|Motto||Leading in Learning|
|Former names||Rijksuniversiteit Limburg, Universiteit Maastricht|
Maastricht University (officially abbreviated: UM) is a public university in Maastricht, the Netherlands. Founded in 1976, the university is the second youngest of the 13 Dutch universities. The university's founding name was Rijksuniversiteit Limburg, which was changed to Universiteit Maastricht in 1996. Since 2008 the official name is Maastricht University, to emphasize the university's international character. The university is consistently ranked highly in international league tables, reflecting its reputation as one of the best 'young universities' in the world.
In 2012, nearly 16,000 students studied at Maastricht University, 44% of whom were foreign students, with over 3,200 employees employed. About half of the bachelor's programmes are fully offered in English, while the other half is taught wholly or partly in Dutch. Most of the master's and doctoral programmes are in English.
- 1 History
- 2 Organisation
- 2.1 Governance
- 2.2 Faculties
- 2.3 Tuition and Financial Assistance
- 3 Campuses
- 4 Teaching
- 5 Research
- 6 Academic Life
- 7 Sources and references
- 8 External links
Maastricht University was officially established in 1976. Faced with a shortage of medical professionals, the Dutch government decided in the late 1960s that a new public institution of higher education was needed in order to expand the country's medical training facilities. Political leaders in the province of Limburg, most notably Sjeng Tans, the chairman of the Dutch Labour Party and former member of the Limburg provincial council and Maastricht city council, successfully lobbied for the new medical school to be established in Maastricht. This academic institution would be vital to sustain the intellectual life of the city, and indeed the whole province. Moreover, it was argued that the establishment of a university in Maastricht could contribute to the government's restructuring efforts in this part of the Netherlands, which was experiencing economic challenges following the collapse of the Limburg coal mining industry.
By the early 1970s, however, the shortage of medical professionals had all but disappeared and political support for a new medical school waned. In an unusual decision, the newly established school chose not to await official recognition but to start its educational programme in September 1974, adopting an innovative approach to academic education in the form of problem-based learning. About 50 students enrolled in the first academic year. By the end of 1975, the Dutch Parliament eventually passed the statute needed for the institution to acquire national educational funds and to be able to award academic degrees. The new university, named Rijksuniversiteit Limburg (State University of Limburg), was officially established on the 9th of January 1976, when Queen Juliana of the Netherlands signed the university’s founding charter at a ceremony in the Basilica of Saint Servatius. Sjeng Tans became the university's first president.
Soon after its establishment, the university gained political support to increase its funding and to expand into other academic fields. The Faculty of Law was created in 1981, followed by the Faculty of Economics in 1984. In the 1990s, the Faculty of Arts and Culture and the Faculty of Psychology were established. The university adopted a growth strategy focusing on new academic disciplines, such as healthcare science and knowledge engineering, and began to develop educational programmes with a distinctly European outlook, such as European Studies and European Law. At the beginning of the 21st century, the university established a number of schools and colleges, such as University College Maastricht (2002), one of the first liberal arts colleges in the Netherlands, and the Maastricht Graduate School of Governance (2004). Often created as separate entities within the university, these new departments were later integrated in the university's faculty structure.
The university was renamed Universiteit Maastricht in 1996 and switched to its current English-language name in 2008. As of 2010, Maastricht University consists of six faculties offering 17 bachelor programmes, 56 master programmes and several Ph.D. programmes.
As is common in the Netherlands, Maastricht University's teaching and research programmes are primarily carried out along the lines of faculties. Within faculties, teaching and research activities may be further decentralised through departments, schools, institutes or colleges. The names of organizational (sub)units, however, do not necessarily indicate their position within the university’s organizational hierarchy. In 2009, for example, the Faculty of Economics and Business Administration was renamed School of Business and Economics, even though it maintains the rank of a faculty.
Faculties are governed by a faculty board, headed by a dean. The dean has overall responsibility for policy and management at the faculty. Each faculty has a faculty council, a representative body the members of which are appointed for annual or biannual terms on the basis of elections by the faculty’s staff and students. Faculty councils have a limited number of decision-making powers as well as general advising responsibilities regarding the faculty’s teaching and research programmes and in organisational and budgetary matters. In addition to the faculty boards and faculty councils, other bodies may be created within faculties for advising or consultation purposes.
