University of Erlangen-Nuremberg
|University of Erlangen-Nuremberg|
University of Erlangen-Nuremberg skyline
|Motto in English||Advance through Networks|
November 4, 1743 (moved)
|Endowment||€148 million (External funding 2011)|
|Chancellor||Thomas AH Schöck|
|President||Prof. Dr. rer. pol. Karl-Dieter Grüske|
1. Prof. Dr. Christoph Korbmacher
|Academic staff||624 (Professorship positions)|
|Admin. staff||12,000 employees (4,800 in the Institute area and the administrative)|
|Students||35,363 (WS 2012/13)|
|Location||Erlangen and Nuremberg, Bavaria, Germany
|Former names||Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen|
1. Bavarian State Ministry for Science, Research and Art
3. Excellence Universities
1.Top Industrial Managers for Europe
University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (German: Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg) better known as FAU is a public research university in the cities Erlangen and Nuremberg in Bavaria, Germany. University name Friedrich-Alexander came from the university's first founder Friedrich, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth, and its benefactor Christian Frederick Charles Alexander, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach.
FAU is the second largest state university in the state Bavaria and largest one in the Northern Bavarian region, which is having five faculties, 23 departments, 24 clinical departments and 11 autonomous departments (until winter semester 2012/13). There are roughly 12,000 employees in the university those are working in various departments (including university clinic).
In winter semester 2012/13 around 35,363 students were enrolled at the university in 153 study programs out of them, about 2/3 are studying in Erlangen campus and remaining 1/3 in Nuremberg campus of the university. These statics puts FAU in among the 12 largest universities in Germany. There are also about 2850 foreign students enrolled in the university in various programs.
In 2006 and 2007, in the line of the excellence initiative FAU was chosen by DFG as one of the winner in the German Universities Excellence Initiative. FAU is also a member of DFG (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft) and the Top Industrial Managers for Europe network.
University was founded in 1742 in Bayreuth by Frederick, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth, and moved to Erlangen in 1743. Christian Frederick Charles Alexander, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach (one of the two namesakes of the institution) provided significant support to the early university. From the beginning, the university was a Protestant institution, but it slowly secularized. During the Nazi era, the university was one of the first that had a majority of Nazi supporters in the student council. In 1961 the business college in Nuremberg was merged with the university in Erlangen, which led to the present state of a university divided between two towns. A technical faculty was inaugurated in 1966 and the pedagogical college in Nuremberg became part of the university in 1972.
Below is a short timeline of the FAU from its inception to its present form:
- 1700-1704: The Schloss of the Margraves at Erlangen is built.
- 1743: Friedrich, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth, issues an edict whereby the university recently founded in Bayreuth is transferred to Erlangen. It has the four faculties of Protestant Theology, Jurisprudence, Medicine and Philosophy.
- 1769: The University at Erlangen is given the new name of Friedrich-Alexander-Universität in honour of Alexander, Margrave of Ansbach and Bayreuth.
- 1818: The library of the University of Altdorf, dissolved in 1809, is moved to Erlangen.
- 1824: The first hospital is built.
- 1825: The University moves into the Schloss.
- 1927: Science is taken out of the Faculty of Arts thus creating the new Faculty of Science.
- 1961: The FAU acquires a further faculty through merger with the Nuremberg College of Economics and Social Sciences (founded in 1919). The University's name is now Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nürnberg.
- 1966: Faculty of Engineering Sciences is established. (FAU is thus the first of the traditional universities of the old federal republic to incorporate engineering as an independent faculty)
- 1972: The Teacher Training College in Nuremberg is incorporated into the Faculty of Education.
- 1993: The FAU celebrates its 250th anniversary.
- 1994: The Free State of Bavaria purchases for the university 4.4 hectares of land in Erlangen previously owned by the US military. The area is now called Röthelheim Campus.
- 1995: The WiSo Faculty (Business Administration, Economics & Social Sciences) celebrates its 75th anniversary.
- 2000: The Bavaria-California Technology Centre opens its headquarters at the University of Erlangen-Nürnberg.
- 2000: Inauguration of the Research Centre in Clinical Molecular Biology in Erlangen.
- 2001: Opening of the Röthelheim Campus on the site of the old artillery barracks.
- 2004: Inauguration of the new building at the WiSo Faculty of Business Administration, Economics & Social Sciences in Nuremberg.
