University of Dublin (constituency)

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University of Dublin is a university constituency in Ireland, which has been used to elect members of various legislative bodies including currently Seanad Éireann. Alternative names are Dublin University or Trinity College, Dublin. As it has been in existence since 1603, except for a brief period 1936–37, it could be considered the country's oldest constituency.

Summary[edit]

From To Chamber Members
1613 1800 House of Commons of Ireland 2
1801 1832 House of Commons of the United Kingdom 1
1832 1922 House of Commons of the United Kingdom 2
1921 1922 House of Commons of Southern Ireland 4
1922 1923 Dáil Éireann 4
1923 1937 Dáil Éireann 3
1938 present Seanad Éireann 3

Note on official names: (1923) Electoral Act 1923, "Dublin University"; (1938) Seanad Electoral (University Members) Act 1937, "the University of Dublin shall be a constituency (in this Act referred to as the Dublin University constituency)."

Representation[edit]

House of Commons of Ireland[edit]

This university constituency was first enfranchised as a Parliamentary constituency in 1603. It was given two members in the Parliament of Ireland.

The university was not represented in the Parliament of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland, under the Instrument of Government, after it was established in 1654. Following the restoration of the King in 1660 the Parliament of Ireland was re-established and the constituency again returned two Members of Parliament. See First Protectorate Parliament for the list of Irish constituencies during the Protectorate.

House of Commons of the United Kingdom[edit]

Dublin University
Former University constituency
for the House of Commons
18011922

The Act of Union 1800 provided for the Parliament of Ireland to be merged with the Parliament of Great Britain, to form the Parliament of the United Kingdom. The 300 seats in the Irish House of Commons were reduced to 100 Irish members in the United Kingdom House of Commons. As part of the reduction, the University was only to have one seat in Parliament.

The union took effect on 1 January 1801. There was no new election for the members of the 1st Parliament of the United Kingdom, as the House of Commons was composed of members elected to the previous Parliaments of Ireland and Great Britain.

Irish constituencies with two members to be reduced to one, had their first United Kingdom MP selected by the drawing of lots. The Hon. George Knox was chosen to sit in the House of Commons for the University.

As a result of the Irish part of the Reform Act 1832 the University was given a second seat in Parliament.

Dublin University continued to be represented in the House of Commons until the dissolution of Parliament on 26 October 1922, shortly before the Irish Free State became a dominion outside the United Kingdom on 6 December 1922.

House of Commons of Southern Ireland[edit]

The Government of Ireland Act 1920 established a devolved home rule legislature, within the United Kingdom, for twenty-six Irish counties which were designated Southern Ireland.

Dublin University was given four seats in the House of Commons of Southern Ireland. The seats were filled by Unionist MPs who were returned unopposed. They were the only MPs who attended the abortive first meeting of the House.

The Parliament was dissolved as part of the arrangements under the Anglo-Irish Treaty in 1922.

Dáil Éireann[edit]

In the United Kingdom general election, 1918 Sinn Féin contested the election on the basis that they would not take seats in the United Kingdom Parliament but would establish a revolutionary assembly in Dublin.

The University was, in Irish republican theory, entitled to return two Teachtaí Dála (known in English as Deputies) in 1918 to serve in the Irish Republic's First Dáil. This revolutionary body assembled on 21 January 1919.

In republican theory every MP elected in Ireland, including two unionists from Dublin University, was a member of the First Dáil. In practice only Sinn Féin members participated.

The First Dáil passed a motion at its last meeting on 10 May 1921, the first three parts of which make explicit the republican view.

  • 1. That the Parliamentary elections which are to take place during the present month be regarded as elections to Dáil Éireann.
  • 2. That all deputies duly returned at these elections be regarded as members of Dáil Éireann and allowed to take their seats on subscribing to the proposed Oath of Allegiance.
  • 3. That the present Dáil dissolve automatically as soon as the new body has been summoned by the President and called to order.

The Second Dáil first met on 16 August 1921, thereby dissolving the First Dáil.

Sinn Féin had decided to use the polls for the Northern Ireland House of Commons and the House of Commons of Southern Ireland as an election for the Irish Republic's Second Dáil. No actual voting was necessary in Southern Ireland as all the seats were filled by unopposed returns. Except for this University all other constituencies elected Sinn Féin TDs. The University elected four Independent Unionist members unopposed. As with the First Dáil, those Deputies could have joined the Dáil if they chose.

