University of Missouri System

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University of Missouri System
University of Missouri Seal.svg
Established 1839 / 1963
Type Public
Endowment US $1.26 billion[1]
President Timothy M. Wolfe
(on Feb. 15, 2012) [2]
Academic staff 8,079 (Fall 2012; 5,332 full-time, 2,747 part-time) [3]
Admin. staff 16,202 (Fall 2012; 12,476 full-time, 3,726 part-time) [3]
Students 75,272 (Fall 2013 [3]
Location Columbia
Kansas City
St. Louis
Rolla
, Missouri, USA
Campus 20,019 acres (8,101 ha) [3]
Website www.umsystem.edu

The University of Missouri System is a state university system providing centralized administration for four universities, a health care system, an extension program, five research and technology parks, and a publishing press. More than 75,000 students [3] are currently enrolled at its four campuses. The health care system operates several hospitals and clinics in central Missouri,[4] while the extension program provides distance learning and other educational initiatives statewide.[5]

The UM System was created in 1963 when the University of Missouri (founded in 1839 in Columbia) and its offshoot, the Missouri School of Mines (now the Missouri University of Science & Technology), founded in 1870 in Rolla, were combined with the formerly private University of Kansas City (now University of Missouri-Kansas City, founded in 1933), and a newly created campus in suburban St. Louis (University of Missouri-St. Louis) in 1963.

Components[edit]

Mizzou logo
Missouri S&T logo
UMKC logo
UMSL logo

Universities[edit]

All four campuses are comprehensive, separately accredited, land-grant/research-intensive institutions offering undergraduate, graduate, and professional degree programs.[6][7][8][9][10]

Health care[edit]

The University of Missouri Health Care system operates several facilities in central Missouri, including University Hospital (the only Level I trauma center in central Missouri[21]) and Ellis Fischel Cancer Center (the only hospital in Missouri specializing in cancer treatment[22]). It is also closely affiliated with MU's School of Medicine, University of Missouri School of Health Professions, and Sinclair School of Nursing.

It employs 4,768 full-time employees.[23]

Extension[edit]

Using science-based knowledge, University of Missouri Extension engages people to understand change, solve problems and make informed decisions.

MU Extension makes university education and information accessible for:

  • Economic viability
  • Empowered individuals
  • Strong families and communities
  • Healthy environments.

University of Missouri Extension is a partnership of the University of Missouri campuses, Lincoln University, the people of Missouri through county extension councils, and the National Institute for Food and Agriculture of the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

MU Extension offers distance learning, Mizzou Online, continuing education, evening classes,.[24] Programs in agriculture, natural resources, lawn and garden, home and consumer life, nutrition and health, families and relationships, community and leadership, business and careers, and emergency management [25] are available through offices throughout the state.[26]

Research and technology parks[edit]

As part of its economic development mission to support high-tech growth in Missouri, the UM System owns and operates five research parks throughout the state.[27]

  • Technology Park at Fort Leonard Wood in St. Robert is the first technology park in the nation to be located on an active Army post.[30] It houses the MRP Business Center, which was created to be a catalyst for partnerships between the military, corporations, and academia.[31]
  • Discovery Ridge, near Columbia, was established in 2005 on 114 acres (46.1 ha) of MU's South Farm, a 1,452-acre (588 ha) agricultural experiment station operated by MU's College of Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources. The park is jointly operated by the UM System's Office of Research and Economic Development and MU.[32]
  • Innovation Park in Rolla was announced in April 2007. The 56-acre (22.66 ha) former golf course will be "a research, development and office park project" jointly operated by the UM System's Office of Research and Economic Development and Missouri S&T.[33][34]
  • UMSL Research Park is a 100-acre (40.5 ha) park on UMSL's north campus.[35] It is home to Express Scripts' new 315,000-square-foot (29,300 m2) corporate headquarters, which opened in June 2007.[36] The park is jointly operated by the UM System's Office of Research and Economic Development and UMSL.

Press[edit]

The University of Missouri Press was established in 1958 and today publishes over 70 titles per year, including several series such as the Missouri Biography Series. It also distributes books for the Missouri Historical Society Press.

Students organization[edit]

The Associated Students of the University of Missouri is a student run organization that represents the students of all four UM system campuses in Jefferson City and Washington, D.C. It was created in 1975 by the Missouri Students Association. ASUM has an internship program that lobbies the Missouri General Assembly on a regular basis pertaining to student issues including equalizing the Access Missouri tuition grant, increasing funding for the Bright Flight Scholarship, and giving the student representative to the UM Board of Curators a vote.

