Savitribai Phule Pune University
|Savitribai Phule Pune University|
|सावित्रीबाई फुले पुणे विद्यापीठ|
|Motto||Sanskrit: य: क्रियावान् स पण्डितः|
Motto in English
|"Where Actions Prove Knowledge"|
|Established||10 February 1948|
|Chancellor||C. Vidyasagar Rao|
|Vice-Chancellor||Prof. (Dr.) Wasudeo Gade|
|Location||Pune, Maharashtra, India|
|Nickname||Oxford of the East|
|Affiliations||UGC, NAAC, AIU|
Savitribai Phule Pune University (Marathi:सावित्रीबाई फुले पुणे विद्यापीठ; formerly the University of Pune), is a university in western India, in the city of Pune. It was founded in 1948 and is one of India's premier universities. Spread over a 411 acres (1.66 km2) campus, the university is home to 46 academic departments. It has been given the highest "A" rating by the National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) for its overall performance.
Savitribai Phule Pune University was established under the Pune University Act, passed by the Bombay legislature on 10 February 1948. In the same year, Dr. M. R. Jayakar became its first Vice-Chancellor. B. G. Kher, Chief Minister and Education Minister of the government of Bombay, helped ensure the university received a large allocation of land for their campus. In early 1950, the university was allocated over 411 acres (1.7 km²).
The University of Pune (earlier name) was renamed as Savitribai Phule Pune University on 9 November 2014 in the honor of Savitribai Phule who was an Indian social reformer who played an important role in improving women's rights in India during British rule. She founded the first women's school at Pune in 1848.
"The University stands for humanism and tolerance, for reason, for adventure of ideas and for the search of truth. It stands for the forward march of the human race towards even higher objectives. If the universities discharge their duties adequately then it is well with the nation and the people." —Jawaharlal Nehru (first prime minister of India)
During 1949, there were only 18 colleges affiliated to the university, with an enrollment of over 8000 students. Thereafter, the number of colleges increased. In 1994-95, the university had 41 post-graduate departments, 209 affiliated colleges and 118 recognized research institutions, with an enrollment of 170,000 students for the under-graduate and post-graduate courses.
Its location has historical significance. Some incidents of the Battle of Khadki, during the Third Anglo-Maratha War, took place where the present-day university is located. The present-day main building was built in 1864 and was known as the Governor's House. The university is home to IUCAA, an institute for astronomy.
"The Mission of Savitribai Phule Pune University is to be a global, socially conscious Center of Excellence in the conservation, creation, Advancement and dissemination of knowledge, equipped to take up challenges of the enormous change taking place all around and committed to empower its faculty and students to contribute meaningfully to economic, technological and social development and progress."
Initially the university had a jurisdiction extending over 12 districts of western Maharashtra. With the establishment of Shivaji University in Kolhapur in 1962, the jurisdiction was restricted to five districts: Pune, Ahmednagar, Nashik, Dhule and Jalgaon. Out of these, two districts—Dhule and Jalgaon—are attached to the North Maharashtra University established in August 1990.
In 1949, there were 18 affiliated colleges (including colleges such as the Film and Television Institute of India, Fergusson College, College of Engineering, Pune) with an enrolment of over 8000. Thereafter, the number of colleges increased. In 2010, the university had 41 graduate departments, 433 affiliated colleges and 232 recognised research institutions, with an enrolment of 496,531 students for undergraduate and graduate courses.
Vidyavani is a community radio operated by the university. Programs are focused on departments of Pune University, student welfare schemes, information about exams, and results and activities of the university. Edutainment programmes which cater to the problems of youth are also broadcast.
71 research institutions have been recognised by the Savitribai Phule Pune University for research. These include institutions of national importance like the Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics (IUCAA), National Chemical Laboratory (NCL), National Centre For Cell Science (NCCS), National Institute of Virology (NIV), Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics (GIPE), Documentation Research and Training Centre(DRTC) of the Indian Statistical Institute (ISI) among others.
Other research organisations which are associated with the university are:
- National Centre for Radio Astrophysics (runs the Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope)
- Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (home to the PARAM range of supercomputers)
- Institute of Bioinformatics and Biotechnology (IBB)
- Shreemati Nathibai Damodar Thackersey Women's University (SNDT Women's University)
The university has numerous departments and centres. They offer courses in science, social science, management, law, etc.