The Third Dáil elected in 1922 was, in United Kingdom law, the constituent assembly for the Irish Free State. From this time the Dáil represented only the twenty-six Irish counties and not the six counties of Northern Ireland. Non-Sinn Féin Deputies, including those from the University, began to participate in the Dáil.

In the Electoral Act 1923 (No. 12/1923), the Irish Free State defined its own Dáil constituencies. Dublin University was reduced to three seats.

The Constitution (Amendment No. 23) Act 1936 (No. 17/1936) repealed the Irish Free State constitutional provision for University representation in Dáil Éireann, with effect from the next dissolution of the Oireachtas which took place on 14 June 1937.

Seanad Éireann [edit]

When Ireland adopted a new constitution, in 1937, this provided for the universities to be represented in a re-established Seanad Éireann (the Free State Seanad having been abolished in 1936).

The Seanad Electoral (University Members) Act 1937 (No. 30/1937) gave effect to the new constitutional provision. The election to the Seanad took place in 1938. The 2nd Seanad first met on 27 April 1938.

Dublin University sends three members to the Seanad.

Boundaries[edit]

This constituency was the non-territorial University constituency of Dublin University also sometimes referred to as Trinity College, Dublin.

Electorate[edit]

A Topographical Directory of Ireland, published in 1837, describes the Parliamentary history of the university.

By charter of James I. the university returned two members to the Irish parliament till the Union; after which time it returned only one member to the Imperial parliament, till the recent Reform act, since which it has returned two. The right of election, which was originally vested solely in the provost, fellows, and scholars, has, by the same act, been extended to all members of the age of 21 years, who had obtained, or should hereafter obtain, a fellowship, scholarship, or the degree of Master of Arts, and whose names should be on the college books : members thus qualified, who had removed their names from the books, were allowed six months to restore them, on paying a fee of £2, and such as continued their names, merely to qualify them to vote, pay annually to the college the sum of £1, or a composition of £5 in lieu of annual payment. The number of names restored under this provision was 3005, and at present the constituency amounts to 3135. The provost is the returning officer.

When electoral registration was introduced, in 1832, there were 2,073 voters on the register. It is likely that most of them were also qualified to vote in one or more of the territorial constituencies. It was characteristic of the University constituencies in the UK Parliament that plural voting was the norm.

In 1918, the electorate was extended to include all registered graduates of the University and some female voters were allowed for the first time. Male graduates qualified to vote if they had attained the age of 21 but female ones had to be at least 30 to acquire the franchise. There were 4,541 voters registered for the 1918 general election. Most, if not all, of those electors would have been plural voters also entitled to vote in a territorial constituency.

In the Electoral Act 1923, the Irish Free State abolished plural voting for University constituencies and enfranchised women on the same terms as men. Qualified voters could then decide whether to register for a University or a territorial constituency but not for both. Universal adult suffrage was not introduced in the UK until 1928. Plural voting was not abolished for UK elections until 1950.

The qualifications for an elector to be registered as a University voter were set out in Section 1(2)(c) of the 1923 Act. They were to be registered at "the University constituency comprising a university in which he or she has received a degree other than an honorary degree or, in the case of the University of Dublin, has received such degree as aforesaid, or obtained a foundation scholarship, or, if a woman, obtained a non-foundation scholarship".

When the constituency was abolished in 1936, voters resident in the State automatically had their Dáil registration switched to the geographical constituency of their registered address.[1] When the constituency was revived under the 1937 Constitution, eligible voters retained any Dáil geographical constituency vote in parallel to their new Seanad vote.

Politics of the constituency[edit]

Throughout the history of this constituency, during the union, it supported (usually very strongly) Tory, Conservative and Unionist candidates (including the Liberal Unionist and Independent Unionist members).

The only partial exception was the tenure of the Whig MP, William Plunket, 1st Baron Plunket, in 1812-1827. It should be noted that Plunket accepted office in what in retrospect are considered Tory governments. Given the state of the party system in the early 19th century, when William Pitt the Younger (now considered a Tory Prime Minister) called himself a Whig, it is not too surprising that Plunket was his Attorney General for Ireland. It is surprising that Plunket did not follow most of Pitt's supporters in calling himself a Tory soon after the Prime Minister's death. It is astonishing that a Whig was again Attorney General for Ireland in the Earl of Liverpool's very Tory ministry between 1822 and 1827. Plunket was perhaps more an 18th-century than a 19th-century Whig, so as to be acceptable to the university electorate.

