University of Hanover

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Leibniz Universität Hannover
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Universität Hannover
Leibniz-Universität Hannover.png
Motto Mit Wissen Zukunft gestalten[1]
Motto in English Shaping the Future with Knowledge
Established 1831
Budget € 441.8 million (2013)
President Erich Barke
Academic staff 2,930 (2013)[2]
Admin. staff 1,810 (2013)[2]
Students 25,688 (2014/15)[3]
Location Hannover, Lower Saxony, Germany
Former names Königliche Technische Hochschule
Technische Hochschule Hannover
Technische Universität Hannover
Universität Hannover
Nickname Uni Hannover
Affiliations TU9
CESAER Association
Website www.uni-hannover.de
Main building Leibniz Universität Hannover

The University of Hannover[nb 1], officially the Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Universität Hannover, short Leibniz Universität Hannover, is a public university located in Hannover, Germany. Founded in 1831, it is one of the largest and oldest science and technology universities in Germany.[6] In the 2014/15 school year it enrolled 25,688 students, of which 2,121 were from foreign countries. It has nine faculties which offer 190 full and part degree programs in 38 fields of study.[3] The University is named after Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, the 18th century mathematician and philosopher.

Leibniz Universität Hannover is part of Niedersachsen Institutes of Technology (NTH) and a member of TU9, an association of the nine leading Institutes of Technology in Germany. It is also a member of the Conference of European Schools for Advanced Engineering Education and Research (CESAER), a non-profit association of leading engineering universities in Europe. The university sponsors the German National Library of Science and Technology (TIB), the largest science and technology library in the world.[7]

History[edit]

The Königliche Technische Hochschule, around 1900

The roots of the Leibniz Universität Hannover begin in the Higher Vocational College/Polytechnic Institute (German: Höhere Gewerbeschule/Polytechnische Schule) founded in 1831. In 1879 the Higher Vocational School moved into the historic Guelph Palace, the Welfenschloss, which was specially converted for the purpose. Later, the Higher Vocational School became the Royal College of Technology (German: Königliche Technische Hochschule). In 1899 Kaiser Wilhelm II granted the College of Technology a status equal to that of universities and the right to confer doctorates. The College was reconstructed in 1921 with the financial support of the College Patrons’ Association. There were three faculties: Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering.[8]

In 1968 the Faculty of Humanities and Political Science were founded and the "College of Technology" became the "Technische Hochschule" ("Technical University"). Between 1973 and 1980 the faculties of Law, Business and Economics, the formerly independent Teachers Training College were added to the University and the "Technical University" was renamed "University of Hannover." Student numbers exceeded 30,000 for the first time in 1991. On the 175th anniversary of the institution in 2006, the "University of Hannover" was given the name "Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Universität Hannover." While 64 pupils first attended the Vocational School, today the university now has around 21.000 students, more than 2.300 academics and scientists, and 160 departments and institutes.[8]

Namesake[edit]

The Senate of the University voted in April 2006 to rename the University of Hannover to "Leibniz Universität Hannover". Following agreement by the Leibniz Academy on the use of the name, the "Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Universität Hannover" received its name on the 360th anniversary of Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz's birth. The brand of the university is "Leibniz Universität Hannover."

The old logo of the University was inspired by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The current logo is a stylized excerpt from a letter to Duke Rudolf August of Wolfenbüttel, in which Leibniz presented binary numbers for the first time.[9]

Faculties and staff[edit]

Nine faculties with more than 190 first-degree full-time and part-time degree courses make the university the second-largest institution of higher education in Lower Saxony. The university staff comprises 2690 research and teaching staff, of whom 314 are professors. It has 1,600 additional employees in administrative functions, 94 apprentices and some 900 additional staff funded by third parties.[2]

Facilities[edit]

The Conti-Tower on the Königsworther Platz, home to the law, economics and linguistics faculties

The campus of the university is spread over 170 buildings occupying 299,000 m2 of floor space.[2]

Budget[edit]

The University's overall budget was approximately 394.5 million euros in 2012, broken down as follows:[2]