- Faculty of Humanities, Social Sciences and Theology
- Faculty of Business, Economics and Law
- Faculty of Medicine
- Faculty of Sciences
- Faculty of Engineering
The following faculties were part of the university (sorted in the order in which they were founded):
- Theological faculty
- Law faculty
- Medical faculty
- Philosophical faculty I (philosophy, history, and social sciences)
- Philosophical Faculty II (languages and literature)
- Science faculty I (mathematics and physics)
- Science faculty II (biology, chemistry, and pharmaceutics)
- Science faculty III (geography, geology / mineralogy /paleontology)
- Business- and social sciences faculty (1961) in Nuremberg
- Technical Faculty (1966)
- Pedagogical faculty (1972) in Nuremberg
University research centres
Below is a list of research centres which are directly or indirectly affiliated to the university:
- Research Institute for Cooperative Studies at the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg
- WiSo Leadership Academy Nuremberg (EFC) - Charitable mbH at the Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nuremberg
- Institute for Preventive Medicine of the kidney, high-pressure and heart disease (IPM) at the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg
- Institute for Empirical Sociology at the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg
- Forum V - Northern Bavarian Institute of Insurance Science and Economics at the Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nuremberg
Other research centres associated with FAU
- Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light
- Fraunhofer Institute for Integrated Circuits
- Fraunhofer Institute for Integrated Systems and Device Technology
- Bavarian Laser Center
- Innovation Center for Telecommunication GmbH
International Audio Laboratories Erlangen (or AudioLabs) is a joint institution of Fraunhofer Institute for Integrated Circuits and University of Erlangen-Nürnberg. The University provides six professorship positions to the research center and guarantees the scientific integration into the academic environment. Fraunhofer IIS will provide a budget to fund AudioLabs for an initial period of ten years. AudioLabs will benefit from Fraunhofer IIS’ extensive history and expertise in the field of audio and multimedia technologies. This close cooperation of both partners allows for a unique organization with competencies ranging from basic research and teaching to technology implementation in innovative multimedia systems.
AudioLabs is located on the premises of Fraunhofer IIS in Tennenlohe. Being in the vicinity of the Erlangen University and the Audio & Multimedia division of Fraunhofer IIS, this location enables close scientific collaboration in an ideal way. In addition, it allows for use of the modern infrastructure of Fraunhofer IIS including acoustics labs, recording studios or digital cinema labs.
Clusters of Excellence concentrate and focus the research potential at university locations in Germany and, hence, strengthen their international visibility and competitiveness. Their policy is to engage in scientific networking and collaboration in research fields of particular promise for the future. Besides various university institutions, non-university research institutions and industrial partners also play a important role throughout the Clusters. Clusters of Excellence have been conceived to contribute importantly to the respective university’s strategic planning and to accelerate the process of setting thematic priorities at universities. Under the Excellence Initiative, a total of 37 Clusters of Excellence receive funding over a period of five years, with each Cluster of Excellence receiving an average of 6.5 million euros per year.
At university of Erlangen-Nürnberg there are two specialist cluster of excellence in the field of material science, lasers and lights.
Main research areas are in the field of material science.
The university's Institute of Optics, Information and Photonics bundles a major focus in optical technologies within the faculty of natural sciences and has been the source for the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light. Together with chairs of the engineering faculty, the Erlangen Graduate School in Advanced Optical Technologies and the Cluster of Excellence in Advanced Materials, optics and photonics technologies play an important role as a highly interdisciplinary field, attracting several Max Planck Junior Research Groups and Alexander von Humboldt fellows to the institution.
- Institute for the professions
- Center for teachers and teacher education
- Collegium Alexandrinum (Public lecture series)
- Graduate School of FAU
- Regional Computing Centre Erlangen
- Sports Centre
- University language centre
- Student Service
- University library
- University clinic
- Institute of Foreign Languages and Foreign Studies at the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg
- Bavarian State Institute of Apiculture
- Bavarian Health and Food Safety
- Center for Distance Learning and Continuing Education
- Bavarian Academic Center for Latin America at the Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nuremberg (BayLAT)
|Academic Ranking of World Universities||201-300||201-300||201-300||201-302||201-302||203-304||201-300||203-300||202-301||201-300|
Broad subject fields ranking
|Broad Subject Fields||2012|
|Engineering/Technology and Computer Science (ENG)||101-150|
|Life and Agriculture Sciences (LIFE)||151-200|
|Clinical Medicine and Pharmacy (MED)||151-200|
FAU Busan campus
FAU is the first German university to establish a branch campus in Busan in the Republic of Korea. In November 2009, its campus project received approval from the Korean Ministry of Education, Science and Technology. The FAU Busan Branch Campus offers a Graduate School with a master degree program in Chemical and Bioengineering and a research center.
