University of Canterbury

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This page discusses the New Zealand university. For universities in Canterbury, England, see the University of Kent and Canterbury Christ Church University. For a similarly named institution, see Canterbury University (Seychelles).
University of Canterbury
Te Whare Wānanga o Waitaha
University of Canterbury Coat of Arms.png
Coat of Arms of the University of Canterbury
Motto Ergo tua rura manebunt
Motto in English Therefore will your fields remain [yours]
Established 1873 (1873)
Type Public
Chancellor John Wood
Vice-Chancellor Rod Carr
Academic staff 735 (as of 2011)[1]
Students 15,800 (as of 2012)[2]
Undergraduates 12,390 (as of 2012)[2]
Postgraduates 3,410 (as of 2012)[2]
Location Christchurch, New Zealand
43°31′24″S 172°34′55″E / 43.523333°S 172.581944°E / -43.523333; 172.581944Coordinates: 43°31′24″S 172°34′55″E / 43.523333°S 172.581944°E / -43.523333; 172.581944
Campus Urban
Website www.canterbury.ac.nz
University of Canterbury logo

The University of Canterbury (Māori: Te Whare Wānanga o Waitaha; postnominal abbreviation Cantuar. or Cant. for Cantuariensis, the Latin name for Canterbury) had three founding Professors: Charles Cook, Mathematics, St John's College, Cambridge; Alexander Bickerton, Chemistry and Physics, School of Mining, London; and John Macmillan Brown, Balliol College, Oxford. Founded in 1873, it is New Zealand's second-oldest university. It operates its main campus in the suburb of Ilam in the city of Christchurch, New Zealand. It offers degrees in Arts, Commerce, Education (physical education), Engineering, Fine Arts, Forestry, Health Sciences, Law, Music, Social Work, Speech and Language Pathology, Science, Sports Coaching and Teaching.

History[edit]

Former University of Canterbury campus in the city centre, today the Christchurch Arts Centre

The University originated in 1873 in the centre of Christchurch as Canterbury College, the first constituent college of the University of New Zealand. It became the second institution in New Zealand providing tertiary-level education (following the University of Otago, established in 1869), and the fourth in Australasia.

The Canterbury Museum and Library and Christ's College, dissatisfied with the state of higher education in Canterbury, had both worked towards setting up Canterbury College.[3] In 1933, the name changed from Canterbury College to Canterbury University College. In 1957 the name changed again to the present University of Canterbury.

Until 1961, the University formed part of the University of New Zealand (UNZ), and issued degrees in its name. That year saw the dissolution of the federal system of tertiary education in New Zealand, and the University of Canterbury became an independent University awarding its own degrees. Upon the UNZ's demise, Canterbury Agricultural College became a constituent college of the University of Canterbury, as Lincoln College.[4] Lincoln College became independent in 1990 as a full university in its own right.

Over the period from 1961 to 1974, the university campus relocated from the centre of the city to its much larger current site in the suburb of Ilam. The neo-gothic buildings of the old campus became the site of the Christchurch Arts Centre, a hub for arts, crafts and entertainment in Christchurch.

In 2004, the University underwent restructuring into four Colleges and a School of Law, administering a number of schools and departments (though a number of departments have involvement in cross-teaching in numerous academic faculties). For many years the university worked closely with the Christchurch College of Education, leading to a full merger in 2007, establishing a fifth College.[5]

2010/11 earthquakes[edit]

The James Hight building suffered extensive damage during the 2010 Canterbury earthquake.

Following a magnitude 6.3 earthquake on 22 February 2011, the university was temporarily closed to allow a full safety inspection of all its buildings.[6] A progressive restart of the University began on 14 March with lectures delivered online, off-site, and in tents set up on campus.[7] In September 2011, plans were announced to demolish some University buildings.[8] In the months following the earthquake, the University lost 25 per cent of its first-year students and 8 per cent of continuing students. The number of international students, who pay much higher fees and are a major source of revenue, dropped by 30 per cent.[9][10] By 2013, the University had lost 22 per cent of its students, leading a former student, visiting the University, to describe the campus as a "ghost town". She commented, "The February 2011 earthquake not only rocked the foundations of many of the campus's buildings, it also knocked the confidence of many of the University's students".[11] However, a record number of 886 PhD students are enrolled at the University of Canterbury as of 2013.[12]

