University of North Carolina

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This article is about the 17-campus public university system in North Carolina. Some references to the "University of North Carolina", such as in NCAA college athletics, may be specifically referring to the university's founding campus. For that campus, see University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. For that school's athletic program, see North Carolina Tar Heels.
University of North Carolina
University of North Carolina system seal.png
Latin: Universitat Carol Septent
Established 1789 (Chapel Hill)
1972 (current structure)
Type Public
University system
President Thomas W. Ross
Academic staff 13,564 (2008 Fall)[1]
Admin. staff 30,664 (2008 Fall)[1]
Students 222,322 (2009 Fall)[2]
Undergraduates 176,133 (2009 Fall)[3]
Postgraduates 46,189 (2009 Fall)[3]
Location North Carolina, United States
Campus 17 campuses state-wide
Former names Consolidated University of North Carolina
Website www.northcarolina.edu

The University of North Carolina is a multi-campus public university system composed of all 16 of North Carolina's public universities, as well as the NC School of Science and Mathematics, the nation's first public residential high school for gifted students. Commonly referred to as the University of North Carolina system or the UNC system to differentiate it from the original campus in Chapel Hill, the university has a total enrollment of over 183,000 students and confers over 75% of all baccalaureate degrees in North Carolina in 2008.[4] [5] UNC campuses conferred 43,686 degrees for 2008–2009, the bulk of which were Bachelor's level with 31,055 degrees awarded.[6]

History[edit]

Founded in 1789, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill is the oldest public university in the United States. In 1877, the State of North Carolina began sponsoring additional higher education institutions. Over time the state added a women's college (now known as the University of North Carolina at Greensboro), a land-grant university (North Carolina State University), five historically black institutions (North Carolina A&T State University, North Carolina Central University, Winston-Salem State University, Fayetteville State University, and Elizabeth City State University) and one to educate American Indians (the University of North Carolina at Pembroke). Others were created to prepare teachers for public education and to instruct performing artists.

During the Depression, the North Carolina General Assembly searched for cost savings within state government. Towards this effort in 1931, it redefined the University of North Carolina, which at the time referred exclusively to the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; the new Consolidated University of North Carolina was created to include the existing campuses of University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, North Carolina State University, and the University of North Carolina at Greensboro. The three campuses came under the leadership of just one board and one president. By 1969, three additional campuses had joined the Consolidated University through legislative action: the University of North Carolina at Charlotte, the University of North Carolina at Asheville, and the University of North Carolina at Wilmington.

In 1971, North Carolina passed legislation bringing into the University of North Carolina all 16 public institutions that confer bachelor degrees. This round of consolidation granted each constituent institution a Chancellor and a Board of Trustees. In 1985, the North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics, a residential high school for gifted students, was declared an affiliated school of the university. In 2007, the high school became a full member of the university.

Legal mandate[edit]

The legal authority and mandate for the University of North Carolina can be found in the North Carolina Constitution. Article 9 of the constitution deals with all forms of public education in the state. Sections 8 and 9 of that article stipulate the function and cost to students of the University of North Carolina.[7]

UNC Charlotte. The university expanded significantly in the 1960s and 1970s.

Sec. 8. Higher education.

The General Assembly shall maintain a public system of higher education, comprising The University of North Carolina and such other institutions of higher education as the General Assembly may deem wise. The General Assembly shall provide for the selection of trustees of The University of North Carolina and of the other institutions of higher education, in whom shall be vested all the privileges, rights, franchises, and endowments heretofore granted to or conferred upon the trustees of these institutions. The General Assembly may enact laws necessary and expedient for the maintenance and management of The University of North Carolina and the other public institutions of higher education.

Sec. 9. Benefits of public institutions of higher education.

The General Assembly shall provide that the benefits of The University of North Carolina and other public institutions of higher education, as far as practicable, be extended to the people of the State free of expense.