Since 1922, most of the representatives of the University have been Independent members of the Oireachtas.

Electoral System[edit]

Until 1918 and for the 1919 by-election, in elections to fill a single seat, the first past the post system applied.

In two-member elections before 1918, the bloc voting system was used. Voters could cast a vote for one or two candidates, as they chose. The two candidates with the largest number of votes were elected.

In 1918 and for all elections since 1921, the members were elected by the single transferable vote system of proportional representation.

Representatives[edit]

Members of Parliament (Ireland)[edit]

Members of Parliament (United Kingdom) 1801–1922[edit]

First Seat (1801–1922) Second Seat (1832–1922)
From To Name Party Born Died From To Name Party Born Died
1801 1807 Hon. George Knox Tory 14 January 1765 13 June 1827
1807 1812 John Leslie Foster Tory c. 1781 10 July 1842
1812 1827 William Conyngham Plunket Whig 1 July 1764 5 January 1854
1827 1830 John Wilson Croker Tory 20 December 1780 10 August 1857
1830 1841 Thomas Langlois Lefroy Tory, Con 8 January 1776 4 May 1869
1832 1848 Sir Frederick Shaw, 3rd Baronet Con 11 December 1799 30 June 1876
1842 1842 Joseph Devonsher Jackson Con 23 June 1783 19 December 1857
1843 1859 George Alexander Hamilton Con 29 August 1802 17 September 1871
1848 1858 Joseph Napier Con 26 December 1804 9 December 1882
1859 1866 James Whiteside Con 12 August 1804 25 November 1876 1858 1870 Anthony Lefroy Con 1800 12 January 1890
1866 1867 John Edward Walsh Con 12 November 1816 20 October 1869
1867 1867 Hedges Eyre Chatterton Con 5 July 1819 30 August 1910
1867 1868 Robert Warren Con 3 June 1817 24 September 1897
1868 1875 John Thomas Ball Con 24 July 1815 17 March 1898
1870 1895 David Plunket Con 3 December 1838 22 August 1919
1875 1885 Edward Gibson Con 4 September 1837 22 May 1913
1885 1887 Hugh Holmes Con 17 February 1840 19 April 1916
1887 1892 Dodgson Hamilton Madden IU 28 March 1840 6 March 1928
1892 1918 Sir Edward Carson IU 9 February 1854 22 October 1935
1895 1903 William E. H. Lecky LU 26 March 1838 22 October 1903
1903 1917 James Campbell IU 4 April 1851 22 March 1931
1918 1922 Sir Robert Henry Woods Ind U 1865 8 September 1938
1917 1919 Arthur Warren Samuels IU 19 May 1852 11 May 1925
1919 1922 William Morgan Jellett IU 19 May 1857 27 October 1936

Deputies 1921–1937[edit]

Note: MPs in the House of Commons of Southern Ireland 1921–1922 are included as they were potential members of the Second Dáil Éireann. They first took their seats in the "Provisional Parliament" or "Third Dáil" in September 1922

From To Name Party Born Died
1921 1937 Ernest Alton Ind. Unionist, Ind 1873 18 February 1952
1921 1933 Sir James Craig Ind. Unionist, Ind 12 July 1933
1921 1923 Gerald Fitzgibbon Ind. Unionist, Ind 1866 6 December 1942
1921 1937 William Thrift Ind. Unionist, Ind 28 February 1870 23 April 1942
1933 1937 Robert Rowlette Independent 1873 13 October 1944

Senators from 1938[edit]

