University of Mumbai

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University of Mumbai
मुंबई विद्यापीठ
UniversityOfMumbai.png
Motto Sanskrit: शीलवृतफला विद्या
Motto in English "The Fruit of Learning is Good Character and Righteous Conduct"
Established 18 July 1857
Type Public
Chancellor Kateekal Sankaranarayanan
Vice-Chancellor Rajan M. Welukar
Location Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Campus Urban
Affiliations UGC, NAAC, AIU
Website mu.ac.in
UniversityofMumbaimedialogo.png

The University of Mumbai (Marathi: मुंबई विद्यापीठ ), erstwhile the University of Bombay or informally Bombay University, is one of the first three state universities in India, located in the city of Mumbai in the state of Maharashtra. It is abbreviated as either "UoM" (for University of Mumbai) or "MU" (for Mumbai University).

The University of Mumbai offers Bachelors, Masters and Doctoral degrees apart from diplomas and certificates in many disciplines. The language of instruction for most courses is English. A majority of private colleges are also affiliated to MU. One of its two campuses in Mumbai is located in Kalina, Santacruz. The campus houses academic and administrative departments. Another campus located in Fort carries out administrative work only. Several world-renowned institutes in Mumbai were affiliated to the university. Most of them are now autonomous institutes or deemed universities. The University of Mumbai, is the largest university in the world in terms of the number of graduates[citation needed] and has 141 affiliated colleges.

History[edit]

John Wilson, D.D., F.R.S founder of the university

The University of Mumbai was established in 1857 by Dr John Wilson (after whom Wilson College in Mumbai is named), according to "Wood's despatch", drafted by Sir Charles Wood in 1854. It was modelled on the universities in Great Britain.[1] St. Xavier's College was affiliated to the university in 1868, with Wilson as its first vice-chancellor .[citation needed] His wife, Margaret Bayne Wilson, founded 16 schools mainly for girls, the most famous among them being Wilson College, Mumbai and St. Columbia High School. Initially, the Elphinstone College building was used as the Mumbai University campus. Initially, the university officials focused their efforts on imparting undergraduate courses and conducting examinations. Research disciplines and post-graduate courses were added later. Several university departments were established, starting with the School of Sociology and Civics and Politics. After India achieved independence in 1947, the functions and powers of the university were sought to be reorganised, for which The Bombay University Act of 1953 was passed. The name of the University has been changed from "University of Bombay " to "University of Mumbai" as per a gazette of the Government of Maharashtra dated September 4, 1996.

Campuses[edit]

Completed Rajabai Tower and University Hall, circa 1905.
Wilson College (20th century)
Elphinstone College taken in the late 19th century
University's adminstration building
St. Xavier's College, Mumbai

The University has two campuses in Mumbai. The Kalina campus, located in suburban Mumbai, spans an area of 230 acres (approx. 930,777 m²), the Fort campus 13 acres (approx. 52,609 m²) .[citation needed] It has 1.25 million square feet (381,000 m²) of built-up area, 22,000 square feet (6,705.6 m²) of classrooms, and 84,000 square feet (25,603.2 m²) of laboratory space. It has two post-graduate centres, 354 affiliated colleges, and 36 departments.[when?][citation needed]

Kalina Campus[edit]

The Kalina campus has on-campus graduate training and research centres. Several departments offering courses in the streams of science, technology, commerce, and humanities are located here. However, most colleges of engineering and medicine affiliated to the University of Mumbai are privately owned. The university does not have its own engineering and medicine departments.

