University of Ouagadougou

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Founded in 1974, the University of Ouagadougou is located in the area of Dawn Van Noord in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. In 1995 a second campus for professional education known as University Polytechnique of Bobo (UPB) was opened in the city of Bobo Dioulasso and a third campus for teacher training in Koudougou in 1996. The UO consist of seven Training and Research Units (UFR) and one institute.[1]

The UO plays a key role in the economic and offers educational, cultural and economics benefit to the country. The current President of the University of Ouagadougou is Pr. Jean Koulidiati. The goal of the UO is to open new faculties in order to increase the number of students, to intensify the development of new information and communication technologies, to improve the university management, to improve the internal and external efficiency by diversification of the areas in education and to finally introduce a professional education.

Academics[edit]

Academic Departments and Program[edit]

As previously mentioned, the University of Ouagadougou (2005A) consists of seven Training and Research Units (UFR), and one institute: UFR Languages, Arts and Communications; UFR Human sciences; UFR Legal and Politic Sciences; UFR Economic Sciences and Management; UFR Applied Sciences; UFR Health Sciences; UFR Life and Hearth Sciences and Burkinabé Institute of Arts and Crafts. The training and research units is a structure of higher education for the research and training as far as theoretical, applied and professional are concerned. It combines the advantages of faculty (fundamental teaching) and those of an institute (professionalization).[2] The education system used by the University of Ouagadougou is the modular educational system based on academic credits, which combines fundamental training and professional training.

UFR Languages, Arts and Communications (UFR/LAC)[edit]

First, for the UFR Languages, Arts and Communications (UFR/LAC) there are two courses: courses in Arts and Communications and courses in letters, languages and linguistics. This Unit was created in 2000 and has for mission to train professional in languages, letters, arts, culture, communication and journalism field in order to build a strong nation. This UFR counts 2441 students and to be admitted, students should have the level of secondary education and for those who don’t have this level should take an exam. Students of this faculty take the “DEUG” (university diploma) after the first cycle, the bachelor’s degree and master in communication and journalism and in interpreting after the 2nd cycle. The last one is the postgraduate diploma and the PhD in linguistics and modern letters taken after the third cycle.[3]

UFR Human Sciences (UFR/SH)[edit]

Second, the UFR Human Sciences (UFR/SH) is made up of two branches: History-Geography and Archaeology. It also includes four departments and two projects. This UFR has 82 teachers for 4004 students and five student laboratories. The degrees that students take during their studies or at the end are: the DEUG, the bachelor’s degree, the master and the PhD according to their major.

UFR Legal and Politic Sciences (UFR/SJP)[edit]

Then, there is the UFR Legal and Politic Sciences (UFR/SJP) created in 1975 with two sections: one in law and political science, and the other in criminology. This UFR has for mission to train jurists for the private and public sectors, to promote research in the legal domain, to publish work and researchers publication. For the 2004-2005 academic year there are 25 teachers for 3189 students. The UFR/SJP awards the following degrees: DEUG I, DEUG II, (university diploma) Bachelor’s degree, Master, DESS (postgraduate diploma) and soon DEA and PhD.[4]

UFR Economic Sciences and Management (UFR/SEG)[edit]

Created in 1975, the UFR Economic Sciences and Management (UFR/SEG) aims to give young people industrial training. Students take the university diploma after two years of study. They may then take further courses leading to the licence and master in Economic Sciences.[5] In 2005-2006 we were 2500 students in a class. Only early goers have seats. Sometimes the microphone is not working. It was really a nightmare. Students like Sibiri Koumbem and others get imprisoned and hit badly. Most of the strikes was lead but the faculty where students exceed 2000 students by class. June 2008 where a rough year.

On 17 June, the biggest student union, ANEB, called a demonstration and a sit-in in front of the rector’s office at the university. They wanted to force the administration to react, which until then tried to ignore the protests. But instead of negotiating with the students, the authorities called in the police. The police shot live bullets at the peaceful demonstration. It is reported that 62 students were arrested and many injured. One student told us: “A student has been shot in the leg. We thought we were in Darfur“. Since then, the campus has been surrounded by the police, even though access to the campus by the police is prohibited by law.

Some of the arrested students had to be released because of a lack of evidence. Four students were sentenced to 6 months, released on probation, and fined 5,000 Franc CFA. They have been accused of ‘damaging property’ during the demonstration. Contrary to what has been reported in the media, the students only started to fight back when the police started to shoot at their demonstration.

