University of Erlangen-Nuremberg

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University of Erlangen-Nuremberg
Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg
Universitaet-Erlangen-Nuernberg-seal.svg
University of Erlangen-Nuremberg seal
Established 1742 (first)
November 4, 1743 (1743-11-04) (moved)
Type Public
Endowment 160 million (External funding 2012)[1]
Chancellor Dr. Sybille Reichert
President Prof. Dr. rer. pol. Karl-Dieter Grüske
Vice-president

1. Prof. Dr. Christoph Korbmacher
(Vice President for International Relations)
2. Prof. Dr. Antje Kley
(Vice President for Teaching)
3. Prof. Dr.-Ing. Joachim Hornegger
(Vice President for Research)

[2]
Academic staff 576 (professors)[3]
Admin. staff 13,000 employees
Students 37,891 (WS 2013/14)[4]
Undergraduates 18,912
Postgraduates 5,988
Doctoral students 687 (2013)
Other students 12,991
Location Erlangen and Nuremberg, Bavaria, Germany
49°35′52.5″N 11°0′17.17″E / 49.597917°N 11.0047694°E / 49.597917; 11.0047694Coordinates: 49°35′52.5″N 11°0′17.17″E / 49.597917°N 11.0047694°E / 49.597917; 11.0047694
Campus Urban
Former names Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen
Colors Blue     
Nickname FAU
Affiliations Domestic:
1. Bavarian State Ministry for Science, Research and Art
2. DFG
3. Excellence Universities
International:
1.Top Industrial Managers for Europe
2. SEFI
Website fau.eu(English)
fau.de(German)
Logo of the Universität of Erlangen-Nürnberg

University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (German: Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg) better known as FAU is a public research university in the cities of Erlangen and Nuremberg in Bavaria, Germany. The name Friedrich-Alexander comes from the university's first founder Friedrich, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth, and its benefactor Christian Frederick Charles Alexander, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach.

In Germany traditional liberal arts universities do not usually have an engineering school or department. However FAU does have a distinct engineering faculty.

FAU is the second largest state university in the state Bavaria. It has five schools, 23 departments, 30 clinical departments, and 20 autonomous departments.[5] There are roughly 12,000 employees at the university.

In winter semester 2012/13 around 35,363 students (including 2850 foreign students) enrolled in the university in 153 fields of study, with about 2/3 are studying at the Erlangen campus and the remaining 1/3 at the Nuremberg campus. FAU is among the 12 largest universities in Germany.

In 2006 and 2007, as part of the national excellence initiative, FAU was chosen by the German Research Foundation as one of the winners in the German Universities Excellence Initiative.[6] FAU is also a member of DFG (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft)[7] and the Top Industrial Managers for Europe[8] network.

In Academic Ranking of World Universities for year 2014, FAU ranked second among German universities in Engineering/Technology and Computer Sciences group for all four ranking parameters TOP, FUN, HiCi and PUB. [9][10]

History[edit]

Frederick, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth, founder of FAU

The university was founded in 1742 in Bayreuth by Frederick, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth, and moved to Erlangen in 1743. Christian Frederick Charles Alexander, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach (one of the two namesakes of the institution) provided significant support to the early university. From the beginning, the university was a Protestant institution, but over time it slowly secularized. During the Nazi era, the university was one of the first that had a majority of Nazi supporters in the student council. In 1961 the business college in Nuremberg was merged with the university in Erlangen, so that now the combined institution has a physical presence in the two cities. An engineering school was inaugurated in 1966. In 1972 the school of education (normal school) in Nuremberg became part of the university.