An indicative list of centres and institutes located in the Kalina Campus:

  • National Center for Nanosciences and Nanotechnology — a research facility
  • Department of Biophysics, the only department of its kind in western India.
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Library
  • Examination House, also known as Mahatma Jyotirao Phule Bhavan. It houses the office of the Controller of Examinations.
  • Garware Institute of Career Education and Development. It offers courses including one in medical transcription and management courses such as agriculture business management, pharma management and tourism management.
  • MUST (मस्त ) FM, the campus radio station of the university operates from here at 107.8 MHz.
  • Alkesh Dinesh Mody Numismatic Museum. It displays currency from around the world belonging to many periods.
  • Alkesh Dinesh Mody Institute for Financial and Management Studies (ADMI). It offers BMS, MFSM and MMS programmes.[2]
  • Department of Extra Mural Studies. It conducts weekend courses in many disciples including astronomy, astrophysics, plant and animal taxonomy, hobby robotics, and hobby electronics.
  • The Institute of Distance & Open Learning (IDOL) offers distance learning courses in humanities, sciences, commerce, computer science, and information technology.
  • Western Regional Instrumentation Centre (WRIC) is a research and training facility for instrumentation engineering and science.
  • Centre for African Studies
  • Centre for Eurasian Studies
  • A rose garden where more than a hundred varieties of rose have been cultivated.
  • Marathi Bhasha Bhavan Centre for learning the Marathi language conducts academic activities and cultural activities associated with the language.

Fort Campus[edit]

The University of Bombay was established in 1857 at the Fort campus, which is located near the southern end of Mumbai. It houses the administrative division of the university. It is built in the Gothic style of architecture. The Rajabai clock tower stands in the lawns of the campus.

Rajabai Clock Tower[edit]

One of Mumbai's landmarks, the Rajabai Clock Tower houses the university library. Based on plans by British architect Sir George Gilbert Scott and completed in the 1870s, it was modelled on the Big Ben clock tower of London.[3] Businessman Premchand Roychand contributed monetarily to the construction of the tower. It was named in memory of his mother Rajabai. It is 280 feet tall, with five storeys. At a height of 30 feet from the ground, there are eight statues representing the Indian castes. The tower clock is reported to have played 16 tunes including Rule, Britannia.

Ratnagiri Campus[edit]

A minor campus running mostly extramural courses is located in the town of Ratnagiri.

Prominent Institutes[edit]

Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute Mumbai

Several departments of the University of Mumbai are at places other than the Fort or Kalina campuses. These include the Mumbai University Institute of Chemical Technology (MUICT), formerly (UDCT), which later became autonomous ;[citation needed] the departments of Medicine and Medical Research located in several prominent hospitals in Mumbai, such as the Tata Memorial Hospital, Bombay Hospital, and G.S. Medical College and King Edward Memorial Hospital.

St. Xavier's College was the first degree-granting college affiliated to the university. It was granted autonomy in 2009. .[citation needed]

South Indian Education Society (SIES) is an educational body that has a high school, and a Baccalaureate college plus a Management Institute affiliated to the University of Mumbai.

Similarly, as per the information available on the website of the Directorate of Technical Education of Maharashtra, Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute was the first Engineering Institute of the University of Mumbai (1887)[4] and Thadomal Shahani Engineering College was the first Engineering college in the University of Mumbai to start courses in Computer Engineering (1984), Information Technology (1998), Biomedical Engineering (1983) and Biotechnology (2004).[5][6]

Under the department of Law, Government Law College, Mumbai remains the most prominent institute since the university's inception.

The university's Institute of Chemical Technology was ranked 4th in the world for research in Chemical Engineering by professor Jude Sommerfeld of Georgia Institute of Technology, USA in 2011 for a 5 year period.[7]

The Department of Management Studies of the University of Mumbai i.e. the Jamnalal Bajaj Institute of Management Studies is consistently ranked among the top 10 management institutes of India and was established in the year 1965 in collaboration with Stanford Graduate School of Business of Stanford University.[8]

On an average, most of the top 10 colleges in their respective streams of education under UoM, have an acceptance rate of 10% or less.

Libraries[edit]

Jawaharlal Nehru Library[edit]

The library
Central Hall

Jawaharlal Nehru Library (JNL) is the central library, located in the campus at Kalina. It houses 850,000 books, documents and scientific journals, theses, encyclopedias, 30,000 microfilms and more than 1,200 rare manuscripts, International Monetary Fund reports, census records, and several hundred e-journals .[citation needed] Most books in the library are on the basic sciences, social sciences, and behavioural sciences.

