University of Mostar
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|University of Mostar|
|Sveučilište u Mostaru|
|Latin: Universitas Studiorum Mostariensis|
|Established||11 February 1977|
|Location||Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|Affiliations||European University Association|
The University of Mostar (Croatian: Sveučilište u Mostaru; Latin: Universitas Studiorum Mostariensis) is the second largest university in Bosnia and Herzegovina, established in 1977, and it is situated in Mostar. The University is the only Croatian language university in Bosnia and Herzegovina and world. Its original name was University Džemal Bijedić of Mostar, named after Yugoslav prime minister Džemal Bijedić, but it was renamed in 1992 during the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The University of Mostar has ten faculties and one Academy of Fine Arts, with 50 different majors, 46 specialisations and 70 study groups. This made the University of Mostar one of the most diversed university in the country.
Roots of the University of Mostar date back to 1895 when the Franciscan theological school was established. In 1950 Higher teacher-training school started with its work in Mostar. Then follows establishment of higher technical school in 1959, higher agricultural school in 1960, Departments of the Faculties of Law and Economics.
The University was established in Mostar in 1977 and faculties and higher schools function further on as its part. From 1992 the Croatian language is the official language at the University of Mostar. The University of Mostar is the only Croatian speaking university in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Today the University has around 16,000 students and 1,000 employees. There are ten faculties, academy of fine arts, eight institutes and the student center within the University.
The University of Mostar participates in Rectors' Conference of Bosnia and Herzegovina and it is also an associate member of the Croatian Rectors' Conference. The university seal shows the building of the Franciscan monastery.
During the Croat-Bosniak War, the University was renamed as Sveučilište u Mostaru (using the Croatian term for University), and adopted the Croatian language as official one, while Muslim professors left the University, and established a new one with the old name - the University Džemal Bijedić of Mostar. Since the buildings of the original University were situated in western Mostar, under control of the Croats, the University of Mostar used those buildings, and the Muslim University Džemal Bijedić used the old Yugoslav People's Army barracks. University Džemal Bijedić now maintains a campus in the east part of Mostar. The higher education reform and the signing of the Bologna declaration have forced both universities to put aside their differences to some extent and work to make themselves competitive on a regional level.
Organisation and administration
The University of Mostar has around 16,000 students, which makes it second largest university in Bosnia and Herzegovina after the University of Sarajevo, located in country's capital. Through years, the University of Mostar saw rapid growth in number of students. In the academic year of 2006/07, it had 6256 students, while in the academic year 2014/15 it had around 16,000 students. Also, the number of foreign students, of whom vast majority are from neighbouring Croatia is also growing. In the academic year of 2008/09, there were 292 students from Croatia, while in 2012/13 there were 644. In the academic year 2014/15, students from Croatia make 17% of the total students' population.
The University organized the Constitutional-law position of Croats in Bosnia and Herzegovina Conference in Neum, in late October 2005. In the summer of 2006 University of Mostar, Džemal Bijedić University and University of Granada have started work on the International University Center Mostar.
The University of Mostar signed cooperation agreements with the universities in Pesc, Granada, Brandenburg, Rome, Ljubljana, Maribor, Podgorica, Koper, Zagreb, Osijek, Dubrovnik, Split, Rijeka, Zadar, Pula, Mostar (east), Sarajevo, Banja Luka, Tuzla, Zenica, Bihać, East Sarajevo.
- "Počela nova akademska godina za 16 000 studenata Sveučilišta u Mostaru" (in Croatian). Grad Mostar. 1 October 2013. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
- Gudelj, Jurica (4 August 2014). "Nova akademska godina: U Mostaru više od 21.000 studenata". Oslobođenje (in Croatian). Retrieved 16 December 2014.
- "Na Sveučilištu u Mostaru broj studenata se povećava iz godine u godinu!" (in Croatian). Portal Herceg-Bosna. 5 March 2010. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
- Barać, Andrea (15 March 2013). "Sveučilište u Mostaru: Za nas Hrvati nisu strani studenti" (in Croatian). Srednja.hr. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
- Official Website (Croatian)