Alexander von Humboldt Professorships
In 2010 the newly announced professor of physics and co-director of the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Prof. Vahid Sandoghdar awarded Alexander von Humboldt Professorship, Germany’s highest-endowed international research award, entailed with € 3.5 million. In the year 2011, second in a row, FAU communications engineer and researcher Prof. Dr.-Ing Robert Schober (born 1971) awarded an Alexander von Humboldt Professorship, entailed with € 3.5 million, for an algorithm developed by him which is found in many modern phones today.
German Excellence Initiative
The University of Erlangen Nuremberg was successful within the German Universities Excellence Initiative in competing for a "cluster of excellence" and a graduate school. The cluster of excellence, "Engineering of Advanced Materials" focusses on interdisciplinarily developing new materials, joining engineering and natural sciences. The graduate school "Erlangen Graduate School in Advanced Optical Technologies" emphasizes a strong focus in optical and photonics technology in the natural sciences, in engineering and the medical sciences and aims for a concise Ph.D. education. It is supplemented with a masters program in the same topics.
Both programs after an in-depth evaluation were extended for the third phase of the German Excellence Initiative in 2012 until 2017. They contribute significantly to the research funding of the university, including five new research buildings, permanent new technical facilities and research and teaching staff. They also aim to increase the international perception of the contributing fields of research in Erlangen.
Notable alumni and professors
- Johann Christian Daniel von Schreber (1739–1810), naturalist, studied mammals.
- Samuel Hahnemann (1755-1843), founder of homeopathy
- Alexander von Humboldt (1769-1859), Geographer and Explorer, attended lectures in Chemistry and Physics.
- Friedrich Rückert (1788 – 1866), orientalist and poet.
- Georg Simon Ohm (1789–1854), physicist, Ohm's law, named after him.
- Justus von Liebig (1803–1873), chemist, "father of the fertilizer industry".
- Ludwig Andreas Feuerbach (1804–1872), philosopher, associated with the Young Hegelians, an atheist.
- Hermann Emil Fischer (1852-1919), chemist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1902
- Eduard Buchner (1860-1917), chemist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1907
- Emanuel Lasker (1868-1941), world chess champion, mathematician, philosopher.
- Emmy Noether (1882–1935), mathematician, Noether's theorem, named after her.
- Hans Geiger (1882-1945), physicist, Geiger counter
- Ludwig Erhard (1897-1977), Chancellor of Germany 1963-1966
- Alma Adamkienė (1927-), First Lady of Lithuania 1998-2009
- Harald zur Hausen (1936-), virologist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2008
- Heinrich von Pierer (1941-), former CEO of Siemens AG (1992-2005).
- Karlheinz Brandenburg (1954–), audio engineer, developer of the MP3 audio codec.
Points of interest
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg|
- Official website (English)
- Official website (German)
- Officical website of FAU Busan campus (English)
- Complete Lecture Guide
- FAU library
- Alumni Network and Faculty Association of the WiSo Nuremberg
- Collegium Alexandrinum Public lecture courses
Notes and references
- "Uni Erlangen Funding". uni-erlangen.de. Retrieved 2012-10-17.
- "Uni Erlangen Management". uni-erlangen.de. Retrieved 2012-10-17.
- "Uni Erlangen professorship positions". uni-erlangen.de. Retrieved 2012-01-27.
- "Uni Erlangen Students". uni-erlangen.de. Retrieved 2012-10-17.
- "Uni Erlangen Statistics". uni-erlangen.de. Retrieved 2013-02-02.
- http://www.uni-erlangen.org/university/stats.shtml uni-erlangen facts
- "Uni Erlangen Faculties". uni-erlangen.de. Retrieved 2012-01-27.
- "International Audio Laboratories Erlangen". audiolabs-erlangen.com. Retrieved May, 2012.
- "Associated facilities with FAU". uni-erlangen.de. Retrieved 2012-01-31.
- http://www.shanghairanking.com/Institution.jsp?param=University%20of%20Erlangen-Nuremberg# World academic ranking of the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg
- http://www.shanghairanking.com/Institution.jsp?param=University%20of%20Erlangen-Nuremberg# Broad subject fields ranking of the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg
- http://fau-busan.ac.kr/en/gu/gu_1.html FAU Busan campus
-  Retrieved 2012-10-19
-  Retrieved 2012-10-19