[8]

Institutions[edit]

Within its seventeen campuses, UNC houses two medical schools and one teaching hospital, ten nursing programs, two schools of dentistry, and a school of pharmacy, as well as a veterinary school, two law schools, 15 schools of education, three schools of engineering, and a school for performing artists.[4] The oldest university, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, first admitted students in 1795. The smallest and newest member is the North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics, a residential two-year high school, founded in 1980 and a full member of the University since 2007. The largest university is North Carolina State University, with 34,340 students as of fall 2012.

While the official names of each campus are determined by the North Carolina General Assembly, abbreviations are determined by the individual school.[9]

Official name
(Previous name)
Official abbrev. Location Enrollment
As of Fall 2013
Carnegie Classification Founded Mascot Joined system References
Appalachian State University
(Appalachian State Teacher's College, until 1967)
ASU,
App State
(for athletics)
Boone, 9 17,838 Master's University 1899 Mountaineers 1972 [10][11]
East Carolina University
(East Carolina College, until 1967)
ECU,
East Carolina
(for athletics)
Greenville, Pitt County 26,887 Doctoral/Research University 1907 Pirates 1972 [12][13]
Elizabeth City State University
(Elizabeth City State College, until 1969)
ECSU Elizabeth City, Pasquotank County 2,421 Baccalaureate College 1891 Vikings 1972 [14][15]
Fayetteville State University
(Fayetteville State College, until 1969)
FSU Fayetteville, Cumberland County 6,179 Master's University 1867 Broncos 1972 [16][17]
North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University
(The Agricultural and Technical College of North Carolina, until 1969)
NC A&T Greensboro, Guilford County 10,561 Doctoral/Research University 1891 Bulldogs 1972 [18][19]
North Carolina Central University
(North Carolina College at Durham, until 1969)
NCCU,
NC Central
(for athletics)
Durham, Durham County 8,093 Master's University 1909 Eagles 1972 [20][21]
North Carolina State University at Raleigh
(North Carolina State College of Agriculture and Engineering, until 1963)
NCSU,
NC State or State
(for athletics)
Raleigh, Wake County 34,009 Doctoral/Research University 1887 Wolfpack 1932 [22][23]
University of North Carolina at Asheville
(Asheville-Biltmore College until 1969)
UNCA Asheville, Buncombe County 3,784 Baccalaureate College 1927 Bulldogs 1969 [24][25]
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
(University of North Carolina, until 1963)
UNC-Chapel Hill,[26][27]
UNC or North Carolina
(for athletics)
Chapel Hill, Orange County 29,127 Doctoral/Research University 1789 Tar Heels 1932 [28][29]
University of North Carolina at Charlotte
(Charlotte College, until 1965)
UNC Charlotte,
Charlotte
(for athletics)
Charlotte, Mecklenburg County 26,571 Doctoral/Research University 1946 Forty-Niners 1965 [30][31]
University of North Carolina at Greensboro
(North Carolina College for Women, until 1963)
UNCG Greensboro, Guilford County 18,074 Doctoral/Research University 1891 Spartans 1932 [32][33]
University of North Carolina at Pembroke
(Pembroke State University, until 1996)
UNCP Pembroke, Robeson County 6,222 Master's University 1887 Red-Tailed Hawks 1972 [34][35]
University of North Carolina at Wilmington
(Wilmington College, until 1969)
UNCW Wilmington, New Hanover County 13,937 Master's University 1947 Seahawks 1969 [36][37]
University of North Carolina School of the Arts
(North Carolina School of the Arts, until 2008)
UNCSA Winston-Salem, Forsyth County 912 Special Focus Institution 1963 The Fighting Pickle 1972 [38][39]
Western Carolina University
(Western Carolina College, until 1967)
WCU,
Western Carolina
(for athletics)
Cullowhee, Jackson County 10,107 Master's University 1889 Catamounts 1972 [40][41]
Winston-Salem State University
(Winston-Salem Teacher's College, until 1969)
WSSU Winston-Salem, Forsyth County 5,399 Baccalaureate College 1892 Rams 1972 [42][43]
North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics NCSSM Durham, Durham County 680 Residential High School 1980 Unicorns 2007 [44][45]

Notes[edit]

The enrollment numbers are the official headcounts (including all full-time and part-time, undergrad and postgrad students) from University of North Carolina website: http://www.northcarolina.edu/web/facts.php . This does not include the North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics, the figure for NCSSM is taken from its own website: http://www.ncssm.edu/about-ncssm/facts.php .