At the central level, the university is governed by the Executive Board, consisting of a President, a Vice-President and a Rector. The Executive Board appoints faculty deans, other administrators and professors and has general management responsibilities. The University Council, an elected body representing all members of staff and students at the university, performs functions similar to those of faculty councils. The Board of Deans, consisting of all faculty deans and the Rector, acts as a coordinating and consulting body at the central level and is responsible for awarding doctoral degrees and honorary doctorates.
Additional services at the university are provided by a number of central service centres, such as the university library, the language centre and the university catering department.
Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences
The Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences was established in 2007 as a merger between the Faculty of Health Sciences and the Faculty of Medicine. The latter was the first faculty to be established at Maastricht University.
The Faculty of Health Sciences was founded in 1980. The broad range of disciplines it offered in healthcare sciences, made the faculty unique, not only in the Netherlands, but also in Europe. The format allowed students to integrate their discipline and research work into all areas related to society, health and disease.
The two united faculties have developed into a community of approximately 1950 students, with a staff of around 1200 (academics, administrative and support staff). Since 1992 staff and students are based in the Randwyck district, near the University Hospital (Academisch Ziekenhuis Maastricht or AZM) which opened in 1991.
Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience
Founded in 1995, the Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience (FPN) is specialised in two contemporary approaches in psychology: cognitive psychology and biological psychology. It is home to around 1,500 students and 250 staff. The faculty offers a mostly Dutch-language bachelor's programme in psychology, two English-taught master's programmes and one research master's programme. The one-year master´s programme in psychology offers specialisations in neuropsychology, developmental psychology, cognitive neuroscience, health and social psychology, psychology and law, work and organisational psychology. In conjunction with the Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences, the two-year research master Cognitive and Clinical Neuroscience offers four different specialisations: cognitive neuroscience, fundamental neuroscience, neuropsychology and psychopathology. The selective two-year master programme in Forensic Psychology in English, offers theoretical, research and skills courses, to educate students to become scientist-practitioners in the field of forensic psychology and psychiatry.
School of Business and Economics
The School of Business and Economics (SBE) was founded in 1984. It is currently the biggest faculty within UM in terms of student numbers. Of the 4,200 students enrolled, more than 60% come from abroad. As a business school, SBE is accredited by EQUIS, AACSB and the Association of MBAs. According to the school's website, this Triple Crown accreditation has only been achieved by 1% of business schools worldwide. SBE offers bachelor's programmes (B.Sc.) in International Business, Economics and Business Economics, Fiscal Economics, and Econometrics and Operations, as well as a number of master's programmes, executive master's programmes and MBA's. SBE students are represented by SCOPE Maastricht, the School's general student association.
Faculty of Law
Maastricht University’s Faculty of Law was founded in 1981. It started with a programme in Dutch law, designed in line with UM’s problem-based learning principles. Ninety students enrolled in the first year. In the 1990s, the faculty introduced a new programme entitled the European Law School (ELS), which focused on European, comparative and international law. The programme was taught partly in English. A fully English-language ELS programme was established in 2007. It was the first English-language bachelor’s programme in law in the Netherlands. The faculty currently consists of about 2,500 students and 150 members of staff. It offers four bachelor’s (LL.B.) programmes: Dutch law, tax law, the Dutch-language ELS and the English-language ELS. In addition, the faculty offers seven master’s (LL.M.) programmes and three advanced master’s programmes, most of which are taught in English.
In research, the faculty has built a reputation in the areas of international, European and comparative law. The faculty participates in two national research schools, the School of Human Rights and the Ius Commune Research School, and is home to several research institutes: the Institute for Transnational Legal Research (METRO), the Maastricht Centre for Human Rights, the Institute for Globalisation and International Regulation (IGIR), the Montesquieu Institute Maastricht, the Institute for Corporate Law, Governance and Innovation Policies (ICGI), and the Maastricht European Private Law Institute (M-EPLI).
