University of New South Wales
|University of New South Wales|
Coat of Arms of UNSW
|Motto||Scientia Manu et Mente (Latin)|
|Motto in English||"Knowledge by Hand and Mind"|
|Established||1949 as the New South Wales University of Technology.|
|Chancellor||Mr David Gonski, AC|
|President||Professor Frederick G. Hilmer, AO|
|Vice-Chancellor||Professor Frederick G. Hilmer, AO|
|Location||Kensington, Paddington, New South Wales, Australia
|Campus||Urban, parks, 38 hectares (0.38 km2)|
|Former names||New South Wales University of Technology
|Affiliations||Group of Eight, Universitas 21, APRU, ADFA, Association of Commonwealth Universities|
The University of New South Wales (UNSW) is an Australian public research university. Established in 1949, it is ranked among the top 55 universities in the world and among the top 5 in Australia, according to the QS World University Rankings. It is also the first university in the world to be awarded the QS 5 Star Plus badge for excellence. UNSW currently has more than 50,000 students from over 120 countries.
The main UNSW campus is located on a 38 hectare site at Kensington, seven kilometres from the centre of Sydney. Other campuses are the College of Fine Arts in Paddington, UNSW@ADFA, the University College at the Australian Defence Force Academy in Canberra, and sub-campuses at Randwick and Coogee in Sydney, as well as research stations around New South Wales.
UNSW is a founding member of the prestigious Group of Eight, a coalition of Australian research-intensive universities, and of Universitas 21, a leading global network of research universities. It has international exchange and research partnerships with over 200 universities around the world.
UNSW graduates hold more chief executive positions of ASX 200 listed companies than those of any other university in Australia.
- 1 History
- 2 Symbols
- 3 Academics
- 4 Governance
- 5 Faculties
- 6 Campus
- 7 Student projects
- 8 Student organisations
- 9 High school and primary school competitions and resources
- 10 Notable people
- 11 Notable Previous Professors
- 12 References
- 13 Further reading
- 14 External links
The idea of founding the University originated from the crisis demands of World War II, during which the nation's attention was drawn to the critical role that science and technology played in transforming an agricultural society into a modern and industrial one. The post-war Labor government of New South Wales recognised the increasing need to have a university specialised in training high-quality engineers and technology-related professionals in numbers beyond that of the capacity and characteristics of the existing University of Sydney. This led to the proposal to establish the Institute of Technology, submitted by the then New South Wales Minister for Education Bob Heffron, accepted on 9 July 1946.
The university, originally named the "New South Wales University of Technology", gained its statutory status through the enactment of New South Wales University of Technology Act 1949 (NSW) by Parliament of New South Wales in Sydney in 1949. In March 1948, classes commenced with a first intake of 46 students pursuing programs including civil engineering, mechanical engineering, mining engineering and electrical engineering. At that time the thesis programmes were innovative. Each course embodied a specified and substantial period of practical training in the relevant industry. It was also unprecedented for tertiary institutions at that time to include compulsory instruction in humanities.
Initially, the university operated from the inner Sydney Technical College city campus at Ultimo. However, in 1951, the Parliament of New South Wales passed the New South Wales University of Technology (Construction) Act 1951 (NSW) to provide funding and allow buildings to be erected at the Kensington site where the university is now located.
University of New South Wales
In 1958, the university's name was changed to the "University of New South Wales" to reflect its transformation from a technology-based institution to a generalist university. In 1960, it established Faculties of Arts and Medicine, and shortly after decided to add a Faculty of Law, which came into being in 1971.
The university's first director was Arthur Denning (1949–1952), who made important contributions to founding the university. In 1953, he was replaced by Professor Philip Baxter, who continued as vice-chancellor when this position's title was changed in 1955. Baxter's dynamic, if authoritarian, management was central to the University's first twenty years. His visionary, but at times controversial, energies saw the university grow from a handful to 15,000 students by 1968. He also pioneered new scientific and technological disciplines despite the criticism of traditionalists. Staff recruited both locally and overseas, soon established a wide international reputation. The new Vice-Chancellor, Professor Rupert Myers (1969–1981), brought consolidation and an urbane management style to a period of expanding student numbers, demand for change in University style, and challenges of student unrest.
The stabilising techniques of the 1980s managed by Vice-Chancellor Professor Michael Birt (1981–1992) provided a firm base for the energetic corporatism and campus enhancements pursued by the subsequent Vice-Chancellor, Professor John Niland (1992–2002). The 1990s saw the addition of Fine Arts to the University. The University established Colleges in Newcastle (1951) and Wollongong (1961), which eventually became the University of Newcastle and the University of Wollongong in 1965 and 1975 respectively.