From To Name Party Born Died
1938 1943 Ernest Alton Ind 1873 18 February 1952
1938 1943 Joseph Johnston Ind 1890 1972
1938 1944 Robert Rowlette Ind 1873 13 October 1944
1943 1959 William Fearon Ind 1892 27 December 1959
1943 1947 T. C. Kingsmill Moore Ind 1893 21 January 1979
1944 1948 Joseph Johnston Ind 1890 1972
1947 1951 Joseph Warwick Bigger Ind 11 September 1891 17 August 1951
1948 1969 William Bedell Stanford Ind 16 January 1910 30 December 1984
1951 1951 Frederick Budd Ind 11 February 1904 1976
1952 1954 William J.E. Jessop Ind 13 July 1902 11 June 1980
1954 1961 Owen Sheehy-Skeffington Ind 19 May 1909 7 June 1970
1960 1973 William J.E. Jessop Ind 13 July 1902 11 June 1980
1961 1965 John N. Ross Ind
1965 1970 Owen Sheehy-Skeffington Ind 19 May 1909 7 June 1970
1969 1989 Mary Robinson Ind, Lab, Ind 21 May 1944
1970 1981 Trevor West FF
1973 1977 Noël Browne SLP 20 December 1915 23 May 1997
1977 1979 Conor Cruise O'Brien Ind 3 November 1917 18 December 2008
1979 1982 Catherine McGuinness Ind 14 November 1934
1981 2011 Shane Ross Ind 11 July 1949
1982 1982 Trevor West FF
1983 1987 Catherine McGuinness Ind 14 November 1934
1987 1993 Carmencita Hederman Ind 23 October 1939
1987 Incumbent David Norris Ind 1 July 1944
1993 2007 Mary Henry Ind 11 May 1940
2007 Incumbent Ivana Bacik Ind, Lab 1968
2011 Incumbent Sean Barrett Ind

Note: Robinson was a Labour Party Senator 1977–1981.

Elections[edit]

From 1832 (when registers of electors were first prepared) a turnout figure is given, for the percentage of the registered electors who voted. If the number of registered electors eligible to take part in a contested election is unknown, then the last known electorate figure is used to calculate an estimated turnout. If the numbers of registered electors and electors taking part in the poll are known, an exact turnout figure is calculated. In two member bloc vote elections (in which an elector could cast one or two votes as he chose), where the exact number of electors participating is unknown, an estimated turnout figure is given. This is calculated by dividing the total number of votes cast by two. To the extent that electors used only one of their votes the estimated turnout figure is an underestimate.

House of Commons (United Kingdom)

1800s1810s1820s1830s1840s1850s1860s1870s1880s1890s1900s1910s

Elections in the 1800s[edit]

  • 1801 (1 January) continued from former Parliament of Ireland (no new election)
    • Hon. George Knox (T)
  • 1802 (14 July) general election
    • Hon. George Knox (T) 39 (57.35%)
    • William Conyngham Plunket (W) 29 (42.65%)
    • Majority 10 (14.71%)
  • Knox appointed a Lord Commissioner of the Treasury
  • 1805 (28 March) by-election
    • Hon. George Knox (T): Unopposed
  • 1805 (6 November) general election (poll 1 day)
    • Hon. George Knox (T) 35 (52.24%)
    • John Leslie Foster (T) 32 (47.76%)
    • Majority 3 (4.48%)
  • 1807 (13 May) general election (poll 1 day)
    • John Leslie Foster (T) 46 (92.00%)
    • Thomas Thornton Macklin 4 (8.00%)
    • Majority 42 (84.00%)

Elections in the 1810s[edit]

  • 1812 (12 October) general election
    • Rt Hon. William Conyngham Plunket (W): Unopposed
  • 1818 (25 June) general election (poll 1 day)
    • Rt Hon. William Conyngham Plunket (W) 34 (53.13%)
    • John Wilson Croker (T) 30 (46.88%)
    • Majority 4 (6.25%)

Elections in the 1820s[edit]

  • 1820 (16 March) general election
    • Rt Hon. William Conyngham Plunket (W): Unopposed
  • Plunket appointed Attorney General for Ireland
  • 1822 (14 February) by-election
    • Rt Hon. William Conyngham Plunket (W): Unopposed
  • 1826 (12 June) general election
    • Rt Hon. William Conyngham Plunket (W): Unopposed
  • Plunket created Baron Plunket
  • 1827 (15 May) by-election (poll 2 days)
    • John Wilson Croker (T) 38 (42.70%)
    • John Henry North (T) 29 (32.58%)
    • Thomas Langlois Lefroy (T) 22 (24.72%)
    • Majority 9 (10.11%)

Elections in the 1830s[edit]