The faculty was initially located at the Nieuwenhof béguinage, currently home to University College Maastricht. With the number of students growing quickly, the faculty moved to its current location in 1990. This building, the former seat of the provincial government of Limburg, consists of tutorial rooms, lecture halls as well as staff offices. The building underwent major renovation works around 2009, which included a new common room and lunch counter for students, a garden terrace, and an additional lecture hall in the former ballroom.
Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences
The Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences offers two bachelor programmes, seven undergraduate minors, eight postgraduate programmes, and has a Graduate School for Ph.D. students. These programmes are:
- B.A. degree programmes: Arts and Culture, European Studies
- Minor: Arts and Culture, Crucial Differences, European Studies, Globalisation and Diversity, Governing Europe, Law and Policy Making, Living with the Life Sciences
- M.A. degree programmes: Analysing Europe, European Studies, European Public Affairs, Arts and Heritage: Policy, Management and Education; European Studies on Society, Science and Technology; Arts and Sciences, Media Culture,
- M.Phil degree programmes: Cultures of Arts, Science and Technology
- Ph.D. degree programmes: Arts and Social Sciences
Faculty of Humanities and Sciences
The Faculty of Humanities and Sciences consists of:
- University College Maastricht (UCM)
- Department of Knowledge Engineering (DKE)
- International Centre for Integrated Assessment and Sustainable Development (ICIS)
- Maastricht Graduate School of Governance (MGSoG)
- Maastricht Science College (MSC)
- TIER: Top Institute for Evidence Based Education Research
Tuition and Financial Assistance
Tuition fees at Maastricht University vary, depending on nationality and programme of study. Regular tuition fees for public universities in the Netherlands are determined annually by law. Maastricht's tuition fees are therefore similar to those at other Dutch public universities. Statutory tuition fees currently amount to € 1,835 annually for both bachelor's and master's programmes. Under European regulations, regular tuition levels are also applicable to foreign students from the European Economic Area, which includes all European Union member states. All other students pay institutional tuition fees, ranging from € 8,500 to € 9,500 annually for bachelor's programmes and € 13,000 or more annually for master's programmes. Institutional fees will be raised incrementally over the next few years. Since 2012, students at the University College pay a surcharge on top of the statutory or institutional tuition fees to fund additional facilities, a student grants programme and student organisations at the college. An earlier plan to introduce a separate institutional fee at the University College was shelved after criticism from staff and students.
Dutch students are eligible for national student grants and loans, administered by the Dutch government. International students normally are not eligible for student grants, but students from EEA countries are usually eligible for loans to cover tuition fees. Unlike several other Dutch universities, Maastricht University is not in the US Department of Education list of approved schools for US student aid (FAFSA) funding purposes. UM administers several university-wide scholarship programmes for international students, including the UM High Potential Scholarships, UM Company Scholarships and Friends Make the Difference Scholarships. A programme awarding the top 3% of UM students with the highest overall grades a full refund of their tuition fees, introduced in 2009, was cancelled in 2012.
The Limburg University Fund, a fundraising foundation associated with the UM, administers a scholarship fund for students from emerging markets. A special fund was created to support students from Southeast Asian countries hit by the 2004 tsunami.
As is common in the Netherlands, Ph.D. candidates ('promovendi') at Maastricht University typically are not considered students and accordingly do not pay tuition. Instead, they have the rank of junior members of the academic staff. Such Ph.D. candidates are employed by the university or faculty on full-time, four-year contracts with regular, entry-level wages and employee benefits. Ph.D. appointments usually involve teaching responsibilities and limited administrative duties.
Maastricht University is located in buildings in two separate locations in Maastricht. The arts, humanities and social science departments are housed in a number of historic buildings in the city center, while the medical and life sciences are based in the modern Randwyck campus on the outskirts of the city. Initial plans from the 1960s and 70s, envisaged a functional single-campus university in Randwyck. These plans never fully materialized, in part because university administrators and staff considered the UM's presence in the historic inner city as a vital asset in attracting prospective students. Instead, the university developed in a bipolar way with campuses at both sides of the river Meuse. This bipolarity is symbolized in the university's logo by two triangles pointing to each other.