- Department of Anthropology
- Department of Law: This department was established in 1965 under the stewardship of Professor Dr. S.K.Agrawala a renowned legal scholar in the world. The initiative and efforts undertaken by Agrawala led the department to be rated as the fifth best in the Commonwealth of Nations in the field of legal education of the commonwealth universities.
- Department of Zoology: The Department of Zoology was one of the first to be established. It offers a postgraduate programme (M.Sc., M. Phil and Ph.D.) in Zoology.
- Department of Communication Studies: This department was established in 1990. They run a two-year full-time Masters course in Communication Studies (M.Cm.S.).
- Department of Geography: This department was established in 1950. Every year the department admits students for its M.A/MSc., M.Phil and Ph.D courses. The department also offers students a course in Remote Sensing and Geospatial Information Systems (GIS and RS).
- Department of Geo-science
- Institute of Bioinformatics and Biotechnology is an autonomous institute with an affiliation to the Savitribai Phule Pune University. It was established with a view to promote research and development activities in bioinformatics and biotechnology.
- Department of Chemistry: This department was one of the earliest established by the university. It has received the CAS status (Centre for Advanced Studies in Chemistry). Its research programs cover areas like computational chemistry, organic chemistry and inorganic chemistry and biochemistry. The department has a collaboration with the National Chemical Laboratory (NCL), a premier research institute in India. It has a separate central computing facility: a computer laboratory for students.
- Department of Microbiology: This is an autonomous department and offers a credit based course in Microbiology which covers topics in Immunology, Medical Microbiology, Molecular Biology, Industrial Microbiology and Biochemistry.
- Department of Materials Science
- Department of Management Sciences (PUMBA) is a business school run by the university. It was formed in 1971 and has about 360 students. In 2007–08, it started an MBA++ course. It also offers an MBA with a biotechnology specialisation.
- Department of Biotechnology: In 1985, the National Board of Biotechnology selected the Savitribai Phule Pune University as one of its five centres for imparting training in M.Sc. Biotechnology.
- Department of Environmental Science: This department was established as an interdisciplinary school in 1978. As a first step, Environmental Science was introduced as an optional course in all the science departments. In view of its popularity, a one-year course, B.Sc. (Applied) was started in 1986, which was subsequently converted into a two-year full-time M. Sc. course.
- Department of Education:
- Computer Science Department (PUCSD): In 1980, a one-year programme was started towards the B.Sc.(Applied) degree in Computer Science. The M.C.A. programme was launched in 1983, the M.Tech. degree programme in 1985, and the one-year B.Sc.(Applied) programme was upgraded to a two-year M.Sc. in Computer Science in 1986.
- Department of Psychology
- Department of Physics: This department started its activity in 1952. Its research programmes cover areas like Materials Science, Solid State Physics, Condensed Matter Physics, Nonlinear Dynamics, Scanning Tunneling Microscopy, Cloud Physics, Thin/Thick Films, Diamond Coatings, Nuclear and Accelerator Physics, Lasers, Plasma Physics, Field Electron/Ion Microscopy, Biophysics etc. The department has received funds from DST / government of India under the FIST program.
- Atmospheric and Space Sciences
- Department of Electronic Science: This department had its inception in 1984. Its labs and research programmes include System Design, Cyber lab for Electronics, Sensors, Materials, MEMS, Embedded systems, Optoelectronics, Virtual Instrumentation. Every year 30 students are taken in for post graduation studies through an entrance exam.
- Department of Ecotechnology
- Department of Instrumentation Science (USIC): A spin-off from the university workshop, the department was conceived as an extension of the physics department to build and maintain instruments used by the Physics department and served as a prototyping laboratory for building and testing new instruments. The department started running an M.Sc. program for Applied Electronics. This represented one of the pioneering attempts in India to run a university department autonomously, funded in large part by student fees and research projects. To provide a broader focus, the M.Sc. Applied Electronics course gradually metamorphosed into the M.Sc. Instrumentation Science Course with additional focus on sensors and transducers, as well as product design. In addition to the M.Sc. course, the department features a sensor lab which continues to collaborate with the Physics and Electronics departments providing PhD candidates an inter-disciplinary environment to pursue independent research work.
- Centre for Modeling and Simulation (CMS): This department is an autonomous centre at the university. It was established in 2003 to promote awareness about mathematical modelling and simulation methodologies, to encourage interdisciplinary problem-centric approaches to basic and applied research, and to nurture computing expertise on the university campus. The centre runs a two-year full-time MTech programme in Modeling and Simulation.