Other New Zealand universities, apparently defying an informal agreement, launched billboard and print advertising campaigns in the earthquake-ravaged city to recruit University of Canterbury students who are finding it difficult to study there.[13] In October 2011, staff were encouraged to take voluntary redundancies as the university scrambled to survive through a financial crisis.[14] The Vice-Chancellor Dr Carr warned "There was 'no doubt' staff who were teaching a smaller number of students, researchers whose outputs were smaller and researchers who were not attracting grants would be at high risk of redundancy".[15] He described possible changes in university courses by stating "What we don't know, and we won't know, is where there are rationalisations of courses within programmes – where we may be able to, instead of having twelve flavours, have eight flavours. We may require staff to teach four courses instead of three courses. But the impact on the actual programmes we offer will be quite modest."[16]

Governance[edit]

The university was first governed by a board of governors (1873–1933), then by a college council (1933–1957), and since 1957 by a university council.[17] The council is chaired by a chancellor.[18] The Council includes representatives from the faculties, students and general staff, as well as local industry, employer and trade union representatives.[19]

The original composition of the board of governors was defined in the Canterbury College Ordinance 1873,[20] which was passed by the Canterbury Provincial Council and named 23 members who might serve for life. Initially, the board was given power to fill their own vacancies, and this power transferred to graduates once their number exceeded 30.[21] At the time, there were discussions about the abolition of provincial government (which did happen in 1876), and the governance structure was set up to give board members "prestige, power and permanence", and "provincial authority and its membership and resources were safely perpetuated, beyond the reach of grasping hands in Wellington."[22]

Original members of the Board of Governors were:[23] Charles Bowen, Rev James Buller,[24][25][26] William Patten Cowlishaw,[27] John Davies Enys,[28] Charles Fraser, George Gould Sr,[29] Henry Barnes Gresson,[30] William Habens, John Hall, Henry Harper, John Inglis,[31] Walter Kennaway,[32] Arthur C. Knight,[33] Thomas William Maude,[34] William Montgomery, Thomas Potts, William Rolleston, John Studholme, Henry Tancred, James Somerville Turnbull,[35] Henry Richard Webb, Joshua Williams, and Rev William Wellington Willock.[36]

Professor Roy Sharp assumed the position of Vice-Chancellor on 1 March 2003.[37] In May 2008 he announced his imminent resignation from the position, following his acceptance of the chief executive position at the Tertiary Education Commission (TEC)<[38][39] which he took up on 4 August 2008.[40] The then current Deputy Vice-Chancellor, Professor Ian Town, assumed the role of acting Vice-Chancellor on 1 July 2008. On 15 October 2008 the University announced that Dr Rod Carr would begin a five-year appointment as Vice-Chancellor on 1 February 2009.[41]

Council member and former Pro-Chancellor, Rex Williams, became Chancellor in 2009.[42] Council member Dr John Wood became the new Pro-Chancellor. On 1 January 2012, Dr Wood became Chancellor after Williams retired from the role.[42]

Chairmen of the Board of Governors[edit]

Chairmen of the Board of Governors were:[23]

Chairmen of the College Council[edit]

Chairmen of the College Council were:[23]

  • Christopher Thomas Aschman (1933–1938)
  • Arthur Edward Flower[48] (1938–1944)
  • John Henry Erle Schroder[49] (1944–1946)
  • Walter Cuthbert Colee (1946–1948)
  • Joseph George Davidson Ward[50] (1946–1951)
  • William John Cartwright (1951–1954)
  • Donald William Bain (1954–1957)

Chancellors[edit]

Terry McCombs in 1936

The current Chancellor is John Wood. Previous Chancellors were:

Campus[edit]

The James Hight building at the University of Canterbury

The University has a main campus of 76 hectares (190 acres) at Ilam, a suburb of Christchurch about 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) from the centre of the city. Adjacent to the main campus stands the University's College of Education, with its own sports-fields and grounds. The University maintains four libraries, with the Central Library (Māori: Te Puna Mātauraka o Waitaha) housed in the tallest building on campus, the 11-storey James Hight building.

The University's College of Education maintains additional small campuses in Nelson, Tauranga and Timaru, and "teaching centres" in Greymouth, New Plymouth, Rotorua and Timaru. The University has staff in regional information offices in Nelson, Timaru, and Auckland.