In recent years, the university has opened offices in the northern Limburg city of Venlo, the Belgian capital of Brussels and the city of Bangalore, India. The UM satellite Campus in Venlo currently offers two bachelor courses (Global Supply Chain Management, and Health Food Innovation Management).
City Centre Campus
The university’s arts, humanities and social sciences faculties are located in Maastricht’s city centre, west of the river Meuse, at what can be described as an 'urban campus’ in the historic inner city. In addition to teaching and research facilities, the university’s executive and administrative centre, the visitors’ centre and the main branch of the university library are situated here. Most UM facilities in the city centre are situated in the Jekerkwartier neighbourhood, the southwestern part of the inner city sometimes referred to as Maastricht’s Quartier Latin. Most of the university’s inner city properties have official monumental status. As many of these buildings were facing abandonment at the time of their acquirement, the development of an urban university campus has contributed significantly to the preservation and liveliness of Maastricht’s historic city centre.
The first building that was obtained by the university was the former Jesuit monastery and seminary at Tongersestraat, largely dating from the 1930s. Here, in 1974 the newly established medical school started. After the Faculty of Medicine moved to premises closer to the newly constructed university hospital, the Jesuit monastery became home to the Faculty of Economy, which is now the universits largest academic unit in terms of student numbers. The building was expanded in the 1990s to include the university restaurant (mensa in Dutch) and a large lecture hall designed by Dutch architect Jo Coenen.
The Faculty of Law is housed in the building known as Oud Gouvernement in Bouillonstraat, which was completed in 1935 as the provincial government building. It was acquired by the UM in 1986 after the provincial government had moved to its new premises on the river Meuse in the southeastern part of the city. Opposite lies Slijpe Court, a 17th-century mansion that in 2002 was refurbished to house the Department of Knowledge Engineering of the Faculty of Humanities and Science.
The university's administrative headquarters is located at Minderbroedersberg, in a Franciscan monastery, which dates back to 1699 and was later used as a court house and prison. The UM acquired the building in order to make it their administrative center in 1999. The executive organization at Minderbroedersberg are colloquially referred to as "de berg" (meaning: "the hill"), referring to the building's physical location on a hill, as well as the distance between executives and ordinary employees that may be felt by some. The Minderbroedersberg, with its Aula (main hall), also serves as the university's primary location for official academic ceremonies, such as Ph.D. conferrals.
At the bottom of the hill lies the former convent of the Bonnefanten, now the university’s Sudent Service Center, as well as a visitor center, including a gift shop. This building, which dates back to 1627, served as a convent for nuns originally from Liège who were referred to as "bons enfants", "good children". In the twentieth century, the city's art museum was established here and later took its name from the building, Bonnefantenmuseum. In 1979 the building became the main branch of the university library, until the library moved to its current location. The oldest part of the library building at Grote Looiersstraat was constructed in 1755 and served as the city’s poor house and military hospital. In the 1970s, the city’s public library was built in the garden. In 1999 the city library moved to its current location at Centre Ceramique. The old library was then acquired by the UM. After major renovation and expansion works, the university library relocated here in 2003.
University College Maastricht is located at Zwingelput in a 15th-century béguinage, named Nieuwenhof. Maastricht Science College has its new home since 2012 in the renovated Hustinx Mansion in Kapoenstraat, which has a richly ornamented façade and a courtyard that is now covered. The Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences is the only faculty that is neither located in Jekerkwartier, nor in Randwyck. This faculty, founded in 1994, currently occupies three adjacent historic buildings on Grote Gracht. Soiron Mansion, built by the architect Matthias Soiron for his two brothers, canons of Saint Servatius Church, and Tilly Court, built for the military governor of Maastricht, both date from the 18th century.
The Randwyck campus was developed from the 1970s onwards and has become the center for the university's medical and life sciences. In the early 1980s, when it became clear that the university would not relocate to Randwyck in its entirety, the city decided that the area would be developed as a business district as well. In the following decades several large projects were built here, such as the new provincial government buildings, the MECC conference and trade venue, as well as a large number of office buildings and some residential developments. Plans for an ambitious Health Campus are aimed at strengthening the scientific and economic impact of Randwyck.