Schloss Erlangen
The castle in the center of Erlangen, known to many simply as the Schloss, is home to a large part of the university's administration


Timeline[edit]

Below is a short timeline of the FAU from its inception to its present form:

  • 1700-1704: The Schloss of the Margraves at Erlangen is built.
  • 1743: Friedrich, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth, issues an edict whereby the university recently founded in Bayreuth is transferred to Erlangen. It has the four faculties of Protestant Theology, Jurisprudence, Medicine and Philosophy.
  • 1769: The University at Erlangen is given the new name of Friedrich-Alexander-Universität in honour of Alexander, Margrave of Ansbach and Bayreuth.
  • 1818: The library of the University of Altdorf, dissolved in 1809, is moved to Erlangen.
  • 1824: The first hospital is built.
  • 1825: The University moves into the Schloss.
  • 1927: Science is taken out of the Faculty of Arts thus creating the new Faculty of Science.
  • 1961: The FAU acquires a further faculty through merger with the Nuremberg College of Economics and Social Sciences (founded in 1919). The University's name is now Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nürnberg.
  • 1966: Faculty of Engineering Sciences is established. (FAU is thus the first of the traditional universities of the old federal republic to incorporate engineering as an independent faculty.)
  • 1972: The Teacher Training College in Nuremberg is incorporated into the Faculty of Education.
  • 1993: The FAU celebrates its 250th anniversary.
  • 1994: The Free State of Bavaria purchases for the university 4.4 hectares of land in Erlangen previously owned by the US military. The area is now called Röthelheim Campus.
  • 1995: The WiSo Faculty (Business Administration, Economics & Social Sciences) celebrates its 75th anniversary.
  • 2000: The Bavaria-California Technology Centre opens its headquarters at the University of Erlangen-Nürnberg.
  • 2000: Inauguration of the Research Centre in Clinical Molecular Biology in Erlangen.
  • 2001: Opening of the Röthelheim Campus on the site of the old artillery barracks.
  • 2004: Inauguration of the new building at the WiSo Faculty of Business Administration, Economics & Social Sciences in Nuremberg.

Faculties[edit]

The Kollegienhaus, the historical central building and lecture hall of the University at the borders of the Schlossgarten

In February 2007 the senate of the university decided upon a restructuring into five faculties.[11] Since October 2007 the FAU consists of:[12]

The following faculties were part of the university (sorted in the order in which they were founded):

Logo of the University Hospital
University Hospital Erlangen
Old University Library (Erlangen)

Faculty of Engineering[edit]

Inception[edit]

In 1962, after lengthy debate, the Bavarian parliament finally decided to establish a Faculty of Engineering in Erlangen.[13] Then, the University of Erlangen thus won out against the city of Nuremberg, which, for decades, had been demanding the establishment of a College of Engineering in Nuremberg. Since the expansive areas of building land required for this project were not available in the center of Erlangen, the foundations for a new University campus were laid in the south east of the town in 1964. The formal establishment of the Faculty of Engineering, the seventh faculty at the Friedrich-Alexander University, took place in 1966. What was unique at the time was that the various Engineering departments were subsumed, as a faculty, into the main university rather than constituting an independent university.

Present status[edit]

The Faculty of Engineering at FAU is a young educational and research institution. Since its foundation in 1966, the Faculty has gained an outstanding national and international reputation. The Faculty boasts expertise in a range of future-oriented areas of study and research across the five departments:

  • Electrical, Electronic and Communication Engineering.
  • Chemical and Biological Engineering.
  • Materials Science and Engineering. This Department was ranked at 10th best in the world according to the Quantitative Ranking of Engineering Disciplines (QRED).[14][15]
  • Mechanical Engineering.
  • Computer Science.

The Faculty has close connections both with other natural sciences as well as with traditional subjects at the university. The Faculty of Engineering currently concentrates on the following research fields:

  • New Materials and Processes.
  • Life Science Engineering and Medicine Technology.
  • Energy Technology and Mobility.
  • Modeling and Simulation.
  • Optics and Optical Technologies.
  • Information- and Communication Technologies.
  • Micro-/Nanoelectronics.

The Faculty of Engineering has a firm commitment to the unity and freedom of teaching and research as an essential precondition for scientific progress. The prioritizing of teaching and research is realized through the principle of teaching based on research, and the faculty plays a significant role in social and technological developments. The faculty promotes knowledge transfer, mobility and exchange within research and teaching in cooperation with numerous universities worldwide. Partnerships with businesses, research institutions, as well as international educational and cultural institutes are well established.