At present, private sources contribute 45% of its annual funding.
The University is home to the Lowy Cancer Research Centre, one of Australia's largest cancer research facilities. The centre, costing $127 million, is Australia's first facility to bring together researchers in childhood and adult cancer.
In 2003, the University was invited by Singapore's Economic Development Board to consider opening a campus there. Following a 2004 decision to proceed, the first phase of a planned $200 m campus opened in 2007. Students and staff were sent home and the campus closed after one semester following substantial financial losses.
The Grant of Arms was made by the College of Arms on 3 March 1952. The grant reads:
- Argent on a Cross Gules a Lion passant guardant between four Mullets of eight points Or a Chief Sable charged with an open Book proper thereon the word "SCIENTIA" in letters also sable.
The lion and the four stars of the Southern Cross on the St George's Cross have reference to the State of New South Wales which established the University; the open book with "SCIENTIA" (knowledge) across its pages is a reminder of its purpose. The placement of "Scientia" on the book was inspired by its appearance on the arms of the Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, formed in 1907. Beneath the shield is the motto "Manu et Mente" (with hand and mind), which was the motto of the Sydney Technical College, from which the University developed.
An update of the design and colours of the Arms was undertaken in 1970, which provided a more contemporary design, yet retained all the Arms’ heraldic associations. In 1994 the University title was added to the UNSW arms, as was the abbreviation "UNSW", to create the UNSW Symbol, which is used for everyday and marketing purposes.
There is also a university flag, which consists of the coat of arms centred on a mid blue field. The blue field of the flag is lined with a yellow band on all sides. There is a further outer band of black on all sides which is equal in width to the yellow band.
The Ceremonial mace of the university is made of stainless steel with silver facings and a shaft of eumung timber. On the head are mounted four silver shields, two engraved with the arms of the State of New South Wales and two with the original-design arms of the University. A silver Waratah, NSW’s floral emblem, surmounts the head. The mace was donated to the university by Broken Hill Proprietary Company Limited and was presented by the company chairman Colin Syme on 6 December 1962. Former NSW Government Architect Dr. Cobden Parkes was appointed as the first official Mace-bearer.
Selection and entry
The Australian Tertiary Admission Rank (ATAR) is the primary criterion for entry into most undergraduate-entry university programs. ATAR is a percentile awarded to students based upon the student’s performance in their Higher School Certificate (HSC). The number functions as a rank of all students entering the tertiary education system, based on the number of students in year 12. The maximum rank attainable is 99.95.
In 2010, 2011, 2012 and 2013, UNSW admitted more of the top 500 NSW HSC performers than any other university. This consequently makes UNSW and the University of Sydney two of the most selective universities in Australia for undergraduate admission.
The table below summarises the ATAR scores needed to secure entry into the course. UMAT is the Undergraduate Medicine and Health Sciences Admission Test. A (V) indicates that vacancies were available at the conclusion of the main round of offers to students.
|Combined Law||96.00 (V)||Not Offered||98.00||99.70||99.70|
|Medicine||Not Offered||Not Offered||97+ (+UMAT)||99+ (+UMAT)||99.95|
|Engineering||87.00 (V)||Not Offered||91.4||91.25||92.00|
The university offers a bonus points scheme, "HSC Plus", which awards points for performance in Australian Senior Secondary Certificate [Year 12] courses relevant to UNSW undergraduate degrees.
The UNSW Co-op Program is offered across many Programs in the Faculties of the Built Environment, Engineering, Science, and the Australian School of Business. The Co-op program offers industry funded scholarships to students and includes internships with the sponsoring companies. Students usually enter the program after an application and interview while in their final year of high school.
The QS World University Rankings 2012–2013 placed UNSW 52nd in the world and 5th in Australia. It was also awarded the QS 5 Star Plus badge for excellence, having received a five-star rating in all eight categories scoring over 900 points.
|Social Sciences & Management||23||24||25||23||25|
|Life Sciences & Medicine||=72||55||48||46||43|
|Engineering & Technology||=33||39||39||42||33|
|Arts & Humanities||59||77||61||78||52|
The Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2012–2013 placed UNSW 85th in the world and 5th in Australia. UNSW is ranked in the 81-90th bracket and 5th in Australia in the 2013 Times Higher Education Reputation Rankings.
The Good Universities Guide 2014 scored UNSW 5-star ratings across 10 categories, more than any other Australian university. Monash University ranked second with seven 5-stars, followed by ANU, Melbourne University and the University of Western Australia with six each.
The QS World University Rankings ranked UNSW to be 10th in the world for Accounting and Finance in 2014.
Engineers Australia ranked UNSW as having the highest number of graduates in "Australia's Top 100 Influential Engineers 2013" list at 23%, followed by Monash University at 8%, the University of Western Australia, Sydney University and The University of Queensland at 7%.
Australian Government survey data of university graduates have indicated in the past that students who enter the Group of Eight come from higher income families, and that graduates largely have higher paid occupations or positions of influence.
UNSW has maintained an extensive partnership with universities abroad. UNSW sends approximately 400 students to partner institutions each semester. Some of the universities that UNSW students are able to attend are: Princeton University, University of Pennsylvania (inc. Wharton), Duke University, Johns Hopkins University, Brown University, Columbia University (summer law students only), University of California Berkeley, University of California Santa Cruz (inc. Baskin), UCLA, University of Michigan (inc. Ross), New York University (inc. Stern), Cornell University, University of Texas at Austin (inc. McCombs), University College London (law students only), Imperial College London, London School of Economics and ETH Zurich.
The University is governed by Council of 15 members including parliamentary and ex-officio members, members elected by staff, students and graduates of the University, and members appointed by the Minister for Education or by Council itself. It is responsible for acting on the University’s behalf to promote its objectives and interests. The governance of universities has come under increasing scrutiny nationally in recent years [example?], and UNSW and its Council are committed to meeting this scrutiny by demonstrating the highest standards [evidence?].
The principal academic body is the Academic Board which receives advice on academic matters from the Faculties, College (Australian Defence Force Academy), and the Boards of Studies. It is responsible for academic policy setting, academic strategy via its eight standing committees, approval and delivery of programs, and academic standards. The Board comprises 56 members, including the Vice-Chancellor, members of the Executive Team, Deans and Faculty Presiding Members, 24 members elected from the academic staff and four from the student body. Membership also includes ‘such other persons’ approved by Council. The Academic Board advises the Vice-Chancellor and Council on matters relating to teaching, scholarship and research and takes decisions on delegation from Council. Its purpose is to make academic policy; approve courses and programs; further and co-ordinate the work of the Faculties and other academic units; and support teaching, scholarship and research.
The chief executive officer of the University is the Vice-Chancellor and President. The Deputy Vice-Chancellors and Pro-Vice-Chancellors are responsible for academic operations, research policy, research management, quality assurance and external relations including sponsorship. The Chancellor is usually an eminent member of society. (See UNSW Chancellors and UNSW Vice-Chancellors).
The Faculties and boards are responsible for the teaching and examining of subjects within their scope and the Academic Board co-ordinates and furthers their work.
The University has nine faculties:
The University has an association with the National Institute of Dramatic Art.
The main UNSW campus is situated in Kensington, Sydney. Two of the University's faculties are situated elsewhere. The College of Fine Arts, is located in the inner suburb of Paddington. UNSW Canberra at ADFA is situated in Canberra.
The main UNSW campus is divided geographically into two areas: upper campus and lower campus. The site of the lower campus was vested in the university in two lots in December 1952 and June 1954, while the upper campus was vested in the university in November 1959. These two are separated mainly by an elevation rise between the quadrangle and the Scientia building. It takes roughly fifteen minutes to walk from one extreme to the other.
The University has a number of residential colleges, including: Philip Baxter College, Basser College, Goldstein College, Fig Tree Hall, Colombo House, UNSW Hall, New College, Warrane College, International House, Shalom College and Creston College.
In 2014, a staged re-development of UNSW's on-campus accommodation portfolio will conclude. The re-development has included a complete rebuild of two of the three existing Kengsington Colleges; Basser and Goldstein, as well as the addition of the three brand new colleges; Fig Tree Hall, Colombo House and UNSW Hall. The development has also included a re-refurbishment of the historic Goldstein Dining Hall and the construction of the University Terraces, a new on-campus apartment complex which opened in 2013.
There are a number of theatre and music venues at the University, many of which are available for hire to the general public.
- UNSW Lowy Cancer Research Centre is a facility at The University of New South Wales. It is Australia's first facility bringing together researchers in childhood and adult cancers, and one of the country's largest cancer research facilities, housing up to 400 researchers.
- The Mark Wainwright Analytical Centre is a high-grade centre for the Faculties of Science, Medicine and Engineering. It is used to study the structure and composition of biological, chemical and physical materials.
- The UNSW Fitness and Aquatic Centre provides health and fitness facilities and services to both students and the general public.
- The L5 Building houses NICTA, the UNSW Foundation Studies Program, and the UNSW Institute of Languages.
Students of the University are involved in a number of projects, including:
- rUNSWift, the University's team in the international RoboCup Standard Platform League competition, is the most successful team in the world with wins in 2000, 2001 and 2003 as well as coming second in 1999, 2002, 2005 and 2010.