The focal point for the Randwyck campus is the sprawling university hospital, which moved here from its original location on the West bank of the Meuse river in 1992. Some of university buildings are physically connected to the hospital, built in the 1990s. Universiteitssingel is the area's north-south thoroughfare running parallel to the A2 motorway. The university library's Randwyck branch is located at Universiteitssingel 50 and is aimed at students of the Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences and the Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience. In 2002, the Heerlen based School for Obstetrics moved to a location near of the university hospital.
In 2008, local housing association Servatius started construction of the ambitious campus project 'Campus Maastricht', to be built at a site near the university hospital. The costly project, designed by Spanish architect Santiago Calatrava, would provide for an athletic centre, student housing, guesthouses, retail facilities and office space. The project was criticized early on for its environmental impact as a result of its abundant use of copper. Soon after the start of construction, it became clear that the projected costs of the campus, estimated at € 165 mln, were unrealistic. Servatius, having failed to secure additional investments, came under heavy political pressure and was forced to put the project on hold in May 2009. In November 2009, the housing association announced that it had cancelled the campus project with immediate effect, as continuation would impair its ability to carry out its principle function to provide social housing in Maastricht.
Maastricht University awards degrees at all levels up to the title of doctor (abbreviated dr.).
Teaching at Maastricht University is founded on the educational principles of problem-based learning (PBL). According to its website, UM is the only university which applies the problem-based learning approach in all its educational programmes. In 1974, Maastricht's newly established Faculty of Medicine was only the second in the world to adopt the problem-based learning method. As PBL was originally designed for medical education, other faculties have developed a PBL approach that corresponds with the needs of their academic disciplines.
At the heart of Maastricht's PBL philosophy is the idea that students are personally responsible for their own academic education. A typical UM course revolves around so-called 'tutorial groups'. A tutorial group usually consists of 14 to 16 students, meeting once or twice a week to discuss self-identified problems on the basis of cases or situations described in the course manual. Each tutorial meeting consists of two parts: a post-discussion, where problems which have been identified at the previous session are discussed on the basis of assigned literature and sometimes with additional library research, followed by a pre-discussion of topics to be discussed at the next meeting. The tutorial group is chaired by a student member, who is expected to structure the discussion and ensure that every member of the group is able to participate. The instructor, typically named 'tutor', plays only a limited role during tutorials. Tutors will monitor discussions, provide feedback, and, where needed, help students in identifying relevant problems. Courses usually take seven weeks of tutorials followed by a final exam, but may also include writing or speaking assignments.
Even though traditional lecture-based teaching is at odds with the primarily self-guiding PBL approach, it has become customary in many programmes at Maastricht to include at least some lectures in courses to supplement the tutorial-based structure. Also, electronic learning methods are increasingly being used. As PBL courses are intensive, students can take only two or three courses at a time depending on the number of credit hours per course. The university's Language Centre offers an introduction to Maastricht's PBL approach for international students.
|THE World University Rankings||98 ()||115 ()||197 ()||>200|
|QS World University Rankings||121 ()||107 ()||109 ()||111|
|THE-QS World University Rankings||116 ()||111 (—)||111 ()||172 ()||157 ()||123|
|Shanghai Ranking (ARWU) - World||201-300 (—)||201-300 ()||301-401 (—)||301-401 ()||303-401 (—)||303-401 ()||305-402 ()||301-400 ()||401-500 ()||404-502 ()|
- In 2004, Maastricht University was ranked first of all Dutch universities in a report on quality of education by the Dutch Ministry of Education, Culture and Science (OC&W). In 2005, the university came in first again. From 2006 onwards, the ministry no longer published this ranking list.
- In 2005, German magazine Wirtschaftswoche regarded the Maastricht Faculty of Economics and Business Administration better than the same faculty at Oxford University.
- In 2005, the university was ranked number one in the Netherlands by the Dutch magazine Elsevier. In 2007 many degrees were again recognized as best in the Netherlands with exceptional grades given to the international opportunities in the International Business and Economics degrees. Its undergraduate degrees in International Business and Economics were ranked first in the Netherlands in the 2008 Elsevier ranking.