Research[16][edit]

Major research areas[edit]

FAU claims leadership in a number of research topics. The current eight such major research areas are:[17]

  • New Materials and Processes
  • Optics and Optical Technologies
  • Molecular Life Science and Medicine
  • Health Technology
  • Electronics, Information and Communication
  • Energy, Environment and Climate
  • Language - Culture - Region
  • Cohesion – Transformation – Innovation in Law and Economics

Excellence initiative[18][edit]

The Excellence Initiative by the German federal and state governments to promote science and research at German universities aims to promote cutting-edge research and to strengthen the higher education and research in Germany to improve its international competitiveness and to make top performers in academia and science visible. FAU was awarded the contract for the Erlangen Graduate School in Advanced Optical Technologies (SAOT), which receives 1.9 million euros in funding for the next five years annually. Furthermore, the research focus of Engineering of Advanced Materials and Processes has been approved in the second round. The cluster is funded with 40 million euros.[19]

Cluster of Excellence Engineering of Advanced Materials[20][21][22][edit]

See for more information: Cluster of Excellence Engineering of Advanced Materials, FAU

The Cluster of Excellence Engineering of Advanced Materials – Hierarchical Structure Formation for Functional Devices is the only interdisciplinary research collaboration of its type in Germany to focus on the investigation of functional materials and their processing at all length scales. Main research focus is on the fundamental and applied aspects of designing and creating novel high-performance materials. It is part of the Excellence Initiative of the German Research Foundation.

Erlangen Graduate School in Advanced Optical Technologies[23][24][edit]

See for more information: Advanced Optical Technologies, FAU

The Erlangen Graduate School in Advanced Optical Technologies (SAOT) was founded in 2006. SAOT’s scientific focus lies on Optics and Optical Technology, two fields which are considered key technologies of the 21st century. SAOT offers an excellent interdisciplinary research environment, which is firmly grounded in a vast network of cooperation's with internationally leading experts. At the Graduate School, young scientists work at the interface of a variety of disciplines such as Materials Sciences, Metrology, Medicine and Processing Technology. With their research, these young scientists make a considerable contribution to optical technologies being used to their full potential. SAOT is currently funded with seven million euros.

Research institutions[edit]

Central institutions[25][edit]

Interdisciplinary centers[26][edit]

Research centers & centers of excellence[27][edit]

Other associated research institutes[edit]

International Audio Laboratories Erlangen[28][edit]

See for more information: International Audio Laboratories Erlangen

International Audio Laboratories Erlangen (better known as AudioLabs) is a joint institution of Fraunhofer Institute for Integrated Circuits and University of Erlangen-Nürnberg. The University provides six professorship positions to the research center and guarantees the scientific integration into the academic environment. Fraunhofer IIS will provide a budget to fund AudioLabs for an initial period of ten years. AudioLabs will benefit from Fraunhofer IIS’ extensive history and expertise in the field of audio and multimedia technologies. This close cooperation of both partners allows for a unique organization with competencies ranging from basic research and teaching to technology implementation in innovative multimedia systems.

AudioLabs is unique worldwide in both its mission and international approach. It is having a team of globally renowned scientists, those are working to shape the future of audio and multimedia technologies in the research areas such as audio coding, audio signal analysis and perceptual spatial audio signal processing.

AudioLabs is located on the premises of Fraunhofer IIS in Tennenlohe. Being in the vicinity of the Erlangen University and the Audio & Multimedia division of Fraunhofer IIS, this location enables close scientific collaboration in an ideal way. In addition, it allows for use of the modern infrastructure of Fraunhofer IIS including acoustics labs, recording studios or digital cinema labs.

Emerging Fields Initiative [29][edit]

See for more information: Emerging Fields Initiative, FAU

Being one of the strongest and most reputable research university in Germany, FAU boasting a large number of outstanding academic approaches and perspectives. Moreover, as a so-called full university, FAU brings all disciplines together under one roof. Thus FAU offers perfect conditions for the generation of innovative ideas, which often emerge at the interface between several disciplines and span different fields of research. Therefore, FAU launched its Emerging Fields Initiative (EFI) in 2010. The EFI aims to promote outstanding, preferably interdisciplinary research projects at an early stage and in a flexible and non-bureaucratic way. In doing so, the EFI aims to enable renowned FAU researchers to put visionary ideas into practice and thus to react more quickly and more effectively to upcoming challenges.