Canterbury University has six halls of residence housing around 1800 students.[54] The largest of these are Ilam Apartments and University Hall with 850 residents and 550 residents, respectively. Three of these halls (Ilam Apartments, University Hall and Sonoda Christchurch Campus) are managed by UC Accommodation, a subsidiary of Campus Living Villages, while the university maintains ownership of the property and buildings. Sonoda Christchurch Campus has a close relationship with Sonoda Women's University in Amagasaki, Japan. Bishop Julius, College House and Rochester and Rutherford are run independently.

The six halls of residence are:

  • Bishop Julius Hall – 110 residents[55]
  • Ilam Apartments – 850 residents[55]
  • College House – 150 residents[55]
  • Rochester and Rutherford Hall – 175 Residents[55]
  • Sonoda Christchurch Campus – 150 residents[55]
  • University Hall – 550 residents[55]
The Science Lecture Theatre complex with the top of the Rutherford building in the background
View of campus buildings from the Central Library

The Field Facilities Centre[56] administers four field-stations:

  • Cass Field Station[57] – Provides a wide range of environments: montane grasslands, scrub, riverbed, scree, beech forest, swamp, bog, lake, stream and alpine habitats; all accessible by day-trips on foot
  • Kaikoura Field Station[58] – Provides a wide range of environments: diverse marine habitats, alpine habitats, kanuka forests, rivers, lakes
  • Harihari Field Station[59] – Access to native forests, streams
  • Westport Field Station[60] – for study of the West Coast of New Zealand, particularly mining

The University and its project-partners also operate an additional field-station in the Nigerian Montane Forests Project[61] – this field station stands on the Ngel Nyaki forest edge in Nigeria.

The Department of Physics and Astronomy runs its own field laboratories:

The Department of Physics and Astronomy also has involvement in the Southern African Large Telescope[66] and is a member of the IceCube collaboration which is installing a neutrino telescope at the South Pole.[67][68]

Libraries[edit]

There are four[69] libraries on campus each covering different subject areas.

  • Central Library (Māori: Te Puna Mātauraka o Waitaha)[69] – is housed in the James Hight Building, named after former Canterbury professor James Hight.[70] The Central Library has collections that support research and teaching in Humanities, Social Sciences, Law, Commerce, Music, Fine Arts and Antarctic Studies.[69]
  • Education Library (Māori: Te Puna Ako)[69] – is located on the Dovedale Campus[69] to the West of the main Ilam Campus where the other three libraries are located. The library hosts collections that support research and teaching in Education.[69] The building that houses the library is name after Henry Edward Field, who was a prominent educationalist and university professor.[71]
  • EPS Library (Engineering and Physical Sciences Library, Māori: Kā Puna Pūkahataka me te Pūtaiao)[69] – Supports research and teaching in Engineering, Forestry and Sciences.[69]
  • Macmillan Brown Library (Māori: Te Puna Rakahau o Macmillan Brown)[69] – is a research library, archive, and art gallery that specializes in collecting items related to New Zealand and Pacific Islands history.[72][73] It holds over 100,000 published items including books, audio-visual recordings, and various manuscripts, photographs, works of art, architectural drawings and ephemera. The Macmillan Brown Library's art collection also has 3,000 works, making it one of the largest collections in the Canterbury Region.[74] The library is named after John Macmillan Brown, a prominent Canterbury academic who helped found the library.[72][73]

Rankings[edit]

In 2011 QS World University Rankings ranked the University of Canterbury 212th overall in the world, and the third highest ranked university in New Zealand.[75] Its individual global subject rankings were: 226th in Arts & Humanities, 128th in Engineering & IT, 207th in Natural Sciences, and 243rd in Social Sciences.[76]

The University is also the first university in New Zealand to have been granted five stars by QS Stars,[77][78] but universities that wish to participate in QS Stars pay an audit fee along with an annual charge,[79] and the programme is described as giving "... those institutions that are not highly ranked or do not appear in the rankings an opportunity to reach out to their prospect students, to stand out and to be recognised for their excellence."[80]

League tables[edit]

World
2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005
QS World University Rankings 221st[81] 212nd[82] 189th[83] 188th[84] 186th[84] 188th[85] 333rd[86] 333rd[87]
Times Higher Education World University Rankings 301–350th[88] 301–350th[89] N/A

