|Yuriy Fedkovych Chernivtsi National University|
University of Chernivtsi (Main Entrance)
|Established||October 4, 1875|
|Chancellor||Stepan Vasylovych Melnychuk|
The Chernivtsi National University (full name Yuriy Fedkovych Chernivtsi National University Ukrainian: Чернівецький національний університет імені Юрія Федьковича) is the leading Ukrainian institution for higher education in northern Bukovina, in Chernivtsi, a city in southwest Ukraine.
The architectural ensemble of the main campus of the university, the Residence of Bukovinian and Dalmatian Metropolitans is included on the list of UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The University was founded as a Franz-Josefs Universität in 1875 on the basis of the Czernowitz Higher Theological School. Originally, the main language of instruction was German with separate departments for Ukrainian and Romanian language and literature. During the period of Austro-Hungarian rule the university operated three faculties: Orthodox theology, law and philosophy. At the time the majority of the students were Jewish and German Austrians, while Ukrainians and Romanians comprised for about 20%–25% of the student body.
In 1918, after Bukovina became part of the Kingdom of Romania, the university was renamed Universitatea Regele Carol I din Cernăuţi. The current building of the university dates from 1920–22, and was commissioned by the Romanian government. From 1919 to 1940 the university was largely Romanized; the Ukrainian department was abolished, Ukrainian professors were dismissed and instruction was fully switched to Romanian. In 1933, of 3,247 students, there were 2,117 Romanians, 679 Jews, 199 Germans, 155 Ukrainians (decreasing from 239 out of 1671 students in 1920), 57 Poles, 26 Russians and 4 of other nationalities. Ion Nistor, a prominent Romanian historian and one of the most vocal proponents of Greater Romanian nationalism was the university rector for many years.
Upon the 1940 Soviet takeover of northern Bukovina, the territory was attached to the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic and the primary language in the university was switched to Ukrainian. The university, renamed Chernivtsi State University, was significantly expanded and reorganized. Teaching of science was greatly increased and the theological department was dissolved and then reopened in 1996. In 1989 the university was named to honor Yuriy Fedkovych, a prominent Ukrainian writer, a native of Bukovina. In the Soviet years, the number of Romanian students at the university declined sharply. In 1991–92, the last year of Soviet rule, the number of Romanian students was only 4.44% (434 out of 9,769). Among teaching faculty, the breakdown by nationalities is as follows: Ukrainian teachers 465 (77.1%), Russians 102 (16.9%), Moldovans 9 (1.4%), Romanians 7 (1.1%), Belarusians 6 (0.9%), etc.
Since 2000, when the university was awarded National status, it operates under its current name: Yuriy Fedkovych Chernivtsi National University.
By decision of Session of Council of European University Association, held in Brussels on January 15, 2009, Yuri Fedkovich Chernivtsi National University was granted a full individual membership in European University Association (EUA http://www.eua.be/).
Campuses and buildings
Yuriy Fedkovych Chernivtsi National University consists of 17 buildings, with the total amount of 105 units. The total area is 110.8 thousand square meters, including training buildings - 66 square meters.
- Faculty of Biology, Ecology and Biotechnology
- Faculty of Geography
- Faculty of Economics
- Faculty of Engineering
- Faculty of Modern European Languages
- Faculty of History, Political Science and International Relations
- Faculty of Computer Studies
- Faculty of Applied Mathematics
- Faculty of Pedagogics, Psychology and Social Activity
- Faculty of Physics
- Faculty of Philology
- Faculty of Philosophy and Theology
- Faculty of Chemistry
- Faculty of Law
- Faculty of Physical Training and Health
The university library was founded in 1852 as Krayova Library — the first public library in Bukovina. By 2004, its total book stock included 2,554,000 copies and among them 1,215,000 copies of scientific literature, 171,000 of textbooks and manuals, and 648,000 of fiction. The fund of foreign books contains 376,000 works in German, Romanian, English, Latin, Polish, Ancient Greek, French, Hebraic, Yiddish and other languages.
The scientific library includes 11 departments: collection, scientific processing, native fund preservation, foreign fund preservation, rare and valuable books, book borrowing, reading halls, branch, cultural work, information technologies and information-bibliographic.
Notable professors and alumni
- Sydir Vorobkevych (1836-1903), Ukrainian composer and writer.
- Alois Handl (1837-1915), Austrian physicist.
- Anton Wassmuth (1844-1927), Austrian physicist, member of the German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina.
- Anton Marty ( 1847-1914), Swiss philosopher.
- Alexander Georg Supan (1847 - 1920), Austrian geographer.
- Leopold Bernhard Gegenbauer (1849 - 1903), Austrian mathematician.
- Georg Elias Müller (1850 - 1934), German experimental psychologist.
- Friedrich Becke (1855 - 1931), Austrian mineralogist and petrograph.
- Eusebius Mandyczewski, (1857 - 1929), Ukrainian musicologist, composer, conductor, and teacher.
- Raimund Friedrich Kaindl (1866 - 1930), Austrian historian.
- Ivan Franko (1856 - 1916), Ukrainian poet, writer, social and literary critic, journalist, interpreter, economist, political activist.
- Friedrich von Kleinwächter (1838 - 1927), Austrian economist.
- Eugen Ehrlich ( 1862 – 1922), legal scholar, one of the primary founders of the modern field of sociology of law.
- Josef Geitler von Armingen (1870 - 1923), Austrian physicist.
- Victor Conrad (1876-1962), Austrian-American physicist, seismologist and meteorologist, professor of Harvard University.
- Joseph Schumpeter (1883 – 1950), one of the most influential economists of the 20th century, professor of Harvard University.
- Hans Hahn (1879 – 1934), Austrian mathematician, one of the founders of modern functional analysis.
- Josip Plemelj (1873 - 1967), Slovene mathematician.
- Nikolay Bogolyubov (1909-1992), Soviet mathematician and theoretical physicist.
- Arseniy Yatsenyuk, Ukrainian politician, economist and lawyer.
- Leonid Kadeniuk, the first astronaut of Ukraine.
- Lina Kostenko, Ukrainian poet and writer.
- Heinz Fischer, the President of Austria.
- Ray Hnatyshyn, 24th Governor General of Canada.
- Roy Romanow, the 12th Premier of Saskatchewan (1991–2001).
- chnu.edu.ua - Chernivtsi University official site
- Chernivtsi University in Encyclopedia of Ukraine
- chnu.cv.ua - The architectural complex of Bukovian metropolitan's residence