Administration[edit]

Organization[edit]

The UM System is governed by a board of curators, consisting of nine members appointed by the governor with the advice and consent of the Missouri Senate. Curators serve six-year terms, staggered by three positions expiring every two years. Not more than one curator can be appointed from the same congressional district, and no more than five curators can belong to the same political party. In addition, there is a non-voting student representative to the board, likewise appointed and confirmed, who serves a two-year term. The post is rotated among the four universities.[37] Presently, the post is held by Amy Johnson of the Kansas City campus.[37]

The board of curators selects the president of the system, who reports to the board along with the general counsel. Each university is led by a chancellor who reports to the president, as does the senior associate vice president/chief of staff, the University of Missouri Health System advisory board (which the president also chairs) and the six vice presidents in charge of systemwide departments. In addition, an associate vice president of strategic communications has an indirect reporting line to the president with a direct reporting line to the senior associate vice president/chief of staff.[38]

Presidents[edit]

There have been nine presidents of UM System since its inception in 1963. Prior to the formation of the system, the position of president was more akin to what is now chancellor of the Columbia campus.[39] However, the UM System counts presidents who served before the system was created, therefore the numbering starts at 14.[40] See University of Missouri#Presidents and chancellors for a list of presidents from 1841–1963 and chancellors from 1963–present. This list does not include all interim presidents.

  1. Elmer Ellis (1963–1966)[41]
  2. John C. Weaver (1966–1970)
  3. C. Brice Ratchford (1971–1976)
  4. James C. Olson (1977–1984)
  5. C. Peter Magrath (1985–1991)
  6. George A. Russell (1991–1996)
  7. Manuel T. Pacheco (1997–2002)
  8. Elson Floyd (2003–2007)
  9. Gary D. Forsee (2008–2011)
    Steve Owens (interim 2011-Feb. 15, 2012)
  10. Timothy M. Wolfe (Feb. 15, 2012 -) [2]

History[edit]

The University of Missouri was founded in 1839 in Columbia. It was the first public institution of higher learning west of the Mississippi River. It became a land-grant university after passage of the Morrill Act of 1862. In 1870, the University established the Missouri School of Mines and Metallurgy in Rolla.

The UM System was created in 1963 when the University of Kansas City, which had been a private institution, was acquired and renamed UM–Kansas City. That same year, a new university named UM–St. Louis was created. In 1964, the School of Mines ‡ was renamed UM–Rolla, and the original university in Columbia was renamed UM–Columbia. Effective January 1, 2008, UM–Rolla became the Missouri University of Science and Technology.

Naming[edit]

Since its founding in 1839 until the formation of the system in 1963, the institution in Columbia was known simply as the University of Missouri. When the University of Missouri System was established, the existing institutions—the University of Missouri in Columbia and its offshoot, the Missouri School of Mines and Metallurgy in Rolla were renamed the University of Missouri–Columbia and the University of Missouri–Rolla.[42] The formerly private institution acquired by the system, the University of Kansas City, was renamed the University of Missouri–Kansas City. The newly created institution in St. Louis was suitably named the University of Missouri–St. Louis, thus creating a uniformly named system of institutions.

The original generic name, the University of Missouri, was not officially assigned to any of the schools or the system. However, it has been commonly used both formally and informally to mean the original Columbia campus or the system. It has also been used to mean any of the other three campuses, though this is most often done in a casual manner at the campus in question, or by persons unfamiliar with the system. All four campuses have felt their regional designations potentially cause them to be mistaken as second-tier regional institutions. Considerable controversy over use of the generic name has been caused by the Columbia campus claiming de facto ownership, further marginalizing the other three campuses.

The Rolla campus was first to enact a break from regional designation. On 6 April 2007, the Board of Curators approved a proposal to rename the school the Missouri University of Science and Technology, effective 1 January 2008. In addition to ridding itself of a regional designation, it also emphasizes the school's technological research mission.[43] This quickly catalyzed a long-dormant "name restoration" campaign at the Columbia campus to drop its regional designation.[44] This proposal met with considerable criticism, mainly from the Kansas City and St. Louis campuses, who saw this as unnecessary or unfair and an intentional detriment to their campuses. On 29 November 2007, the Board of Curators voted unanimously to allow the Columbia campus to use the generic University of Missouri name for essentially all public purposes, but not when dealing with "official business" such as budget documents, legal contracts, and other internal UM System documentation, or whenever clarification from the system or other campuses is needed. Use of the generic name is not compulsory and the Columbia designation may continue to be used in any context. The decision also stipulates that the UM System utilize the "System" designation in most instances. Proponents of the change say that it simply provides clarification and recognizes what has always been common usage, but the issue remains controversial.

