, Canada Excellence Research Chair and Li Ka Shing Chair in Virology, who co-led the team that discovered the hepatitis C virus during his previous career in private industry. The facility is located on the corner of 89 Avenue and 114 Street in Edmonton, Alberta.

Li Ka Shing Centre for Health Research Innovation

The Li Ka Shing Centre for Health Research Innovation (formerly HRIF East) anchors the southeast corner of the health precinct and is also home to the Alberta Diabetes Institute (ADI). Both the east and west buildings of HRIF are linked at every floor to the Heritage Medical Research Centre with the exception of Level 1 of HRIF West. The facility is dedicated to health research and boasts state-of-the-art laboratories for top researchers, including several Canada Research Chairs.[94] The facility is named in honour of a gift in 2010 of $28 million from the Li Ka Shing (Canada) Foundation that helped establish the Li Ka Shing Institute of Virology ($25M) and a joint PhD program ($3M) between the university's Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry and Shantou University Medical College in China.[95] As of fall 2012, this remains the largest single cash gift to the University of Alberta. The facility is located on the corner of 89 Avenue and 112 Street in Edmonton, Alberta.

Student life[edit]

The Students' Union Building hosts a number of student organizations, including the University of Alberta Students' Union.

The student body of the University of Alberta is represented by two students' unions, the University of Alberta Students' Union for all undergraduate students, and the Graduate Student Association for all graduate students.[96][97] In addition, a number of the university's academic programs also manage their own student representative body. Students within the residences are represented by a number of associations, primarily the University of Alberta Residence Halls Association.[98] There are more than 450 student organizations and clubs, covering a wide range of interests such as academics, culture, religion, social issues, and recreation.[99] The student unions', as well as many of the student organizations, are centred in the university's student activity centre, the Students' Union Building. The building was opened in 1967, and is entirely owned and operated by the Students' Union. and hosts the majority of the Students' Union services and business operations.[100] The two primary media outlets amongst the student population is the student newspaper, The Gateway, and campus radio, CJSR-FM.[101][102]

Greek life[edit]

From 1909 to 1929, the university held a ban against fraternities and sororities, since Henry Marshall Tory, the first president of the university, ordered all secret societies, including Upsilon Upsilon and Pi Sigma Phi, to be disbanded.[103] The drive to remove the ban begun in 1927, when students had formed the Athenian Club to lobby the university. During the same year, several men had formed the Rocky Mountain Goat Club, which was only official sanctioned due to the lack of any secret rituals or a written constitution.[103] The ban on fraternities and sororities would end in 1929, with the departure of President Tory. Members of the Rocky Mountain Goat Club had later formed the nucleus of the university's first fraternities.[103] The first fraternity was official recognized and chartered in 1930.[104] Fraternities and sororities are recognized as student groups by the university and Students' Union and are supported by local alumni advisors, their international headquarters, and a fraternity and sorority advisor in the Office of the Dean of Students. In addition, the fraternities are also governed by the Interfraternity Council and the Panhellenic Council.[104]

There are currently twelve fraternity chapters recognized as a student group by the university, and the Students' Union, Delta Chi, Delta Kappa Epsilon, Delta Upsilon, FarmHouse, Kappa Sigma, Lambda Chi Alpha, Phi Delta Theta, Phi Gamma Delta, Pi Kappa Alpha, Theta Chi, and Zeta Psi.[105] There are currently six sorority chapters recognized as a student group by the university, and the Students' Union, Alpha Gamma Delta, Alpha Psi, Ceres, Delta Gamma, Kappa Alpha Theta, and Pi Beta Phi.[106]

Athletics[edit]

Athletics at the university is managed by the university's student affairs, under the Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation. The university's male varsity teams are known as the University of Alberta Golden Bears, while the female varsity team is known as the University of Alberta Pandas. The university's varsity teams compete in the Canada West Universities Athletic Association conference of the Canadian Interuniversity Sport. The university's varsity sports programs include basketball, cross-country, curling, football, golf, hockey, rugby, soccer, swimming, track and field, volleyball, and wrestling. In total, the university athletic's department manages more than 500 students in over 23 teams.[107]