The technology and applied research journals and books of the University of Mumbai are kept at other libraries including those at Institute of Chemical Technology, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Jamnalal Bajaj Institute of Management Studies, and Tata Memorial Hospital. The University of Mumbai collection comprises more than a million books, documents, and scientific journals.

Faculties and Departments[edit]

University of Mumbai has several hundred affiliated colleges offering undergraduate and post-graduate education, and conducting research, in areas of science, commerce, arts, engineering, management, law, etc. Each college has its own campus and specialized departments/centres.

The university itself also has some centres, institutes and departments in its faculties, on its campuses in Fort, Kalina, etc.

Areas of education and research are summarized in the table below:

Faculty Departments / Centres / Institutes
Management[9]
  • Alkesh Dinesh Mody Institute for Financial & Management Studies
Arts[10]
  • Department of Lifelong Learning and Extension
  • Center for Disaster Management
  • Comparative Literature
  • Classics
  • Education
  • Fine Arts
  • Film & Media Studies
  • Gender Studies
  • Library and Information Science
  • Language, Linguistics and Literature
  • Management Studies
  • Philosophy
  • Social & Cultural Analysis
Social Science
  • Department of Anthropology
  • Department of Applied Psychology
  • Department of African Studies
  • Department of Bioethics
  • Department of Creative Writing
  • Department of Communication and Journalism:-
  • Department of Civics & Politics
  • Department of Demography
  • Department of Public Administration
  • Department of Economics
  • Department of Eurasian Studies
  • Department of Geography
  • Department of History
  • Department of Sociology
Commerce[11]
  • Alkesh Dinesh Mody Institute of Investment studies
  • Department of Commerce
  • Department of Business Administration (International Business, HRM)
Law[12]
  • Department of Law and Justice
  • Department of Criminology & Criminal Justice
Science[13]
Engineering / Technology
Sports[14]
  • Physical Education
  • Department of Physical Education and Sports Pavilion
Institutes & Centers[15]
  • Academy for Administrative Careers
  • Center for Cultural Studies
  • Center for Development Studies
  • Centre for Extramural Studies
  • Center for Healthcare Management
  • Center for Information & Communication Technology (ICT)
  • Department of Student Welfare (Vidyapeeth Vidyarthi Bhavan)
  • Diasporic Constructions of Home and Belongings ("CoHaB")
  • Dr Ambedkar Centre for Social Justice
  • Film and Media Academy
  • Garware Institute of Career Education and Development
  • Gurudev Tagore Chair of Computer Literature
  • Indo-Canadian Studies Centre
  • Institute of Modern Language
  • Institute of Science (managed by the state Government of Maharashtra)
  • Institute of Social and Economic Research
  • UGC Academic Staff College
  • Western Regional Instrumentation Centre

Rankings[edit]

University and college Rankings
General – International
QS (World)[16] 551–600
QS (Asian)[17] 130–140
  • Internationally, the University of Mumbai was ranked 41 among Top 50 engineering schools in the world by Business Insider in the year 2012 and was the only university in the list from the five emerging BRICS nations (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa).[18]
  • It was ranked 3rd best university in Asia in terms of graduate students as percentage of total students[19] and the 2nd best Multi Disciplinary University in India[20] by Asiaweek in the list of Aisa's best Universities 2000 ; with 8 of the top 10 Indian universities in Asiaweek's list being purely Science and Technology Universities.
  • In the year 2013 the University of Mumbai ranked fifth[21] in the list of top ten best universities in India by India Today.
  • It was ranked at 62 in the QS BRICS University rankings for 2013, a ranking of leading universities in the five BRICS countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa).[22]
  • Its strongest scores in the QS University Rankings: BRICS are for papers per faculty (8th), employer reputation (20th) and citations per paper (28th).[23]
  • It was ranked 10th among the top Universities of India by QS in 2013. With 7 of the top ten Indian Universities being purely science and technology universities, it was India's 3rd best multi-disciplinary university in the QS University ranking.[23]
  • The University of Mumbai has been given the highest ranking of five stars by the National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC).[24] In 2012, it was awarded a CGPA of 3.05 out of 4 and the highest rating ("A" grade) by the NAAC for its overall performance. The University Grants Commission also accorded the University of Mumbai with the status of "University with Potential for Excellence".[25]
  • It was ranked 18th in the world for having the maximum Ultra High Net Worth Alumni Population. It was number one in the list among universities from emerging economies.[26][27]

