University of Arkansas System Division of Agriculture
The University of Arkansas System Division of Agriculture is the primary research and information support agency for the agricultural sector in Arkansas and also conducts statewide programs in support of environmental sustainability; 4-H, youth, family and community development; food safety and security; and human nutrition and health.
The Division's research function is the primary responsibility of the Arkansas Agricultural Experiment Station. Public education and the transfer of appropriate technologies is the primary mission of the Cooperative Extension Service. AAES and CES faculty and staff work together and with other agencies to serve Division stakeholders.
The Division has over 1,650 faculty and staff members, including about 250 with PhD degrees in Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service units on five university campuses, at five regional centers, seven research stations, nine specialized units and in all 75 Arkansas counties.
The Division of Agriculture is responsible for carrying out the land-grant university missions of research and service in agriculture and related areas for the University of Arkansas System. Research and extension faculty work with colleagues in other states, the U.S. Department of Agriculture, and in other countries to develop, study, evaluate and extend current and emerging technologies. They also work closely with community, county and state agencies and with organizations and industry groups that represent its stakeholders.
The Division has five major research and extension program areas:
• Agriculture Production and Processing
• Environmental sustainability
• Food safety and security
• Health and nutrition
• 4-H, youth, family and community development
Administration: The University of Arkansas System's Vice President for Agriculture is responsible for the Division of Agriculture and reports to the President of the University of Arkansas System. Three Associate Vice Presidents for Research, Extension and Academic Programs report to the Vice President. Programs are organized under the following departmental structure with department and unit heads who report to the associate vice presidents:
• Agricultural Economics
• Agricultural Education, Communications and Technology
• Animal Science
• Biological and Agricultural Engineering
• Crop, Soil, and Environmental Sciences
• Food Science
• Forest Resources
• 4-H and Youth Development
• Human Environmental Sciences
• Plant Pathology
• Poultry Science
Division of Agriculture faculty, staff and facilities support academic programs on University of Arkansas campuses in Fayetteville, Monticello, Pine Bluff and Little Rock and at Arkansas State University in Jonesboro. The departmental structure for research and extension programs also encompasses graduate and undergraduate degree programs under the auspices of the respective campuses.
Division funding sources (2013) include: • State Appropriations 57.0% • Federal Appropriations 9.1% • County Appropriations 2.4% • Federal Grants and Contracts 11.0% • State Grants and Contracts 1.9% • Private Grants and Contracts 10.8% • Sales, Fees and Royalties, etc. 7.8%
Division faculty and facilities are housed on University of Arkansas campuses in Fayetteville, Little Rock, Monticello and Pine Bluff and at Arkansas State University in Jonesboro. They are also based at the following locations.
Research and Extension Centers with resident faculty and facilities for lab and field research.
• Arkansas Agricultural Research and Extension Center, Fayetteville
• Rice Research and Extension Center, Stuttgart
• Northeast Research and Extension Center, Keiser
• Southeast Research and Extension Center, Monticello
• Southwest Research and Extension Center, Hope
Research Stations and Extension Centers have resident staff to assist faculty from other Division of Agriculture locations with field research and extension projects.
• Fruit Research Station, Clarksville
• Livestock and Forestry Research Station, Batesville
• Lon Mann Cotton Research Station, Marianna
• Lonoke Extension Center
• Newport Extension Center
• Pine Tree Research Station, Colt
• Newport Research Station, Newport
• Rohwer Research Station
• Vegetable Research Station, Alma
Associated Research and Extension Units
• Judd Hill Plantation
• National Agricultural Law Center
• Soil Testing and Research Laboratory
• Leland Tollett Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory
• C.A. Vines Arkansas 4-H Center
Centers of Excellence
• Arkansas Forest Resources Center
• Center of Excellence for Poultry Science
The origins of the Division of Agriculture are found in the 1871 charter of the Arkansas Industrial University, now the University of Arkansas. The university was established at Fayetteville under the Morril Land-Grant Colleges Act of 1862. The original Board of Trustees resolved that:
... the leading object shall be—without excluding other scientific and classical studies and including military tactics, to teach such branches of learning as are related to Agriculture and Mechanical Arts in order to promote the liberal and practical education of the industrial classes in the several pursuits and professions of life...(and)...To prosecute experiments for the promotion of agriculture and horticulture.
The Agricultural Experiment Station, College of Agriculture and Cooperative Extension Service were established in 1888, 1905 and 1914, respectively, in keeping with the three-part Land-Grant mission of the University of Arkansas. The agricultural research and extension programs were statewide in scope from the beginning. Extension headquarters were in Little Rock, and several branch experiment stations were established.
In 1959, the U of A System's Board of Trustees established the Division of Agriculture as a statewide entity of the University System in order to strengthen statewide research and extension programs in response to growth in the economic importance and complexity of the agricultural sector. The organizational structure provides for direct appropriation to the Division of Agriculture by the state Legislature of funds for research and extension administered by the Division of Agriculture as an equal partner to the campuses and other units in the University System.
Strausberg, Stephen. 1989. A Century of Research, Centennial History of the Arkansas Agricultural Experiment Station. Special Report 136. Arkansas Agricultural Experiment Station, Division of Agriculture, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville.
Zellar, Gary, and Nancy Wyatt. 1999. History of the Bumpers College, Evolution of Education in the Agricultural, Food and Life Sciences in Arkansas. Special Report 194. Arkansas Agricultural Experiment Station, Division of Agriculture, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville.