University of Dayton

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Coordinates: 39°44′26″N 84°10′48″W / 39.74056°N 84.18000°W / 39.74056; -84.18000

University of Dayton
University of Dayton
Motto Pro Deo et Patria (Latin)
Motto in English For God and Country
Established 1850
Type Private, Coeducational
Religious affiliation Roman Catholic
(Marianist)
Endowment $398 million[1]
President Daniel J. Curran
Academic staff 937[2]
Undergraduates 7,997[2]
Location Dayton, Ohio, US
Campus Urban, 388 acres (1.5 km²)
Athletics NCAA Division IAtlantic 10, Pioneer Football League, CAA (Women's golf)
Sports 16 varsity teams
Nickname Flyers
Mascot Rudy Flyer
Affiliations ACCU
NAICU
Website www.udayton.edu

The University of Dayton (UD) is a private Roman Catholic national research university in Dayton, Ohio, United States. Founded in 1850 by the Society of Mary (Marianists), it is one of three Marianist universities in the nation and the largest private university in Ohio. The university's campus is located in the southern portion of the city of Dayton and spans 388 acres on both sides of the Great Miami River.[3] The campus is noted for the Immaculate Conception Chapel and the University of Dayton Arena. The University of Dayton operates the University of Dayton China Institute in Suzhou Industrial Park, China.

The university has about 8,000 undergraduate and 3,000 post-graduate students from a variety of religious, ethnic and geographic backgrounds, drawn from across the United States and more than 40 countries.[3] The university offers more than 70 academic programs in arts and sciences, business administration, education and health sciences, engineering and law.[3] It was first in the country to offer an undergraduate degree program in human rights in 1988.

The University's notable alumni include Nobel Prize winner Charles J. Pedersen; Kristina Keneally, first female Premier of New South Wales; humorist Erma Bombeck; architect Bruce Graham; sportscaster Dan Patrick; Super Bowl-winning coaches Jon Gruden and Chuck Noll; and engineer David Bradley, inventor of the Control-Alt-Delete computer keyboard command.

History[edit]

Founding[edit]

In 1849,[4] on a mission to establish a presence for the Society of Mary in America, the Rev. Leo Meyer, S.M., journeyed from Alsace in France to Cincinnati, Ohio. But with a cholera epidemic raging to the north, Bishop John Baptist Purcell of the Cincinnati diocese, sent Father Meyer to Emmanuel parish in Dayton to tend to the sick. In Dayton, Father Meyer met local farmer John Stuart, who had lost his infant daughter Mary Louisa to cholera the year before. Heartbroken, Stuart and his wife wanted to sell their Dewberry Farm property and return to Europe.

On 19 March 1850, Father Meyer, joined by three Marianist brothers — teacher Maximin Zehler, cook Charles Schultz and gardener, Andrew Edel — purchased the 125-acre hilltop farm from Stuart and renamed it Nazareth.[5] Stuart accepted a St. Joseph medal, and a promise of $12,000 at 6 percent interest. The property included vineyards, orchard, a mansion, various farm buildings and the grave of Stuart's daughter, which Meyer promised to maintain.[6]

Immaculate Conception Chapel

Just a few months later, the University of Dayton had its beginnings on 1 July 1850, when St. Mary's School for Boys opened its doors to 14 primary students from Dayton. In September, the first boarding students arrived and classes moved to the mansion. Five years later, the school burned to the ground, but classes resumed within months. By 1860, when Brother Zehler became president, the enrollment was nearly 100 students. The Civil War had little direct effect on the school because most of the students were too young to serve. College preparatory classes started in 1861 along with a novitiate and school for Marianist candidates.

The core of the Historic Campus was built during this time, starting in 1865 with Zehler Hall, the iconic Immaculate Conception Chapel in 1869 and St. Mary's Hall, then the tallest building in Dayton in 1870.[7] In 1882 the university was incorporated and empowered to confer collegiate degrees by the State of Ohio.[8]

Key Events[edit]

When floodwaters struck the community during the Great Dayton Flood of 1913, refugees fled to St. Mary's College high on a hill south of downtown Dayton.[9] St. Mary's College was uniquely situated and equipped to provide relief to flood victims. Because students had not returned to campus from Easter break, the college was amply stocked with food and other provisions. Because of its location on the hill, electric light and heating plants were not affected, a plentiful clean water supply was available and the college had other essential facilities such as a laundry and infirmary. The college's kitchen provided meals to Miami Valley Hospital and provided 12,000 pounds of provisions to St. Elizabeth Hospital. The first night, 400 refugees took shelter at St. Mary's College; by the end of the week the number had grown to 600. In all, the college assisted 800 refugees.[10] Known at various times as St. Mary's School, St. Mary's Institute and St. Mary's College, the school was incorporated as the University of Dayton in 1920 to reflect its close connection with the city of Dayton as well as to claim an American identity for its Catholic students.[5]

In 1923, the University adopted the “Dayton Flyers” nickname for its athletic teams and adopted a university seal with the motto, “Pro Deo et Patria,” Latin for “For God and Country.” In the 1930s, women were admitted on an equal basis with men, 40 years before most Catholic universities allowed women. The school expanded its programs in science, engineering and the professions and continued to attract the children and grandchildren of Catholic immigrants.[5]

The growing Catholic presence in Dayton in the 1920s, drew the hostility of the Ku Klux Klan, which focused that hostility toward the university. On 19 Dec. 1923, 12 bombs exploded throughout campus and an 8-foot cross was set on fire. Several hundred Klansmen were routed by hundreds of neighborhood residents who joined students in chasing them off.[11]

Growth and Expansion[edit]

Starting in the 1960s, the University began acquiring hundreds of single-family homes and duplexes in the neighborhoods adjacent to campus for student housing, extending the campus to Brown Street. In 2007, the University built five new townhouses and renovated four homes in a Citirama project with the Home Builders Association of Dayton.[12]

In 2005, the university acquired a 49-acre parcel of land for $25 million that had once housed the cash register factory complex of the NCR Corp. The purchase extended the university's boundaries west to the Great Miami River and increased the total acreage to 216 acres.[13]

In 2009, the University announced the purchase of another 115 acres from NCR for $18 million, including the former NCR World Headquarters and Old River Park, the former NCR employees' recreation area, extending the campus to 373 acres.[14] The former NCR world headquarters, now called the 1700 South Patterson Building, now houses the University of Dayton Research Institute, classrooms, offices and meeting space. In 2013, the building became the headquarters of the Midmark Corp., a provider of medical, dental and veterinary healthcare equipment.[15]

In 2010, GE Aviation announced it would build the $51 million GE Aviation Dayton Electrical Power Research Lab research and development facility on eight acres of campus, becoming the first major new development on former NCR land.[16]

In 2012, the campus totaled approximately 388 acres and included 38 academic, research, athletic and administrative buildings, five residence halls, 18 student apartment complexes and 473 residences, including 347 university-owned residences.[17]

Enrollment grew to about 1,000 when World War II broke out. It reached more than 3,500 in 1950 with the return of the veterans and grew steadily. When the baby boomers hit college age, the university's enrollment topped 10,000. However, local enrollment decreased in the 1960s when Wright State University was established and Sinclair Community College was expanded, moving UD toward becoming a national university.[8] In 2012, more than half of the undergraduates were from states other than Ohio. International enrollment has grown as well. In 2012 a new record of more than 1,500 international students were enrolled.[18]

Marianist Tradition[edit]

The University of Dayton was founded by priests and brothers in the tradition of the Society of Mary and is one of three Marianist universities in the U.S. It is a member of the Association of Marianist Universities and the Association of Catholic Colleges and Universities.

Although the university is not pontifical in character, the academic program of the university's International Marian Research Institute does have pontifical character and is affiliated with the Pontifical Theological Faculty Marianum in Rome.[19]

Vowed Marianists governed the university until 1970, when the charter was amended and lay members joined the Board of Trustees.[8] Vowed Marinists served as presidents through 2002, when Daniel J. Curran became the university's 18th president and first lay leader.[20]

To sustain the Marianist identity and values of the university, Marianist Educational Associates were established in 2005 to educate lay leaders so the beliefs and traditions at the foundation of the Marianist educational philosophy could continue.[21]

Campus[edit]

St. Mary's Hall and the Immaculate Conception Chapel at the University of Dayton

The University of Dayton’s campus is located on approximately 388 acres[3] on the southern border of the city of Dayton, Ohio. It is divided into four sections — Historic Campus, Campus West, River Campus and Arena Sports Complex.[22] The campus includes 38 academic, research, athletic and administrative buildings; five residence halls; 18 student apartment complexes; and 473 houses (347 of which are owned by the University).

Historic Campus

The historic campus is compact and easy to navigate; one is generally able to cross it in less than 10 minutes. Many historic buildings survive from the early years of the University; newer buildings fit in with the established architecture (with a few exceptions, including RecPlex, Marianist Hall, ArtStreet, and Miriam Hall).

At the center of campus are St. Mary's Hall and the iconic Immaculate Conception Chapel, whose blue cupola inspired the university's logo. In early years, St. Mary's served as a dormitory and classroom; today, it holds the offices of the bursar, human resources, president, provost and services for current students such as financial aid, registration, student employment and veterans services.[23]

St. Joseph Hall was built in 1884 as a residence hall. The interior was completely destroyed in a fire in 1987 and reopened in 1989. It houses the classrooms and offices for the social sciences and the university's Fitz Center for Leadership in Community.[24]

Chaminade Hall, built in 1904, is named for Blessed William Joseph Chaminade, the founder of the Society of Mary. It is home to the School of Education and Health Sciences, as well as the Center for Catholic Education.[24]

Kettering Labs is home to the School of Engineering. Named after engineer and inventor Eugene Kettering, it includes classrooms, labs, offices, a machine shop, a wind tunnel and the Innovation Center.[25]

The Jesse Philips Humanities Center was built in 1993 and named for former university trustee Jesse Philips. It houses academic departments including American studies, English, history, languages, philosophy and religious studies. It contains 20 classrooms, two computer centers and an international language lab and a 180-seat recital hall.[25]

Miriam Hall is home to the School of Business Administration and contains team-teaching, hands-on labs and seminar classrooms, including the Davis Center for Portfolio Management, the Crotty Center for Entrepreneurial Leadership and the Hanley Trading Center.[25] Miriam Hall is named for Dayton philanthropist Miriam Rosenthal, who played an important role in fundraising for the University.[26]

The Science Center (the joint name for Sherman Hall, Wohlleben Hall, and a connecting central atrium) is home to the math, biology, physics, chemistry, geology and premedicine departments.[25] This building includes class rooms, laboratories, offices, and auditoriums. Sherman and Wohlleben Halls were independent buildings until renovations in 2003 connected them with an atrium and study space.[27]

Keller Hall opened in 1997 and is home to the University of Dayton School of Law. It has classrooms, offices, courtrooms and a law library.[25]

The John F. Kennedy Memorial Student Union (known as Kennedy Union) is a popular gathering place for students. It houses a full-service dining facility, coffee shop, snack shop and the Hangar — a games room with bowling lanes, pool tables and video arcade. It also houses a copy center, travel agency, box office, meeting spaces and the Boll Theatre.[28]

The Central Mall is seven acres of green space at the heart of campus, surrounded by several academic and residential buildings. Renovation was completed in 2010.[29]

Roesch Library houses the university's main library, the Marian Library (which has the world's largest collection of materials on Mary, the mother of Jesus),[30] and the Ryan C. Harris Learning Teaching Center that includes team meeting spaces, distance learning and a student-run coffee shop. The print and electronic collections in Roesch Library include more than 1.3 million books and 69,000 journals.[31]

The RecPlex opened in 2006. The 125,000-square-foot building's amenities include aerobics and cardiovascular rooms, a climbing wall, courts for basketball, floor hockey, lacrosse, racquetball, tennis and volleyball; eight-lane swimming pool, indoor track, weight room, locker room and lounge.[31]

The Frericks Center is home to the health and sport science department, the athletics department and the wellness program.[31] The building has a 5,000-seat gym[32] and was once known as the Fieldhouse prior to the construction of the University of Dayton Arena.[31] It is now also home to the University's women's volleyball team.

The Cronin Athletics Center is used by all 17 Dayton Flyer intercollegiate sports programs.[31] It recently underwent a $2.375 million renovation for larger offices, team meeting rooms and indoor practice space for basketball, football, track and field, tennis, soccer, baseball and softball.[33]

Stuart Field was updated in 2011 with a synthetic turf to accommodate intramural and club sports.[31]

The Shroyer Park Center research building is located on nine acres of land approximately one mile east of the core campus.[3]

Campus West

In 2005, the University of Dayton purchased land and buildings adjacent to the western border of the historic campus. The $25 million purchase from NCR Corp. added 49 acres and increased the campus size nearly 25 percent.[34]

The College Park Center is the primary building on this section of campus. It houses a variety of campus offices and academic departments including UD Department of Public Safety (26-officer Police Department, Parking Services, and Student Volunteer Rescue Squad), facilities department; music and theater; visual arts; doctor of physical therapy; Dayton Early College Academy (DECA) charter school; physician assistant program; research labs and the School of Education and Health Sciences.

The Graul Tennis Complex was completed in 2010 and features six regulation tennis courts, bleacher seating, restrooms and changing facilities.[35]

GE Aviation broke ground on a $51 million, 120,000-square-foot research facility in 2011 on the western edge of Campus West. The Electrical Power Integrated Systems Research and Development Center (EPISCENTER) is expected to open by the end of 2013. The university's researchers will work with GE to develop and deploy computer modeling, simulation and analysis of advanced, dynamic electric power systems design and controls. The center will be directed at several markets including end-to-end electrical power starter/ generation, conversion, distribution, and load technologies for civil and military aerospace applications.[36] The campus also includes several acres of undeveloped property.

River Campus

At the end of 2009, the University added 115 more acres to campus when it purchased NCR Corp's former world headquarters, which included a 455,000-square-foot building, 1,600-space parking lot and a 48-acre park and nature preserve.[37] The former HQ and 115 acres (0.47 km2) came under acquisition of the University of Dayton at a purchase price of $18 million.[38]

The main building, known as the 1700 South Patterson Building houses the University of Dayton Research Institute, Center for Leadership, classrooms used by Masters of Business Administration, School of Education and Health Sciences programs, the Osher Lifelong Learning Institute, and the Alumni Center, among other offices. Midmark, an Ohio-based maker of medical equipment leases 23,000 square feet of space in the building.[39]

Arena Sports Complex

The University of Dayton Sports Complex is located on the western edge of the campus, west of the Great Miami River and east of Interstate 75. It includes the University of Dayton Arena, with a seating capacity of 13,409, fields for men's baseball and women's softball, and Welcome Stadium, an 11,000-seat multi-purpose stadium owned by Dayton Public Schools that includes a football field and track used by all Dayton public high schools as well as the Dayton Flyers football team.[3]

Remote Locations

The University of Dayton China Institute (UDCI) is located in Suzhou Industrial Park, about 75 miles from Shanghai, China, in Jiangsu Province. UD was the first American university to open a location in the industrial park, a five-story, 68,000-square-foot building with classrooms, laboratories and project space. Faculty and students will conduct applied research and product development for industries in the park.[40] A Marianist heritage center is also proposed, short courses are already being taught in areas such as energy-efficient manufacturing, and UD is exploring the opportunity for a teachers of English to speakers of other languages certificate program.

The University leases 15,118 square feet in the Emerald Professional Building at 5747 Perimeter Drive in Dublin, Ohio, to offer courses on education leadership and counseling. The new campus will house programs the University of Dayton currently operates on the campus of Capital University near downtown Columbus, which will be phased out through 2014.[41]

Academics[edit]

For the 2013-14 academic year, the University has 7,997 full- and part-time undergraduates and 2,860 graduate and law students.[42] The University of Dayton offers more than 70-degree programs in four schools and a college — School of Law, School of Engineering, School of Business Administration, School of Education and Health Sciences and the College of Arts and Sciences.[42]

The University of Dayton ranks 112th on the 2014 U.S. News & World Report’s list of “National Universities.” In the U.S. News’ “Best Grad School Rankings,” the School of Engineering ranks 63rd.[43] Entrepreneur magazine and The Princeton Review ranked Dayton’s undergraduate program in entrepreneurship 18th in the nation.[44]

Schools, Colleges, Departments and Programs[edit]

College of Arts and Sciences

The College of Arts and Sciences is the largest of the five academic units with more than 50 undergraduate and graduate degree programs in 18 departments.[45] Doctoral degrees are offered in biology and theology. Master's degrees are offered in 17 areas and include public administration, theology and pastoral ministry.[46] The University established one of the first undergraduate human rights studies program in the nation in 1998.[47] Specialized institutes and centers provide in-depth opportunities for study, research and service in three areas. The Fitz Center for Leadership in Community emphasizes community building and outreach to urban neighborhoods and larger communities. The Institute for Pastoral Initiatives focuses on trends and developments in pastoral ministries for lay and vowed Catholics and offers online adult religious education to parishes around the world through the Virtual Learning Community for Faith Formation. The Center for Tissue Regeneration and Engineering at Dayton (TREND) conducts research in the areas of tissue regeneration and bioengineering with special interests in eye, bone and ear regeneration and engineering.

School of Education and Health Sciences

The School of Education and Health Sciences offers undergraduate and graduate education programs, online and in the classroom, ranging from early childhood to higher education. Other graduate programs focus on educational leadership, college student personnel, school counseling and school psychology. In health sciences, graduate programs include a doctor of physical therapy program, a master's of exercise science and a master's of physician assistant practice. The school also has licensure programs for clinical counselors; curriculum, instruction and professional development: principals and superintendents. There are endorsement programs for computer technology, middle childhood generalist, pre-K special needs and reading. Certificate programs include early childhood education (early intervention), early childhood leadership and advocacy, and technology-enhanced learning.[48] For undergraduates, there also are five programs in health sciences — dietetics, exercise physiology, exercise science, nutrition and fitness and pre-physical therapy — and sports management.[49] The school also is home to the Center for Catholic Education.[50] The Lalanne Program is within the center and is a post-graduate teacher service program, specializing in supporting beginning Catholic school educators by combining service and teaching. Lalanne teachers make a two-year commitment to teach in an under-resourced Catholic school, live together in a faith-based community, and pursue professional and spiritual/personal development.[51]

School of Engineering

The School of Engineering offers doctoral degrees in aerospace engineering and electro-optics. The School of Engineering has master's programs in aerospace engineering, bioengineering, chemical engineering, civil engineering, electrical engineering, electro-optics, engineering management, engineering mechanics, management science, materials engineering and renewable and clean energy. The school also has certificate programs for design of experiments, human factors, Six Sigma and systems engineering.[52] The University of Dayton is home to just one of a handful of electro-optics graduate programs in the nation.[53] In the U.S. News' “Best Grad School Rankings,” the School of Engineering ranks 63rd. Undergraduates can major in chemical engineering, civil engineering, computer engineering, electrical engineering, electronic and computer engineering technology, engineering technology, global manufacturing systems engineering technology, industrial engineering technology, mechanical engineering and mechanical engineering technology. Mechanical, engineering technology, electrical engineering, civil and chemical have bachelor's plus master's programs.[54] Students also have the opportunity to perform research in one of the school's 10 centers. The centers focus on topics that include laser radar, sensors, energy audits, fuels and lean.[55]

School of Business Administration

The School of Business Administration offers undergraduate degrees in accounting, business economics, finance, international business, entrepreneurship, leadership, marketing, management information systems and operations and supply management as well as full-time and part-time MBA programs. Students can earn a joint accounting/MBA degree as well as a combined MBA/Juris Doctor degree. Graduate students can earn a certificate in cybersecurity management. Entrepreneur magazine and The Princeton Review ranked Dayton’s undergraduate program in entrepreneurship 18th in the nation.[44] It has been in the top 20 seven straight years.[56] Flyer Enterprises manages a variety of on-campus businesses and is the sixth-largest student-run business in the nation with more than 170 student employees in nine divisions and annual revenues of more than $1.3 million.[57] Several centers within the School of Business Administration offer specific focus on business topics and emphasize hands-on learning. The L. William Crotty Center for Entrepreneurial Leadership[58] focuses on business development and provides funding for sophomores to start up and run real businesses. In the Davis Center for Portfolio Management, students manage nearly $16 million of the university's endowment [58] and help mount the annual RISE (Redefining Investment Strategy Education) student investment forum. Other centers include the Hanley Trading Center, the Center for Professional Selling, Center for Project Excellence, and Center for the Integration of Faith and Work. The Business Research Group conducts research for business and government partners.

School of Law

The School of Law is one of nine in Ohio. In addition to a traditional Juris Doctor degree earned in three years, the university offers an accelerated two-year option. It was among the first in the nation to create a two-year option.[59] Graduate degree programs are offered in intellectual property and technology law that focus on the application of law and public policy to creative work, invention and innovation.[60]

Intercultural and Education Abroad[edit]

The University of Dayton has nearly 50 programs for credit or service-learning for a summer, semester or full year abroad through the Center for International Programs.Students can participate in for-credit programs at a partner institution or through a program taught by UD faculty around the world. International programs are offered in Argentina, Austria, China, Czech Republic, Finland, France, Germany, Honduras, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Korea, Mexico, Morocco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Spain and the United Kingdom.[61]

The Center for Social Concern offers intercultural service-learning opportunities during breaks in the academic calendar. International programs are in Cameroon, Zambia, India, Ecuador, El Salvador, Panama, Belize, Mexico and Guatemala. Students can also participate in domestic programs to experience cultural diversity within the United States.[62] The new University of Dayton China Institute in Suzhou began offering classes in summer 2013.[63]

The numbers of international students continues to increase.[64] After setting records for first-year international enrollment the past few years, in 2012 approximately one in 10 students was from another country.[65]

A growing number of students, notably women, from predominantly Muslim countries are enrolling at the University, part of a trend of overseas Muslim women choosing Catholic colleges and universities. A New York Times story in 2012 noted the trend and featured the University of Dayton. ”Muslims From Abroad Are Thriving in Catholic Colleges“

Libraries[edit]

Roesch Library houses the university's main library, the Marian Library and the Ryan C. Harris Learning Teaching Center that includes team meeting spaces, distance learning and a student-run coffee shop. The print and electronic collections in Roesch Library include more than 1.3 million books and 69,000 journals.[66] The Marian Library/International Marian Research Institute holds the world's largest collection of printed materials and artifacts devoted to Mary, the mother of Jesus. The collection includes more than 100,000 books and pamphlets in more than 50 languages, and a vast collection of nearly 3,000 Nativity sets and Marian art from around the world.[67]

Admissions[edit]

Admission to the University of Dayton has grown more selective since 2003 when 82 percent of applicants were accepted to 2012 when 55 percent of applicants were accepted.[18] Enrollment from out-of-state and international students also continues to increase; more than half of the undergraduate enrollment in 2012 came from outside of Ohio and more than 10 percent of the total enrollment are international students.[68] Tuition, including fees, for the 2013-14 academic year is approximately $35,800.[69]

In 2013, the university introduced an innovative net-price tuition plan with a four-year guarantee that a student's grants and scholarships would increase each year to cover any tuition increase. The plan eliminates additional fees and includes an option for free books. The plan drew national coverage from The Chronicle of Higher Education,[70] Governing magazine [71] and was favorably reviewed by consumer advocate Clark Howard.[72]

Research[edit]

The University has performed more than $700 million in research since 2003. The University performed a record-high $95 million in research in fiscal year 2009.[73] Most of the research is done in engineering, either by 400 full-time researchers at the University of Dayton Research Institute (UDRI) or engineering faculty. More than 250 undergrad and graduate students work alongside researchers.[74]

Materials engineering accounts for most of the research within engineering, followed by electrical engineering. The University’s engineering research played a role in GE Aviation’s decision to locate the new Electrical Power Integrated Systems Research and Development Center (EPISCENTER) on the University of Dayton campus.[75] It is expected to open in 2013.[76]

Next to engineering, life and biological sciences account for the second-greatest research volume at the University of Dayton.[73] Education leads non-science and engineering research.[73]

The Research Institute has seven divisions — Aerospace Mechanics, Energy And Environmental Engineering, Energy Technologies And Materials, Multi-Scale Composites And Polymers, Nonstructural Materials, Structural Integrity and Sensor Systems.[77]

There are 10 centers in School of Engineering — Advanced Integrated Manufacturing Center (AIM), Building Energy Center, Center for Competitive Change, Center of Excellence for Strategic Energy and Environmental Informatics, Center of Excellence in Thin-Film Research and Surface Engineering (CETRASE), Industrial Assessment Center, Innovation Center, Ladar and Optical Communications Institute (LOCI), Nanoscale Engineering Science and Technology Laboratory (NEST), Vision Lab and Von Ohain Fuels and Combustion Center.[55]

Key Discoveries[edit]

More than 140 patents have been assigned to the University of Dayton,[78] including one for hotbags that Domino's Pizza uses to keep delivery pizzas hot.[79] Bob Kauffman, a UDRI distinguished research chemist and Fluid Analysis group leader, was an inventor of the Power Activated Technology for Conductor Healing (PATCH), a self-healing wire for which R&D Magazine gave a Top 100 Award.[80] Kauffman also received Top 100 awards from R&D Magazine for the Remaining Useful Life Evaluation Routine (RULER), a “smart” dipstick used to measure the quality of oils in use in aircraft, automobiles and cooking vats,[81] and the Status and Motion Activated Radiofrequency Tag (SMART) Sensor, which is a modified, passive radio frequency identification (RFID) tag that becomes readable only after a monitored problem has occurred.[82] The Research Institute also developed and operates the world’s only test facility to certify sulkies that race in U.S. Trotting Association sanctioned events[83] and was involved in creating an Engineered Material Arresting System (EMAS)[84] installed at airports around the country to stop runaway aircraft.

Researchers in the Center for Tissue Regeneration & Engineering at Dayton (TREND) have made many recent discoveries involving tissue regeneration. They mapped out the process at the genetic level newts use to regenerate lenses, limbs and other tissue. The research, published in Genome Biology, identifies the protein families expressed during tissue regeneration in the common North American newt, laying the groundwork for research into what particular sets of genes are used for this purpose. This is the first comprehensive map of all RNA molecules expressed in regeneration.[85] In research published in Nature Communications, Panagiotis Tsonis concluded repeated regeneration, even at old age, does not alter the capacity of newts to regenerate tissue. His findings overturned long-accepted theories proposed by regeneration scientists that age and repeated amputation negatively affect regeneration.[86] Tsonis also linked natural regeneration in the newt with discoveries about stem cells in humans, attracting national attention for his pursuit of the key to one of nature's mysteries: regrowing damaged tissue.[87]

Housing[edit]

More than 90 percent of undergraduates live in campus housing, making the University of Dayton one of the most residential campuses in the country.[88] All first-year students are required to live in a residence hall. Sophomores are eligible to live in a residence hall or apartment, and juniors, seniors and fifth-years are eligible to live in apartments or one of more than 300 University-owned houses.[89]

Residence Halls[edit]

Located in the heart of campus, Founders Hall is U-shaped and houses 400 first-year students.[90] Its lobby is shared by the entire building. Founders Hall is coed by floor, and all rooms are double occupancy, except for two rooms, which are quads. Founders was newly renovated during the summer of 2013.

Marianist Hall was built in 2004 and is composed of three separate wings. The east wing houses 128 first-year students, coed by floor, in double-occupancy rooms. The middle and west wings house 256 second-year students, coed by floor. A chapel, bookstore, credit union, food emporium, learning center and post office are also located in Marianist Hall.[91]

Marycrest Complex is the largest community housing on campus.[92] It is coed by floor, has three sections that house 560 first-year and 300 second-year students by floor and wing. Marycrest has double-occupancy rooms for first-year and upperclass students, as well as a limited number of single-occupancy rooms. A dining facility is part of this complex. Marycrest also includes the late-night stop, Crest Express. Renovations were completed in summer 2007.

Stuart Complex is composed of three separate first-year student halls housing 632 students and sharing a common lobby.[93] Before renovations in 2009, Adele Hall housed women, Meyer Hall housed men, and Sheehy Hall housed men and women, coed by floor. Now, each wing has both men and women co-ed by floor. All rooms are double occupancy. A convenience store known as "Stuart's Landing" is part of this complex.

Virginia W. Kettering Hall (VWK) houses 636 sophomores in 158 four-person suites and two 2-person suites. Each suite has a living room, two bedrooms and bathroom. Suites are furnished, have a small refrigerator and are air-conditioned. The residence hall also contains a dining room for 500 students and two meeting rooms.[94]

Apartments[edit]

The university owns a number of apartment buildings for student housing; these include the Lawnview Apartments (165 students in 42 suites),[95] the Campus South (318 students in 53 suites),[96] Garden Apartments (544 students in 138 suites),[97] Plumwood Apartments with 55 suites for law and graduate students,[98] and furnished apartments above Brown Street business in University Place.[99]

In 2013, the University purchased three more condominium units at Irving Commons southeast of campus. The university already owned 54 beds and leases 60.[100]

The Caldwell Street Apartments opened in 2012 on six acres along Caldwell and Brown streets on the site of a former car dealership.[101][102] The $25 million project houses more than 400 upperclass students in townhouse-style apartments.

ArtStreet opened in 2004 and offers townhouse and loft apartments to 58 juniors and seniors in the center of the south student neighborhood. ArtStreet combines living spaces with multi-purpose studio facilities and includes a student-run café, recording studio and WUDR Flyer Radio.[103]

Student Neighborhoods[edit]

University of Dayton south student neighborhood

The Ghetto and Darkside and "Far Side"

The University of Dayton has a unique feature: a large student neighborhood. Over time, the University of Dayton has acquired more than 300 houses adjacent to the historic campus. These properties used to belong to NCR and were used to house their employees. Most junior and senior-status students live in these houses. The university has been regularly renovating and/or rebuilding the houses to improve their condition. Most students refer to the South Student Neighborhood as "the Ghetto." The Ghetto is bounded by Brown Street to the west, Irving Avenue to the south, Trinity Avenue and Evanston Avenue to the east, and Caldwell Street and Stonemill Road to the north. The Ghetto is located beside Oakwood, a small municipality south of Dayton. The area north of the campus center (North Student Neighborhood) is known as "the Darkside," due to the lack of streetlights when it was annexed. It is generally bordered by Brown Street to the west, Rogge street to the north and Woodland Cemetery to the east. The area adjacent to the Darkside is known as "the Far Side", due to its distance from the center of the Ghetto. The "Far Side" is also known as the "Fairgrounds Neighborhood" and is bounded by Main St. to the west, Miami Valley hospital to the north, Brown St. to the East, and Stewart St. to the South. The Fairgrounds Neighborhood comprises single family homes, once mainly inhabited by NCR employees, and has undergone extensive rehab and gentrification over the past 20 years. UD students are rapidly taking up residences in this area for it's lower prices and safety.

Student life[edit]

Community

The Commitment to Community, which highlights three principles adopted from the Catholic and Marianist vision of education, shapes the policies of the University of Dayton. The three principles—“the dignity of every person,” “the common good” and “community is essential for learning” — provide the foundation of the University’s mission statement and aims as an educational institution.[104] The influence of these principles can be found throughout the University’s policies, behavioral expectations for students and academic curriculum.[105]

The 11 Integrated Learning Living Communities (ILLCs) at the University provide students with an organized educational experience that focuses on a central topic. Topics include “Writing and the Arts,” “Women in Science and Engineering,” “Business and Marianist Values” and “Sustainability, Energy and the Environment.”[106] First-year students are assigned housing and placed in classes according to the ILLC they have selected.

Campus Ministry

The Office of Campus Ministry facilitates residence life ministries, liturgies, retreats, faith communities and the Center for Social Concern.[107] There are campus ministers in residence halls and in the student neighborhoods.[108] UD employs a full-time Campus Minister of Interdenominational Ministry to help nurture the spiritual needs of students from various Protestant backgrounds.[109] Campus Ministry also has support groups and offers spiritual guidance to students, faculty and staff.[110]

The Mass schedule includes daily and weekly Masses in residence halls, the Chapel and the student neighborhood, a Spanish Mass and a Black Catholic Mass.[111]

Campus ministry offers several retreats throughout the year with different themes.[112]

Student religious organizations on campus include Athletes in Action, Campus Crusade for Christ, Catholic Life, Chi Rho Catholic Men's Group, Muslim Student Association, Navigators, Orthodox Christian Fellowship and Phi Lambda Iota Catholic Women's Group.[113]

Service Learning

The University of Dayton offers many service learning opportunities for students, regardless of their major.[114] The Fitz Center for Leadership in Community and the Center for Social Concern are the most active organizers of service-learning opportunities. The Fitz Center houses the Dayton Civic Scholars, the Rivers Institute, Semester of Service, Neighborhood School Centers, Graduate Community Fellows and Community Service Learning.[115] The Center for Social Concern, which is part of campus ministry, offers “numerous opportunities for reflective service, service-learning, and education and advocacy for justice.”[116] The center provides many domestic and international service-learning opportunities during breaks in the academic calendar.[62]

Christmas on Campus

Each year for nearly 50 years, usually on 8 Dec., the Feast of the Immaculate Conception, University of Dayton students have hosted about 1,000 Dayton school children, giving them gifts and escorting them through campus for games, dancing, singing, crafts, face-painting and Santa Claus. The event is free and open to the public and includes a live Nativity scene, a reading on the birth of Jesus, and the lighting of a Christmas tree.[117] The evening ends with hundreds of students attending a Mass in the Immaculate Conception Chapel.[118]

Ellie Kurtz, director of the University of Dayton's student union from 1964 to 1994, started Christmas on Campus in 1964 as a way for students to celebrate Christmas before heading home for the winter break.[118] "One night I was preoccupied with a sense of disappointment that students would be leaving for Christmas vacation and would not be able to celebrate Christmas with their friends and the UD family," Kurtz said before her death in 2009. "I imagined what a wonderful Christmas we could have if we could celebrate Christmas before the students went home for the holidays."[118]

Club and Intramural Sports

In addition to varsity athletics, there are 37 club[119] and 12 intramural sports.[120] In January 2006, the university opened RecPlex, a $25 million sports and recreational facility for students of the university. The Princeton Review has the University of Dayton fifth on its latest “Everybody Plays Intramural Sports” list.[121]

Student-run Media

The University of Dayton has a student newspaper (Flyer News), student-run radio station (WUDR Flyer Radio 99.5/98.1 FM) and student-run TV station (Flyer TV).

