Federal University of Rio de Janeiro
|Federal University of Rio de Janeiro - UFRJ|
|Motto||A Universidade do Brasil|
|Motto in English||The University of Brazil|
|Established||September 7, 1920  (Medical School dates from 1808 - the second oldest medical school in Brazil) (Military and Engineering School dates from 1792)|
|Type||Public university system, Federal|
|Endowment||R$ 2 442 788 438,00 (Treasure Union in 2012)|
|Chancellor||Carlos Antônio Levi da Conceição|
|Vice-Chancellor||Antônio José Ledo Alves da Cunha|
|Admin. staff||9 264 (2011)|
|Students||55 887 (2011)|
|Location||Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil|
|Campus||3 campuses: (Ilha do Fundão, Praia Vermelha and IFCS; 2 independent buildings (Law and Music)|
The Federal University of Rio de Janeiro  or University of Brazil  (Portuguese: Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, UFRJ or Universidade do Brasil) is a public university in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. UFRJ is the largest federal university in country  and is one of the Brazilian centers of excellence in teaching and research. In terms of scientific, artistic and cultural productions it is recognized nationally and internationally due to the great teachers, researchers, reviews and assessments made by international agencies. In 2013 QS World University Rankings ranked UFRJ as the best Brazilian federal university, as well as the third best university in the country occupying the eighth position among institutions of Latin America. In 2013 the Ranking Universitário Folha (RUF) ranked UFRJ as the 2nd best university in Brazil and the best Federal University of the country.
UFRJ is one of the main culprits in the formation of the Brazilian intellectual elite, contributing significantly to build not only the history of Rio de Janeiro but also of Brazil. Some of its former students include renowned economists Carlos Lessa and Mario Henrique Simonsen; Minister Marco Aurélio Mello; the architect Oscar Niemeyer; the educator Anísio Teixeira; the engineer Benjamin Constant Botelho; writers Clarice Lispector, Jorge Amado and Vinicius de Moraes; politicians Francisco Pereira Passos, Osvaldo Aranha and Pedro Calmon, besides the great physicians Carlos Chagas, Oswaldo Cruz and Vital Brazil.
- 1 History
- 2 Undergraduate courses (Graduação)
- 3 Institutions
- 4 See also
- 5 References
- 6 External links
It was founded on September 7, 1920, by President Epitácio Pessoa, upon gathering a number of independent public institutions of higher education in the city. By then, Rio was the Brazilian capital and the federal government sought to stimulate scientific production in the nation's booming economy. Some of the colleges and schools which form UFRJ date back to the United Kingdom of Portugal and Brazil and to the Brazilian Empire, such as the Escola Politécnica (Polytechnic School - founded in 1792), Faculdade Nacional de Direito (National Law School - founded in 1882 and reestablished in 1891), Escola Nacional de Belas Artes (National School of Fine Arts) and the Faculdade de Medicina (Medicine School).
The university was named Universidade do Rio de Janeiro. It was later renamed Universidade do Brasil, on July 5, 1937. On December 17, 1945, the university achieved the status of full autonomy under the Brazilian Ministry of Education. In 1965 it was renamed as Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, according to the federal university system devised by the military government of Humberto de Alencar Castelo Branco. In 2000, the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro requested to retain its former title of Universidade do Brasil, on the grounds of the imposition of the current name by the military dictatorship during the 1960s. The request was granted and today the university may be called either name.
On the occasion of its foundation in 1920, the University was formed by joining three independent higher learning schools:
- Faculdade de Medicina (College of Medicine, the former Academia de Medicina e Cirurgia, which was created in 1808 by a decree of King D. João VI)
- Escola Politécnica (Polytechnic School, considered the oldest engineering school in America )
- Faculdade Nacional de Direito (National College of Law)
Other units were incorporated, such as the Escola Nacional de Belas Artes (National School of Fine Arts) and the Faculdade Nacional de Filosofia (National Faculty of Philosophy).
A beautiful set of buildings of neoclassical design - originally constructed to be a sanatorium - was used for the new university, located at Avenida Pasteur, in the Urca district of the city, near the Praia Vermelha. During the 20th century, due to the university's expansion, an entire set of islands (nowadays merged as one sole island - the Fundão Island) on Guanabara Bay was set apart for the construction of buildings which today host the university's administration and several of its colleges and research centers. Fundão is nowadays its main campus and many Brazilians refer to UFRJ simply as "Fundão".
UFRJ is ranked as one of the best universities in Brazil.
Undergraduate courses (Graduação)
Center of Health Sciences
- Medical Physics
- Microbiology & Immunology
- Nursing & Obstetrics
- Occupational Therapy
- Physical Education
- Physical Therapy
- Public Health
Center of Technology
- Bioprocedural Engineering
- Chemical Engineering
- Civil Engineering
- Computer & Information Engineering
- Eletronic & Computer Engineering
- Control Engineering
- Electrical Engineering
- Environmental Engineering
- Food Engineering
- Materials Engineering
- Mechanical Engineering
- Metallurgical Engineering
- Naval Architecture
- Nuclear Engineering
- Petroleum Engineering
- Production Engineering
Center of Natural & Mathematical Sciences
- Applied Mathematics
- Chemistry with Technological Attributions
- Computer Science
- Industrial Chemistry
- Mathematical Geoscience
Center of Legal & Economical Sciences
- Actuarial Science
- Library Science and Management of Information Units
- Public Administration
- Urban and Regional Planning Research Institute (Instituto de Pesquisa e Planejamento Urbano e Regional - IPPUR)
Center of Philosophy & Humanities
- Communication Studies
- Defense & International Strategy
- International Relations
- Social Sciences
- Social Work
Center of Languages & Arts
- Architecture & Urbanism
- Art Conservation & Restoration
- Art Education
- Art History
- Dance Theory
- Interior Design
- Landscape Architecture
- Language & Literature Studies (Arabic, English, French, German, Greek, Hebrew, Italian, Japanese, Latin, Portuguese, Russian or Spanish)
- Performing Arts
- Visual Communication
- Law School
- Museu Nacional (National Museum)
- Casa da Ciência (House of Science)
- CAp UFRJ (Laboratory School)
- "Transparência Pública: Execução Orçamentária - Consulta por Programa de Governo". Retrieved 11 de maio de 2012.
- "Lista das maiores universidades brasileiras em número de matrículas". Retrieved 9 de janeiro de 2012.
- "Brasil: mesmo sem ocupar topo, universidades se destacam em 2011". Retrieved 4 de março de 2012.
- "QS Latin University Rankings". Retrieved 28 de maio de 2013.
- "Pela 3ª vez, USP lidera ranking das melhores universidades da América Latina". Retrieved 28 de maio de 2013.
- "USP lidera pelo 3º ano o ranking das universidades 'top' da América Latina". Retrieved 28 de maio de 2013.
- "UFRJ é considerada a 2ª melhor universidade do Brasil, segundo o Ranking Universitário Folha (RUF)". Retrieved 15 de setembro de 2013.
- UFRJ Official website (Portuguese)