University facilities[30][edit]

Academic ranking[edit]

International ranking[edit]

Institutional ranking[edit]

Overall world academic ranking of the university published by Academic Ranking of World Universities:[31]

Ranking 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003
Academic Ranking of World Universities 201-300 201-300 201-300 201-300 201-300 201-302 201-302 203-304 201-300 203-300 202-301 201-300

Broad subject fields ranking[edit]

Performance in academic ranking of world universities by broad subject fields published by Academic Ranking of World Universities:[32]

Broad Subject Fields 2014 2013 2012
Engineering/Technology and Computer Science (ENG) 76-100 101-150 101-150
Natural Sciences and Mathematics (SCI) 101-150 ------- -------
Life and Agriculture Sciences (LIFE) ------- 151-200 151-200
Clinical Medicine and Pharmacy (MED) 151-200 151-200 151-200

Subject fields ranking[edit]

Performance in academic ranking of world universities by subject fields published by Academic Ranking of World Universities:[33]

Broad Subject Fields 2014 2013 2012
Chemistry 51-75 101-150 101-150

Domestic ranking[edit]

Performance in academic ranking among German universities by broad subject fields published by Academic Ranking of World Universities:[34]

Broad Subject Fields 2014 2013 2012
Engineering/Technology and Computer Science (ENG) 2 3 3

Campuses[edit]

FAU Busan campus[edit]

FAU is the first German university to establish a branch campus in Busan in the Republic of Korea. In November 2009, its campus project received approval from the Korean Ministry of Education, Science and Technology. The FAU Busan Branch Campus offers a Graduate School with a master degree program in Chemical and Bioengineering and a research center.[35]

In 2014, the university announced its intention of working toward making the Busan-Jinhae Free Economic Zone an educational hub. To this end, FAU Busan works internationally with various companies and universities.[36]

Awards[edit]

Alexander von Humboldt Professorships[edit]

In 2010 the newly announced professor of physics and co-director of the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Prof. Vahid Sandoghdar was awarded an Alexander von Humboldt Professorship,[37] Germany’s highest-endowed international research award, endowed with €3.5 million. In the year 2011, the second in a row, FAU communications engineer and researcher Prof. Dr.-Ing Robert Schober (born 1971) was awarded an Alexander von Humboldt Professorship, entailed with €3.5 million,[38][39][40] for an algorithm developed by him which is found in many modern phones today. In 2013, Prof. Oskar Painter received an Alexander von Humboldt Professorship as well. Prof. Painter is another new co-director of the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light.

German Excellence Initiative[edit]

The University of Erlangen Nuremberg was successful within the German Universities Excellence Initiative in competing for a "cluster of excellence" and a graduate school.[41] The cluster of excellence, "Engineering of Advanced Materials" focusses on interdisciplinarily developing new materials, joining engineering and natural sciences. The graduate school "Erlangen Graduate School in Advanced Optical Technologies" emphasizes a strong focus in optical and photonics technology in the natural sciences, in engineering and the medical sciences and aims for a concise Ph.D. education. It is supplemented with a masters program in the same topics.

Both programs after an in-depth evaluation were extended for the third phase of the German Excellence Initiative in 2012 until 2017. They contribute significantly to the research funding of the university, including five new research buildings, permanent new technical facilities and research and teaching staff. They also aim to increase the international perception of the contributing fields of research in Erlangen.

Notable alumni and professors[edit]

Gallery[edit]