The Golden Bears and Pandas have won 65 national championships since 1961, including three national titles in 2014 alone.[108] The men's ice hockey team has won the Canada West Conference Championships championship 24 times, and the Canadian Interuniversity Sport national championship 14 times, making it the Golden Bears' most successful team at the regional and national level.[109][110]

The Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation also operate a number of intramural programs, available to any undergraduate and graduate student that pays the Athletic and Recreation fee. Opportunities are offered at multiple skill levels and across a variety of sports to service a range of interest and ability. Sports offered include traditional sports like volleyball, basketball, soccer and cricket, as well as less traditional events like dodgeball, inner tube water polo, and wallyball.[111] The university has a number of athletic facilities open to both their varsity teams as well as to their students. Foote Field is a multi-sport facility named after its benefactor, Eldon Foote. The sports facility is home to the varsity Golden Bears and Pandas track and field, football, soccer and rugby.[112] Depending on the sporting event, the field's seating capacity ranges from 1,500-3,500.[113] Foote Field also hosts the Canadian Athletics Coaching Centre, and had previously hosted events in international athletics competitions, such as the 2001 World Championships in Athletics.[113] Other facilities include the Van Vliet Centre, named after Maury Van Vliet, the first director of the Faculty of Physical Education. The facility holds a number the Clare Drake Arena several gymnasium, an aquatic centre, fitness centres, and courts for racquetball and squash.[114] The Saville Community Sports Centre is another multi-sport complex located on the university's campus. The centre is also home of the Golden Bears and Pandas basketball, curling, tennis and volleyball teams, and houses the Canadian Curling Association National Training Centre, Tennis Canada High Performance Tennis Development Centre, and Team Ortona Gymnastics. The university also operates the Universiade Pavilion, a multi-sport facility constructed for the 1983 Summer Universiade.[114]

Insignias and other representations[edit]

Coat of arms[edit]

The university's coat of arms was first adopted in 1909, following the recommendations of the university's senate to adopt the coat of arms of the province of Alberta as its emblem, with the addition of an open book superimposed upon the cross and a new motto. The coat of arms had undergone a number of changes, with the arms changing in the 1950s in keeping with the graphic style of the time, and in the early-1990s, in the university's efforts to have their arms gain official heraldic authority.[115] The latest design was completed in 1994, being registered with the Canadian Heraldic Authority on 31 May 1994, and was presented to the university on 13 June 1994.[115][116]

The coat of arms consists of a shield displaying the topography of Alberta rendered in the colours of the University. At the base is a prairie wheat field symbolizing Alberta's agricultural industry.[117] The wavy gold line above represent the hills and rivers of Alberta. The top of the shield is in gold and separated from the rest of the shield by a line suggesting the Rocky Mountains. The book of learning dominates the design.[117] A Great Horned Owl, the provincial bird and an accepted symbol of knowledge is used as the crest of the coat of arms.[117] The arm's supporters is the pronghorn, taken from the provincial coat of arms, and the golden bear, the mascot of the university.[117]

Motto and song[edit]

The motto of the university, Quaecumque vera, translates to "whatsoever things are true." The original motto lux et lex, was first adopted in 1907, and was translated as "light and law" in Latin. The motto was substituted with the present motto in 1909.[115] The motto was adopted from the Latin Vulgate version of the Bible, the Epistle to the Philippians, where it states that,[118]

Epistle to the Philippians, Chapter 4, Verse 8: —

Finally, brethren, whatsoever things are true, whatsoever things are honest, whatsoever things are just, whatsoever things are pure, whatsoever things are lovely, whatsoever things are of good report; if there be any virtue and there be any praise, think on these things.

