University of Madras
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|University of Madras|
|Motto||கற்றணைத்தூறும் அறிவும் ஆற்றலும்
Doctorina Vim Promovet Insitam
|Motto in English||Learning Promotes Natural Talent|
|Endowment||US$50 million|
|Vice-Chancellor||Col. Dr. G. Thiruvasagam|
|Location||Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
|Affiliations||UGC, NAAC, AIU|
The University of Madras (informally known as Madras University) is a public state university located in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India. It is one of the three oldest universities in India (along with the University of Calcutta and the University of Mumbai). The university was incorporated on 5 September 1857 by an act of the Legislative Council of India.
The university is situated in the southern city of Chennai. It is a collegiate university and has six campuses in the city Chepauk, Marina, Guindy, Taramani, Maduravoyal and Chetpet. It has more than 50 departments.
The National Assessment and Accreditation Council has conferred Five Star Status to the university and it has been given the status of "University with Potential for Excellence" by the University Grants Commission.
The first ever demand for higher education in Madras Presidency was given in a public address to Lord John Elphinstone, Governor of Madras, signed by 70,000 residents when the Governor in Council was contemplating "some effective and liberal measures for the establishment of an improved system of national education." This public petition, which was presented by the Advocate General Mr. George Norton on 11 November 1839, pressed the need for an English college in the city of Madras. Pursuant to this, Lord Elphinstone evolved a plan for the establishment of a central collegiate institution or a ‘university.’ This university had twin departments – a high school for the cultivation of English literature, regional language, philosophy and science, and a college for instruction in the higher branches of literature, philosophy and science.
The University Board was constituted in January 1840 with Mr. George Norton as its President. This was the precursor of the present Presidency College, Chennai. A systematic educational policy for India was formulated 14 years later by the dispatch of 1854 (Sir Charles Wood’s Education Dispatch), which pointed out the rationale for "creating a properly articulated system of education from the primary school to the University." The Dispatch recommended the establishment in the universities of Professorships "for the purposes of the delivery of lectures in various branches of learning including vernacular as well as classical languages." As a result the University of Madras, organized on the model of the University of London, was incorporated on 5 September 1857 by an Act of the Legislative Council of India.
The university progressed and expanded through the 19th century to span the whole of South India, giving birth to universities like Mysore University (1916), Osmania University (1908), Andhra University (1926), Annamalai University (1929), Travancore University (1937) presently University of Kerala, Sri Venkateswara University (1954), Madurai Kamaraj University (1966), Bharathidasan University (1982), Bharathiar University (1982), Manonmaniam Sundaranar University (1990), Tamil Nadu Agricultural University (1971), Anna University (1978), Tamil University (1981), Mother Teresa Women's University (1984), The Tamil Nadu Dr. M.G.R. Medical University (1989), Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University (1989), Periyar University (1997) and the Tamil Nadu Dr.Ambedkar Law University (1996).
In 1912 endowments were made to the university to establish departments of Indian History, Archaeology, Comparative Philology and Indian Economics. In that year the university had 17 departments, 30 teachers, and 69 research scholars. Later the research and teaching functions of the university were encouraged by the Sadler Commission and the gains of the University were consolidated by the enactment of the Madras University Act of 1923.
Coat of arms 
The description of the Coat of Arms of the university, designed in 1857, is:
"Argent (silver or white) on a Mount issuant from the basement a Tiger passant proper (walking and coloured naturally), on a Chief Sable (black across the top), a Pale Or (a gold or yellow vertical strip down the centre 1/3 of the top or chief), thereon, between two Elephants heads couped of the field, a lotus flower leaved and slipped of the third, together with this motto Doctrina Vim Promovet Insitam".
The coat of arms colours are: the base is light green, the tiger is yellow on a white background, the elephant is grey on a black background, the lotus is a white flower with olive green leaves, on a gold background. The motto scroll is edged red, with black lettering.