- In 2006, eight of twelve bachelor programmes were designated as best in the Netherlands by students (European Studies, Economics, Econometrics, International Business, Psychology, Medicine, Health Sciences and Molecular Life Sciences) by Keuzegids Hoger Onderwijs, a Dutch magazine specifically aiming at future higher education students.
- According to the Financial Times, in 2008 the International Business programme of the Maastricht Faculty of Economics and Business Administration scored a 25th place in the top 40 of European institutes that offer such programmes. The programme ranked 4th on the list "Best in International Business" and 3rd in the category "Value for Money".
- In 2009, the Russian based Global University Ranking, which combines methodologies of several rankings, placed Maastricht in the top 100 universities in the world.
- In the 2009 THE-QS World University Rankings, Maastricht University scored 100/100 points in the category of international students. This was the last THE-QS list published; from 2010 two separate rankings were produced, one by Times Higher Education and the other by Quacquarelli Symonds.
- According to Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2013, Maastricht University belonged to the world's top 100 universities (98th place, 17 up from 2012). Within the Netherlands UM ranked 7th place; in Europe 32nd. The university's medical and health care faculties reached 43rd place worldwide in 2013. QS World University Rankings 2013 ranked Maastricht University as the 121st best university in the world (14 down from the previous year), while Academic Ranking of World Universities (or Shanghai Ranking) counted Maastricht among the world's top 300 universities, both in 2012 and 2013.
- In the QS Top 50 Under 50, which ranks the top 50 universities under 50 years old around the world, Maastricht University reached 7th place in 2013, one up from 2012. In a similar list published by Times Higher Education (THE 100 Under 50 universities 2013), Maastricht University was placed 6th, rising 13 places from the previous year. In a comment, Phil Baty, chief editor of THE, wrote: "(...) this table highlights one truly remarkable performer: Maastricht University. Founded as recently as 1976, it has jumped dramatically into the 100 Under 50 top 10 – reflecting its steady rise up the traditional rankings, too. It is another sign of Dutch higher education’s strength in depth."
- Wiebe Bijker, professor of Technology and Society, member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (KNAW) and together with Trevor Pinch the founder of Social Construction of Technology (SCOT)
- Jan Dietz, professor of Management Information Systems at the Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, developer of the DEMO theory and methodology
- Harald Merckelbach, professor of Psychology, member of the KNAW, member of the Deetman Committee that examined sexual abuse in the Roman Catholic Church in the Netherlands
- Corine de Ruiter, professor of Forensic Psychology, president of the International Association of Forensic Mental Health Services, associate editor of International Journal of Forensic Mental Health
- Franz Palm, professor of Econometrics, member of the KNAW
- Maurits Allessie, professor of Physiology, member of the KNAW
- Andre Knottnerus, professor of General Practice, president of the Health Council of the Netherlands, member of the KNAW
- Luc Soete, professor of General Economics, director of UNU-MERIT (part of United Nations University), member of the group of key thinkers for the Lisbon Strategy
- Wim Naudé, professional fellow at the Maastricht Graduate School of Governance, dean-director of Maastricht School of Management, professorial fellow with UNU-MERIT
- John Hagedoorn, professor of Strategy and International Business, professorial fellow with UNU-MERIT
- Geert Hofstede, emeritus professor of Organizational Anthropology and International Management, founder of Institute for Research on Intercultural Cooperation (IRIC)
- Theo van Boven, professor Emeritus of International Law, former director of United Nations Commission on Human Rights and UN Special Rapporteur on torture
- Jan Smits, professor of European Private Law, director of the Maastricht European Private Law Institute, visiting professor of Comparative Legal Studies at the University of Helsinki, member of the KNAW
- Ferdinand Grapperhaus, professor of European Labour Law, member of the Social-Economic Council
- Rainer Goebel, professor of Neurocognition, director of the Maastricht neuroimaging centre Brains Unlimited, winner of the German Heinz Maier-Leibnitz award for cognitive sciences in 1993
- Peter Van den Bossche, professor of International Economic Law, head of Department of International & European Law; Director, Institute for Globalisation & International Regulation (IGIR), former counselor to the WTO Appellate Body, acting director of WTO Appellate Body Secretariat.
