University of Bucharest
|University of Bucharest|
|Motto||Virtute et sapientia (Latin: "By virtue and wisdom")|
The University of Bucharest (Romanian: Universitatea din București), in Romania, is a university founded in 1864 by decree of Prince Alexandru Ioan Cuza to convert the former Saint Sava Academy into the current University of Bucharest. It is the second oldest modern university in Romania.
In 1694 Constantin Brâncoveanu, ruler of Wallachia, had founded the Princely Academy of Saint Sava in Bucharest with lectures delivered in Greek. In 1776, Alexander Ypsilantis, ruler of Wallachia, reformed the curriculum of the Saint Sava Academy, where courses of French, Italian and Latin were now taught. In 1859, the Faculty of Law was created. In 1857, Carol Davila created the National School of Medicine and Pharmacy. In 1857, the foundation stone of the University Palace in Bucharest was laid.
On July 4/16 1864 Prince Alexander John Cuza created the University of Bucharest, bringing together the Faculties of Law, Sciences and Letters as one single body. In the following years, new faculties were created: 1884 – the Faculty of Theology; 1906 – the Institute of Geology; 1913 – the Academic Institute for Electrotechnology; 1921 – the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine; 1923 – the Faculty of Pharmacy, 1924 – the Mina Minovici Institute of Forensic Medicine.
In 1956, student leaders, mainly from this university, planned a peaceful protest against Romania's Communist regime but were forcibly prevented from carrying it out. (See Bucharest student movement of 1956)
For a while (1950s-early 1960s?), it was called the "C. I. Parhon University", after C. I. Parhon.
The area around the old University building (the University Square), adjacent to the C. A. Rosetti, Roman, Kogălniceanu, and Union Squares was the scene of many riots, protests and clashes with the security forces during the Romanian Revolution of 1989. During the months of April–June 1990, the University of Bucharest was the centre of anti-communist protests.
Studies and Research
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As of 2013, the University has 18 departments (faculties), covering fields such as natural sciences, humanities, social sciences, and theology:
- Faculty of Mathematics and Computer Science
- Faculty of Physics
- Faculty of Chemistry
- Faculty of Biology
- Faculty of Law
- Faculty of Geography
- Faculty of Philosophy
- Faculty of Geology and Geophysics
- Faculty of Journalism and Communication Studies
- Faculty of Foreign Languages and Literatures
- Faculty of Political Science
- Faculty of Letters
- Faculty of Sociology and Social Work
- Faculty of History
- Faculty of Psychology And Educational Studies
- Faculty of Baptist Theology
- Faculty of Orthodox Theology
- Faculty of Roman Catholic Theology and Social Work
The University also has a publishing house, different research institutes and research groups (such as the Institute for Political Research, the Institute for Mathematics, the Center for Byzantine Studies, the Vasile Pârvan Archeology Seminary, the Center for Nuclear Research, etc.), master and doctorate programmes, and a number of lifelong learning facilities and programmes. It has partnership agreements with over 50 universities in 40 countries, and participates in European programmes such as ERASMUS, Lingua, Naric, Leonardo da Vinci, UNICA, AMOS, TEMPUS, TEMPRA. It is an accredited Cisco Academy, has Microsoft curriculum, and is accredited by Red Hat for its academic programme.
The University of Bucharest has been awarded the 2000 National Academic Excellence Diploma, and the 2004 National Academic Excellence Medal. All of the degrees and diplomas awarded by the university are internationally recognised.
The University of Bucharest has a number of buildings throughout Bucharest, so in that respect it does not have a single campus. Its two main buildings are:
- The Old Building, in the University Square (practically right in the center of the city), housing the Faculties of Mathematics and Computer Science, History, Chemistry, Geography, Letters and the Department of Romance Languages and Literatures.
- The Kogălniceanu Building, near the Opera House, housing the Administrative section and the Faculty of Law.
Other faculties have their own buildings and research facilities, scattered throughout the city, such as:
- The Departments of Germanic, Slavic and Oriental Languages and Literatures, on Pitar Moş Street.
- The Faculty of Physics, in the small town of Măgurele, situated 16 km (9.9 mi) south of Bucharest.
- The Faculty of Political Science, on Sfântu Ştefan Street.
- The Faculty of Orthodox Theology, in the Unirii Square
The University prints a yearly guide for freshmen.
Notable faculty and alumni
- Culture and Discovery
- Scimago Institutions Rankings
- "University of Bucharest". topuniversities.com. 7 December 2012.
- "Cele mai bune universităţi din lume. Patru universităţi româneşti sunt printre primele 700" (in Romanian). Adevarul. 11 September 2012.
- Found guilty by the Commission of Ethics of this university of plagiarizing his PhD thesis in law, see Quirin Schiermeier Conflicting verdicts on Romanian prime minister's plagiarism. Victor Ponta cleared of misconduct by government ethics board, but charges reaffirmed by university. Nature, 20 July 2012.
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- (English) Official site