  • 1830 (5 August) general election (poll 1 day)
    • Thomas Langlois Lefroy (T) 33 (43.42%)
    • John Wilson Croker (T) 30 (39.47%)
    • John Henry North (T) 13 (17.11%)
    • Majority 3 (3.95%)
  • 1831 (7 May) general election
    • Thomas Langlois Lefroy (T) 44 (55.00%)
    • Philip Cecil Crampton (W) 36 (45.00%)
    • Majority 8 (10.00%)
  • 1832 (18 December) general election (2 seats)
    • 2,073 electors; 1,726 voted; turnout 83.26%
    • Thomas Langlois Lefroy (C) 1,304 (38.27%)
    • Frederick Shaw (C) 1,290 (37.86%)
    • Philip Cecil Crampton (L) 423 (12.42%)
    • Hon. George Ponsonby (L) 390 (11.45%)
  • 1835 (8 January) general election (2 seats)
    • Rt Hon. Thomas Langlois Lefroy (C): Unopposed
    • Rt Hon. Frederick Shaw (C): Unopposed
  • 1837 (4 August) general election (2 seats)
    • 2,100 electors; 940 voted; turnout 44.76%
    • Rt Hon. Frederick Shaw (C) 852 (45.39%)
    • Rt Hon. Thomas Langlois Lefroy (C) 839 (44.70%)
    • Joseph Stock (L) 186 (9.91%)

Elections in the 1840s[edit]

  • 1841 (1 July) general election (2 seats)
    • Rt Hon. Thomas Langlois Lefroy (C): Unopposed
    • Rt Hon. Frederick Shaw (C): Unopposed
  • Lefroy appointed Baron of the Court of Exchequer in Ireland
  • 1842 (11 February) by-election
    • Rt Hon. Joseph Devonsher Jackson (C): Unopposed
  • Jackson appointed Justice of the Court of Common Pleas in Ireland
  • 1843 (10 February) by-election
    • George Alexander Hamilton (C): Unopposed
  • 1847 (9 August) general election (2 seats) (poll 4 days)
    • 2,100 (1835) electors; 1,190 voted; estimated turnout 56.67%
    • George Alexander Hamilton (C) 738 (33.09%)
    • Rt Hon. Frederick Shaw (C) 572 (25.65%)
    • Joseph Napier (C) 540 (24.48%)
    • James McCullagh (L) 374 (16.77%)
  • Shaw resigned
  • 1848 (19 February) by-election
    • Joseph Napier (C): Unopposed

Elections in the 1850s[edit]

  • Napier appointed Attorney General for Ireland
  • 1852 (9 March) by-election
    • Joseph Napier (C): Unopposed
  • 1852 (13 July) general election (2 seats)
    • George Alexander Hamilton (C): Unopposed
    • Rt Hon. Joseph Napier (C): Unopposed
  • 1857 (4 April) general election (2 seats)
    • 1,700 electors; 2,008 votes cast; estimated turnout 59.06%
    • Rt Hon. Joseph Napier (C) 829 (41.28%)
    • George Alexander Hamilton (C) 791 (39.39%)
    • James Anthony Lawson (L) 272 (13.55%)
    • John Wilson (L) 116 (5.78%)
  • Napier appointed Lord Chancellor of Ireland
  • 1858 (27 March) by-election
    • 1,700 (1857) electors; 939 voted; estimated turnout 55.24%
    • Anthony Lefroy (C) 589 (62.73%)
    • Arthur Edward Gayer (C) 350 (37.27%)
    • Majority 239 (25.45%)
  • Hamilton resigned
  • 1859 (11 February) by-election
    • Rt Hon. James Whiteside (C): Unopposed
  • 1859 (30 April) general election (2 seats)
    • Anthony Lefroy (C): Unopposed
    • Rt Hon. James Whiteside (C): Unopposed

Elections in the 1860s[edit]

  • 1865 (19 July) general election (2 seats)
    • 1,700 electors; 2,797 votes cast; estimated turnout 82.26%
    • Rt Hon. James Whiteside (C) 1,210 (41.28%)
    • Anthony Lefroy (C) 1,045 (39.39%)
    • John Thomas Ball (L) 542 (13.55%)
  • Whiteside appointed Lord Chief Justice of Ireland
  • 1866 (30 July) by-election
    • Rt Hon. John Edward Walsh (C): Unopposed
  • Walsh appointed Master of the Rolls in Ireland
  • 1867 (12 February) by-election
    • Hedge Eyre Chatterton (C): Unopposed
  • Chatterton appointed Attorney-General for Ireland
  • 1867 (30 March) by-election
    • Hedge Eyre Chatterton (C): Unopposed
  • Chatterton appointed Vice-Chancellor of Ireland
  • 1867 (27 August) by-election
    • Robert Richard Warren (C): Unopposed
  • 1868 (23 November) general election (2 seats)
    • 2,151 electors; 3,192 votes cast; estimated turnout 74.20%
    • Anthony Lefroy (C) 1,156 (36.22%)
    • John Thomas Ball (C) 1,077 (33.74%)
    • Sir Edward Grogan, Bt (C) 743 (23.28%)
    • Thomas Ebenezer Webb (L) 216 (6.77%)