Student association and traditions[edit]

The University of Canterbury Students' Association (UCSA)[90] operates on campus with its own radio station (RDU) and magazine (Canta). The Association also runs two bars and several cafes around campus.[91] The popular on-campus bar, "The Foundry", known as "The Common Room" from 2005, has reverted to its former name as promised by 2008 USCA president, Michael Goldstein. Prior to earthquakes in 2010 and 2011, the UCSA also ran the now damaged 430-seat Ngaio Marsh Theatre.[92][93]

The University has over 100 academic, sporting, recreational and cultural societies and clubs.[94] The most prominent of these include the University of Canterbury Engineering Society (ENSOC), the Law Society (LAWSOC), the Commerce Society (UCom), as well as the largest non-faculty clubs such as Motosoc (Motorsports Society), BYCSOC (Backyard Cricket Society), CUBA (Canterbury University Boardriders' Association), CurrySoc, JSoc, The Gentlemen's Club, and KAOS (Killing As Organised Sport). The University of Canterbury Drama Society (Dramasoc) achieved fame for its 1942–1969 Shakespeare productions under Dame Ngaio Marsh, but regularly performs as an active student- and alumni-run arts fixture in the small Christchurch theatre-scene. The Musical Society, MuSoc,[95] engages in comparable activities.

One major student tradition, the Undie 500, involved an annual car-rally from Christchurch to Dunedin run by ENSOC. The rules required only the use of a road-legal car costing under $500 with a sober driver. The 2007 event gained international news coverage (including on CNN and BBC World) when it ended in rioting in the student quarter of Dunedin and in North East Valley. ENSOC cancelled the planned 2008 event. The Undie 500 was replaced by the Roundie 500 in 2011. This event has the same principles but follows a route through rural Canterbury, returning to Christchurch the same day.[96]

Coat of arms[edit]

Academic procession at the University of Canterbury graduation ceremony 2004

With the dissolution of the University of New Zealand, the newly independent University of Canterbury devised its own coat of arms, blazoned:

"murrey a fleece argent, in base a plough or, and on a chief wavy or an open book proper bound murrey, edged and clasped or between a pall azure charged with four crosses formy fitchy or and a cross flory azure."

What it means. The colour of the shield is the first thing stated. "Murrey" is maroon. This is a colour seldom seen in Heraldry. Next the objects on the shield and their colour are described. "A fleece" is usually depicted as a whole sheep with a band around its middle and "argent" means silver (or white as it is usually depicted.) "In Base" means at the bottom of the shield, and the object is a hand plough. "Or" means gold so the plough is coloured gold.

A "chief" is a broad stripe across the top of the shield and "wavy" means the line at the base of the chief is like a sine wave. "Or" again means gold so the chief is coloured gold. Then the objects on the chief are described. "An open book" is self-explanatory. "Proper" means the object is depicted in its natural colour(s) and as books normally have white pages this is how it looks. The book is "bound murrey" which means the covers are in maroon. However the edges of the pages are in gold ("edged or".) The book also has clasps ("clasped") in maroon. A clasp allows the book to be more securely bound after it has been closed. The "between" indicates that the book is between two other objects; in this case a "pall" which is the Y shaped object. "Azure" means blue. "Charged" means that the following objects are placed on the pall. The "four crosses" are Christian crosses but "formy" means the arms of the cross flare at the ends and fitchy” means that the lower arm has a pointed end. Again "or" means these crosses are gold. The pall is a link between Canterbury, New Zealand, and Canterbury, England as it (and the crosses) appear on the arms of the Archbishop of Canterbury. The other object is another type of cross this time all arms are of equal length and the "flory" means the shaped part at the end of each arm is a fleur-de-lys. "Azure" again means blue, so this cross is blue.

This replaced the arms formerly used by Canterbury College – an unofficial, simplified version of the Canterbury Province coat of arms.

The fleece symbolises the pastoral, and the plough at the base the agricultural background of the province of Canterbury. The Bishop's Pall and the cross flory represent Canterbury's ecclesiastical connections, and the open book denotes scholarship.

As it relates to an institution of learning, the University's coat of arms does not have a helmet, crest or mantling on its bearings.

A more detailed history of the arms, including their formal heraldic description, appears on the University website.