The English translation of the motto of the University of Madras is: "Learning promotes natural talent."
The university has campuses in Chepauk, Marina, Guindy and Taramani.
- Chepauk campus: School of Historical Studies, School of Social Sciences, School of Political and International Studies, School of Economics, School of Philosophy and Religious Thought, School of Fine and Performance Arts, School of English and Foreign Languages, School of Business and Management, School of Mathematics, Statistics and Computer Science, School of Information and Communication Studies, School of Earth and Atmospheric Science.
- Marina campus: School of Tamil and other Dravidian Languages, School of Sanskrit and other Indian Languages.
- Guindy campus: School of Earth and Atmospheric Science, School of Chemical Sciences, School of Physical Sciences, School of Life Sciences and School of Engineering.
- Taramani campus: School of Basic Medical Sciences, School of Nanoscience and Photonics.
The bulk of the revenue comes to the university by way of examination fees. The university runs Distance Education programmes which widens the scope for revenue through examinations.
Senate House 
The University of Madras has a historical monument – Senate House – which is one of the landmarks of the city of Chennai. The Senate House, the University's first building, inaugurated in the year 1879, is a masterpiece of Robert Fellowes Chisholm, an architect of the 19th century, who blended the Indo-Saracenic style with Byzantine and European architectural features. The university renovated the Senate House in 2006.
Constituent colleges 
Autonomous – arts and science colleges 
- Bharathi Women's College
- Ethiraj College for Women
- Loganatha Narayanasamy Government Arts College
- DG Vaishnav College
- Loyola College, Chennai
- M.O.P. Vaishnav College for Women
- Madras Christian College, Tambaram
- Presidency College, Chennai
- Queen Mary's College, Chennai
- Stella Maris College, Chennai
- The New College, Chennai
- Meenakshi College for Women, Chennai, Chennai
- Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda College, Chennai
Non-autonomous – arts and science colleges 
- A. M. Jain College, Meenambakkam, Chennai
- Shri Shankarlal Sundarbai Shasun Jain College for Women
- Dr.Ambedkar Government Arts College
- Jaya Govind Harigopal Agarwal Agarsen College, Madhavaram, Chennai
- Government Arts College, Nandanam
- Government College of Arts and Crafts
- Government college of Architecture and Sculpture
- Loganatha Narayanasamy Government Arts College
- Quaid-e-Millath Government College for women
- Rajeswari Vedachalam Government Arts College
- Sri Subramaniaswami Government Arts College
- Sri Sankara Arts and Science College, Enathur, Kanchipuram
- The Qaide Milleth College for Men, Arts and Science, Medavakkam
- Kumararani Meena Muthiah College Of Arts & Science (Co-Ed),Adyar
- St Thomas College of Arts & Science, Koyambedu
Notable alumni 
||This article's list of alumni may not follow Wikipedia's verifiability or notability policies. (August 2011)|
Nobel Laureates 
- C. V. Raman (B.A., M.A. 1902), Nobel Prize in Physics (1930), Bharat Ratna (1954)
- Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar(B.Sc 1925), Nobel Prize in Physics (1983), Copley Medal(1984)
Law and politics 
- Chakravarthi Rajagopalachari, Governor General of Independent India (1948–1950), Bharat Ratna (1954)
- Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, second President of India (1962–1967), Bharat Ratna (1954)
- V. V. Giri, fourth President of India (1969–1974), Bharat Ratna (1975)
- Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy, sixth President of India (1977–1982)
- R. Venkataraman, eighth President of India (1987–1992)
- A.P.J.Abdul Kalam, eleventh President of India (2002–2007), Bharat Ratna (1997)
Chief justice 
- Chidambaram Subramaniam, Minister, Bharat Ratna (1998)
- Palaniappan Chidambaram, Home Minister of India
- CN Annadurai – former chief minister of Tamil Nadu
- Shankarrao Chavan - Former Finance Minister of India (1988-1989)
Science and technology 
- Gunamudian David Boaz- First Indian Psychologyist.