- Interdisciplinary School of Scientific Computing (ISSC):
- Department of Linguistic
- Department of Film & Visual Studies
- Department of Statistics: This department was established in 1953. The department was in the main building of the university. Prof. V. S. Huzurbazar was its first head. In 1962 the department was shifted to its new elegant building later named as `Wrangler Paranjapye Ganit ani Sankhyashastra Bhavan'. The department of Statistics was separated in 1976. Now the department is recognised as the `Centre for Advanced Studies in Statistics'.
- Department of Sociology
- Department of Mathematics
- Department of Politics and Public Administration
- Department of Economics: This department offers a Master's programme in Economics and a doctoral programme. The department has a post-graduate diploma in Foreign Trade.
- Department of Architecture
- Department of Defence & Strategic Studies
- Department of Urban Studies & Planning
- Department of Foreign Languages: This department was started in Ranade institute building in 1949. This offers courses for German, French, Russian, Japanese and Spanish languages from elementary level to post graduation courses. Batches are conducted in morning as well as in evening. Over 1500 students are enrolled every year.
- Department of Technology: The Department of Technology aims at providing research platform for solving industry relevant research problems. It runs industry-university sponsored M.Tech-Ph.D. integrated programs. Four technology boards have been established under the umbrella of 'Faculty of Technology'. The department offers 2-years M.Tech., 3-years Ph.D. and 4-year M.Tech + PhD (M.Tech with Integrated Ph.D.) courses.
Jayakar Library is one of the best centers of reference and information in the country. The library subscribes to Indian and foreign research journals, and receives periodicals on gratis and exchange basis. It has more than 450,627 books and journals. Inter-library loan facility is extended to many colleges, institutions and government agencies. The Jayakar Library has preserved a wealth of ancient Indian texts in the form of manuscripts and books. It has computerized all library activities and using RFID technology and has undertaken a project in digital library management.
It was founded in 1950.
Student halls of residence
Colleges of the university provides residence for students.
The International Centre provides residence for international students, including visiting students.
Past and present vice-chancellors of the university are:
- Abhay Prasad (1948–56)
- R. P. Paranjpye (1956–1959)
- Dattatreya Gopal Karve (1959–61)
- Datto Vaman Potdar (1961–1964)
- Narahar Vishnu Gadgil (1964– 1966)
- Dhananjay Ramchandra Gadgil (1966–1967)
- H. V. Pataskar (1967–1970)
- B. P. Apte (1970–72)
- G. S. Mahajani (1972–1975)
- Devdatta Dabholkar (1975–1978)
- Ram G. Takwale (1978–1984)
- V. G. Bhide (1984–1988)
- S. C. Gupte (1988–1995)
- Vasant Gowariker (1995–1998)
- Prof. Arun Nigavekar (1998–2000)
- N. J. Sonawane (2000–2001)
- Ashok S. Kolaskar (2001–2006)
- Ratnakar Gaikwad (2006–2006)
- Narendra Jadhav (2006–2009)
- Arun Adsool(Acting VC) (2009–2010)
- R. K. Shevgaonkar (2010–2011)
- Sanjay Chahande (2011–2012)
- Wasudeo Gade (2012–present)
Notable alumni and faculty
Notable alumni of Savitribai Phule Pune University include major politicians of India including Vishwanath Pratap Singh, 7th Prime Minister of India; Vilasrao Deshmukh, 17th and 19th Chief Minister of Maharashtra; and Sharad Pawar, President of the Nationalist Congress Party and former Chief Minister of Maharashtra. P.V. Narasimha Rao, 9th Prime Minister of India, graduated from Fergusson College, when the college was under the University of Mumbai.
In science and engineering, notable alumni of the university include Suhas Patankar, pioneer in the field of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and Finite volume method; Kantilal Mardia, statistician and Guy Medallists; Thomas Kailath, scientist in the field of information theory; Vistasp Karbhari, civil engineer and the eighth president of the University of Texas at Arlington; and C. Kumar N. Patel, inventor of the carbon dioxide laser, recipient of the 1996 National Medal of Science and vice-Chancellor for Research at the University of California, Los Angeles. V. S. Huzurbazar served as the first head of the statistics department.
Vinod Scaria, Clinician turned Genomics scientist did his PhD in the University. He led the team which sequenced the first Human Genome in India. He is also the co-founder of the GUaRDIAN network working on using genomics in clinics to solve rare genetic diseases in India.
- University of Pune faculty
- List of universities in India
- Universities and colleges in India
- Education in India
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