Awards[edit]

The University was awarded the 2006 Cycle Friendly Award for the best cycle-friendly commitment by a public organisation in New Zealand.[97]

Personnel[edit]

In September 2011, the University had a total of 18,178 students, 16,862 domestic students and 1,324 international students (students apart from New Zealand citizens or residents). Undergraduate students make up 85% of the total student numbers with 15% being postgraduate students. The University employed 589 full-time equivalent academic staff and 979 full-time equivalent general staff.[98] Of the academic staff, 14.8% are professors, 15.2% are associate professors, 41.7% are senior lecturers, 20.3% are lecturers, and 0.6% are assistant lecturers.

However as of September 2012, the University had only 15,608 students, 14,087 domestic students and 1,521 international students.[99] This decrease in student enrolments, attributable to the Christchurch earthquakes, resulted in the University announced in September 2011 that it might need to dismiss 350 or more of its staff.[100] The University had eliminated over 100 jobs prior to the earthquakes,[101] losing some prominent scholars. The suggestion has been made that staff eliminations are sometimes based on academic ideology rather than merit.[102] Resignations have occurred by staff who complained about restrictions on academic freedom.[103][104]

The University, in common with some other New Zealand universities, tends to take a litigious approach to managing its staff and, despite increasing its number of human-resources managers, routinely engages lawyers and employment advocates to handle even minor matters.[105] The University's 2006 financial reports list $836,000 as having been paid out as compensation for employment-relationship problems, more than any other New Zealand university.[105] Unlike five other New Zealand universities, the University refused to release to the Association of University Staff records on how much it spends on external lawyers, advocates and consultants for advice and representation.[105]

Notable staff[edit]