- A.V. Balakrishnan, applied mathematician; professor of mathematics at the University of California, Los Angeles
- G.N. Ramachandran (M.Sc. 1942), Biophysicist who described the structure of Collagen
- Sathamangalam R. Srinivasa Varadhan, Abel Prize (2007)
- K. S. Krishnan, Physicist, co-discover of Raman scattering, Padma Bhushan (1954)
- Indra Nooyi, Chairman, Pepsi Co.
- Ramesh Narayan, Thomas Dudley Cabot Professor of the Natural Sciences at Harvard University.
Professor.G. Padmanaban, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore
- David Davidar-Former CEO of Penguin Group and Harvard University Faculty.
- Najmul Hoda, scholar, writer and poet, ex-head of the departments of Urdu, Arabic and Persian
- Syed Waheed Ashraf, Sufi, Poet, Scholar, Ex-head of the departments of Urdu, Arabic and Persian
- John Isaac (photographer), award-winning photojournalist, including Chief Photographer for the United Nations, author (1966)
- M.G. Ramachandran, Honorary Doctorate, actor in Tamil films and Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu
- Mani Ratnam, Tamil Indian film director, writer and producer, Padma Shri (2002)
- Vanamali, Telugu film lyricist, Ph.D. in Telugu literature
- C. W. Thamotharampillai from Jaffna was the first graduate of the University of Madras. He, along with a fellow student from Jaffna, Daniel Caroll Vyramuttu Visuvanathapillai, were the only two who sat for the University's final B.A. exams in 1857, and both passed the exams to become the first graduates of the University of Madras. Thamotharampillai scored higher marks and was placed first, so is considered the first graduate of the University.
- Dr Muthulakshmi Reddi is the first Indian female (Alice Van Ingen from Ceylon is the first-ever woman) to get a Medical degree from University of Madras in 1912.
- Cadambi Minakshi became the first woman to get a doctorate from the University of Madras in 1936.
- Kamala Sathianathan is the first woman graduate (BA and MA) from Madras University, having for her bachelor's degree in 1909. She went on to become a noted journalist.
- A.L. Venkataramana Pantulu, M.A., B.L. is the first double graduate of the University of Madras.
- Sir S Subramania Iyer became the first recipient of an honorary degree from the University when he was awarded the Honorary Degree of Doctor of Law in 1908.
In 2011, the University Grants Commission selected the university as a university with potential for excellence, under which the university gets 250 million. The university had been selected under phase 1 of the scheme in 2001-02 along with a few other universities in the country. UGC has identified the school of geology and the school of zoology of the university as centres of excellence and has allotted 32.5 million each for their development. The university is planning to use the funds to buy equipment and improve infrastructure.
See also 
- Madras School of Social Work
- Madras School of Economics
- List of universities in India
- Universities and colleges in India
- Education in India
- Distance Education Council
- University Grants Commission (India)
- List of Tamil Nadu Government's Educational Institutions
- , Personal Homepage of Dr. Ramesh Narayan. Retrieved 2013-04-08
- , The Shaw Prize
- Muthaiah, S (9 August 2004). "Madras Miscellany". Historian (The Hindu).
- Muthaiah, S (18 February 2002). "Madras Miscellany". Historian (The Hindu).
- Muthiah, S. (2004). Madras rediscovered : a historical guide to looking around : supplemented with tales of 'Once upon a city' (Further revised and expanded ed.). Chennai [u.a.]: East West Books (Madras). ISBN 9788188661244.
- Muthaiah, S (12 February 2012). "Madras Miscellany". Historian (The Hindu).
- "UGC selects Madras univ as potential centre of excellence, grants Rs 25 cr". The Times of India epaper (Chennai: The Times Group). 29-Dec-2011. Retrieved 30-Dec-2011.
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