Southwest Missouri State University sought and eventually was granted permission to drop its regional designation and become Missouri State University. This change was initially vehemently opposed by the UM System, as it saw this as a threat to its funding and its stature as the premiere public institution of higher learning in Missouri. It also would create historic entanglements, as the University of Missouri had interchangeably used the Missouri State University name at times in its history. This resulted from MU being designated as both a land grant and a research institution, unlike states such as Iowa where separate institutions (University of Iowa and Iowa State University) were created.[45]

Proposed merger[edit]

In April 2003, Northwest Missouri State University in Maryville approached the UM System with the possibility of becoming the fifth school in the system. Name proposals for the university after the merger, such as the University of Missouri–Northwest, were to reflect the school's separate heritage. The Maryville institution would have become a doctoral degree-granting research university of equal stature with the existing UM System universities.[46][47] However, the enabling legislation before the Missouri General Assembly never passed and the deal sunset. There have been no further attempts at a merger.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "NCSE Public Tables Endowment Market Values" (PDF). February 2014. Retrieved October 22, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b MU business college graduate named new system president, St. Louis Post-Dispatch December 13, 2011
  3. ^ a b c d e UM System Fast Facts 2013
  4. ^ List of MU Health Care facilities
  5. ^ About the University of Missouri Extension
  6. ^ Higher Learning Commission: University of Missouri-Columbia
  7. ^ Higher Learning Commission: University of Kansas City
  8. ^ Higher Learning Commission: Missouri University of Science and Technology
  9. ^ Higher Learning Commission: University of Missouri-Saint Louis
  10. ^ Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching
  11. ^ MU Name Restoration
  12. ^ "MU Facts". Curators of the University of Missouri. Retrieved October 22, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Fall 2013 Enrollment Summary (Registar)" (PDF). University of Missouri. Retrieved October 22, 2014. 
  14. ^ "Facts and Figures". University of Missouri. Retrieved October 22, 2014. 
  15. ^ Missouri S&T Academics
  16. ^ "Facts and Figures". University of Missouri. Retrieved October 22, 2014. 
  17. ^ UMKC programs of study
  18. ^ UMKC by the Numbers
  19. ^ "Facts and Figures". University of Missouri. Retrieved October 22, 2014. 
  20. ^ UMSL College of Optometry: Message from the Dean
  21. ^ University Hospital
  22. ^ Ellis Fischel Cancer Center
  23. ^ "MU Facts". Missouri.edu. January 19, 2012. Retrieved February 20, 2012. 
  24. ^ [1] Mizzou online
  25. ^ About University of Missouri Extension
  26. ^ Locations
  27. ^ UM Research and Economic Development
  28. ^ Missouri Research Park tenants
  29. ^ About the Missouri Research Park
  30. ^ Technology Park at Fort Leonard Wood
  31. ^ MRP Business Center
  32. ^ Discovery Ridge
  33. ^ Curators approve UMR research and technology park plans
  34. ^ Innovation Park
  35. ^ UMSL Research Park
  36. ^ Scripts opens headquarters at UMSL park
  37. ^ a b UM System Board of Curators
  38. ^ UM System organization
  39. ^ University of Missouri Leaders
  40. ^ Former presidents of the University of Missouri
  41. ^ Elmer Ellis had been president of the University of Missouri since 1954 and became president of the University of Missouri System upon its creation, while a new person was selected to become first chancellor of the Columbia campus.
  42. ^ The Missouri School of Mines and Metallurgy was briefly named the University of Missouri at Rolla in 1963 before changing to the University of Missouri–Rolla in 1964.
  43. ^ The Case for a Name Change
  44. ^ MU Name Restoration
  45. ^ Heritage at stake in SMSU’s quest for a new name
  46. ^ Northwest considers merging with the UM System
  47. ^ Board approves memorandum of understanding for Northwest merger

External links[edit]