During the court trial, which lasted 48 hours, hundreds of students waited in the overcrowded courtroom, and in front of the court buildings, to show their solidarity with their fellow students. This is why the court sentences were much less than that demanded by the prosecutor.

University principal shuts down the university

To underline that they will not be intimidated but will continue to struggle until their demands are carried out, students called another demonstration for 26 June. The University Administration reacted immediately and closed down the whole university. “For the moment, we shut down all the social services, particularly the hostels, the canteens and the health stations for the students”, said Bibia Robert Sangaré, President of the National Centre of University Institutions.

This led to enormous problems for the striking students. Most of them have homes far away from the university, share a small room in student hostels and have no finances. The university administration is now trying to literally starve out the protesters. At the same time, a student told us:”The University Principal threatens us with the annulment of the term, they want to boycott our results and make us repeat the academic year.”

Nevertheless, the students organised further protests. “The Campus is surrounded by the police. We have no possibility at all to get into contact with our rank and file members. But, on Monday, we will organise a big rally of all the students on the campus”, said Adama Baguiyan, President of the General Alliance of the Students Burkina Faso (UGEB), the umbrella organisation to which the ANEB belongs.source http://www.socialistworld.net/doc/3190

UFR Applied Sciences (UFR/SEA)[edit]

The UFR Applied Sciences (UFR/SEA) was created in 2000. It has three departments (mathematics and computer, physic and chemistry) and 12 laboratories which are available for the students. Like the other UFR, the UFR/SEA awards the same degrees according to the students major.[6]

UFR Health Sciences (UFR/SDS)[edit]

The UFR Health Sciences (UFR/SDS) was created in 1980 and the UFR Life and Heart Sciences (UFR/SVT). The first one has three branches: courses in medicine with five departments; courses in pharmacy with three departments and health of superior technicians. The mission and goal of this faculty is to prepare doctors, pharmacists, dental surgeons and qualified technicians for hospitals and clinics. The UFR/SDS has 11 laboratories well equipped which ease students’ tasks. The following diploma are delivered: the degree of doctor State in Medicine, the degree of doctor State in Pharmacy, the professionalized licence in biomedical analyses, the certificate of special studies in general surgery, obstetric- gynecology, paediatrics and psychiatry. Concerning the UFR Life and Hearth Sciences (UFR/SVT), it is composed of two sections: the courses life sciences and the courses earth sciences. The same degrees are delivered as the other faculties. Like those mentioned above, the UFR Health Sciences has 21 laboratories.[7]

UFR Life and Earth Sciences (UFR/SVT)[edit]

The UFR Life and Earth Sciences (UFR/SVT)is composed of four departments: Biology and animal physiology, Biology and plant physiology, Biochemistry and microbiology and Geology. It houses the largest plant collection for Burkina Faso, the Herbarium of the University of Ouagadougou.

The Burkinabé Institute of Arts and Crafts (IBAM)[edit]

This institute has the following branches: Secretariat of direction, bilingual secretariat of direction, finance- accounting/ commercial management, bank- insurance, control sciences and data-processing technology methods applied to management. Telecommunication, architecture and town planning and civil engineering are other segments that will be opened soon.[8]

The goal of this institute is to give to students two years of theoretical and practical teaching. At the end of two years students get the DUT degree (diploma taken after two years at an institute of technology).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Université De Ouagadougou (2004-2005). Les UFR et les Institutions. Université De Ouaga Retrieved on March 26, 2006
  2. ^ Université de Ouagadougou (2004-2005). Retrieved on March 26, 2006
  3. ^ Université de Ouagadougou (2004-2005). Formations Université de Ouaga Retrieved on March 26, 2006.
  4. ^ Université de Ouagadougou (2004-2005). Formations Université de Ouaga, Retrieved on March 26, 2006
  5. ^ Université de Ouagadougou (2004-2005). Formations Université de Ouaga Retrieved on March 26, 2006
  6. ^ Université de Ouagadougou (2004-2005). Formations Université de Ouaga Retrieved on March 26, 2006
  7. ^ Université de Ouagadougou (2004-2005). Formations Université de Ouaga Retrieved on March 26, 2006
  8. ^ Instituts Burkinabé des Arts et Métiers. (2005) IBAM. Retrieved on March 26, 2006

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 12°22′38″N 1°30′03″W / 12.37722°N 1.50083°W / 12.37722; -1.50083