University of Bordeaux
University of Bordeaux (French: L'Université de Bordeaux) is an association of higher education institutions in and around Bordeaux, France. Its current incarnation was established 21 March 2007. The group is the largest system of higher education schools in southwestern France. It is part of the Academy of Bordeaux.
There are seven founding members to the Université and currently one associate member. Each of the eight institution has different areas of study from each other as well. The seven (7) founding members of the group are composed of four universities (which are numbered 1-4) and three technical schools. The four universities are (order number follows name): the University of Bordeaux (#1), Victor Segalen University (#2), Michel de Montaigne University (#3) and Montesquieu University (#4). The three founding technical schools are: Bordeaux Polytechnic Institute (IPB), Bordeaux National School for Agriculture Engineering (ENITAB), and the Bordeaux Political Studies Institute.
The original Université de Bordeaux was established by the papal bull of Pope Eugene IV on 7 June 1441 when Bordeaux was an english town. The initiative for the creation of the university is attributed to Archbishop Pey Berland. It was originally composed of four faculties: arts, medicine, law, and theology. The law faculty later split into faculties of civil law and canon law. A professorship in mathematics was founded in 1591 by Bishop François de Foix, son of Gaston de Foix, Earl of Kendal.
This university was disestablished in 1793, and then was re-founded on 10 July 1896.
Following May 1968, the university was split into three universities: Bordeaux 1, Bordeaux 2, and Bordeaux 3. In 1995, Bordeaux 4 split off from Bordeaux I.
Current institutions 
Université Bordeaux (Bordeaux 1) 
Bordeaux 1's focus is on sciences and technologies. Its motto is "Science and Technologies for the service of Man and the Environment. Among its topics are: biological sciences, chemistry, computer sciences, earth sciences, mathematics, physics, and sea sciences. It is located in the Bordeaux suburb of Talence.
Victor Segalen University (Bordeaux 2) 
Bordeaux 2's focus is on life sciences, health sciences and human sciences. It awards licenses, Masters and Doctors, among other items. License topics include: Anthropology, Applied Math and Social Sciences, Biology, Chemical and Pharmaceutical Industries, Education, Oncology, Psychology, Sociology, Sport and Physical Activities Sciences and Techniques, and Therapy. The school is named after Victor Segalen, and located in central Bordeaux.
Michel de Montaigne University (Bordeaux 3) 
Bordeaux 3 focuses on "letters, languages, arts, and social and humane sciences". Topics are grouped in three main areas: humanities (archeology, art, art history, history, letters (i.e. languages and literature), and philosophy), languages and civilizations (linguistics, Anglophone studies, Germanic studies, Mediterranean/Iberian studies, Eastern and Far East studies), and territories and communication sciences (communications, geography, information sciences, space sciences, tourism, and urban planning). The school is located in the Bordeaux suburb of Pessac.
Montesquieu University (Bordeaux 4) 
Bordeaux Polytechnic Institute (IPB) 
The Institut Polytechnique de Bordeaux (IPB) is composed of four engineering schools: ENSC (cognitive), ENSCPB (chemical, physical and biological), ENSEIRB-MATMECA (computer, electronic, mathematical, mechanical, and telecommunication), and ENSTBB (biomolecular technologies). Like Bordeaux 1, it is located in Talence.
ENITA de Bordeaux 
The Bordeaux National School for Agriculture Engineering, Ecole Nationale d'Ingénieurs des Travaux Agricoles de Bordeaux (ENITAB), is an education and research arm of the French Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Fisheries. It is located in the Bordeaux suburb of Gradignan.
Sciences Po Bordeaux 
See also 
(French) fr:Université de Bordeaux–entry on French Wikipedia.
- (French) Université de Bordeaux website: www.univ-bordeaux.fr; retrieved 2010-12-07.
- (French) Formation page of the Université de Bordeaux website; retrieved 2010-12-07.
- (French) Website of Bordeaux 1; retrieved 2010-12-07.
- (French) Website of Bordeaux 2; retrieved 2010-12-07
- (French) Website of Bordeaux 3; retrieved 2010-12-08.
- (French) Website of Bordeaux 4; retrieved 2010-12-08.
- (French) Website of IPB; retrieved 2010-12-08.
- (French) Website of ENITA de Bordeaux; retrieved 2010-12-08.
- (French) Website of Sciences Po Bordeaux; retrieved 2010-12-08.