Greek Life

Fraternities and sororities have been a part of student life at the University of Dayton since 1933 and have been formally recognized since 1967. In 2013, 15 percent of undergraduate men and 16 percent of undergraduate women are members of a fraternity or sorority.[122] The Interfraternity Council (IFC), National Pan-Hellenic Council (NPHC) and College Panhellenic Council (Panhel) have official responsibility for governing their respective groups.[123] The Interfraternity Council is the governing body for 10 of UD's fraternal organizations. The fraternities recognized by the Interfraternity Council are: Alpha Nu Omega, Beta Theta Pi, Delta Tau Delta, Phi Kappa Psi, Phi Sigma Kappa, Pi Kappa Alpha, Pi Kappa Phi, Sigma Nu, Sigma Alpha Epsilon and Sigma Phi Epsilon.[124] The Panhellenic Council is the governing body for seven sororities: Alpha Phi, Chi Omega, Kappa Delta, Phi Sigma Rho, Pi Beta Phi, Theta Phi Alpha and Zeta Tau Alpha.[125] The National Pan-Hellenic Council is the governing body composed of the nine international fraternities and sororities. The council currently has five active groups at the University of Dayton, including two men's groups and three women's groups. The five chapters recognized at the University of Dayton are: Alpha Kappa Alpha, Alpha Phi Alpha, Delta Sigma Theta, Kappa Alpha Psi and Zeta Phi Beta.[126]

Athletics at UD[edit]

Main article: Dayton Flyers
Logo of the University of Dayton Flyers sports teams

The Dayton Flyers compete in the Atlantic 10 Conference in all sports except football, in which they compete in the Pioneer Football League. The Flyers' mascot is "Rudy Flyer," a pun based on the university's initials, "U.D." Rudy is a barnstorming pilot who wears 1930s-1940s-era goggles and a leather pilot's helmet. The nickname "Flyers" is a tribute to the Wright Brothers who began their careers and invented the airplane in Dayton. The fight song is "Victory."

The University sponsors 16 sports: men’s and women’s basketball, men’s and women’s cross country, men’s and women’s golf, men’s and women’s soccer, men’s and women’s tennis, baseball, football, softball, women’s volleyball, women’s rowing and women’s track.[127]

Dayton's historic rivalries in most sports have involved fellow Southwest Ohio schools—the University of Cincinnati, Miami University and Xavier University. Dayton and Xavier play for the Blackburn/McCafferty Trophy during their regular season men's basketball matchups.

Historical Highlights

The men’s basketball team reached the 1967 NCAA Division I Men’s Basketball Championship final game[128] and won the National Invitational Tournament in 1962, 1968 and 2010. In 2014 The Flyers became a "Cinderella" by making to the NCAA Elite 8 after upsetting sixth seeded Ohio State Buckeyes, three seeded Syracuse, and tenth seeded Stanford.[129] The football team won NCAA Division III national titles in 1980 and 1989 and finished runner-up in 1981, 1987 and 1991.[130] The Sports Network also named the Flyers football squad the nation’s top Football Championship Subdivision mid-major program in 2007.[131] The women’s basketball team won the American Association of Intercollegiate Athletics for Women (AIAW) Division II national championship in 1980, a year after finishing runner-up.[132] The women’s volleyball team has appeared in the NCAA tournament nine of the last 10 years (2003-2012).[133] The women’s soccer team has appeared in the NCAA tournament in three of the last four years and eight of the last 14 years (1999-2012).[134]

University of Dayton Arena

The University of Dayton Arena has hosted more Division I Men’s Basketball Championship games (101) than any other venue in America. Since 2001, the University of Dayton has hosted the beginning of the NCAA Division I men’s basketball tournament.[135]

University of Dayton Arena during Dayton Flyers game

Flyer Faithful

Flyers basketball is one of the biggest sports attractions in the Dayton area with the Flyers perennially ranking in the NCAA Division I top 30 in basketball attendance.[136] UD's spirit group, the Red Scare, supports many of the Flyers athletics teams. From its inception in 1996 until 2006, Red Scare was focused primarily on men's basketball. In 2007, the focus of Red Scare expanded to other sports including baseball and softball in the spring, football, men's and women's soccer, and volleyball in the fall, and men's and women's basketball in the winter. The Red Scare expanded other sports' fan base with the creation of a points system called "Spirit Points." Students are given points for each sporting event they attend. These points are then used to obtain a quality seat at the men's basketball games.[137]

A 2013 Emory University study by sports marketing professors Manish Tripathi and Michael Lewis listed Flyers men's basketball fans the best among non-BCS schools.[138]

People[edit]

Faculty[edit]

  • Susan Brenner, NCR Distinguished Professor of Law and Technology — Cybercrimes expert, whose internationally known website, http://www.cybercrimes.net, was featured on NBC Nightly News. NPR, Houston Chronicle, USA Today, The Associated Press, and Reforma (Mexico City) are among the media that have interviewed her on cybercrime issues.
  • Mark Ensalaco, director of human rights research — Author of Middle Eastern Terrorism: From Black September to 11 September[139] and Chile Under Pinochet.[140] Regular expert for national media on terrorism and human rights issues.[141]
  • John Heitmann, history professor — Automobile historian and author of "The Automobile and American Life" and a blog of the same name.[142]
  • Bob Taft, distinguished research associate in the School of Education — Former two-term governor of Ohio. Great-grandson of President Taft.[143]
  • Larry Schweikart, history professor — American historian and author. Co-authored No. 1 bestseller A Patriot's History of the United States. Contributor to numerous Fox News programs.

Alumni[edit]

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External links[edit]