The following universities became four-year institutions after their founding (date each became a four-year institution in parentheses):

  • East Carolina University (1920)
  • North Carolina Central University (1925)
  • Winston-Salem State University (1925)
  • Western Carolina University (1929)
  • Appalachian State University (1929)
  • Elizabeth City State University (1937)
  • University of North Carolina at Pembroke (1939)
  • Fayetteville State University (1939)
  • University of North Carolina at Asheville (1963)
  • University of North Carolina at Charlotte (1963)
  • University of North Carolina at Wilmington (1963)

With the exception of the University of North Carolina at Pembroke and the University of North Carolina School of the Arts, the institutions that joined the University of North Carolina in 1972 did so under their current name. As of 1972, all public four-year institutions in North Carolina are members of the University.

Affiliates[edit]

Name Location Founded
North Carolina Arboretum Asheville, Buncombe County 1989
North Carolina Center for International Understanding Raleigh, Wake County
North Carolina Center for Nursing Raleigh, Wake County
North Carolina State Approving Agency Raleigh, Wake County
North Carolina State Education Assistance Authority Raleigh, Wake County
UNC Center for Public Television (UNC-TV) Research Triangle Park, Durham County 1955
UNC Faculty Assembly Chapel Hill, Orange County
University of North Carolina Press Chapel Hill, Orange County 1922
UNC Staff Assembly Chapel Hill, Orange County

Presidents[edit]

For presiding professors of the University of North Carolina prior to 1804, see Leaders of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Erskine Boyce Bowles, President of the University of North Carolina from 2006 to 2011.
Name Term
Rev. Joseph Caldwell 1804–1812
Robert Hett Chapman 1812–1816
Rev. Joseph Caldwell 1816–1835
Elisha Mitchell * 1835
David Lowry Swain 1835–1868
Rev. Solomon Pool 1869–1872
Rev. Charles Phillips 1875–1876
Kemp Plummer Battle 1876–1891
George Tayloe Winston 1891–1896
Edwin Anderson Alderman 1896–1900
Francis Preston Venable 1900–1914
Edward Kidder Graham 1914–1918
Marvin Hendrix Stacy 1918–1919
Harry Woodburn Chase 1919–1930
Frank Porter Graham 1930-1949
(UNC Consolidation in 1931)
William Donald Carmichael, Jr. * 1949–1950
Gordon Gray 1950–1955
J. Harris Purks * 1955–1956
William Clyde Friday 1956–1986
(acting until 1957)
Clemmie Spangler 1986–1997
Molly Corbett Broad 1997–2006
Erskine Bowles 2006–2011
Thomas W. Ross 2011–present