  • Income of 221.1 million according to the annual report
  • External funding amounting to 85.1 million euros
  • Special funds from the State of Lower Saxony amounting to 37.3 million euros
  • 36.5 million euros from other income
  • 14.5 million euros from student contributions

University Library and TIB[edit]

The German National Library of Science and Technology in Welfengarten

The library was established on the founding of the Höhere Gewerbeschule/Polytechnische Schule in 1831. It expanded into an important collection as the institution evolved from a vocational/technical college into the full University. The removal of the books into storage during the Second World War secured valuable old stocks that became a unique national collection of scientific and technical literature in postwar Germany. This was the basis on which the library of the Institute of Technology (German: Technische Informationsbibliothek) was established in 1959. Today the collection forms the heart of the German National Library of Science and Technology, which is the largest institution of its kind in the world.[7]

GISMA School of Business[edit]

GISMA Business School in Hannover, Germany, was launched in 1999 as a joint initiative by the state of Lower Saxony and visionary private-sector enterprises. GISMA is a privately funded, self-administering institution of higher education. The School is closely affiliated with the Krannert School of Management at Purdue University (Indiana, USA) and the Leibniz University Hannover, Germany. GISMA also collaborates with TiasNimbas Business School of the Tilburg University & Technische Universiteit Eindhoven (the Netherlands), and Central European University’s CEU Business School (Hungary). GISMA Business School offers MBA degrees in cooperation with its partners: the Krannert School of Management at Purdue University (Indiana, USA) and the Leibniz University Hannover, Germany. The degrees can be pursued either full-time (in 11 months) or part-time. Besides its MBA programs, GISMA Business School also offers tailor-made courses for managerial staff members as well as open courses. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GISMA_Business_School

Notable People[edit]

Professors[edit]

Alumni[edit]

See also[edit]

Panorama[edit]

Leibniz Universität Hannover (main building). On the right the International Office: a facility to contact for advice and guidance connected with international matters

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Hanover is the traditional English spelling. The German spelling (with a double n) is becoming more popular in English; recent editions of encyclopedias prefer the German spelling[4][5] and the University uses the German spelling on its English website. The traditional English spelling should always be used in historical contexts, especially when referring to the British House of Hanover.

References[edit]

  1. ^ uni-hannover.de: Leitbild der Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Universität Hannover. Stand: 1. Februar 2012
  2. ^ a b c d e uni-hannover.de: Die Leibniz Universität Hannover in Stichworten, zuletzt abgerufen am 18. Dezember 2014
  3. ^ a b Studierendenzahlen für das Wintersemester 2014/15. Abgerufen im Dezember 2014
  4. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica uses "Hannover". It says "English Hanover" but uses "Hannover" in the prose.
  5. ^ Microsoft Encarta gives the primary spelling as "Hannover".
  6. ^ uni-hannover.de: Studium, Stand: 15. April 2009
  7. ^ a b Profile of the TIB at the University of Hanover online (English) retrieved 26-May-2012
  8. ^ a b History of the University, http://www.uni-hannover.de/en/universitaet/geschichte/index.php
  9. ^ uni-hannover.de. "Neues Corporate Design der Leibniz Universität Hannover entsteht" (in German). Retrieved 27 March 2008. 
  10. ^ http://www.spiegel.de/spiegel/print/d-43067968.html "Der Bastler", Der Spiegel 51/1960
  11. ^ http://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rento_Hofstede_Crull; See also http://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heemaf; AkzoNobel and the American Enka Company; Hauptstaatarchiv Hannover, Archief Technische Hochschule; and Jaap Tuik. Een bijzonder energiek onernemer - Rento Wolter Hendrik Hofstede Crull (1863–1938): pioneer van de elektriciteitsvoorziening in Nederland. Inhoud #2 Een leven vol spanning -Verder als Rento Wolter Hendrik Hofstede Crull (1879–1897), p.17.(Hofstede Crull had been a student 1886/1891 as found in the Matrikelbuch) Zutphen, Nederland: Historische centrum Overijssel & Walburg Pers., 2009 ISBN 90-5730-6409

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 52°22′55.97″N 9°43′03.82″E / 52.3822139°N 9.7177278°E / 52.3822139; 9.7177278