Elections in the 1870s[edit]

  • Lefroy resigned
  • 1870 (14 February) by-election
    • Hon. David Robert Plunket (C): Unopposed
  • 1874 (2 February) general election (2 seats)
    • Rt Hon. John Thomas Ball (C): Unopposed
    • Hon. David Robert Plunket (C): Unopposed
  • Ball appointed Attorney General for Ireland
  • 1874 (16 March) by-election
    • Rt Hon. John Thomas Ball (C): Unopposed
  • Ball appointed Lord Chancellor of Ireland
  • 1875 (21 January) by-election
    • 2,438 electors; 2,507 voted; estimated turnout 51.42%
    • Edward Gibson (C) 1,210 (48.26%)
    • Alexander Edward Miller (C) 759 (30.28%)
    • Anthony Traill (C) 538 (21.46%)
    • Majority 451 (17.99%)
  • Plunket appointed Solicitor General for Ireland
  • 1875 (11 February) by-election
    • Hon. David Robert Plunket (C): Unopposed
  • Gibson appointed Attorney General for Ireland
  • 1877 (13 February) by-election
    • Edward Gibson (C): Unopposed

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

  • 1880 (30 March) general election (2 seats)
    • Rt Hon. Edward Gibson (C): Unopposed
    • Rt Hon. David Robert Plunket (C): Unopposed
  • Gibson created Baron Ashbourne and appointed Lord Chancellor of Ireland; Plunket appointed First Commissioner of Works
  • 1885 (30 June) by-election (2 seats)
    • Rt Hon. Hugh Holmes (C): Unopposed
    • Rt Hon. David Robert Plunket (C): Unopposed
  • 1885 (24 November) general election (2 seats)
    • Rt Hon. Hugh Holmes (C): Unopposed
    • Rt Hon. David Robert Plunket (C): Unopposed
  • 1886 (8 July) general election (2 seats)
    • 4,155 electors; 3,831 votes cast; estimated turnout 46.10%
    • Rt Hon. David Robert Plunket (U) 1,865 (48.68%)
    • Rt Hon. Hugh Holmes (U) 1,855 (48.42%)
    • Hugh Herbert Johnston (N) 56 (1.46%)
    • Edward Patrick Sarsfield Counsell (N) 55 (1.44%)
  • Holmes appointed Attorney General for Ireland; Plunket appointed First Commissioner of Works
  • 1886 (13 August) by-election (2 seats)
    • Rt Hon. Hugh Holmes (U): Unopposed
    • Rt Hon. David Robert Plunket (U): Unopposed
  • Holmes appointed Judge
  • 1887 (12 July) by-election
    • 4,092 electors; 2,088 votes cast; turnout 51.03%
    • Dodgson Hamilton Madden (U) 1,376 (65.90%)
    • Hon. Richard Clare Parsons (U) 712 (34.10%)
    • Majority 664 (31.80%)
  • Madden appointed Solicitor General for Ireland
  • 1888 (3 February) by-election
    • Dodgson Hamilton Madden (U): Unopposed

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

  • 1892 (8 July) general election (2 seats)
    • 4,352 electors; 4,694 votes cast; estimated turnout 53.93%
    • Rt Hon. David Robert Plunket (U) 2,188 (46.61%)
    • Edward Henry Carson (U) 1,609 (34.28%)
    • James Corry Jones Lowry (U) 897 (19.11%)
  • 1895 (13 July) general election (2 seats)
    • Edward Henry Carson (U): Unopposed
    • Rt Hon. David Robert Plunket (U): Unopposed
  • Plunket created Baron Rathmore
  • 1895 (6 December) by-election
    • 4,506 electors; 2,768 voted; turnout 61.43%
    • William Edward Hartpole Lecky (LU) 1,757 (63.48%)
    • George Wright (U) 1,011 (36.52%)
    • Majority 746 (26.95%)

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

  • Carson appointed Solicitor General for England
  • 1900 (16 May) by-election
    • Rt Hon. Edward Henry Carson (U): Unopposed
  • 1900 (1 October) general election (2 seats)
    • Rt Hon. Sir Edward Henry Carson (U): Unopposed
    • Rt Hon. William Edward Hartpole Lecky (LU): Unopposed
  • Lecky resigned
  • 1903 (5 March) by-election
    • 4,553 electors; 2,913 voted; turnout 63.98%
    • James Henry Mussen Campbell (U) 1,492 (51.22%)
    • Arthur Warren Samuels (U) 1,421 (48.78%)
    • Majority 71 (2.44%)
  • 1906 (13 January) general election (2 seats)
    • Rt Hon. James Henry Mussen Campbell (U): Unopposed
    • Rt Hon. Sir Edward Henry Carson (U): Unopposed

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

  • 1910 (15 January) general election (2 seats)
    • Rt Hon. James Henry Mussen Campbell (U): Unopposed
    • Rt Hon. Sir Edward Henry Carson (U): Unopposed
  • 1910 (3 December) general election (2 seats)
    • Rt Hon. James Henry Mussen Campbell (U): Unopposed
    • Rt Hon. Sir Edward Henry Carson (U): Unopposed
  • Campbell appointed Attorney General for Ireland
  • 1916 (15 April) by-election
    • Rt Hon. James Henry Mussen Campbell (U): Unopposed
  • Campbell appointed Lord Chief Justice of Ireland
  • 1917 (5 February) by-election
    • 4,138 electors; 2,520 voted; turnout 60.90%
    • Arthur Warren Samuels (U) 1,841 (73.06%)
    • Sir Robert Henry Woods (U) 679 (26.94%)
    • Majority 1,162 (46.11%)
  • Samuels appointed Solicitor General for Ireland
  • 1917 (5 October) by-election
  • 1918 (21 December) general election (2 seats) (polling 16–20 December)
    • 4,541 electors; 2,954 voted; turnout 59.39%; quota 985
    • First preference votes
      • Rt Hon. Arthur Warren Samuels (U) 1,273 (43.09%) (elected)
      • Sir Robert Henry Woods (Ind U) 793 (26.84%)
      • William Morgan Jellett (U) 631 (21.36%)
      • Stephen Gwynn (Ind N) 257 (8.70%)
    • Second and third counts: Distribution of Samuels' surplus and Gwynn's votes
      • Rt Hon. Arthur Warren Samuels (U) (-288) 985 (elected)
      • Sir Robert Henry Woods (Ind U) (+301) 1,094 (elected)
      • William Morgan Jellett (U) and non-transferable (+244) 875 (runner up)
      • Stephen Lucius Gwynn (Ind N) (-257) 0 (eliminated)
    • Note: The Times edition of 23 December 1918 reported that the Provost of the University, as returning officer, did not announce the figures. It was ascertained that Woods had 1,094 votes when elected. The above is the best reconstruction of the later counts which is possible with the available information.
  • Samuels appointed Judge
  • 1919 (28 July) by-election
    • William Morgan Jellett (U): Unopposed
  • This was the last UK Parliament election held in the 26 counties which became the Irish Free State

Dáil Éireann elections[edit]

1921 general election[edit]

1921 general election: Dublin University[2]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Independent Ernest Alton Unopposed N/A 1
Independent Sir James Craig Unopposed N/A 2
Independent Gerald Fitzgibbon Unopposed N/A 3
Independent William Thrift Unopposed N/A 4

1922 general election[edit]

1922 general election: Dublin University[3]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Independent Ernest Alton Unopposed N/A 1
Independent Sir James Craig Unopposed N/A 2
Independent Gerald Fitzgibbon Unopposed N/A 3
Independent William Thrift Unopposed N/A 4
Electorate: 1,150   Valid:   Quota:   Turnout:

1923 general election[edit]

1923 general election: Dublin University[4]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Independent Ernest Alton Unopposed N/A 1
Independent Sir James Craig Unopposed N/A 2
Independent William Thrift Unopposed N/A 3
Electorate: 1,400   Valid:   Quota:   Turnout:

June 1927 general election[edit]

June 1927 general election: Dublin University[5]
Party Candidate  % 1st Pref Count 1 Count 2 Count 3
Independent William Thrift 38.6 614    
Independent James Craig 22.4 356 415  
Independent Ernest Alton 18.1 287 386 398
Independent Bolton C. Waller 20.9 332 386 391
Electorate: 2,069   Valid: 1,589   Quota: 398   Turnout: 76.8%

September 1927 general election[edit]

September 1927 general election: Dublin University[6]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Independent Ernest Alton Unopposed N/A 1
Independent Sir James Craig Unopposed N/A 2
Independent William Thrift Unopposed N/A 3

1932 general election[edit]

1932 general election: Dublin University[7]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Independent Ernest Alton Unopposed N/A 1
Independent Sir James Craig Unopposed N/A 2
Independent William Thrift Unopposed N/A 3

1933 general election[edit]

1933 general election: Dublin University[8]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Independent Ernest Alton Unopposed N/A 1
Independent Sir James Craig Unopposed N/A 2
Independent William Thrift Unopposed N/A 3
Electorate: 3,260   Valid:   Quota:   Turnout:

1933 by-election[edit]

Following the death of independent TD Sir James Craig, a by-election was held on 13 October 1933. The seat was won by the independent candidate Robert Rowlette.

1933 by-election: Dublin University[9]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Independent Robert Rowlette Unopposed N/A 1

Seanad Éireann elections[edit]

1944 Seanad election[edit]

1944 Seanad election: Dublin University
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Independent T.C. Kingsmill Moore 755 32.9 1 1
Independent William Fearon 621 16.0 2 1
Independent Joseph Johnston 437 19.0 3 4
Independent Robert Rowlette 419 18.2
Independent E. O'Mahoney 65 2.8
Electorate: 3,886   Valid: 2,297   Quota: 575   Turnout: 59.1%[10]

2002 Seanad election[edit]

2002 Seanad election: Dublin University
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Independent David Norris 3,493 24.5 1 5
Independent Shane Ross 3,465 24.3 2 5
Independent Mary Henry 2,123 14.9 3 10
Independent Ivana Bacik 1,591 11.2
Independent Sean Barrett 994 7.0
Independent Maurice Gueret 780 5.5
Independent Rosaleen McDonagh 733 5.2
Independent P.J. O'Meara 265 1.9
Independent David Martin 212 1.5
Independent Prabu Kulkarni 185 1.3
Independent Gerard McHugh 156 1.1
Independent Anthony O'Donnell 142 1.0
Independent Declan Boland 98 0.7
Electorate: 38,488   Valid: 14,237   Quota: 3,560   Turnout: 37.0%

References[edit]

  • Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "D" (part 3)[self-published source][better source needed]
  • The Parliaments of England by Henry Stooks Smith (1st edition published in three volumes 1844-50), second edition edited (in one volume) by F.W.S. Craig (Political Reference Publications 1973)
  • Parliamentary Election Results in Ireland, 1801-1922, edited by B.M. Walker (Royal Irish Academy 1978)
  • Who's Who of British Members of Parliament: Volume I 1832-1885, edited by M. Stenton (The Harvester Press 1976)
  • Who's Who of British Members of Parliament: Volume II 1886-1918, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (The Harvester Press 1978)
  • Who's Who of British Members of Parliament: Volume III 1919-1945, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (The Harvester Press 1979)
  • Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  • The Times (of London), editions of 23 December 1918 and 17 June 1927
  1. ^ "Electoral (University Constituencies) Act, 1936". Irish Statute Book. Retrieved 16 January 2014. 
  2. ^ "General election 1921: Dublin University". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 5 August 2011. 
  3. ^ "General election 1922: Dublin University". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 5 August 2011. 
  4. ^ "General election 1923: Dublin University". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 30 July 2011. 
  5. ^ "General election June 1927: Dublin University". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 22 July 2011. 
  6. ^ "General election September 1927: Dublin University". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 24 May 2011. 
  7. ^ "General election 1933: Dublin University". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 24 May 2011. 
  8. ^ "General election 1933: Dublin University". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 24 May 2011. 
  9. ^ "General election 1933: Dublin University". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 24 May 2011. 
  10. ^ The Irish Times, 2 August 1944, p 1

External links[edit]

See also[edit]