- Cees van der Vleuten, professor of Medical Education, chairman of Department of Educational Development & Research of the Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences, scientific director School of Health Professions Education (SHE), honorary professor at the University of Copenhagen, King Saud University and Radboud University, recipient of the Hubbard Award 2005 for most outstanding researcher in medical education.
In 2011 the number of dissertations at the University of Maastricht reached 213; the number of scientific publications 3,567. Most PhD programmes take place in faculty research units (so-called graduate schools) or associated institutes. Some of the UM graduate schools or their affiliated institutes are also listed further down as UM research schools.
- Graduate schools of the Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences:
- CAPHRI, School for Public Health and Primary Care, linked to CaRe and WTMC
- CARIM, School for Cardiovascular Diseases
- GROW, School for Oncology and Developmental Biology
- MHeNS, School for Mental Health and Neuroscience, linked to EURON
- NUTRIM, School for Nutrition, Toxicology and Metabolism, linked to VLAG
- SHE, School of Health Professions Education, linked to ICO
- Graduate schools of the School of Business and Economics:
- GSBE, Graduate School of Business and Economics
- Graduate schools of the Faculty of Law:
- MGSL, Maastricht Graduate School of Law, linked to Ius Commune and School of Human Rights Research
- Graduate schools of the Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience:
- GSPN, Graduate School Psychology and Neuroscience, linked to EPOS, EPP, EURON, Psychology and Health, and M-Bic
- Graduate schools of the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences:
- FASoS, Graduate School of the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, linked to WTMC, NIG, Huizinga Institute, OSL, Posthumus Institute, NICA, CERES, NOG, RMeS, and OPG
- Graduate schools of the Faculty of Humanities and Sciences:
UM research schools
- CaRe, Netherlands School of Primary Care
- CARIM, Cardiovascular Research Institute Maastricht
- EURON, European Graduate School of Neuroscience
- ICIS, International Centre for Integrated assessment and Sustainable development
- Ius Commune
- GROW, School for Oncology and Developmental Biology
- METEOR, Maastricht Research School of Economics of Technology and Organization, an umbrella for research schools affiliated with the UM School of Business and Economics:
- KAANS, monitoring school careers of youngsters in Limburg
- LIFE, Limburg Institute of Financial Economics
- MAXX, Maastricht Academic Centre for Research in Services
- MARC, Maastricht Accounting and Audit Research Centre
- NSI, Network Social Innovation
- ROA, Research Centre for Education and the Labour Market
Participations in research and graduate schools elsewhere
- CERES, interuniversity research school for resource studies for development (based in Utrecht)
- EPP, Dutch-Flemish research school Experimental Psychopathology
- EPOS, interuniversity graduate school for Experimental Psychology (based in Rotterdam)
- ICO, Interuniversity Center for Educational Sciences (based in Amsterdam)
- Huizinga Institute in Amsterdam, UM participation in research institute CWS
- M-Bic, Marie Curie graduate school (with University of Liège, Research Centre Jülich and GlaxoSmithKline)
- NICA, Netherlands Institute for Cultural Analysis (based in Amsterdam)
- NIG, Netherlands Institute of Government (inter-university research school for public administration and political science based in Enschede)
- NOG, Netherlands Research School of Gender Studies, national platform for gender research (based in Utrecht)
- OPG, research school of political history (based in The Hague
- OSL, Dutch research network for literature (based in Amsterdam)
- Posthumus Institute, inter-university institute for graduate training in economic and social history (based in Leiden)
- RMeS, research school for media studies (based in Amsterdam)
- SENSE, Research School for Socio-Economic and Natural Sciences of the Environment (based in Wageningen)
- SHRR, School of Human Rights Research (based in Utrecht)
- SIKS, School for Information and Knowledge Systems (based in Utrecht)
- VLAG, Graduate School of Advanced Studies in Food Technology, Agrobiotechnology, Nutrition and Health Sciences (with Wageningen University and Research Centre)
- WTMC, Netherlands Graduate School of Science, Technology and Modern Culture (inter-university graduate research school based in Maastricht)
Independent research institutes connected to UM
- Maastricht Centre for Human Rights
- METRO, Maastricht European Institute for Transnational Law Research, publishes the Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law
- Montesquieu Institute, Centre for European Parliamentary History and Constitutional Development (in The Hague and Maastricht)
- UNU-MERIT, Maastricht Economic and social Research and training centre on Innovation and Technology, part of United Nations University