Notable alumni[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ University of Canterbury – 2011 at a Glance
  2. ^ a b c University of Canterbury – UC Facts
  3. ^ [1][dead link]
  4. ^ [2][dead link]
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  6. ^ http://www.canterbury.ac.nz/restart/announcements/VCmessage_25feb.shtml.  Missing or empty |title= (help)[dead link]
  7. ^ http://www.canterbury.ac.nz/restart/announcements/VCmessage_14mar.shtml.  Missing or empty |title= (help)[dead link]
  8. ^ Law, Tina (28 September 2011). "Two uni buildings for demolition". The Press. Retrieved 26 November 2011. 
  9. ^ "New Zealand universities cut staff and courses". 
  10. ^ Law, Tina (4 October 2011). "Canterbury Uni invites staff to resign". The Press. Retrieved 26 November 2011. 
  11. ^ Turner, Anna (11 May 2013). "Canterbury University a 'ghost-town'". The Press. Retrieved 6 October 2013. 
  12. ^ Brook, Kip (13 May 2013). "Record number of PhD students enrolled at UC". University of Canterbury. Retrieved 6 October 2013. 
  13. ^ "NZ unis warned not to poach from Chch". Television New Zealand. NZN. 16 September 2011. Retrieved 26 November 2011. 
  14. ^ "Canterbury crumbles as enrolments decline". The Australian. AAP. 4 October 2011. Retrieved 26 November 2011. 
  15. ^ Kissell, Helen (13 October 2011). "Canterbury redundancies would be irresponsible and disloyal". Tertiary Education Union. Retrieved 6 October 2013. 
  16. ^ Grey, Sandra (6 October 2011). "Staff say they will defend UC for Cantabrians". Tertiary Education Union. Retrieved 6 October 2013. 
  17. ^ a b c d e Gardner et al 1973, p. 451.
  18. ^ "The University Council – Overview". University of Canterbury. Retrieved 7 October 2013. 
  19. ^ "University of Canterbury Charter 2003–2010" (PDF). 24 December 2003. p. 14. Retrieved 7 October 2013. 
  20. ^ "The Canterbury College Ordinance, 1873". Wellington: Victoria University of Wellington Library. Retrieved 6 October 2013. 
  21. ^ Gardner et al 1973, pp. 38–39.
  22. ^ Gardner et al 1973, p. 39.
  23. ^ a b c Gardner et al 1973, p. 452.
  24. ^ Scholefield 1940a, p. 118.
  25. ^ "Obituary". The Press XL (5998). 3 December 1884. p. 3. Retrieved 6 October 2013. 
  26. ^ Cyclopedia Company Limited (1902). "The Rev. James Buller". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Canterbury Provincial District. Christchurch: The Cyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 6 October 2013. 
  27. ^ Scholefield 1940a, p. 179.
  28. ^ Scholefield 1940a, pp. 231f.
  29. ^ Scholefield 1940a, pp. 311f.
  30. ^ Scholefield 1940a, pp. 322f.
  31. ^ Scholefield 1940a, p. 426.
  32. ^ Scholefield 1940a, p. 459.
  33. ^ "Mr A. C. Knight". The Press LXII (12377). 16 December 1905. p. 12. Retrieved 6 October 2013. 
  34. ^ Scholefield 1940b, pp. 74f.
  35. ^ Scholefield 1940b, p. 404.
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  37. ^ "University News – Communications and Development – University of Canterbury". Comsdev.canterbury.ac.nz. 11 February 2003. Retrieved 10 September 2010. 
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  39. ^ Colman, Jeanette, ed. (9 May 2008). "Sharp named new chief executive of Tertiary Education Commission". Chronicle 43 (7): 1. Retrieved 6 October 2013. 
  40. ^ "TEC appoints new Chief Executive" (Press release). Tertiary Education Commission. 2 May 2008. Archived from the original on 13 February 2009. Retrieved 6 October 2013. 
  41. ^ "University News – Communications and Development – University of Canterbury – New Zealand". Comsdev.canterbury.ac.nz. 15 October 2008. Retrieved 10 September 2010. 
  42. ^ a b c d "University of Canterbury announces new Chancellor" (Press release). University of Canterbury. 2 December 2011. Retrieved 7 October 2013. 
  43. ^ "The Late Hon. H. B. Gresson". The Press. LVIII (10882). 5 February 1901. p. 6. Retrieved 7 October 2013. 
  44. ^ Scholefield 1940b, pp. 47f.
  45. ^ Cyclopedia Company Limited (1903). "Primary Schools". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Canterbury Provincial District. Christchurch: The Cyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 7 October 2013. 
  46. ^ "Obituary". The Evening Post. CXXXIV (143). 14 December 1942. p. 3. Retrieved 7 October 2013. 
  47. ^ Gardner et al 1973, p. 178.
  48. ^ Gardner et al 1973, p. 192.
  49. ^ Gardner et al 1973, p. 183.
  50. ^ Gardner et al 1973, p. 279.
  51. ^ a b c d e f g "Chronology". University of Canterbury. Retrieved 11 October 2013. 
  52. ^ Falconer, Phoebe (26 May 2007). "Obituary: Dame Jean Herbison". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 28 January 2013. 
  53. ^ "About the Commissioners". Canterbury Regional Council. 7 May 2010. Retrieved 7 October 2013. 
  54. ^ Halls of Residence options – Accommodation – University of Canterbury – New Zealand. Canterbury.ac.nz. Retrieved on 17 August 2013.
  55. ^ a b c d e f "UC Accommodation". Canterburyuv.co.nz. Retrieved 10 September 2010. 