Notable among a number of songs commonly played and sung at various events such as graduation and convocation, and athletic games are: Alberta, with words and music by Emma Newton; Alberta Cheer Song, with words by R.K. Michael, and music by Charleston Lamberston; The Evergreen and Gold, with words by William H. Alexander, and the music taken from the National Anthem of Russia; and Quaecumque vera, with words and music by Ewart W. Stutchbury.[119]

Symbols[edit]

The official colours of the university is green and gold. The green represents the wide stretches of prairie land flanked by deep spruce forests and is symbolic of hope and optimism; the gold represents the golden harvest fields and is symbolic of the light of knowledge.[120] The original suggestion for green and gold colours came from Marion Kirby Alexander, drawing inspiration from the autumn colours of the river valley below the campus.[120] Her husband, William Hardy Alexander, a professor at the university, relayed the suggestion to a faculty meeting on 5 October 1908 and would later gain the approval of the senate.[120] The university colours are present throughout the institution. These colours are also displayed on the university flag. The university flag consists of the shield of the coat of arms on a gold background.[121]

Notable people[edit]

The University of Alberta has more than 260,000 living graduates, 93 per cent of whom reside in Canada. Outside of Canada, the United States holds the greatest amount of alumni, nearly four per cent of all living graduates.[122]

Throughout the university's history, faculty, alumni, and former students have played prominent roles in many different fields, accumulating a number of awards. Distinguished laureates include alumni Richard E. Taylor, awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1990,[123] Raymond Lemieux, awarded the Albert Einstein World Award of Science in 1992,[124] and former faculty member Malcolm Forsyth, three-time award winner of the Juno Award for Classical Composition[125]

A number of graduates have made notable achievements in business, including Daryl Katz, chair of the Katz Group of Companies and owner of the Edmonton Oilers,[126] Bernard Ebbers, former CEO of WorldCom,[127] and Greg Zeschuk, and Ray Muzyka, co-founders of BioWare.[128] In academia, a number of faculty members and graduates also gained prominence including faculty member Ludwig von Bertalanffy, for his work systems theory,[129] and alumni Tak Wah Mak, discoverer of the T-cell receptor.[130]

Many former students have gained local and national prominence for serving in government. Alumnus Roland Michener served as the 20th Governor General of Canada.[131] The 16th Prime Minister of Canada, Joe Clark, also graduated from Alberta.[132] A number of graduates have served at the provincial level, as premiers and lieutenant governors, including George Stanley, the 25th Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick and designer of the Canadian flag.[133] Lois Hole, the former chancellor of the university, served as the 15th Lieutenant Governor of Alberta.[134] Graduates who served as provincial premiers include Pat Binns, the 30th Premier of Prince Edward Island,[135] Peter Lougheed, the 10th Premier of Alberta,[136] and Jim Prentice, the 16th Premier of Alberta.[137] Ed Stelmach, the 13th Premier of Alberta, attended the university but did not finish.[138] The third chancellor of the university, Alexander Cameron Rutherford, also served as the first premier of Alberta.[139] A number of graduates also held office in the Parliament of Canada, including Rona Ambrose, who served as the President of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada,[140] and David Emerson, who served as the Minister of Foreign Affairs.[141] The 17th Chief Justice of Canada, Beverley McLachlin, was also a graduate from the university.[142]

See also[edit]

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Further reading[edit]

  • William Hardy Alexander, The University of Alberta: A Retrospect 1908–1929. Edmonton: University Printing Press, 1929.
  • John MacDonald, The History of the University of Alberta, 1908–1958. Edmonton: University of Alberta, 1958, ASIN B0007EFODW.
  • Walter Johns, History of the University of Alberta, 1908-1969. Edmonton: University of Alberta Press, 1981, ISBN 0-88864-025-0.
  • Maureen Aytenfisu, "The University of Alberta: Objectives, Structures, and Role, 1908–1928" (MA thesis). University of Alberta, 1982.
  • Scott Rollans, Echoes in the Halls: An Unofficial History of the University of Alberta. Association of Professors Emeriti of the U of A, University Of Alberta, Nov. 1, 1999.
  • Schoeck, Ellen (2006). I Was There: A Century of Alumni Stories About the University of Alberta, 1906-2006. University of Alberta Press. ISBN 0-8886-4464-7. 
  • Rod Macleod, All True Things: A History of the University of Alberta, 1908–2008. Edmonton: University of Alberta Press, 2008, ISBN 978-0-88864-444-2.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 53°31′28″N 113°31′28″W / 53.52444°N 113.52444°W / 53.52444; -113.52444