- Sunswift Solar Car (officially the world's fastest solar-powered vehicle at 88 km/h and second place in the Sunrace from Adelaide to Sydney)
- BLUEsat Satellite (Development in Progress)
- UNSW Redback Racing UNSW's entrant into the SAE-Australasia Formula SAE-A Competition (National winners in 2000)
- The MAVSTAR (Micro Aerial Vehicles for Search, Tracking And Reconnaissance) project to develop a team of cooperative micro aerial and unmanned ground vehicles.
- The Developing Country Project Second year thesis students doing Photovoltaic and Renewable Energy Engineering are able to get involved. The project aims to assist villagers in developing countries to gain access to electricity to satisfy their energy needs in a clean and sustainable manner.
In 2007, the three previous student organisations, the UNSW Student Guild, UNSW Union and COFA Students' Association were wound up and reformed as a new student organisation known as the Arc @ UNSW. This new student organisation is a major service provider on campus, running a number of retail outlets, student media such as Tharunka and the entertainment venue, the Roundhouse. The Arc Student Representative Council represents students to the university and nationally and fights for their rights. Arc also provides support and funding to university clubs and societies and runs student volunteer programs such as Orientation Week.
In 2007, the University of New South Wales Sports Association and UNSW Lifestyle Centre merged to become UNSW Sport and Recreation. It runs the UNSW Fitness and Aquatic Centre, provides health and fitness facilities and services and supports the thirty UNSW affiliated sporting clubs that compete both at home and abroad.
High school and primary school competitions and resources
UNSW engages with primary and secondary education, administering several national and international academic competitions for school age children. These include, among others:
- The Australian Schools Science Competition
International Competitions and Assessments for Schools (ICAS) is conducted by Educational Assessment Australia, UNSW Global Pty Limited. UNSW Global is a not-for-profit provider of education, training and consulting services and a wholly owned enterprise of the University of New South Wales. It provides exams for students in Australia, New Zealand, Singapore, Brunei, Malaysia, South Africa, Indonesia, Hong Kong, India and the Pacific region. It caters to students from year 3 (Australia) through year 12, examining skills in English, mathematics, science, computers, writing and spelling.
- International Competitions and Assessments for Schools-Mathematics
International Competitions and Assessments for Schools (ICAS). From 2003-05, ICAS-Mathematics was called Australasian Schools Mathematics Assessment. Prior to 2003, it was known as the Primary Schools Mathematics Competition and was targeted at primary schools.
- The UNSW COMPUTING ProgComp
Since 1997, The School of Computer Science and Engineering (UNSW COMPUTING) as run the UNSW COMPUTING ProgComp. This competition has the overall aim of raising awareness amongst high school students of the craft of programming and to encourage students to develop and apply their computing knowledge and skills.
- The UNSW COMPUTING John Lions Award for Contribution to Open Software
Established in 2011, the John Lions Award for Contribution to Open Software is open to high school and undergraduate university students enrolled in an Australian secondary or tertiary institution. Full-time and part-time students are eligible, as well as local and internationals students. The annual prize is valued at $1,000.
- The UNSW COMPUTING Robotics Workshops
UNSW School of Computer Science and Engineering (UNSW COMPUTING) has developed specialised robotic workshops for school students. They focus on the use of the Lego NXT technology combined with the popular RoboCup Junior competition for schools. UNSW COMPUTING is also a National and NSW State sponsor of RoboCup Junior.
- Wallace Wurth (1949–1960)
- The Hon. Sir John Clancy (1960–1970)
- Sir Robert Webster (1970–1975)
- The Hon. Gordon Samuels (1976–1994)
- The Hon. Sir Anthony Mason (1994–1999)
- Dr. John Yu (2000–2005)
- David Gonski (2005–present)
- Arthur Denning 1949–1952
- Sir Philip Baxter 1953–1969
- Sir Rupert Myers 1969–1981
- L. Michael Birt 1981–1992
- John Niland 1992–2002
- Wyatt "Rory" Hume 2002–2004
- Mark Wainwright 2004–2006
- Fred Hilmer 2006–Current
UNSW Canberra is a campus of the University of New South Wales and is located at the Australian Defence Force Academy. Since 1967 the university has been providing tertiary education to officers in the Australian Defence Force through the Royal Military College, Duntroon. In 1986 the Australian Defence Force Academy, a tri-service military training institution was established. The academy is run jointly between the Commandant, who represents the Australian Defence Force side, and the Rector, who represents the University of New South Wales.
