University of Khartoum

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University of Khartoum
جامعة الخرطوم
Uofk.jpg
Motto الله - الحقيقة - الوطن - الإنسانية
Allah - Al-Haqiqa - Al-Watan - Al-Insaniyya[1]
Motto in English God - Truth - Our Country - Humanity[1]
Established 1902
Type Public
Location Khartoum State, Sudan
Former names Gordon Memorial College (1902-1951)
University College Khartoum (1951-1956)
Campuses 4
Website www.uofk.edu

University of Khartoum (formerly shortened to UofK) (Arabic: جامعة الخرطوم) is a multi-campus, co-educational, public university located in Khartoum. It is the largest and oldest university in Sudan. UofK was founded as Gordon Memorial College in 1902 and established in 1956 when Sudan gained independence. Since that date, the University of Khartoum has been recognized as a top university and a high-ranked academic institution in Sudan and Africa.[2]

It features several institutes, academic units and research centers including Mycetoma Research Center, Soba University Hospital, Saad Abualila Hospital, Dr. Salma Dialysis centre, Institute of Endemic Diseases and U of K publishing house. The Sudan Library, a section of the university's library, serves as the national library of Sudan.

History[edit]

In 1898 after Britain gained dominance in Sudan as part of a condominium arrangement, Lord Kitchener proposed founding a college in the memory of Gordon of Khartoum, who was killed in the Battle of Khartoum. Gordon Memorial College was founded in 1902 with primary education being its sole program.

By 1906, the college was offering programs for training assistant engineers, land surveyors and primary school teachers. The first equipped laboratory for bacteriological analysis was added in 1905, with donations from Sir Henry Wellcome, an American-British pharmaceutical entrepreneur and archaeologist.

In 1924, the college incorporated programs in Sharia, engineering, education (teachers training), clerical work, accounting and science. The Kitchener School of Medicine, the first medical school in Sudan, was established.

In 1936, the School of Law was established. In 1947, the college was affiliated with The University of London as the first overseas participant in its "special relationship" scheme. The first graduates to receive University of London degrees completed their programs in 1950. The next year, Gordon Memorial College was formally renamed University College Khartoum, which incorporated the Kitchener School of Medicine.

When Sudan gained independence in 1956, the new Parliament passed a bill to award university status to Khartoum University College. It officially became Khartoum University on 24 July 1956. The eminent horticultural scientist John Pilkington Hudson was a visiting professor in 1961-3, who founded its department of horticulture.[3]

On 5 April 1984, the Government announced the closure of all faculties of the university. The university was reopened fully on August 1.[4]

The university was closed again in January 1997, to allow students to join the armed forces.[5]

Student body[edit]

The university has 16,800 undergraduate students in 23 faculties, schools and graduate research institutes. The annual admission rate is 3,500 students, 55% of whom are female. There are 6,000 graduate students (graduate diploma, M.Sc. and Ph.D.). It has 850 teaching staff (faculty), 20 research fellows and 500 teaching assistants.

Campuses[edit]

There are four campuses:

  • Central campus in central Khartoum.
  • Medical campus south of central Khartoum.
  • Agriculture and Veterinary campus at Shambat, Khartoum North.[6]
  • Education campus at Omdurman 15 km from central campus.

Admission[edit]

Undergraduate admission policy is governed by the Board of Higher Education of Sudan, which sets the minimum admission requirement for high school students based on their national origin (Sudanese vs. non-Sudanese) and the high-school certificate board.

For post-graduate studies, the requirements are on the university admission webpage.1

Khartoum University students engage in workshops, lectures, debates, forum activism, book clubs and political parties. Sporting activities include university sports championship tournament and Sudan colleges championship tournament.

Faculties[edit]

Faculty of Dentistry[edit]

Faculty of Dentistry was established in 1971 as a school that belong to the Faculty of Medicine. It was the first in Sudan to provide dental training. In 1992 it upgraded to a separate faculty. The school now has approximately 60 outstanding faculty and staff and 600 students enrolled in BDS degree programs, 90 postgraduate and 90 dental technology.

Academic programs[edit]

  1. B.D.S. (five years)
  2. Intermediate Diploma in dental technology (three years)
  3. M.Sc. in wide variety of specialties (two years)
  4. Ph.D. in wide variety of specialties (three years)
  5. DDS - RD (four years)
  6. DDS - Dental Specialty (four years)

Facilities[edit]

  1. Dental Clinics
  2. Phantom Head Lab
  3. Dental Laboratory
  4. Museum
  5. Histopathology Lab
  6. Dental Radiology Unit
  7. Library and e-library

Center for MFDRCSI Examinations[edit]

By the end of 2011, Faculty of Dentistry became the only center in Africa for examinations of the Diploma of Member of Faculty of Dentistry, Royal College of Surgeon in Ireland (MFDRCSI). Part 1 exam is held twice a year and Part 2 is once a year. In all the previous exams, faculty graduate achieved outstanding grades.

