University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey
|University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey|
|President||Denise V. Rodgers, MD|
|Other students||1,171 (residents and interns)|
|Location||Newark, Stratford, New Brunswick, Piscataway, Camden, and Scotch Plains, New Jersey, USA
|Campus||185 acres (0.75 km²)
Urban and Suburban
|Former names||College of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey|
|Largest institution of its kind in the nation until July 2013|
The University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey (UMDNJ) was a state-run health sciences institution of New Jersey, United States. It had eight distinct academic units. It formed an academic health sciences centre. It awarded 1,459 degrees in 2010-2011.
On June 28, 2012 the New Jersey state legislature passed a bill that dissolved the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey and merged most of its schools, except the School of Osteopathic Medicine, with Rutgers University forming a new Rutgers School of Biomedical and Health Sciences effective July 1, 2013. Members of the Rutgers board of governors estimated that the takeover of UMDNJ could "elevate Rutgers’ status to among the top 25 most elite research universities in America." The Stratford-based School of Osteopathic Medicine, along with its Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, became part of Rowan University and was renamed the Rowan University School of Osteopathic Medicine.
The Seton Hall College of Medicine and Dentistry was incorporated on August 6, 1954. The college enrolled its first class in 1956 at the Jersey City Medical Center. This was the forerunner of the New Jersey Medical School, the New Jersey Dental School, and the Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences. In 1965, the college was acquired by the state of New Jersey and renamed the New Jersey College of Medicine and Dentistry (NJCMD). Meanwhile, The Rutgers Medical School opened in 1966 as a two-year basic science institution offering the master of medical science (M.M.S.) degree. The College of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey (CMDNJ) was created by legislature in 1970 with the consolidation of the boards of trustees of Rutgers Medical School (now Robert Wood Johnson Medical School) and New Jersey College of Medicine and Dentistry. In 1981, the CMDNJ was renamed to the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey. It was the largest school of health sciences of its kind in the United States. It was also the leading research university in New Jersey, edging the other major research universities in the state (including Princeton University and Rutgers University) in federal research grant dollars. It did, however, have various academic partnerships with universities and other institutions in New Jersey.
UMDNJ was made up of 8 schools:
- New Jersey Medical School – Newark
- New Jersey Dental School – Newark
- Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences – Newark, Piscataway, and Stratford
- School of Health Related Professions – Newark
- School of Nursing – Newark
- School of Public Health – New Brunswick
- Robert Wood Johnson Medical School – Piscataway
- School of Osteopathic Medicine – Stratford
UMDNJ also operated The University Hospital in Newark, while Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital in New Brunswick, Hackensack University Medical Center in Hackensack and Cooper University Hospital in Camden were affiliates of UMDNJ. UMDNJ also operated a palliative care facility for people living with AIDS.
UMDNJ had approximately 7,000 students in more than 100 degree and certificate programs; more than 13,000 employees, including nearly 2,500 faculty members; more than 31,000 alumni and more than 200 education and healthcare affiliates throughout New Jersey. The University was dedicated to pursuing excellence in the education of health professionals and scientists, conducting research, delivering healthcare, and serving the community. The National Science Foundation ranked UMDNJ #71 out of 630 universities and colleges in terms of R&D expenditures.
Notable alumni and faculty
- Peter W. Carmel, NJMS Professor of Neurosurgery, past President of the American Medical Association
- Harold Jeghers, NJMS Professor of Medicine and namesake of Peutz–Jeghers syndrome
- Marilyn Kozak, RWJMS Professor of Biochemistry, discoverer of the Kozak consensus sequence
- Sandra Leiblum, RWJMS Professor of Clinical Psychiatry, first to describe Persistent Genital Arousal Disorder
- Paul J. Lioy, RWJMS Professor of Occupational and Community Medicine, author of "DUST: The Inside Story of Its Role in the September 11th Aftermath" (Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, Inc.)
- Sidney Pestka, RWJMS Professor of Microbiology, and Immunology, known as the "father of interferon" for his groundbreaking work developing antiviral treatments for hepatitis B and C
- Robert A. Schwartz, NJMS Chairman of Dermatology, co-discoverer of the Schwartz-Burgess Syndrome
- Arthur C. Upton, RWJMS Clinical Professor of Environmental and Community Medicine, former director of the National Cancer Institute
- Eric F. Wieschaus, Nobel Prize-winning biologist and RWJMS Adjunct Professor of Biochemistry
The first email system was developed at UMDNJ in 1978 by then 14 year old VA Shiva Ayyadurai, a research fellow at the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey (UMDNJ). The term email was first coined and defined to refer to the computer program Ayyadurai developed which was the first full-scale electronic emulation of the interoffice paper-based mail system, then in use at UMDNJ, which he wrote in the FORTRAN IV programming language. Email provided a complete software platform with hundreds of features, for nearly five hundred users including staff, doctors, and administrators at UMDNJ, to communicate faster, and more effectively, across the hundreds of offices and three locations of UMDNJ. Ayyadurai was awarded the first US Copyright for this system, "email", "computer program for electronic mail system", in 1982.