|Professor E.R. Bryan (Acting Dean)||1967|
|Professor Sir Leslie H. Martin||1967–1970|
|Professor B.D. Beddie||1971–1972|
|Professor J.C. Burns||1973–1978|
|Professor T.G. Chapman (Acting Dean)||1975, 1978, 1980|
|Professor Geoff Wilson||1978–1986|
Past and present Rectors
|Professor Geoff Wilson||1984–1991|
|Professor Harry Heseltine AO||1991–1996|
|Professor John Richards FTSE||1996–1998|
|Emeritus Professor Peter Hall (Acting Rector)||1998–1999|
|Professor Robert King||1999–2004|
|Professor David Lovell (Acting Rector)||2004|
|Professor John Baird||2004–2010|
|Professor Michael Frater||2011–Current|
Past and present Deputy Rectors
|Professor Alan Gilbert||1986–1987|
|Professor Harry Heseltine AO||1988–1990|
|Professor John Richards||1991–1995|
|Professor Ian Young||1996–1997|
|No Deputy Rector||1998–1999|
|Professor Charles Newton (Deputy Rector Education)||2000–2001|
|Associate Professor Susan Lever (Deputy Rector Research)||2000–2002|
|Professor Colin Pask||2003|
|Professor John Arnold||2006–Current|
Notable Previous Professors
|Name||Former UNSW Canberra Position||Term||Latter Position||Term|
|Professor Bruce Thom AM FIAG FTSE||Professor of Geography - Royal Military College, Duntroon||1977–1984||Vice-Chancellor - University of New England||1994–1996|
|Professor Ian Young AO||Professor of Engineering - UNSW Canberra||1994–1996||Vice-Chancellor and President - Australian National University||2011–Current|
See full list at List of University of New South Wales alumni
- Professor David James, former head of Diabetes and Obesity at the Garvan Institute of Medical Research in Sydney, who discovered the glucose transporter GLUT4
- Bob Bellear, first indigenous judge
- Bob Carr, former Foreign Minister of Australia, former Premier New South Wales
- Cask J. Thomson, writer, political activist, spokesperson for GetUp! Sydney
- Kerry Nettle, Australian Greens senator
- Hamid Mirzadeh, is an Iranian politician and academic who is the 3rd and current president of the Islamic Azad University system
- Lucy Turnbull, former Lord Mayor of Sydney
- Robert McClelland, former Attorney-General of Australia
- Gary Nairn, Member of the House of Representatives
- Scott Morrison, Federal Minister for Immigration and Border Protection
- Peter Garrett, rock musician, former Federal politician
- Mehdi Ghazazanfari, Minister of Commerce of Iran
- Monica Attard, award-winning Australian journalist
- Roger Corbett, former Chairman of the Reserve Bank of Australia
- Karl Kruszelnicki, scientist and celebrity
- Charlie Teo, neurosurgeon
- Mark Taylor, former captain, Australian cricket team
- Tim Flannery, mammologist, palaeontologist, activist and author
- Geoff Lawson, cricketer
- Glenn Murcutt, architect
- Foo Mee Har, Singaporean MP and Global Head of Priority & International Banking, Standard Chartered Bank
- Betty Kitchener, founder of mental health first aid
- Nicholas Moore, CEO of Macquarie Group
- Rebel Wilson, actress, writer, director
- His Royal Highness Crown Prince Maha Vajiralongkorn of Thailand
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- "Rocket science takes off as universities battle for the brainy". The Sydney Morning Herald.
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- "Sports UNSW". sportandrec.unsw.edu.au. Retrieved 10 October 2012.
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- "RoboCup". cse.unsw.edu.au. Retrieved 10 October 2012.
- "Aussie car breaks a world speed record". The Sydney Morning Herald. 7 January 2011.
- "Redback Racing 63 - UNSW Formula SAE Team". redbackracing.unsw.edu.au. Retrieved 10 October 2012.
- Home. "MAVSTAR". robotics.unsw.edu.au. Retrieved 10 October 2012.
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- computing.unsw.edu.au[dead link]
- Coulthard-Clarke, Christopher David (1986). Duntroon: The Royal Military College of Australia. Allen & Unwin. ISBN 0868618837.
- "Emeritus Professor Harry Heseltine AO". Retrieved 24 September 2012.
- "Emeritus Professor Peter Hall". Retrieved 24 September 2012.
- "Converted to a rewarding field". The Canberra Times. 25 January 2012. Retrieved 24 September 2012.
- Woman Earthstation. "speaker - Bruce Thom AM (Aus)". Retrieved 25 September 2012.
- "About ANU: Vice Chancellor". the Australian National University. Retrieved 25 September 2012.
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