Paris West University Nanterre La Défense
|This article does not cite any references or sources. (November 2012)|
|Université de Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense|
|Established||1964, following the division of the University of Paris (1253)|
|Affiliations||University of Paris, Elles Bougent|
Paris West University Nanterre La Défense (Université Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense) formerly called Paris X Nanterre is a French university in the Academy of Versailles. It is one of the 13 successor universities of the University of Paris. It is located in the western suburb of Nanterre, near La Défense, the business district of Paris. The university is commonly referred to as Nanterre.
Nanterre was built in the 1960s on the outskirts of Paris as an extension of the Sorbonne. Based on the American model, it was created as a campus (as opposed to the old French universities which were smaller and integrated to the city they were in).
Nanterre became famous shortly after its opening by being at the center of the May 68 student rebellion. The campus was nicknamed "Nanterre, la folle" (Mad Nanterre) or "Nanterre la rouge" (Red Nanterre, in reference to communism). To this day, the university remains traditionally a center of the left wing, as opposed to universities such as Pantheon-Assas University, traditionally inclined to the right.
Size and scope 
Nanterre is the second largest campus in France after Nantes, with its own Olympic-sized swimming pool and a stadium. It welcomes 35 to 40,000 students every year in all fields of studies: Social Sciences, Philosophy, Literature, History, Languages and Linguistics, Economics, Law and Political Sciences, as well as Teacher Training, Acting, Cinema, Physiology and Sports.
The university is renowned in the fields of Law and Economics. Even though French universities are required by law to admit anyone with a Baccalauréat, strain is put on the students from the start and the first year drop-out rate consistently hovers in the 60% region. At postgraduate level, the university offers very competitive programs (highly selective Masters in Law and Business) and partnerships with some grandes écoles such as the Ecole Polytechnique, ESSEC, Ecole des Mines de Paris, ESCP Europe ...
The Rene Ginouves Institute for Archaeology and Anthropology (Maison de l'archeologie et de l'ethnologie Rene Ginouves) is another important institution on campus, merging the departments of the CNRS, Paris I-Panthéon Sorbonne and Paris X-Nanterre.
As in most Parisian universities, there is a large minority of foreign exchange students.
Innovative programs 
Over the years, Nanterre has developed innovative programs such as the double bilingual courses in French Law and Anglo-American, Spanish, Russian, German or Italian law, in Economics & Management (with half of the courses in French and half of the courses in another foreign language), in History (with half of the courses in French and half of the courses in another foreign language). These programs have inspired many universities and grandes écoles throughout the country and are now renowned on the national level.
Students and alumni 
Some famous alumni:
- Nicolas Sarkozy, Former President of France, former President of the Union for a Popular Movement, former Interior Minister and former MP (Master in law in 1978);
- Dominique Strauss-Kahn, former Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund, former French Minister of Economy and Finance, former MP, economist;
- Dominique de Villepin, former Prime Minister of France, former Home secretary and Foreign Secretary. Writer;
- David Guetta Dj, Producer. Bachelor of laws
- Brice Hortefeux, former French minister of Immigration
- Daniel Cohn-Bendit, "Dany le Rouge", leader of the May 68 student rebellion and Member of the European Parliament;
- Christine Lagarde, Head of International Monetary Fund, former Minister of trade, former president of Baker & McKenzie
- Frederic Mitterrand, former French Minister of Culture and Communications
- Jean-Jacques Aillagon, former Minister for Culture, head of the Palazzo Grassi;
- Jean-Luc Marion, philosopher;
- Olivier Besancenot, former leader of the Ligue communiste révolutionnaire (LCR)
- Françoise de Panafieu, MP and Mayor of the XVIIth district of Paris;
- Manuel Pinho, Portuguese politician and economist
- Olivier Duhamel, law teacher at Sciences-Po, former politician and former Member of the European Parliament.
- Guy Carcassonne, expert in constitutional law;
- Luc Brisson, philosopher;
- Daniel Cohen, economist and journalist for "Le Monde";
- Alain Farshian, freelance journalist for newspapers such as "Le Monde"
- Vincent Bolloré, CEO of Bolloré and ranked the 451st-equal richest person in the world;
- Sylvie Germain, writer;
- Yasmina Reza, writer and actress;
- Jeanne Mas, pop singer;
- Pedro Bereciartu Parra, arepólogo, especialist in the "arepa venezolana", the Venezuelan bread;
- Andreas D. Mavroyiannis, former Cyprus Deputy Minister for European Affairs
Famous professors and former professors 
- Maurice Allais, Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics in 1988.
- Jean-Jacques Becker, historian.
- Guy Carcassonne, French expert in constitutional law.
- Dominique Strauss-Kahn, French economist, lawyer, and politician. Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund, 2007-2011.
- René Rémond, historian and political economist.
- Denis Buican, French historian of biology, 1983-2003.
- Jack Lang, French politician, 1986–1988 and 1993-1999.
- Michel Aglietta, French economist, founder of the regulation school
- Michel Crozier, French sociologist and member of the Académie des sciences morales et politiques.
- Emmanuel Lévinas, philosopher, 1967.
- Jean Baudrillard, philosopher.
- Paul Ricœur, philosopher, 1966-1970.
- Étienne Balibar, philosopher.
- Matty Chiva, professeur de psychologie
- Henri Lefebvre, geographer, professor, and influential figure in the events of 1968
- André Legrand, professor of French and comparative public law, Human Rights, Civil Liberties.
- Claude Lepelley, historian, 1984-2002.
- Danièle Lochak, is a professor of law specialised in human rights and civil liberties. Former president of the GISTI, and member of the Ligue des droits de l'homme. She's the Director of the Centre de recherches et d'études sur les droits fondamentaux.
- Pierre Mélandri, historian.
- Robert Merle, novelist
- Alain Pellet, French expert on international law.
- Catherine Perret philosopher.
- Jean-Pierre Rioux, historian.
- Yves Roucaute, philosopher, politist, Director of the "Cahiers de la Securite".
- Jean-François Sirinelli, historian.
- Alain Farshian, free-lance journalist, former contributor to Le Monde.
- Michel Troper, professor at the University of Paris X-Nanterre. He is also a member of the Institut Universitaire de France and the Director of the Centre de Théorie du Droit.
- Damianakos Stathis, Greek agriculturist and sociologist.
Nanterre in fiction 
- La Chinoise, by Jean-Luc Godard,1967;
- My Sex Life... or How I Got Into an Argument, by Arnaud Desplechin, 1996;
- The Spanish Apartment, by Cédric Klapisch, 2002;
- District 13 (Banlieue 13), by Pierre Morel, 2004;
See also 
- Official website.
- Photo essay on Paris West University Nanterre La Défense in English.
- Official Sports Club Homepage
- Bachelor in Business Management Paris X Nanterre
Selected Master's programs.
- Presentation of Masters in Business Management Paris X Nanterre
- Master in Banking and Finance Paris X Nanterre
- Master in Financial Management Paris X Nanterre
- Master in Project Finance and Structured Finance Paris X Nanterre - Ecole des Ponts et Chaussees
- Master in Controlling Paris X Nanterre
- Master in Intellectual Property and Internet Law
- Master in Management and Dynamic of Organisations (Paris X Nanterre, Mines, Polytechnique, ESCP Europe)