Vice chancellors[edit]

Notable alumni[edit]

Partner Universities[edit]

Memoranda of Understanding (MoUs) have been signed with University of Amsterdam, University of Bath, Liverpool Hope University, Ryerson University, IESEG School of Management, Kühne Logistics University, Tianjin University, Tianjin University of Technology and Nankai University in China as well as Edith Cowan University in Australia.[28]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "History of the University of Mumbai". University of Mumbai. Retrieved 1 May 2013. 
  2. ^ "Alkesh Dinesh Mody Institute". Mu.ac.in. Retrieved 31 January 2012. 
  3. ^ "Rajabai Tower Mumbai: Tourist Attractions in Mumbai". Mumbailocal.Net. 
  4. ^ http://www.dte.org.in/approvedinstitues/StaticPages/frmInstituteSummary.aspx?InstituteCode=3012
  5. ^ http://www.dte.org.in/approvedinstitues/staticpages/frmInstituteSummary.aspx?InstituteCode=3182
  6. ^ Thadomal Shahani Engineering College
  7. ^ http://www.business-standard.com/article/economy-policy/ict-ranked-4th-in-research-standards-111052900075_1.html
  8. ^ Jamnalal Bajaj Institute of Management Studies
  9. ^ [1][dead link]
  10. ^ http://www.mu.ac.in/faculties_arts.html
  11. ^ http://www.mu.ac.in/facultiesofcommerce.html
  12. ^ http://www.mu.ac.in/facultiesoflaw.html
  13. ^ http://www.mu.ac.in/facultiesofscience.html
  14. ^ http://www.mu.ac.in/faculties_sports.html
  15. ^ http://www.mu.ac.in/facultiesofothers.html
  16. ^ "QS World University Rankings". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2011. Retrieved September 30, 2011. 
  17. ^ "QS Asian University Rankings". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2012. Retrieved June 20, 2012. 
  18. ^ "The World's Best Engineering Schools". Business Insider. Retrieved 5 June 2013. 
  19. ^ CNN. 22 June 2000 http://cgi.cnn.com/ASIANOW/asiaweek/features/universities2000/schools/multi.gradtot.html |url= missing title (help). 
  20. ^ CNN. 22 June 2000 http://cgi.cnn.com/ASIANOW/asiaweek/features/universities2000/rank_country/index.html#5 |url= missing title (help). 
  21. ^ India Today ranks India's Best Universities for 2013 : EDUCATION - India Today. Indiatoday.intoday.in (2013-05-24). Retrieved on 2013-07-16.
  22. ^ http://www.topuniversities.com/university-rankings/brics-rankings/2013#sorting=rank+country=+stars=false+search=
  23. ^ a b http://www.topuniversities.com/university-rankings-articles/brics-rankings/top-universities-india
  24. ^ http://web5.kar.nic.in/naacloi_new/NAAC_allcycles_accrlist.aspx
  25. ^ http://www.ugc.ac.in/page/Universities-(UPE).aspx
  26. ^ http://thediplomat.com/2013/04/university-of-mumbai-beats-cambridge-and-brown-for-rich-alumni/
  27. ^ http://www.wealthx.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/02/Wealth-X-University-UHNW-Alumni-Rankings-Special-Report.pdf
  28. ^ "‘Indian students should consider studying in China’". Hindustan Times. 29 November 2011. Retrieved 31 January 2012. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 18°58′30″N 72°49′33″E / 18.97500°N 72.82583°E / 18.97500; 72.82583