Knowledge transfer, entrepreneurship
As elsewhere, ongoing research at Maastricht University is translated into practice, leading to new products to be launched on the market. UM cooperates with businesses and socially relevant organisations through the following programmes and institutes:
- Maastricht Centre for Entrepreneurship, providing education and developing research in the area of entrepreneurship to students, researchers and entrepreneurs
- Service Science Factory, innovative place where students, researchers and professionals work on inventing new or improving existing services
- BioMedbooster, center for technology transfer, especially in life sciences and biomedical technologies
- BioPartner Center Maastricht, facilitates growth of innovative life science companies
- Contract Research Centre, acquisition and management of external funding for research
- SME Portal Maastricht University, bridge between small and medium enterprises (SMEs) and Maastricht University
- UM Holding, the corporate venture firm of UM spin-off companies and participations
- Campus development. In cooperation with the government, business sector and knowledge institutions in the region, the Brainport 2020 programme includes:
- Maastricht Health Campus in Maastricht-Randwyck, specialising in health and wellbeing
- Chemelot Campus in Sittard-Geleen, focusing on chemistry and materials
- Smart Services Hub in Heerlen, focusing on finance, administration and informational services
- Greenport Campus in Venlo, focusing on food and horticulture, with links to logistics and manufacturing
Maastricht University's academic staff, which has been growing over the past years, consists of about 1,900 members with a male/female ratio of 54/46. The number of support staff members amounts to 1,600, of which about 62% is female. Nearly 20% of UM's staff members hold a foreign nationality. About 12% of professors at Maastricht University are women. Regarding the number of female professors, the university ranks lower than comparable universities in the Netherlands even though the number has been on the increase over the past years.
The Maastricht University student body is still composed primarily of students from the Netherlands, but UM has a sizable number of international students. Of the 13,117 registered students in 2008, 39% were of a foreign nationality. This number has increased to 43% as of 2009. Most foreign students are from European Union member states: 4,794 students, or 37% of the total student body. Other, non-EU foreign students, amounting to less than 2% of the total number of UM students, came from various countries in Europe (91), Asia (129), Africa (45), North America (33), Central and South America (15), and Oceania (29). These numbers have increased. As of 2012: Non-EU (142), Asia (187), Africa (52), North America (39), Central and South America (42). The university attracts a significant number of German students, especially in its economic, European Studies and psychology programmes. About 800 students annually choose Maastricht as their study abroad destination, while about 1,400 Maastricht students spend one or more semesters at a foreign university each year. Some 70 nationalities are currently represented at UM.
Like most other Dutch universities, UM itself does not provide regular student housing. However, the university participates in a student housing foundation, offering mediation services to students. About 2,700 rooms and apartments offered through the Maastricht student housing foundation are provided by local housing associations Woonpunt, Servatius and Maasvallei. Some 8,000 other accommodations are provided by private landlords. Most units are located in houses or small apartment complexes across the historic city centre or in its immediate surrounding neighbourhoods. Many foreign exchange students live at the UM Guesthouse in Annadal, which provides short-term housing. Student accommodations are usually rented out unfurnished, but the number of furnished rooms is growing to meet the demands of the increasing number of international master's students in Maastricht.
Student Service Centre
UM's Student Service Centre is located in the former Bonnefanten monastery and offers all kinds of support to students. Studium Generale, the university's cultural office, organizes lectures and cultural activities for members of the university community and the general public.
The university's independent newspaper, Observant, is published on a weekly basis and distributed throughout the university. It provides news, background articles, columns and educational information in Dutch and English, directed primarily at the university community.
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Maastricht University.|
- Maastricht University website (Dutch and English)
- Observant, independent weekly magazine (Dutch and English)
- Student housing agency in Maastricht (English)