An asterisk (*) denotes acting president.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "UNC Employees". UNC System. Retrieved 2010-08-14. 
  2. ^ "Facts & Figures". UNC System. Retrieved 2010-08-14. 
  3. ^ a b "Facts & Figures". Northcarolina.edu. Retrieved 2010-08-14. 
  4. ^ a b "University Facts". University of North Carolina. 2008-01-10. Archived from the original on 2008-02-13. Retrieved 2008-03-18. 
  5. ^ "About UNC". UNC General Administration. Retrieved 2011-02-16. 
  6. ^ "Facts & Figures". UNC General Administration. Retrieved 2010-08-14. 
  7. ^ "Chapter 116 - Higher Education". North Carolina General Statutes. North Carolina General Assembly. 2006. Retrieved 2008-03-29. 
  8. ^ "Article IX". North Carolina Constitution. North Carolina General Assembly. 2006. Retrieved 2008-06-09. 
  9. ^ Wootson, Cleve R., Jr. (2002-01-08). "UNC Leaders Want Abbreviation Change". The Daily Tar Heel. Retrieved 2008-06-19. 
  10. ^ "Appalachian State University". Institutional Profiles. University of North Carolina. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-18. 
  11. ^ "Appalachian State University". Carnegie Classifications. The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-18. 
  12. ^ "East Carolina University". Institutional Profiles. University of North Carolina. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-18. 
  13. ^ "East Carolina University". Carnegie Classifications. The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-18. 
  14. ^ "Elizabeth City State University". Institutional Profiles. University of North Carolina. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-18. 
  15. ^ "Elizabeth City State University". Carnegie Classifications. The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-18. 
  16. ^ "Fayetteville State University". Institutional Profiles. University of North Carolina. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-18. 
  17. ^ "Fayetteville State University". Carnegie Classifications. The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-18. 
  18. ^ "North Carolina Agriculture and Technical State University". Institutional Profiles. University of North Carolina. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-18. 
  19. ^ "North Carolina Agriculture and Technical State University". Carnegie Classifications. The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-18. 
  20. ^ "North Carolina Central University". Institutional Profiles. University of North Carolina. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-18. 
  21. ^ "North Carolina Central University". Carnegie Classifications. The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-18. 
  22. ^ "North Carolina State University". Institutional Profiles. University of North Carolina. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-18. 
  23. ^ "North Carolina State University". Carnegie Classifications. The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-18. 
  24. ^ "University of North Carolina at Asheville". Institutional Profiles. University of North Carolina. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-18. 
  25. ^ "University of North Carolina at Asheville". Carnegie Classifications. The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-18. 
  26. ^ "Serving UNC students and the community since 1893". The Daily Tar Heel. 2010-07-08. Retrieved 2010-08-14. 
  27. ^ Oh, Four Oh Four. Media.www.dailytarheel.com. Retrieved on 2013-07-29.
  28. ^ "University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill". Institutional Profiles. University of North Carolina. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-18. 
  29. ^ "University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill". Carnegie Classifications. The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-18. 
  30. ^ "University of North Carolina at Charlotte". Institutional Profiles. University of North Carolina. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-18. 
  31. ^ "University of North Carolina at Charlotte". Carnegie Classifications. The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-18. 
  32. ^ "University of North Carolina at Greensboro". Institutional Profiles. University of North Carolina. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-18. 
  33. ^ "University of North Carolina at Greensboro". Carnegie Classifications. The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-18. 
  34. ^ "University of North Carolina at Pembroke". Institutional Profiles. University of North Carolina. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-18. 
  35. ^ "University of North Carolina at Pembroke". Carnegie Classifications. The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-18. 
  36. ^ "University of North Carolina at Wilmington". Institutional Profiles. University of North Carolina. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-18. 
  37. ^ "University of North Carolina at Wilmington". Carnegie Classifications. The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-18. 
  38. ^ "North Carolina School of the Arts". Institutional Profiles. University of North Carolina. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-18. 
  39. ^ "North Carolina School of the Arts". Carnegie Classifications. The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-18. 
  40. ^ "Western Carolina University". Institutional Profiles. University of North Carolina. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-08. 
  41. ^ "Western Carolina University". Carnegie Classifications. The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-08. 
  42. ^ "Winston-Salem State University". Institutional Profiles. University of North Carolina. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-18. 
  43. ^ "Winston-Salem State University". Carnegie Classifications. The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-18. 
  44. ^ "North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics". Retrieved 2008-03-29. 
  45. ^ "NCSSM Fast Facts". North Carolina School of Science and Math. Retrieved 2010-08-14. 

Further reading[edit]

  • McGrath, Eileen, and Linda Jacobson. “The Great Depression and Its Impact on an Emerging Research Library: The University of North Carolina Library, 1929–1941,” Libraries and the Cultural Record, (2011), 46#3 pp 295–320.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°54′31″N 79°2′57″W / 35.90861°N 79.04917°W / 35.90861; -79.04917