University of Kelaniya
|University of Kelaniya|
University of Kelaniya Crest
|Motto||Sinhalese: පඤ්ඤාය පරිසුජ්ඣති (Pannaya Parisujjhati)|
Motto in English
|self-purification is by insight|
|Established||1959 (as Vidyalankara University)|
|Chancellor||Ven. Welamitiyawe Dharmakirthi Sri Kusala Dhamma Thero|
|Vice-Chancellor||Prof. Sunanda Madduma Bandara|
|771 academic, 637 non-academic|
|Location||Kelaniya, Sri Lanka|
The University of Kelaniya (Sinhalese: කැළණිය විශ්වවිද්යාලය, Tamil: களனி பல்கலைக்கழகம்) is a state university of Sri Lanka. Just outside the municipal limits of Colombo, in the city of Kelaniya, the university has two major campuses, seven locations, six faculties and four institutions.
- 1 History
- 2 Symbols
- 3 Faculties
- 3.1 Faculty of Science
- 3.2 Faculty of Medicine
- 3.3 Faculty of Social Science
- 3.4 Faculty of Humanities
- 3.5 Faculty of Commerce and Management
- 3.6 Faculty of Graduate Studies
- 3.7 Information and Communication Technology Centre
- 4 Historically Related Institutions
- 5 Faculty and alumni
- 6 External links
- 7 References
The University of Kelaniya has its origin in the historic Vidyalankara Pirivena, founded in 1875 as a centre of learning for Buddhist monks.
With the establishment of modern universities in Sri Lanka in the 1940s and 1950s, the Vidyalankara Pirivena became the Vidyalankara University in 1959, later the Vidyalankara Campus of the University of Ceylon in 1972 and, ultimately, the University of Kelaniya in 1978.
The University of Kelaniya has pioneered a number of new developments in higher education. It was one of the first universities to begin teaching science in Sinhala and the first to restructure the traditional Arts Faculty into three faculties: Humanities, Social Sciences, and Commerce and Management.
It has several departments not generally found in the Sri Lankan University system and some Kelaniya innovations have been adopted subsequently by other universities. These include the Departments of Industrial Management and Microbiology in the Faculty of Science; Departments of Linguistics, Fine Arts, Modern Languages and Hindi in the Faculty of Humanities; and Mass Communication and Library and Information Sciences in the Faculty of Social Sciences.
In keeping with its historical root, the university is one of the national centers of excellence in Pali and Buddhist Studies and related fields. It has long-established and well-developed departments of Pali and Buddhist Studies (incorporating chairs in Buddhist Civilization and Buddhist Philosophy), Sanskrit, Linguistics, Philosophy, Sinhala, and Hindi, as well as the Postgraduate Institute of Pali & Buddhist Studies. Kelaniya maintains close links with the Buddhist and Pali University of Sri Lanka (whose vice-chancellors have often been drawn from the University of Kelaniya Faculty). Thus, the University of Kelaniya forms the centre of an academic complex, specializing in modern developments in traditional disciplines. It retains a close link with its mother institution, the Vidyalankara Pirivena, whose head is also the chancellor of the university.
At the same time, the University of Kelaniya has a modern and multi-cultural structure and perspective, with the Faculties of Science, Medicine, Social Sciences and Commerce & Management and a strong base in modern languages, including the teaching of Chinese, English, French, German, Hindi, Japanese, Russian, Tamil, and Modern Linguistics. Presently engaged in extensive restructuring as it enters the 21st century, the University of Kelaniya looks forward to a new phase in its 125-year history of development.
Coat of Arms
The coat of arms of the University of Kelaniya is circular and consists of three concentric bands, the outermost of which contains the name of the University in Sinhala and English. The motto of the institution "Pannaya Parisujjhati" (self-purification is by insight) is a quotation from the Alavaka-sutta of the Samyutta Nikaya, given in Sinhala characters in the same band. The middle band containing a creeper design encloses the innermost, which shows a full-blown lotus, signifying purity. These two designs are reminiscent of those occurring in the well-known moonstones at Anuradhapura.
Faculty of Science
The Faculty of Science started functioning in October 1967 with Prof. Charles Dahanayake as the Dean of Science. The intake of the first batch of students was 57. Formal approval for the Faculty was given by the Minister of Education in 1968.
The faculty was housed in the main building known as the “Science Block”. Due to the continued increase in the student intake from year to year, a new lecture theatre complex and an auditorium were constructed in 1992, which enabled the intake of students to be increased to 450 in 2003. A new laboratory complex for the Chemistry Department and three buildings for the Departments for Industrial Management, Microbiology and Zoology have now been completed.