Association of Dental Students- University of Khartoum (ADSUK)[edit]

Faculty of Dentistry Student have an association through which they can realize a lot of their activities. It is a member in the International Association of Dental Students (IADS). ADSUK organized one of the most successful IADS' conferences in Khartoum in 2006. One of the most programs arranged by ADSUK are the Health Field Trip where students as well as staff member travel to rural ares and stay there to give distant citizens dental services and to educate them.

Research centers[edit]

University of Khartoum plays a leading role in scientific research and development through a number of specialized research centers and institutes:

  • Institute of Endemic Diseases
  • Professor Abdalla Eltayeb Institute for Arabic Language
  • Institute of African and Asian Studies
  • Building and Road Research Institute (BRRI)
  • Development Studies and Reserarch Institute
  • Mycetoma Research Center
  • Institute of Environmental Studies

Libraries[edit]

University of Khartoum Library, known as the "Main Library," is one of the biggest and oldest libraries in universities in Sudan and Africa. The library building represent the historical and iconic heritage of U. of K. In addition to the Main library, there are small libraries in each faculty and institute as well as Altegany Almahi library for postgraduate students and Sudan Library.

ICT[edit]

University of Khartoum has an Information Technology and Communication Center which is responsible for developing and managing of the ICT infrastructure of the university. All university campuses are connected by dedicated high-speed links (fiber optics); WiFi covered most of the campuses and electronic registration on the university website. In addition to the ICT centre, the Faculty of Mathematical Sciences has its own Information Technology research unit which is active in developing and promoting Open Source software in Sudan.

Vice-chancellors[edit]

Since the independence of Sudan, highly qualified Sudanese were appointed to the position of University of Khartoum vice chancellor. The first one was Dr. Nasr El hag Ali and the most notable one is Prof. ELnazeer Dafalla.

University of Khartoum plays a great role in building and qualifying most of the Sudanese leaders.

Politics[edit]

Scientists[edit]

  • Osama O. Awadelkarim: Professor of Engineering Science and Mechanics and Associate Director for the Center for Nanotechnology Education and Utilization (CNEU) at Penn State.[7]
  • Elfatih A.B. Eltahir: Professor of Hydrology and Water Resources at MIT.[8]
  • Jaafar M.H. Elmirghani: Professor of Communication Networks and Systems, and Director of the Institute of Integrated Information Systems at the University of Leeds.[9]
  • Salah-Eldin A. Mohammed: Professor and Distinguished Scholar at Department of Mathematics, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, Illinois.[10]
  • Moiz Bakhiet: Neurologist, founder of Princess Al-Jawhara Center for Molecular Medicine, Genetics and Inherited Diseases in the Kingdom of Bahrain.[11]

Art and education[edit]

Education in Saudi Arabia[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "University Emblem". U. of Khartoum. Retrieved 13 August 2014. 
  2. ^ Akec, John A. (14 February 2009) Why the university education still excites Sudanese? The Sudan Tribune, Comment and Analysis, Retrieved 21 August 2012
  3. ^ ODNB entry: Retrieved 24 July 2011.(subscription required)
  4. ^ Haim Shaked; Daniel Dishon, eds. (1986). Middle East Contemporary Survey, Vol. 8, 1983-84. The Moshe Dayan Center. p. 646. ISBN 978-965-224-006-4. 
  5. ^ Publitec Publications, ed. (1 January 2007). Who's Who in the Arab World 2007-2008 (18th ed.). Walter de Gruyter. p. 1031. ISBN 978-3-11-093004-7. 
  6. ^ http://web.archive.org/web/20041224090405/http://www.uofk.edu/faculties/veterinary/about/about.htm
  7. ^ http://www.esm.psu.edu/people/directory/resume.php?id=ooa1
  8. ^ http://cee.mit.edu/eltahir
  9. ^ http://www.personal.leeds.ac.uk/~eenjmhe/
  10. ^ http://salah.math.siu.edu/
  11. ^ http://hhaljawharacenter.com

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 15°36′44″N 32°32′32″E / 15.61222°N 32.54222°E / 15.61222; 32.54222