Points of interest[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "Uni Erlangen Funding". uni-erlangen.de. Retrieved 2012-10-17. 
  2. ^ "Uni Erlangen Management". uni-erlangen.de. Retrieved 2012-10-17. 
  3. ^ "Uni Erlangen professorship positions". uni-erlangen.de. Retrieved 2014-01-27. 
  4. ^ "Uni Erlangen Students". uni-erlangen.de. Retrieved 2014-01-17. 
  5. ^ http://www.uni-erlangen.org/university/stats.shtml uni-erlangen facts
  6. ^ http://www.bmbf.de/pubRD/2012-06-15_Finale_Foerderliste_2.pdf
  7. ^ Dfg.de
  8. ^ Time-association.org
  9. ^ http://www.shanghairanking.com/World-University-Rankings/University-of-Erlangen-Nuremberg.html Broad subject fields ranking of the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg
  10. ^ http://blogs.fau.de/international/2014/09/01/fau-among-global-leaders-in-chemistry-and-engineering/ FAU Among Global Leaders in Chemistry and Engineering
  11. ^ "Die Universität stellt sich neu auf". Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg. 7 February 2007. Retrieved 10 September 2013. 
  12. ^ "Uni Erlangen Faculties". FAU. Retrieved 27 January 2012. 
  13. ^ "Uni Erlangen Faculty of Engineering". Erlangen University. Retrieved 3 Oct 2013. 
  14. ^ http://sti.epfl.ch/page-73094.html
  15. ^ https://blogs.fau.de/international/2012/11/06/fau-materials-scientists-top-ten-worldwide/
  16. ^ http://www.uni-erlangen.org/research/ FAU Research
  17. ^ http://www.uni-erlangen.org/research/main-topics/ FAU, Major Research Areas
  18. ^ http://www.uni-erlangen.org/research/excellence-initiative.shtml FAU, Excellence Initiative
  19. ^ http://www.uni-erlangen.de/forschung/exzellenzinitiative/ Die Universität in der Exzellenzinitiative
  20. ^ http://www.excellence-initiative.com/excellence-initiative
  21. ^ http://www.excellence-initiative.com/erlangen-nuernberg-materials-functional-devices
  22. ^ http://www.eam.fau.de/ Cluster of Excellence Engineering of Advanced Materials
  23. ^ Paths
  24. ^ http://www.aot.uni-erlangen.de/ Advanced Optical Technologies, FAU
  25. ^ http://www.uni-erlangen.org/research/institutions/central-institutions.shtml FAU, Central Institutions
  26. ^ http://www.uni-erlangen.org/research/institutions/interdisciplinary-centres.shtml FAU, Interdisciplinary Centers
  27. ^ http://www.uni-erlangen.org/research/institutions/research-centres.shtml FAU, Research Centers & Centers of Excellence
  28. ^ "International Audio Laboratories Erlangen". audiolabs-erlangen.de. Retrieved May 2012. 
  29. ^ http://www.efi.fau.eu Emerging Fields Initiative, FAU
  30. ^ "Associated facilities with FAU". uni-erlangen.de. Retrieved 2012-01-31. 
  31. ^ http://www.shanghairanking.com/World-University-Rankings/University-of-Erlangen-Nuremberg.html World academic ranking of the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg
  32. ^ http://www.shanghairanking.com/World-University-Rankings/University-of-Erlangen-Nuremberg.html Broad subject fields ranking of the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg
  33. ^ http://www.shanghairanking.com/World-University-Rankings/University-of-Erlangen-Nuremberg.html Subject fields ranking of the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg
  34. ^ http://www.shanghairanking.com/World-University-Rankings/University-of-Erlangen-Nuremberg.html Broad subject fields ranking of the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg
  35. ^ http://fau-busan.ac.kr/en/gu/gu_1.html FAU Busan campus
  36. ^ Park, Han-na (2014-06-20). "German University Epitomizes Educational Hub Vision". The Korea Herald. Retrieved 2014-07-04. 
  37. ^ http://www.humboldt-foundation.de/web/ahp-2010.html
  38. ^ http://www.humboldt-foundation.de/web/ahp-2011.html
  39. ^ http://www.uni-erlangen.org/institutions-and-services/press-office/press-releases/news/2011/10/27/18.shtml
  40. ^ http://www.research-in-germany.de/service/newsletter/newsletter-issue-15-december-2011-january-2012/latest-r-d-funding-programmes/90536/funding-activities-1.html
  41. ^ http://www.bmbf.de/en/1321.php
  42. ^ FAU alumni Alexander von Humboldt Retrieved 2012-10-19
  43. ^ FAU alumni Friedrich Rückert Retrieved 2012-10-19