The faculty was the first among the Sri Lankan universities to initiate the change over from the traditional three subject (General) degree with end of year examinations to a more flexible course unit system, i.e., a modularized credit-based system in a two-semester academic year with the end of semester examinations. It offers a variety of course pathways designed to provide flexibility in the choice of subjects. Under this system students have the option of reading for a traditional three subject degree or for a degree consisting of two principal subjects and a selection of course units drawn from other subject areas. The B.Sc. (Special) degree courses, begun in 1974, adopted the course unit system in 1986.
The faculty consists of eight departments.
Department of Industrial Management
The Department of Industrial Management focuses on a degree of MIT which gives knowledge of Management and Information Technology. The department is offering masters degrees which focuses on the same area. From 2014 onward it will launched one new degree program of Bsc in Software Engineering.
Faculty of Medicine
The Faculty of Medicine of the University of Kelaniya is on a 35-acre (140,000 m2) campus at Ragama. It is one of six medical schools in Sri Lanka. The faculty began classes with the admission of 120 students in September 1991. Before that it was called the North Colombo Medical College (NCMC). The NCMC, the first privately funded medical school in Sri Lanka started in 1980 with the admission of 100 local and 20 foreign students, who started graduating in 1990. Dr. Heenilame was its first chairman and Dr. W.D. Ratnavelle its first director. The first batch of students, under the new name, Faculty of Medicine, University of Kelaniya completed their five-year course and graduated MBBS in September 1996. Prof. Carlo Fonseka was the first dean in the renamed medical school.
The faculty has over 1000 students. This number includes international students, mainly from other South Asian countries, who have been admitted on a fee-levying basis. The faculty also welcomes students for elective appointments. Students from medical schools in Europe, USA and Australia have spent their elective periods with the university.
There is a permanent academic staff of over 90 and in addition 40 temporary academic staff and over 60 visiting staff that includes consultants who are based in the affiliated teaching hospitals.
Faculty of Social Science
The Faculty of Social Sciences, in student population, is the largest faculty in the University of Kelaniya.
Department of Library and Information Science
Faculty of Humanities
The faculty includes disciplines associated with Buddhist and Asian cultures, such as Pali and Buddhist Studies, Sinhala, Tamil, Sanskrit, Hindi, Japanese and Chinese, while teaching courses in modern European languages such as English, French, German and Russian.
Faculty of Commerce and Management
The faculty consists of four departments:
- Department of Finance
- Department of Accountancy
- Department of Marketing Management
- Department of Human Resource Management
- Department of Commerce
Faculty of Graduate Studies
Twenty three postgraduate degree programmes and six postgraduate diploma programmes are coordinated by the Faculty of Graduates Studies.
- Regional Planning
- Information Technology
- Industrial and Business Management
- Environmental Management
- Human Resource Management
- M.A. in Sinhala
- M.A. in Linguistics
- M.A. in Drama and Theatre
- M. S. Sc. in Mass Communication
- M. S. Sc. in Sociology
- M. S. Sc. in Geography
- M. S. Sc. in Library Science
- M. S. Sc. in Economics
- M. S. Sc. in Political Science
- M. S. Sc. in History
- M. S. Sc. in Philosophy
- M. Sc. in Applied Microbiology
- M. Sc. in Food and Nutrition
- M. Sc. in Aquaculture and Fisheries Management
- M. Sc. in Biodiversity and Integrated Environmental Management
- M. Sc. in Industrial and Environment Chemistry
- M. Sc. in Management and Information Technology
- M. Sc. in Computer Science
- Master of Commerce
- Master of Business Management
- Master of Philosophy
- Doctor of Philosophy
- Doctor of Medicine
Information and Communication Technology Centre
The ICT Centre provides support services in IT-related teaching, research, internet services, staff development and hardware maintenance for the entire university. It conducts computer literacy course open for all students and advanced courses in Visual Basic, web designing and hardware technology for the students who have successfully completed the computer literacy course. On-the-job training in the IT arena is provided for the young people just out of the university who work in the ICT Centre.
The maintenance unit provides network, hardware and software support to the clients in the university, and IT solutions for academic departments and administrative branches of the university. Video filming of special events of the university since 2005 is an additional
Historically Related Institutions
Faculty and alumni
- Jagdish Kashyap
- Jayalal Rohana
- Witiyala Seewalie Thera
- Harischandra Wijayatunga
- Polwatte Buddhadatta Mahanayake Thera
- Janaka de Silva
- Saman Gunatilake
- Karunasena Kodituwakku
- Kollupitiye Mahinda Sangharakkhitha Thera
- Sunanda Mahendra
- Nalin de Silva
- Maitree Wickramasinghe