  56. ^ "Field Facilities Centre – University of Canterbury – New Zealand". Ffc.canterbury.ac.nz. Retrieved 10 September 2010. 
  57. ^ "Cass Field Station – Field Facilities Centre – University of Canterbury – New Zealand". Ffc.canterbury.ac.nz. Retrieved 10 September 2010. 
  58. ^ "Kaikoura Field Station – Field Facilities Centre – University of Canterbury – New Zealand". Ffc.canterbury.ac.nz. Retrieved 10 September 2010. 
  59. ^ "Harihari Field Station – Field Facilities Centre – University of Canterbury – New Zealand". Ffc.canterbury.ac.nz. Retrieved 10 September 2010. 
  60. ^ "Westport Field Station – Field Facilities Centre – University of Canterbury – New Zealand". Ffc.canterbury.ac.nz. Retrieved 10 September 2010. 
  61. ^ "Nigerian Montane Forest Project – Biological Sciences – University of Canterbury – New Zealand". Biol.canterbury.ac.nz. Retrieved 10 September 2010. 
  62. ^ Mt John – Physics and Astronomy – University of Canterbury – New Zealand. Phys.canterbury.ac.nz. Retrieved on 17 August 2013.
  63. ^ Birdlings Flat – Physics and Astronomy – University of Canterbury – New Zealand. Phys.canterbury.ac.nz. Retrieved on 17 August 2013.
  64. ^ Atmospheric Physiscs Group Field Stations. .phys.canterbury.ac.nz (22 August 2008). Retrieved on 17 August 2013.
  65. ^ Ring Laser Project Webpage. Ringlaser.org.nz. Retrieved on 17 August 2013.
  66. ^ SALT – Physics and Astronomy – University of Canterbury – New Zealand. Phys.canterbury.ac.nz. Retrieved on 17 August 2013.
  67. ^ Research – Physics and Astronomy – University of Canterbury – New Zealand. Phys.canterbury.ac.nz. Retrieved on 17 August 2013.
  68. ^ IceCube Neutrino Observatory. Icecube.wisc.edu. Retrieved on 17 August 2013.
  69. ^ a b c d e f g h i Library Locations University of Canterbury. Retrieved on 6 April 2014
  70. ^ James Hight Library & Arts Tower University of Canterbury. Retrieved on 6 April 2014
  71. ^ History of the Education Library University of Canterbury. Retrieved on 6 April 2014
  72. ^ a b History of the Macmillan Brown Library University of Canterbury. Retrieved on 6 April 2014
  73. ^ a b Heritage Collections University of Canterbury. Retrieved on 6 April 2014
  74. ^ The Macmillan Brown Library document
  75. ^ "NZ universities sliding down world league", stuff.co.nz
  76. ^ "QS World University Rankings", topuniversities.com
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  78. ^ "Canterbury University gets top marks". The Press. 30 September 2011. Retrieved 26 November 2011. 
  79. ^ QS Stars Ratings System
  80. ^ QS Stars."
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  82. ^ "QS Top Universities 2011". Retrieved 14 September 2011. 
  83. ^ "QS Top Universities 2010". Retrieved 14 September 2010. 
  84. ^ a b All Study Destinations. Top Universities. Retrieved on 17 August 2013.
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  86. ^ "QS World University Rankings 2006". THES. Retrieved 14 September 2010. 
  87. ^ "QS World University Rankings 2005". THES. Retrieved 14 September 2010. 
  88. ^ "University of Canterbury – The Times Higher University Rankings 2012–2013". Retrieved 29 October 2012. 
  89. ^ "Top 400 – The Times Higher University Rankings 2011–2012". Retrieved 5 October 2011. 
  90. ^ "The University of Canterbury Students' Association". UCSA. Retrieved 10 September 2010. 
  91. ^ — University of Canterbury Students' Association. Ucsa.org.nz. Retrieved on 17 August 2013.
  92. ^ – Venues – Venue Info for Ngaio Marsh Theatre. Bethere.co.nz. Retrieved on 17 August 2013.
  93. ^ Ngaio Marsh Theatre, Christchurch City – Stuff Events. Events.stuff.co.nz. Retrieved on 17 August 2013.
  94. ^ Clubs — University of Canterbury Students' Association. Ucsa.org.nz. Retrieved on 17 August 2013.
  95. ^ "Welcome to Musoc!". Musoc.org.nz. Retrieved 10 September 2010. 
  96. ^ University of Canterbury Engineering Society Inc. (ENSOC) – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. En.wikipedia.org. Retrieved on 17 August 2013.
  97. ^ "New Zealand Recreation Association press release". New Zealand Recreation Association. 27 November 2006. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2010. 
  98. ^ "UC Facts (2011)". University of Canterbury. Archived from the original on 30 November 2011. Retrieved 11 March 2012. 
  99. ^ "UC Facts (2012)". University of Canterbury. Retrieved 14 January 2013. 
  100. ^ "Canterbury University plans to axe 350 jobs". The Press. 1 September 2011. Retrieved 26 November 2011. 
  101. ^ New Zealand universities cut staff and courses – World Socialist Web Site. Wsws.org (8 September 2011). Retrieved on 17 August 2013.
  102. ^ Don't sack Canterbury academics.
  103. ^ NEW ZEALAND: Academic freedom. Wais.stanford.edu. Retrieved on 17 August 2013.
  104. ^ Fudge1. Adelaideinstitute.org. Retrieved on 17 August 2013.
  105. ^ a b c AUS Tertiary Update | Scoop News. Scoop.co.nz (11 October 2007). Retrieved on 17 August 2013.

References[edit]

External links[edit]