Controversy and scandals
UMDNJ was involved in a series of blunders that include Medicaid over-billings. The criminal complaint filed against the institution charged that health care fraud occurred through alleged double-billing of Medicaid between May 2001 and November 2004 for physician services in outpatient clinics. A deferred prosecution agreement was filed in federal court in Newark, N.J., Dec. 29, 2005 to avoid prosecution. Herbert Jay Stern, a former U.S. Attorney and federal judge in New Jersey, was appointed as a federal monitor to oversee and enforce compliance in accordance with the deferred prosecution agreement that outlines reform and action to help resolve illegal practices and restore financial integrity and professionalism to the institution. In March 2008, UMDNJ announced that its accreditation by the Middle States Commission on Higher Education had been restored, following the termination of the Deferred Prosecution Agreement; Stern had recommended the return of full responsibility for governance of the institution to the UMDNJ Board of Trustees after implementation of a number of systemic reforms by the Board and administration.
In Stratford, New Jersey, at the UMDNJ School of Osteopathic Medicine, Warren Wallace, the prior Senior Associate Dean for Academic and Student Affairs, was terminated amid accusations of unethical behavior. Accusations include inappropriate use of UMDNJ time and resources for political activities, efforts to obtain no-bid contracts for a friend or neighbor, and inappropriate actions in relation to obtaining admission to the School of Osteopathic Medicine for his daughter.
UMDNJ had placed New Jersey Senator Wayne Bryant on a "no-show" job to increase funding for the school, Bryant being the chairman of the Senate Budget and Appropriations Committee and the Legislature's Joint Budget Oversight Committee. Bryant stepped down from this position in February 2007. The case was investigated by former United States Attorney (later New Jersey governor) Christopher Christie. Bryant was found guilty of the charges on November 19, 2008 and received a four-year sentence in federal prison. R. Michael Gallagher, former dean of the School of Osteopathic Medicine, was convicted of bribing Bryant and received an 18-month sentence.
- Seton Hall University
- Montclair State University
- Rutgers University
- New Jersey Institute of Technology
- Kean University
- Rowan University
- Post-secondary education in New Jersey
- List of medical schools
- List of pharmacy schools
- UMDNJ Fast Facts, as of 2010-2011
- "UMDNJ History & Timeline". Umdnj.edu. 2004-06-05. Retrieved 2011-01-26.
- "UMDNJ Attracts Strong Increase in Federal Research Dollars". Umdnj.edu. 2007-02-22. Retrieved 2011-01-26.
- "US NSF - Academic Institutional Profiles - University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey". Nsf.gov. Retrieved 2011-01-26.
- / 1982-08-30 US TXu000111775 / 1982-08-30, Shiva Ayyadurai, "EMAIL", published 1981
- Aamoth, Doug (15 November 2011). "The Man Who Invented Email". Time Magazine: Techland. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
- Garling, Caleb (16 June 2012). "Who Invented Email? Just Ask … Noam Chomsky". Wired.com. Retrieved 27 March 2013.
- Ayyadurai, VA Shiva; Sparks, Devon; Michelson, Leslie P.; Richard, David Gerzof; Abraham, Sonu M. (June 12, 2012). "On the Origin of Email and Why the United States Postal Service (USPS) May Now Embrace It". PostalVision2020. Retrieved 23 December 2012.
- Michelson, Leslie P. "Recollections of a Mentor and Colleague of a 14-Year-Old, Who Invented Email in Newark, NJ". The Inventor of Email: innovation any time, any place, by anybody. Retrieved 8 June 2012.
- Whitacre, Andrew (16 September 2011). "CMS Affiliate, Creator of Modern Email". MIT Comparative Media Studies. Retrieved 7 August 2013.
- Smith, Catharine (30 August 2011). "’Email Anniversary: V.A. Shiva’s EMAIL Copyright Issued August 30, 1982". HuffingtonPost.com. Retrieved 7 August 2013.
- Myers, Courtney Boyd (30 August 2011). "Today is the 29th anniversary of email, as copyrighted by this man". thenextweb. Retrieved 7 August 2013.
- Blagdon, Jeff (13 June 2012). "Noam Chomsky weighs in on Ayyadurai’s email invention claim". TheVerge.com. Retrieved 27 February 2013.
- "UMDNJ Criminal Complaint News Release". Usdoj.gov. Retrieved 2011-01-26.
- "Health Care Fraud Report". Healthcenter.bna.com. 2005-12-29. Retrieved 2011-01-26.
- "Deferred Prosecution Agreement" (PDF). Retrieved 2011-01-26.
- "Federal monitor appointment". Umdnj.edu. Retrieved 2011-01-26.
- "Accreditation Announcement". Umdnj.edu. Retrieved 2011-01-26.
- "Federal Monitor News Release" (PDF). Retrieved 2011-01-26.
- "Investigation of link to State Senator Bryant". Nj.com. Retrieved 2011-01-26.
- "Bryant guilty of corruption with ex-UMDNJ dean". Gloucester County Times. 2008-11-19. Retrieved 2009-09-03.
- "Former Sen. Wayne Bryant gets four years in prison for bribery, fraud". The Star-Ledger. 2009-07-25. Retrieved 2009-09-03.
- "Former UMDNJ dean convicted of bribery reports to federal prison next week". The Star-Ledger. 2009-09-02. Retrieved 2009-09-03.